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Thread: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

  1. #1
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    Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    What i want to do here is present an organized chronology of the kings of Judah and Israel. A careful inspection shows the word of God to be absolutely true. I am not real good at downloading files, but i hope to present the whole chronology from Solomon to Nebuchadnezzar and will then entertain thoughts and comments.

    You have to use your analytical thinking skills to get into the heart of this. For example, these first two entries go as follows: from the first year of Rehoboam until his 18th year would be 17 years of elapsed time. This could mean that it was a little more than 17 years, OR it could be a little bit less than 17 years, depending on how time is reckoned. But overall, if this is true, whole years will be any accurate assessment of the sum total of time. Besides that, it is a harmonization of 2 or more scriptures. One last point would be that the number of years between any two kings, can bee figured by simply taking the difference between the two years. E.g., there is 87 years difference between Year 1 and Year 88.

    Year 1 - Upon Solomon's death Rehoboam began to rule Judah and Jeroboam began to rule the 10 northern tribes (1 Kings 14)

    Year 18 - Abijam begins to rule Judah in Jeroboam's 18th year (1 Kings 15:1-2)
    Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

    Year 20 - Asa begins to rule in Judah Jeroboam's 20th year (1 Kings 15:9-10)
    * And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

    Year 21 - Nadab begins to rule Israel in Asa's 2nd year (1 Kings 15:25)
    And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.

    Year 22 - Baasha begins to rule Israel in Asa's 3rd year (1 Kings 15:33)
    In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.

    Year 45 - Elah begins to rule Israel in Asa's 26th year (1 Kings 16:8)
    In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.

    Year 46 - Zimri rules Israel for 7 days in Asa's 27th year (1 Kings 16:15). This is also the year Tibni and Omri begin rival reigns in Israel following Zimri's suicide (1 Kings 16:21-22).
    Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri. 22 But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned.

    Year 50 - Omri prevails over Tibni and begins the first year of his SOLE reign over Israel in Asa's 31st year (1 Kings 16:22-23)
    But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned. *23* In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah.

    Year 57 - Ahab begins to rule Israel in Asa's 38th year (1 Kings 16:29)
    And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.

    Year 60 - Jehoshaphat begins to rule Judah in Ahab's 4th year (1 Kings 22:41-42)
    And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. 42 Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.

    Year 76 - Ahaziah begins to rule Israel in Jehoshaphat's 17th year (1 Kings 22:51)
    Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.

    Year 77 - Jehoram begins to rule Israel in Jehoshaphat's 18th year (2 Kings 3:1), which was also the 2nd year of Judah's Jehoram (2 Kings 1:17) So he died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son.

    Year 81 - Jehoram begins to rule Judah in Jehoram's (of Israel) 5th year (2 Kings 8:16-17). And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign. 17Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.
    Note: despite some ambiguity regarding the reign of Judah's Jehoram, his reign is not critical in determining the duration of the overall timeline.
    Year 88 - Jehoahaz begins to rule Judah in Jehoram's (of Israel) 12th year (2 Kings 8:25-26)

    End of part one.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    YEAR 88 Should say JAhaziah, instead of Jehoahaz. 2 KINGS 8:25-26
    *25* In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign.
    *26* Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.

    The years just prior to Jehu, son of Jehoshaphat, as king of Israel are very difficult to keep strait. Jehu was anointed by Elijah, to purge the land of Baal worshippers.
    *[[1Ki 19:16]] KJV* And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room.
    *[[1Ki 19:17]] KJV* And it shall come to pass, that him that escapeth the sword of Hazael shall Jehu slay: and him that escapeth from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay.

    The difficulty arises because there are two Jehorams, [one is the son of Ahab, and the other is the son of Jehoshaphat], two Ahaziah's [one is the oldest son of Ahab, and the other is the son of Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat]. It took me quite a while to sort things out, but the bible is true. Any further discussions, I will make a clear distinction. I will, and ask others to do the same, distinguish them this way. JJehoram is son of Jehoshaphat. AJehoram is the son of Ahab. JAhaziah is the son of JJehoram, son of Jehoshaphat. AAhaziah is the son of Ahab. This has made things a lot easier to understand. Next segment, part two also has 2 Jehohash's. JJehohash will be the son of JAhaziah, and IS of the kingdom of Judah. IJehohash is the king of Israel.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    Part 2:

    Year 88 - JAhaziah begins to rule Judah in AJehoram's (of Israel) 12th year (2 Kings 8:25-26) In the twelfth year of AJoram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign. 26 Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.


    Year 88 or 89** - Jehu begins to rule Israel after killing AJehoram (2 Kings 9:24),
    *[[2Ki 9:24]] KJV* And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot.
    *[[2Ki 9:27]] KJV* But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.

