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Thread: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

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    Question Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    In Leviticus 23 we are given a number of Festivals to keep. They start with Passover and end with Latter Harvest (Weeks / Shelters / Booths / Tabernacles). However one of them is specifically for purification and denying oneself. This is the Day of Atonement, more fully covered in Lev 16, when the sin offering is made and the scapegoat released. Why didn't Jesus die prophetically during this Festival rather than during Passover?

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Because God planned it that way. All the way to the year so resurrection day would be a Sunday.

    Not knowing the answer doesn't change the truth. But I would suggest freedom (from the bondage of sin) is more related to Pesach than Yom Kippur. More of a celebration of God's handiwork than our own pitiful useless works to gain righteousness and justification.

    I'll simplify it
    Passover is about a work of God
    Day of Atonement is about the response of man
    Those who seek God with all their heart will find Him and be given sight. Those who seek their own agenda will remain blind.

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Quote Originally Posted by Vakeros View Post
    In Leviticus 23 we are given a number of Festivals to keep. They start with Passover and end with Latter Harvest (Weeks / Shelters / Booths / Tabernacles). However one of them is specifically for purification and denying oneself. This is the Day of Atonement, more fully covered in Lev 16, when the sin offering is made and the scapegoat released. Why didn't Jesus die prophetically during this Festival rather than during Passover?
    His work was more than just for sin. We see the gospel as being "Jesus died for me" yet it is VERY clear that Abraham heard the gospel. In fact, the NT even states that Israel heard it at Sinai. That means there is more than just "Jesus died for me" that constitutes the "good news." The promise to Abraham, which includes a seed no man can count AND a great land area is part of the good news. God's ENTIRE redemptive plan which includes the coming Kingdom and life after it, is part of the good news and that which Messiah's work addressed.

    Historically, the Passover (sacrificial lamb) protected God's first born and took the first born of the Egyptians.; it was NOT a sin sacrifice. Israel is God's first born (Exd. 4:22) and his first born was spared by the blood of the lamb. So the Passover was to redeem (buy back) His people.

    The Yom Kippur Sacrifice deals with the sins of God people, we see this in the scapegoat picture and the sending of it with Israel's sin away from the camp. The picture of the removal of sin is pointing toward the day of perfection. Paul writes that when he comes we will be changed, made incorruptible, perfected. The work of Jesus at his first coming gives him the right to perfect... so the mechanism was put in place at his first coming for a future Yom Kippur which will be applied at his second coming.

    So while his life, death, and resurrection encompasses even more than what I just shared, we can see that in the Pesach (the passover lamb) and in the Kippur sacrifices, that his death and resurrection earned him the right to buy back that which was lost AND perfect them.

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Good points, but Yom Kippur is clearly for sin, whereas Passover is conquering death. The blood protected you from the Angel of Death. Jesus has conquered death. But this being so, how do we see Yom Kippur being fulfilled prophetically? What is this feast abut if not Jesus dying for us?

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Because salvation is an act of God, not some work of man.
    Those who seek God with all their heart will find Him and be given sight. Those who seek their own agenda will remain blind.

  6. #6

    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Well in reality Passover wasn't a feast day. It was the death of the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.

    All of the feasts (days) of the Lord were holy convocations. The 14th was not.

    The death of the Lamb, unleavened, begin the removal of sin from us on the 15th a holy convocation day and required three days ending with washing of regeneration for completion.
    1 Cor 15:3 Christ died for our sins, however verse 17 And if Christ be not raised, your faith [is] vain; ye are yet in your sins. being unleavened required life from death.
    The 21st day also a feast day.

    Day of Pentecost the third feast day. A holy convocation day. The spring harvest. God beginning to call a people for his name. The firstfruit of the Spirit. They still fall sway to the gates of Hades but the gates of Hades shall not prevail over them. They are assured of being raised from the dead as children of God. ----- on the:

    Feast of trumpets announcing the kingdoms of this world becoming the kingdom of the Lord and his Christ. At the last trump. A holy convocation day. The resurrection from the gates of Hades of the Church the firstfruits of the Spirit.

