In fact, when the bible speaks of anything related to the natural world, it often gets it wrong:
"the stars will fall from the sky", God created night and day before the earth or the sun, the firmament, "After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth", "Now the whole earth had one language and one speech", "All fowls that creep, going upon all four, shall be an abomination unto you" (no such thing), I could go on.
Now you can say these are hyperbole or symbolic, but thinking bats are a type of bird (Leviticus 11:13-19 & Deuteronomy 14:11-18) is not a mistake the creator of the universe would make, but it is a mistake that a first century man would make. So, can you point me to something illuminating in the bible that wouldn't be known in the first century? Something simple like the moon orbits the earth would be a good example, but instead when I search for "moon", I find this: "So the sun stood still, and the moon
stopped, till the nation avenged itself on its enemies, ..." which only makes sense if, like a first century man, you don't understand the relationship between the earth and the moon.