1 John 2:1. My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous;
2. and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.
3. By this we know that we have come to know Him, if we keep His commandments. (NASB, 1995)
The antecedent of the pronoun “His” in verse 3 is “Jesus Christ.” Therefore, we know for an incontrovertible fact that the commandments spoken of here are not the Ten Commandments or any of the commandments, laws, ordinances, or statutes found in the Mosaic Law; but rather they are the commandments of our Lord Jesus Christ. Apples are apples; and oranges are oranges.
Romans 7: 1. Or do you not know, brethren (for I am speaking to those who know the law), that the law has jurisdiction over a person as long as he lives?
2. For the married woman is bound by law to her husband while he is living; but if her husband dies, she is released from the law concerning the husband.
3. So then, if while her husband is living she is joined to another man, she shall be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from the law, so that she is not an adulteress though she is joined to another man.
4. Therefore, my brethren, you also were made to die to the Law through the body of Christ, so that you might be joined to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear fruit for God. (NASB, 1995)
Jews who become Christians are “made to die to the Law through the body of Christ, so that [they] might be joined to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that [they] might bear fruit for God.” Gentiles who become Christians are made to die to what ever held them captive so that they, too, “might be joined to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that [they] might bear fruit for God.” Some Gentiles, however, die to whatever had held them captive and become captives of the Law, not realizing that the Law is the power of sin (1 Cor. 15:56), and that the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. (Rom. 6:23).