    The day of Atonement.

    Arron the man represented Christ the man yet Arron was a sinner whereas Christ was without sin. Arron had to kill a sacrifice for his sin and then perform the work of Christ.
    They cast lots over two goats; 1 goat for the LORD and 1 goat for Azazel. The goat for the Lord was Christ the lamb of God. This goat was killed for the sins of the people and Arron representing Christ carried the blood into the holy of holies, representing Christ ascending to the right hand of God as out Advocate where through confession his blood continues to cleanse us from unrighteousness. Arron coming out of the holy of holies represented Christ returning from heaven for his bride and marriage feast of the feast of trumpets.

    the goat for Azazel: And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season. Rev 20:1-3

    And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy [place], and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat: And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send [him] away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness: And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness. Lev 16:20-22


    Somebody else take it from here. May or may not be correct but deserves some thought. I think.

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Quote Originally Posted by Vakeros View Post
    Good points, but Yom Kippur is clearly for sin, whereas Passover is conquering death. The blood protected you from the Angel of Death. Jesus has conquered death. But this being so, how do we see Yom Kippur being fulfilled prophetically? What is this feast abut if not Jesus dying for us?
    The blood protected Israel from the angel of death, it "redeemed" them, bought them back... and so it is for us. Yom Kippur is dealing with sin, and we still have sin. Nobody is perfect, nobody has been perfected, we still decay and die... we still have sin. He has earned the right to perfect whomever he wills, but there has been no application of that yet. By in large Vakeros, the spring feasts pointed at his first coming while the fall feasts still point to a time yet to come.

    Yom Teruah - (Trumpets) The great shofar blast that calls together the WHOLE assembly of God
    Yom Kippur - (Atonement) His return to a unified bride and his perfecting of her
    Sukkot - (Tabernacles) The Wedding Supper of the Lamb

    These things remain on the table, waiting to be addressed at his return.

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    The passover event of Exodus was a day of bloodshed, death and anguish.
    demonstrates a sentence of death to those who rebel against Christ.
    It is the day marking the beginning of the Old Covenant, the release of the captives in bondage to Egypt
    Begins the birth of the the free nation of Israel as a chosen people.
    Spefically demonstrates aspects of the passion of the Christ (the consuming of the flesh of the lamb - the bread of life, and the burning of the excess meat - the destruction of Christ's flesh, and the prophecy of Christ's unbroken bones)
    All those things occured in the actual Passover death of Christ.

    The day of Atonement comes about during a time of God's people afflicting their souls in repentance.
    It is a day pointing to the permanence of God's forgiveness of sin (separate from his act of sacrifice on the Cross)
    It is a day which requires a living high preist (not required by the Passover ritual)
    It is a day which prior to Jesus death required the blood of a lamb to be used as a stand-in for Christ.
    In the coming Kingdom the High Priest IS a Slain Lamb (Future Day of Atonement to be fulfilled annually and forever -- Lev 16 is careful to name Aaron as required to slay a baby lamb and sprinkle blood, but note Lev 16:32. Also note that the permanence of the Law of Atonement is not stated until verse 29, and there is not a repetition of the process of slaughtering an animal).
    Atonement occurs only after temptation/testing, repentance, and the propitiation of sin (apeasement of wrath)
    For Atonement to work, Christ must willingly and forever after, point to his death as the means of salvation for his people.
    I believe as he was required to fulfill passover, in a similar way when Jesus returns, he will be required to fulfill the ritual of the Day of Atonement in the role of High Priest.

  9. #9

    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Quote Originally Posted by Vakeros
    Why didn't Jesus die prophetically during this Festival rather than during Passover?
    Why do you think he needed to?

