I found it curious that the Garden God planted in Eden was planted eastward from where Adam was formed of the dust Genesis 2:7-8. When Adam was cast out of Eden Cherubims were placed at the east of the Garden of Eden Genesis 3:24. Cain went out from the presence of the Lord to dwell in Nod, east of Eden Genesis 4:16. Since Adam was created out of the dust westward of the fresh waters that watered the Garden of Eden it could not have been any further west than the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, unless at some point there was no Mediterranean Sea. We know where the Euphrates and Tigris (Hiddekel) rivers, the Fertile Crescent (Garden of Eden?) and where African Cush (Ethiopia) are today, but that may not have always been the case. There was an Asiatic Cush as well as an African Cush. The term Cush in the Old Testament generally applied to the countries south of the Israelites. It was the southern limit of Egypt (Ezekiel. 29:10, A.V. "Ethiopia," Heb. Cush), with which it is generally associated (Psalms. 68:31; Isaiah. 18:1; Jeremiah. 46:9, etc.). It stands also associated with Elam (Isaiah. 11:11), with Persia (Ezekiel. 38:5), and with the Sabeans (Isaiah. 45:14). From these facts it has been inferred that Cush included Arabia and the country on the west coast of the Red Sea.
THE BIBLE LIBRARY(tm)
(C) Copyright 1988, 2001. All Rights Reserved.
Geologists tell us during the Permian Period (290 - 240 Million Years B.C.) all the continents on the earth came together to form one landmass, called Pangea. The shallow inland seas of the Permian created an environment in which invertebrate marine life flourished. At the end of the period, one of the greatest extinctions in the earth's history occurred, wiping out most species on the planet. The Red Sea occupies a portion of a zone of depression and faulting called the Great Rift Valley. For more than 50 million years, the earth's crust has been tearing apart all along this zone. The Red Sea formed when the Arabian Peninsula was torn from Africa, 20 million years ago. The Mediterranean Sea is a remnant of the vast ancient sea called Tethys, which was squeezed almost shut in the Oligocene Epoch, 30 million years ago, when the crustal plates carrying Africa and Eurasia collided. There are two kinds of time, God’s time and how we measure time. The point is that land and continents move.
As we can see it is not only Biblical but geologically supported that a river could have came out of a location called Eden and that it parted into four heads: Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel (Tigris), and Euphrates from the locations mentioned. The mountains of Turkey today supply the waters of the Euphrates and Tigris (Hiddekel). Furthermore, the catastrophic flood of Noah’s day may have completely changed many of the geographic features of the whole earth. The flood was not simply just 40 days of rain:
10. And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.
11. In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.
12. And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
There may not have been a Mount Ararat, or any mountains in modern Turkey, Armenia, or anywhere else until after the great deep broke up. It may be that the breaking up of the great deep created what are the plate tectonics of today. Perhaps ancient Jerusalem is where the Garden of Eden was, since it will be there again in Revelation 21:2 and Revelation 22:1-2.