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Thread: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

  1. #1

    Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    This is a Question and Answer study of the Book of PROVERBS to help keep us in the Word. It is not an in depth study but more of a set of questions to motivate each of us to read.

    We will be using the NIV (New Internation Version) to get the questions from, so if the wording is different from what some of you may be reading, this is why.

    Thank you all for following along!

  2. #2

    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    PROVERBS

    I'm going to start off by doing a little background on the dates of writing and some other information that I believe will help enhance this study.

    I will be getting my information from the ESV Study Bible (Online Version)

    Author and Date

    Proverbs itself mentions Solomon (reigned c. 971–931 b.c.) as author or collector of its contents (1:1; 10:1), including the proverbs copied by Hezekiah's men (25:1). There are also two batches of sayings from a group called “the wise” (22:17–24:22; 24:23–34), and “oracles” from Agur (30:1–33) and Lemuel (31:1–9). But no author is named for the song in praise of the excellent wife that ends the book (31:10–31).

    Solomon's interest in proverbs is corroborated by 1 Kings 4:29–34: “Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt. … He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005.” However, the proverbs mentioned in Kings are not necessarily identical to those of the book of Proverbs. First Kings speaks of Solomon composing proverbs about trees, beasts, birds, reptiles, and fish (1 Kings 4:33), but there are few such sayings in the Solomonic parts of Proverbs. Even so, there is nothing in the Bible to contradict the idea that Solomon was responsible for the portions of this book attributed to him. It is possible that he sponsored those who collected material from other sources (the wise, Agur, and Lemuel), but no one can be sure. At any rate the book does not claim that Solomon put it into its final form, since Hezekiah (see Prov. 25:1) reigned c. 715–686 b.c., long after Solomon's time. (For a discussion of the identities of Agur and Lemuel, see notes on 30:1–33 and 31:1–9.)

    Today, many scholars assert that most of Proverbs was written much later than the time of Solomon, and many interpreters ascribe most of the contents of the book and certainly its final form to the postexilic period (i.e., after 539 b.c., when the Hebrews were in contact with the Persians and then the Greeks). There is little clear evidence to support such skepticism, however. The Hebrew of Proverbs is not demonstrably of a late variety, and there are no bits of historical evidence within the text that speak against an origin in the tenth century b.c. for the Solomonic portions of Proverbs. To the contrary, there are three principal arguments for dating this material to the reign of Solomon, apart from the claim of 1:1.

    First, wisdom texts very similar to Proverbs predate the book of Proverbs by as much as a millennium. In addition to proverb texts from early Mesopotamia, a wide array of wisdom literature from Egypt has numerous and striking parallels to Proverbs. Some important ones are: The Instruction of Vizier Ptah-hotep (written in the 5th or 6th Egyptian Dynasty, c. 2500–2190 b.c.); The Instruction for Merikare (10th Dynasty, c. 2106–2010 b.c.); and The Instruction of Amenemope (probably written c. 1250 b.c.). The existence of these and other wisdom texts shows that the practice of composing discourses on wisdom and collecting wise sayings was already ancient by the time of Solomon. The notion that interest in such material could not have evolved until late in Israelite history conflicts with the evidence.

    The second argument is based in the nature of the Solomonic kingdom as described in the Bible. It is referred to as a golden age of peace, prosperity, and international prestige for Israel. As a rule, it is in such times that a flowering of literature occurs. For example, of the above Egyptian texts, Ptah-hotep is from the powerful Old Kingdom period, and Amenemope is from the New Kingdom period. Merikare is an exception, coming from the weaker First Intermediate Period of Egypt, but it is rooted in the wisdom of the Old Kingdom. Similarly, the giants of Greek dramatic literature (Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes) emerged in the fifth century b.c., during the time of the Athenian Empire, and it was also at that time that Socrates propelled Western philosophy forward. The greatest works of Latin literature, and in particular the Aeneid of Virgil, were written in the golden age of Augustus. Based on these analogies, it is much more likely that the bulk of Proverbs comes from the golden age of Solomon than from the much more humble age of Hezekiah, to say nothing of the postexilic period, when Jerusalem was a cultural backwater.

    Third, the Jewish wisdom literature known to be from the postexilic period, especially Sirach (also called Ecclesiasticus; c. 180 b.c.) and the pseudepigraphal Wisdom of Solomon (1st century b.c.), is noteworthy for being quite unlike Proverbs, clearly displaying the concerns of Hellenistic Judaism. Sirach seeks for a pious ideal based in following the already completed Hebrew Scriptures, and mentions particular figures in biblical and postbiblical history. The Wisdom of Solomon is concerned with matters of immortality, eschatology, and philosophy in a different way from Proverbs. There is a Lady Wisdom in the Wisdom of Solomon but, although clearly derived from Proverbs 8, this Lady Wisdom is described as an “emanation of the glory of the Almighty” and the “radiance of eternal light” (Wisd. Sol. 7:25–26), i.e., using terms unlike any used for Lady Wisdom in Proverbs 8 and thus reflecting a later era. Proverbs itself shows no indication of the postexilic age, either of the Persian or the Hellenistic period.