    *Yr89**and Athaliah begins to rule Judah after Jehu kills JAhaziah (2 Kings 11:1-3).
    *[[2Ki 11:1]] KJV* And when Athaliah the mother of JAhaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.
    2. But Jehosheba, the daughter of king JJoram, sister of Ahaziah, took JJoash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons which were slain; and they hid him, even him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain. 3. And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land.

    Note: it's possible Jehu began to rule in year 88 rather than year 89 since the year Jehu killed Israel's Jehoram is not synchronized to any of Judah's kings and must be inferred from the duration of the reign of Israel's Jehoram.

    Year 95 - Jehoash begins to rule Judah in Jehu's 7th year (2 Kings 12:1) In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zibiah of Beersheba.


    Year 117 - Jehoahaz begins to rule Israel in Jehoash's (of Judah) 23rd year (2 Kings 13:1)
    In the three and twentieth year of JJoash the son of JAhaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.

    Year 131 - IJehoash begins to rule Israel in Jehoash's (of Judah) 37th year (2 Kings 13:10)
    In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years.

    Year 132 - Amaziah begins to rule Judah in IJehoash's (of Israel) 2nd year (2 Kings 14:1-2)
    1. In the second year of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah. 2. He was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem

    Year 146 - Jeroboam II begins to rule Israel in Amaziah's 15th year (2 Kings 14:23)
    In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years.

    Year 172 - Azariah/Uzziah begins to rule Judah in Jeroboam's 27th year (2 Kings 15:1-2)
    1. In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.
    2. Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem.

    Year 209 - Zachariah begins to rule Israel in Uzziah's 38th year (2 Kings 15:8)
    In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months.

    Year 210 - Shallum rules Israel for one month in Uzziah's 39th year (2 Kings 15:13), and is succeeded by Menahem who begins to rule Israel in Uzziah's 39th year (2 Kings 15:17)
    *[[2Ki 15:13]] KJV* Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned a full month in Samaria. [V.17] In the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    A few things to key in on.
    1. AAhaziah, son of Ahab, oldest son of Ahab, was wounded in when he fell thru some lattice when Ahab and Jehoshaphat joined forces to fight the king of Syria. He lived in a crippled state for some time. 2 KINGS 1 is an awesome read right here. AJehoram, younger son of Ahab, brother to AAhaziah, was then ordained to succeed Ahab, and reigned for 12 years.
    2. JJehoram was chosen to succeed Jehoshaphat (while he was still living) in the 5th year of AJehoram's 5th year. [Jehoshaphat's 22nd year].
    3. Jehu killed JAhaziah, grandson of Jehoshaphat, and AJehoram, son of Ahab on the dame day, in year 88.
    4. JAhaziah is the son of JJEHORAM, son of Jehoshaphat, AND THE SON OF Athaliah, daughter of Omri (the father of Ahab). Athaliah, as the sister of Ahab, then usurped the throne of Judah for 6 years.
    5. JAhaziah's sister, Jehosheba, rescued the son of JAhaziah, from Athaliah 's plot to take full control of the throne of Judah. The husband of Jehosheba, is the elderly (and most godly) priest named Jehoiada. He dies at age 130 years. He is all but certain to have served under Solomon and probably David.
    6. Jehu, son of Jehoshaphat AND Nimshi (his mother! ) serves as the king of Israel, as well as 4 generations to follow, down to Zechariah, son of Jeroboam II.
    7. Judah went thru a period of about 11 or 12 years without a named king [years 161-172], until the 27th year of Jeroboam II.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    Concerning #7, both 2 Chr 25 and 2 Kings 14 confirms the reign of Amaziah to 29 years.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    YEAR 221 to 300.

    Year 221 - Pekahiah begins to rule Israel in Uzziah's 50th year (2 Kings 15:23)
    23 In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

    Year 223 - Pekah begins to rule Israel in Uzziah's 52nd year (2 Kings 15:27)
    27 In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.

    Year 224 - Jotham begins to rule Judah in Pekah's 2nd year (2 Kings 15:32-33)
    32 In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign.
    33 Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his moth

    Year 239 - Ahaz begins to rule Judah in Pekah's 17th year (2 Kings 16:1-2)
    1. In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.
    2. Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.

    Year 243 - Hoshea kills Pekah in Jotham's 20th year (2 Kings 15:30). Note: it's important to observe Scripture nowhere indicates Hoshea began to rule over Israel immediately after killing Pekah.
    30 And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.

    Year 250 - Hoshea begins to rule Israel in Ahaz's 12th year (2 Kings 17:1), 7 years after he killed Pekah
    1. In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years.

