Type and anti-type…
Dan 11:21 And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.
Most Syrian officials backed Heliodorus, but by a display of “Roman manners” and much flattery and the enlistment of King Eumenes II of Pergamum, Antiochus IV forced out Heliodorus and became king in 175BC.
Dan 11:22 And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.
Jason, an Hellenistic Jew, was appointed by Antiochus to replace the High Priest. He was replace three years later by another Hellenizing apostate, Menelaus.
Dan 11:23 And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people.
Antiochus formed a league with the Jewish leadership and entered in the Holy Land with a small people
Dan 11:24 He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time.
Antiochus became a sort of Robin Hood here, he took from the wealthy and distributed it to the poor to gain support from the masses.
Dan 11:25 And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him.
Dan 11:26 Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain.
Dan 11:27 And both these kings' hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed.
Both kings made many agreements with no intention of keeping them.
Dan 11:28 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land.
Antiochus return via the Holy Land with wealth gotten from a successful raid in Egypt. Along the way he massacred Jews an plundered the Temple in Jerusalem.
Dan 11:29 At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter.
Antiochus thought to raid Egypt again, but was not successful as the first time.
Dan 11:30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.
The Roman navy came against Antiochus and ordered him to return Cyprus to Egypt. Rome then ordered him to leave Egypt immediately or be attacked by Rome. This enraged Antiochus and he vented his anger and frustration on the Jews by slaughtering them and committing atrocities against them causing many to become apostate to save their lives.
Dan 11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
The Temple was defiled, there were pigs sacrificed on the altars and they Jews were prohibited from practicing their religion and many forsook the Law. The daily sacrifice was stopped. Then on Kislev 15 (167BC) a statue of Zeus (Jupiter Olympus) was set up on the altar. This abomination in God’s sight made the Temple desolate of His presence. Horrible atrocities were committed which you may look up for yourself.
Dan 12:11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.
From the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away and the AoD set up will be 1290. Yet we read…
Mat 24:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand
Mat 24:16 Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains:
Mat 24:17 Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house:
Mat 24:18 Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes.
We see here from the time of the AoD itself, one needs to flee that very day. Don’t go back to get your suitcase or your stuff…
Luk 17:31 In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.
There is another part to the AoD…
Luk 21:20 And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.
The tribulation is 1260 days and the church is in the place of safety 3-1/2 years, 1260 days…
Rev 12:14 And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.
So we see a two part sign, Jerusalem is surrounded by armies, the daily sacrifice is stopped and then the AoD is set up. There are thirty days between them with the AoD the actual sign it is time to flee.