Dan 11:1 Also I in the first year (Previously in 539 BC) of Darius the Mede, even I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him(Darius the Mede).
Dan 11:2 And now (The third year of Cyrus 536BC) will I shew thee (Daniel) the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings (Cambyses 530-522BC, Psuedo-Smerdis 522BC, Darius I 522-486BC) in Persia; and the fourth (Xerxes – Ahasuerus 486-465BC) shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia. (Xerxes sent hundreds of ships and over a million men against the Greece.)
Dan 11:3 And a mighty king (Alexander the Great 336-323 BC) shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.
Dan 11:4 And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven [1.)Ptolemy Soter, 2)Seleucus Nicator, 3)Cassander, 4)Lysimachus] ; and not to his posterity (Neither his unborn son, nor his nephew), nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.
Dan 11:5 And the king of the south (Ptolemy Soter south of the Holy Land) shall be strong, and one of his princes (Seleucus Nicator to the North); and he (Seleucus I) shall be strong above him (Ptolemy I), and have dominion; his (Seleucus I) dominion shall be a great dominion.
Dan 11:6 And in the end of years (252 BC) they (North and South) shall join themselves together; for the king's (Ptolemy II) daughter (Berenice) of the south shall come to the king of the north (Seleucus II Theos) to make an agreement (Marriage): but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times (Berenice, her father Ptolemy II and Antiochus II were all removed by death in 246BC).
Dan 11:7 But out of a branch (sibling) of her roots (her parents) shall one(Ptolemy III Euergetes, her brother) stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army (245BC), and shall enter into the fortress (Seleucia, the port of Syria’s capitol Antioch) of the king of the north (Seleucus II Callinicus), and shall deal against them, and shall prevail:
Dan 11:8 And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold (Around 2500 images and idolatrous vessels that Cambyses had taken from Egypt in 526BC); and he (Ptolemy III) shall continue more years (until 221 BC, nearly 6) than the king of the north (died 226BC.
Dan 11:9 So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land.
Dan 11:10 But his (Seleucus II) sons (Seleucus III 227-223BC and Antichus III the Great 223-186BC) shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one(Antiochus III) shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress.
Dan 11:11 And the king of the south (Ptolemy IV Philopater 221-204BC) shall be moved with choler (217BC), and shall come forth and fight with him (Antiochus III), even with the king of the north: and he (Antichus III) shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand (Ptolemy IV).
Dan 11:12And when he (Ptolemy IV) hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it.
Dan 11:13 For the king of the north (Antichus III) shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years (201BC) with a great army and with much riches.
Dan 11:14 And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south (Ptolemy V): also the robbers of thy (Daniel’s) people shall exalt themselves (attemp to help Antiochus III) to establish the vision; but they shall fall.
Dan 11:15 So the king of the north (Antiochus III) shall come, and cast up a mount (siege mound), and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people (Ptolemy V’s choice troops), neither shall there be any strength to withstand.
Dan 11:16 But he (Antiochus III) that cometh against him (Ptolemy V) shall do according to his (Antiochus III) own will, and none shall stand before him (Antiochus III): and he shall stand in the glorious land (Judea), which by his hand shall be consumed.
Dan 11:17 He (Antiochus II) shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones (literally equitable things, a proposal of peace, a marriage of alliance) with him (Antiochus III); thus shall he do: and he (Antiochus III) shall give him Ptolemy V) the daughter of women (Antiochus III’s daughter Cleopatra), corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side(Antiochus III), neither be for him (she sided with Ptolemy V).
Dan 11:18 After this shall he turn his face unto the isles (the islands and coast of Asia Minor), and shall take many: but a prince (Roman general Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus) for his own behalf shall cause the reproach (to Asia Minor) offered by him (Antiochus III) to cease; without his own reproach he (Scipio) shall cause it to turn upon him (Antiochus III defeated by Scipio in the battle of Magnesia 190BC).
Dan 11:19 Then he (Antiochus III) shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found (Anitochus III tried to plunder the Temple of Belus in his own kingdom, but was defeated and killed 187BC).
