2Th 1:3-9 LITV Brothers, we are bound to give thanks to God always concerning you, even as it is right, because your faith grows exceedingly, and the love of each one of you multiplies toward one another, (4) so as for us to boast ourselves in you in the assemblies of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions, and the afflictions which you endure, (5) a clear token of the just judgment of God, for you to be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you indeed suffer; (6) since it is a just thing with God to pay back tribulation to the ones troubling you,
(7) and to give you, those being afflicted,
relief with us at the revelation of the Lord Jesus from Heaven with angels of His power, (8) in flaming fire giving full vengeance to those not knowing God, and to those not obeying the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, Isa. 66:15; Jer. 10:25 (9) who will pay the penalty: everlasting destruction from the face of the Lord, "and from the glory of His strength," Isa. 2:19
I have bolded words that are of great importance when interpreting these scriptures.... These are people who are being troubled and being afflicted....
The ones being spoken to are the ones we would now call "the Dead in Christ".... Simply put they were suffering great persecution at the time Paul wrote to them.... They will be resurrected and then Raptured.... So what happens after they are?