    In summary, there is nothing that speaks against and much that speaks in favor of dating the materials in Proverbs to the Solomonic era. This does not mean that Solomon personally composed every proverb in the book, and the text does not say that he did. Further, the present form of the book is from a later time than the age of Solomon, but probably no later than Hezekiah.

  3. #3
    Proverbs 1 (New International Version 1984, 1984)

    1 - How many chapters are there in the book of Proverbs?

    2 - "______ is the man who does not ___ in the _____ of the _____ or ____ in the __ of sinners or __ in the ___ of mockers."

    3 - Finish the verse: "But his delight is in the law of the LORD......"

    4 - Who are like chaff, that the wind blows away?

    5 - "For the ____ watches over the __ of the ______, but the __ of the _____ will _____."

  4. #4
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    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    I couldn't find any of your answers so i googled a verse that you had and it appears you did questions for Psalm 1.

  5. #5

    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    Quote Originally Posted by CupOfMilk View Post
    I couldn't find any of your answers so i googled a verse that you had and it appears you did questions for Psalm 1.
    LOL. That is too funny. I will fix it later this evening. Sorry about that.

  6. #6
    Proverbs 1 (New International Version 1984, 1984) THIS TIME IT'S REALLY PROVERBS AND NOT PSALMS. I PROMISE.

    1 - "The proverbs of ______ son of ____, king of _____"

    2 - Finish the verse: "The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge,......"

    3 - "Such is the ___ of all who go after ill-gotten ___; it takes away the ____ of those who get it."

    4 - Who calls aloud in the street, and raises her voice in the public squares?

    5 - "If you had ______ to my _____, I would have _____ out my ____ to you and made my ______ known to __."

    6 - Finish the verse: "but whoever listens to me will live in safety......"

  7. #7

    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    Proverbs 1 (New International Version 1984, 1984) THIS TIME IT'S REALLY PROVERBS AND NOT PSALMS. I PROMISE.

    1 - "The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel"

    2 - Finish the verse: "The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge,......"
    ".....but fools despise wisdom and discipline."

    3 - "Such is the end of all who go after ill-gotten gain; it takes away the lives of those who get it."

    4 - Who calls aloud in the street, and raises her voice in the public squares? Wisdom.

    5 - "If you had responded to my rebuke, I would have poured out my heart to you and made my thoughts known to you."

    6 - Finish the verse: "but whoever listens to me will live in safety......"
    ".....and be at ease, without fear of harm."

  8. #8

    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    Good job LT. That was quick.

  9. #9

    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    Well, normally I'd be off to rehersal right now, but that got cancelled. Our guitarist got sick. Plus when I logged back in, this was the first post I saw.

  10. #10
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    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    Proverbs 1 (New International Version 1984, 1984) THIS TIME IT'S REALLY PROVERBS AND NOT PSALMS. I PROMISE.

    1 - The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel: but fools despise wisdom and discipline.


    2 - Finish the verse: "The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge,......" but fools despise wisdom and discipline.


    3 - "Such is the end of all who go after ill-gotten gain; it takes away the lives of those who get it."


    4 - Who calls aloud in the street, and raises her voice in the public squares? Wisdom.

    5 -"If you had responded to my rebuke, I would have poured out my heart to you
    and made my thoughts known to you."

    6 - Finish the verse: "but whoever listens to me will live in safety......" and be at ease, without fear of harm.

  11. #11

    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    Well done Cup. I will update later on this afternoon.

  12. #12
    Proverbs 2 (New International Version 1984)

    1 - "For the ____ gives _____, and from his ____ come _______ and ________."

    2 - Finish the verse: "for he guards the course of the just......"

    3 - When will knowledge be pleasant to your soul?

    4 - "_____ will save you from the ways of _____ __, from __ whose ____ are _____,"

    5 - Whose house leads down to death and paths to the spirits of the dead?

    6 - Finish the verse: "but the wicked will be cut off from the land,......"

  13. #13
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    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    Proverbs 2 (New International Version 1984)

    1 - "For the LORD gives wisdom, and from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.

    2 - Finish the verse: "for he guards the course of the just......" and protects the way of his faithful ones.

    3 - When will knowledge be pleasant to your soul? When wisdom enters our heart,

    4 - "Wisdom will save you from the ways of wicked men, from men whose words are perverse,"


    5 - Whose house leads down to death and paths to the spirits of the dead? The adulteress.

    6 - Finish the verse: "but the wicked will be cut off from the land,......" and the unfaithful will be torn from it.

  14. #14

    Re: Questions from the book of PROVERBS

    Good job Cup. I shall update the next chapter tomorrow.

  15. #15
    Proverbs 3 (New International Version 1984)

    1 - Finish the verse: "Trust in the LORD with all your heart......"

    2 - "My son, do not _____ the LORD’s ______ and do not _____ his ____, because the LORD ______ those he ___, as a _____ the son he _____ in."

    3 - Blessed is the man who finds what?

    4 - Finish the verse: "Do not withhold good from those who deserve it,......"

    5 - Who is the one that inherits honor?

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