Dan 11:20 Then shall stand up in his estate (Seleucus IV Philopater) a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom (Seleucus IV sent Heliodorus through Judea collecting taxes): but within few days (Seleucus IV reigned 11 years compared to 37 for Antiochus III) he (Seleucus IV) shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle (he was poisoned by Heliodorus).
Dan 11:21 And in his estate (Seleucus IV) shall stand up a vile person (Antiochus IV Epiphanes), to whom (Syrian officials supporting Heliodorus) they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries (by intrigue with the aid of King Eumenes II of Pergamum and officials at home, forced out Heliodorus).
Dan 11:22 And with the arms of a flood shall they (Heliodorus and those who opposed him) be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant (the High Priest was replaced by one who would be subservient to him).
Dan 11:23 And after the league (agreement or treaty made by the Jews) made with him (Antiochus IV) he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people.
Dan 11:24 He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province (Galilee); and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time. (Antiochus IV took from the rich and gave to the poor to develop a fanatical following among the masses)
Dan 11:25 And he (Antiochus IV) shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south (Ptolemy VI Philometer) with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he (Ptolemy VI) shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him.
Dan 11:26 Yea, they (Ptolemy VI’s trusted officers) that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him (destroy Ptolemy VI’s chance of victory), and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain.
Dan 11:27 And both these kings' hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table (both sat at a table and deceived each other pretending to ally with each other 174BC); but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed.
Dan 11:28 Then shall he (Antiochus IV Epiphanes) return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant (Jewish worship system); and he shall do exploits (looting the temple and massacring many), and return to his own land (Syria).
Dan 11:29 At the time appointed (168BC) he (Antiochus IV) shall return, and come toward the south; but it (the outcome) shall not be (successful) as the former, or as the latter.
Dan 11:30 For the ships of Chittim (Rome) shall come against him (forcing him to accept surrender terms from Popillus, commander of the Roman fleet): therefore he (Antiochus IV) shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant (Jewish worship system): so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant (Anitochus showed special favor to those who rejected their religion and adopted the pagan Greek culture).
Dan 11:31 And arms shall stand on his (Antiochus IV) part, and they (his forces) shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
Dan 11:32 And such (those Jewish apostates) as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong (the Maccabees, followers of Judah “the Hammer” Maccabees), and do exploits (due largely to the Maccabees the Syrian forces were gradually driven out).
Dan 11:33 And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days (this is dual, the Maccabees and later the NT Christians).
Dan 11:34 Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries (false prophets Acts 20:29-30, 2Pet 2:1-3).
Dan 11:35 And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed (this is not the end, but the beginning of a long procession to the end).
Dan 11:36 And the king (of the North, Rome – Rome had swallowed up the Syrians in 65BC) shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god (emperor worship), and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods (Acts 12:23), and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined (by God) shall be done.
Dan 11:37 Neither shall he regard the God (gods) of his fathers (the old Roman gods), nor the desire of women (14 of the first 15 Roman emperors were homosexual), nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.
Dan 11:38 But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces (worship of the Roman Empire itself): and a god (false religious leader) whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.
Dan 11:39 Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain. (this spans the time from 65BC until the end time)
Dan 11:40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north (a revived Roman Empire – see Dan 2 – four world ruling empires, Babyon, Medo-Persian, Greco-Macedonian and Rome) shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.
Dan 11:41 He (the King of the North) shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon (the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan).
Dan 11:42 He (the King of the North) shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape.
Dan 11:43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps (like whipped pups at his heels).
Dan 11:44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north (East and North of Jerusalem) shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.
Dan 11:45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas (Dead and Mediterranean) in the glorious holy mountain (Jersalem); yet he shall come to his end (Dan 2:44-45), and none shall help him.
Dan 12:1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time (the tribulation – the time of Jacob’s trouble): and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book (of life).
Dan 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake (the resurrection – 1Cor 15), some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
Dan 12:3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.
Dan 12:4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
Any thoughts on vs 40 on?