    Year 253 - Hezekiah begins to rule Judah in Hoshea's 3rd year (2 Kings 18:1-2)
    1. Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign.
    2. Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah.

    Year 256 - Shalmaneser V laid siege against Samaria in Hezekiah's 4th year, which was Hoshea's 7th year (2 Kings 18:9)
    9. And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.

    Year 258 - Samaria fell to Assyria in Hezekiah's 6th year, which was Hoshea's 9th year (2 Kings 18:10) 10. And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.

    Year 281** - this would be the last year of Hezekiah's 29 year reign and start of Manasseh's rule over Judah (2 Kings 18:2).
    2. Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah.
    Note: without a definitive synchronism it's possible Manasseh began to rule in year 282 rather than year 281 as elsewhere in the chronology the succeeding son's first year is the year following his father's death (e.g., Reboboam's son Abijam and Uzziah's son Jotham).

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    The keen observer will note that year 253 appears to be the 4th year of Hoshea, when Hezekiah begins his reign, [it says it's his 3rd], but 2 Chr 29 confirms the year change. Hezekiah began to reign in the first month of a new year, introducing radical reforms.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    Years 300+ till the fall of Jerusalem
    Year 335** - this would be the last year of Manasseh's 55 year reign and start of Amon's rule over Judah (2 Kings 21:1).
    1. Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hephzibah.
    Note: without a definitive synchronism it's possible Amon began to rule in year 336 rather than year 335.

    Year 336** - this would be the last year of Amon's 2 year reign and possible start of Josiah's rule over Judah (2 Kings 21:19).
    19. Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.
    Note: without a definitive synchronism it's possible Josiah began to rule in year 337 rather than year 336.

    Year 348 - Jeremiah began his prophecy in Josiah's 13th year (Jeremiah 1:2 and 25:3)
    2 To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign.
    25:3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.

    Year 366** - this would be the last year of Josiah's 31 year reign and start of Jehoahaz's 3 month rule over Judah (2 Kings 22:1).
    1. Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath.

    Note: as above, it's possible Jehoahaz began to rule in year 367 rather than year 366, however in this case it doesn't really matter because the Jeremiah synchronism (year 348 to year 370) provides a bridge around Jehoahaz's reign.

    Year 367 - Jehoahaz's 3 month reign ends and Jehoiakim starts to rule over Judah (2 Kings 23:30-31).
    30. .....And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.
    31. Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
    Note: the start of Jehoiakim's rule is found by working backwards from the synchronism of year 370.

    Year 370 - Jeremiah's 23rd year of prophecy is synchronized to Jehoiakim's 4th year as Judah's king, which was also Nebuchadnezzar's 1st year as Babylon's king (Jeremiah 25:1-3)

    Year 377 - this would be the last year of Jehoiakim's 11 year reign (2 Kings 23:36)
    *[[2Ki 23:36]] KJV* Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.

    ...and the start of Jehoiachin's 3 month rule over Judah (2 Kings 24:8). This was also the 1st year of Jehoiachin's captivity which is also synchronized to Nebuchadnezzar's 8th year (2 Kings 24:12).

    Year 378 - this would be the 1st year of Zedekiah's rule over Judah working backwards from the synchronism of year 387

    Year 387 - synchronism of Zedekiah's 10th year to Nebuchadnezzar's 18th year (Jeremiah 32:1)
    1. The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD in the tenth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, which was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar.

    Year 388 - fall of Jerusalem synchronized to Zedekiah's 11th year (Jeremiah 39:2) and Nebuchadnezzar's 19th year (2 Kings 25:8, Jeremiah 52:12)
    *[[Jer 39:2]] KJV* And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, the city was broken up.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    That's the end. Jerusalem destroyed in the 388th year after the division of the kingdom [1st year of Rehoboam]. 387 years!

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    Let's take a close look at this section:

    Year 57 Ahab begins to rule Israel. (1 Kings 16:29)
    And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.

    Year 60 - Jehoshaphat begins to rule Judah in Ahab's 4th year (1 Kings 22:41-42)
    And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. 42 Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.

    Year 76 - Ahaziah begins to rule Israel in Jehoshaphat's 17th year (1 Kings 22:51)
    Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.

    Year 77 - Jehoram begins to rule Israel in Jehoshaphat's 18th year (2 Kings 3:1), which was also the 2nd year of Judah's Jehoram (2 Kings 1:17) So he died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son.

    Year 81 - Jehoram begins to rule Judah in Jehoram's (of Israel) 5th year (2 Kings 8:16-17). And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign. 17Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.