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Quote Originally Posted by markedward View Post
    Why do you think he needed to?
    I see all the prophetic references to Jesus dying at Passover. What came out from another thread though is that Jesus is the one who bore our sins. The Passover Lamb does do that. The animal sacrificed on the Day of Atonement does. This needs thinking about, which is why I asked the question. Why did God institute a separate day specifically for this? The main idea given so far is that it isn't so much about sin as perfection. This makes a degree of sense to me. Wonder what others thought.

  11. #11

    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Quote Originally Posted by Vakeros View Post
    In Leviticus 23 we are given a number of Festivals to keep. They start with Passover and end with Latter Harvest (Weeks / Shelters / Booths / Tabernacles). However one of them is specifically for purification and denying oneself. This is the Day of Atonement, more fully covered in Lev 16, when the sin offering is made and the scapegoat released. Why didn't Jesus die prophetically during this Festival rather than during Passover?
    Here's why:

    Jesus was a high priest after the order of Melchizedek, and not under the order of Aaron or the Levites (Hebrews 5:10, 6:20). So he couldn't perform that duty under "The Law" that God had given. This is because he was the high priest of "the promise" and not of "the Law" (see Romans 4:13-16, Galatians 3:17-19). This is important to understand because the blessings and benefits of the system under The Law (the old Covenant) was given ONLY to the circumcision, but NOT to the uncircumcised. But Jesus came to be a sacrifice for BOTH, which could not happen under the system of The Law, otherwise it would have only been for the Israelites. The sacrifices made under The Law were for sin only, but were not for death as well. By coming as the High Priest of "The Promise", he could atone both for sin and also for death.

    The Passover, which was a type or illustration of this to us, happened before The Law was given. Therefore it was a proclamation of "The Promise" and not of "The Law".

    So remember that Scripture tells us that the things under The Law were only a copy and a shadow of the heavenly things (Colossians 2:17, Hebrews 8:5, 10:1). Jesus did not need to make atonement within the system of "the copy". He needed to do it within "the real thing". According the Colossion 2:17, he was the manifestation of that "real thing". And he did it in the real tabernacle in heaven when he entered heaven as a Living High Priest (Hebrews 9:24-28).

    If Jesus had died on The Day of Atonement, then there would be other problems.
    1) it would only be for those under The Law and NOT for all mankind
    2) the High Priest under the Law offered the blood of another, not His own blood
    3) he would have been a dead high priest, unable to perform his duties
    4) because the Law requires that on the day of Atonement the High Priest would enter annually to make a sacrifice, under that system's rules, His death would have only been good enough for a year, not forever

    So, by becoming a high priest to "the promise" instead of to "The Law", he is able to rescue us out from under the Law and make us heirs of The Promise, just as (our father) Abraham was, through faith. By doing this, Jesus was able to render the old system obsolete and establish a new covenant with His own blood. So we are heirs to The Promise given to Abraham, heralded by the Passover... and not heirs to the shadowy copy of the Day of Atonement under the Law, meant only for Israel (which would have excluded me, a Gentile).

    So, thank you Jesus for Your blood on The Passover, making us heirs to The Promise!

    Grace and Peace In Jesus To All.

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    It is a great subject to contemplate.

    When the women went to Jesus' tomb to "ascertain" what had happened since they had watched their Lord being buried, they were utterly surprized and called out, "The stone is so extremely large, who could have cast it up(hill, so) far for us!?"

    So was every moment, every second, and every detail concerning Christ's Last (Passover-) Suffering of Yahweh "astonishing". The Emmaus disciples said the women "astonished" them with their story. How did the past events "astonish" the women, who were the first to whom Jesus appeared after his Resurrection?! Because what everyone had been looking at, was "the Passover of Yahweh" and "HOPE OF ISRAEL" (which the disciples felt had been destroyed and had "ENDED" for good (Luke 24:21,22)), once and for all, fulfilled!

    Now in and through and with The Passover-of-Yahweh fulfilled, all and every (other) "Law-of-Passover" like the Day of Atonement, in and through and with Jesus Christ Our Passover, was fulfilled. The only Anointed of the LORD and only Saviour of his people Jesus Christ "made Sacrifice of Himself" for sin, "once for all".

    Jesus Christ is the "I am who I am". In Him there is no duplication; He is the Beginning who in the beginning was, who was God and was with God. He comprehends and encompasses all and every attribute of God, specifically and especially the love and grace of God. Once in Christ is enough and far exceeds everything comparable and incomparable with God.

    Therefore "This Man after He had offered one Sacrifice for sins for ever, SAT DOWN (RESTED—RESURRECTED) at the Right Hand of God. … For by one offering He hath perfected forever them that are sanctified." Hebrews 10:12,14.

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    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Quote Originally Posted by Victims&Villains View Post

    If Jesus had died on The Day of Atonement, then there would be other problems.
    1) it would only be for those under The Law and NOT for all mankind
    2) the High Priest under the Law offered the blood of another, not His own blood
    3) he would have been a dead high priest, unable to perform his duties
    4) because the Law requires that on the day of Atonement the High Priest would enter annually to make a sacrifice, under that system's rules, His death would have only been good enough for a year, not forever
    Jesus died his whole Life from conception and birth, until three days thick darkness eating and drinking Suffering the death of death

    for all those of mankind through sin under The Law

    High Priest after the Law of Everlasting Life who because He poured out his Soul unto death, has made his Soul an Offering, and of the travail of his Soul, saw many justified.

    13When Thou criest, let Thy companies deliver Thee;

    but the wind shall carry them all away, vanity shall take them:

    He that putteth his trust in Me shall possess the land,

    and shall inherit my holy mountain;

    14And shall say, Cast ye up, prepare the way before Him,

    take up the stumblingblock out of the way of my people.

    15For thus saith The High and Lofty One that inhabiteth eternity,

    whose Name is The Most Holy Place,

    The Lord Most High and Holy BEING RESTED UP AGAIN,

    that (inhabiteth) the desponded and giveth them patience,

    giving life to the broken hearted.

    Isaiah 57

  14. #14

    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Quote Originally Posted by Vakeros View Post
    In Leviticus 23 we are given a number of Festivals to keep. They start with Passover and end with Latter Harvest (Weeks / Shelters / Booths / Tabernacles). However one of them is specifically for purification and denying oneself. This is the Day of Atonement, more fully covered in Lev 16, when the sin offering is made and the scapegoat released. Why didn't Jesus die prophetically during this Festival rather than during Passover?
    Because Christ OUR PASSOVER was sacrificed for us. When His blood is applied to our souls (just as the blood of the Passover lamb was applied to the door posts and lintels) we are safe from the wrath of God. Also the Passover Feast was to be converted into the Lord's Supper, and the leaven of malice and wickedness was to be purged from our hearts and souls.

    But as a matter of fact, ALL the sacrifices which were offered in the OT were combined and offered through Christ. He became the Meal Offering, the Peace Offering, the Sin Offering, the Trespass Offering, and also the offerings of the Day of Atonement.

  15. #15

    Re: Why did Jesus die during Passover and NOT on the Day of Atonement?

    Quote Originally Posted by Vakeros View Post
    In Leviticus 23 we are given a number of Festivals to keep. They start with Passover and end with Latter Harvest (Weeks / Shelters / Booths / Tabernacles). However one of them is specifically for purification and denying oneself. This is the Day of Atonement, more fully covered in Lev 16, when the sin offering is made and the scapegoat released. Why didn't Jesus die prophetically during this Festival rather than during Passover?
    Good question! I don't know, but my thought is that God wanted Christ's death to represent something at the *beginning* of the agricultural year rather than at the *end* of it. Christ's death was the end of Israel's time under the Covenant of Law. But it was also the beginning of an age free of the bondage of the Law.

    So I think it makes much more sense for Christ to die at the *beginning* of a new age, since even though the old age was finished, the new age had yet to run.

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