    I want to do some minor tweaking, but maintaining the integrity of the scriptures. There is another passage that i want to look at that almost seems contradictory:

    *[[2Ki 1:17]] ISV* And die he did, just as the LORD had said and just as Elijah had spoken! After this, Jehoram ascended to the throne during the second year of the reign of Jehoshaphat’s son Jehoram from Judah. He took the place of Ahaziah, who had no son.

    The question becomes: which of the Jehorams, began to reign first, AJehoram or JJehoram? Here is my premise, and it's just a premise. A son of a king of Israel was deemed eligible to succeed his father, [all sons] upon reaching the age of 20.
    1. Ahab reigned into his 22nd year beginning in year 57, meaning that Ahab died in year 78, in battle, in accordance with 1 KINGS 22. Jehoshaphat became king in year 60. Let's assume that it was late in year 60. AAhaziah turned 20 in year 77. This would still be in accord with him beginning his reign in the 17th year of Jehoshaphat. AJehoram turned 20 the next year, jehoshaphat's 18th year, YEAR 78...the year that Ahab died. AAhaziah, as the eldest son, assumes his father's position as #1. But immediately, the Moabites rebel against the kingdom of Israel.
    Verse list:
    1Ki 22:51-53 KJVLiteAhaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel. And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in the way of his mother, and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin: For he served Baal, and worshipped him, and provoked to anger the LORD God of Israel, according to all that his father had done.
    2Ki 3:5 KJVLiteBut it came to pass, when Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.

    *[[2Ki 1:1]] KJV* Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab.
    *[[2Ki 1:2]] KJV* And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease.

    But AAhaziah becomes unable to reign in his fullest capacity. JJehoram rules as #2 while his brother is still living. AAhaziah dies in the 2nd year of JJehoram, son of Jehoshaphat. At which time, AJehoram becomes the #1 king. JJehoram is ordained [while Jehoshaphat is still living] in the 5th year of AJehoram. This would be 4 years after AJehoram turns 20 years old. This would then turn out to be jehoshaphat's 22nd year, YEAR81. AJehoram reigns for 12 years. From The 18th year of Jehoshaphat [year 78] to YEAR 89. JJehoram would then have begun his reign 7 years before [12th year of AJehoram minus his 5th year equals 7 years], meaning YEAR 82. WHICH means that AAhaziah dies in year 83. It all means that Jehu and Athaliah began reigning in year 89. 1 kings says that JAhaziah was 22 when he reigned in the 11th year of AJehoram. 2 Chr 22 states 42 years.

    *[[2Ch 22:2]] KJV* Forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Athaliah the daughter of Omri.

    This was year 88. I think the age is referring to JAhaziah's mother, Athaliah. Which means that she was born in 46, the daughter of Omri, sister of Ahab, who began reigning in year 57.

    All of this has to be kept relative to year 1, the division of the kingdom, to keep from becoming overly complex. The result is no significant change in dating. Jehu began reigning in year 89, and with no quarrels with scripture.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    So here is an edited and updated part 1. The primary change involves adding one year to the year that JJehoash began to reign. Jehu and Athaliah began reigning in year 89. JJehoash began reigning in the 7th year of Jehu. This means more than 6 full years. So, i place JJehoash's reign to begin at the beginning of the next immediate new year, 96. The fact that Hezekiah's reign begins at the new years first month, and probably the same can be said of Jehoshaphat [at the start of year 61], gives to me string indication that the successor kings of Judah were given a "coronation" at the beginning of a year when deemed necessary, to prevent a full vacancy in the throne of David. Asa came down with a serious for disease near the end of his 42 year reign. He began reigning in year 20, making his last year #61. Therefore, i feel like Jehoshaphat was given his coronation at the beginning of year 61, rather than year 60.

    [976] - temple completed

    Year 1 -[960] 40th year of Solomon, death Rehoboam began to rule Judah and Jeroboam began to rule the 10 northern tribes (1 Kings 14)

    Year 18 - Abijam begins to rule Judah in Jeroboam's 18th year (1 Kings 15:1-2) (3 yrs)
    Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

    Year 20 - Asa begins to rule in Judah Jeroboam's 20th year (1 Kings 15:9-10)(1 year)
    * And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

    Year 21 - Nadab begins to rule Israel in Asa's 2nd year (1 Kings 15:25) (for 2 years)
    And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.

    Year 22 - Baasha begins to rule Israel in Asa's 3rd year (1 Kings 15:33) (24 yrs)
    In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.

    Year 45 - Elah begins to rule Israel in Asa's 26th year (1 Kings 16:8) (2 yrs)
    In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.

    Year 46 - Zimri rules Israel for 7 days in Asa's 27th year (1 Kings 16:15). This is also the year Tibni and Omri begin rival reigns in Israel following Zimri's suicide (1 Kings 16:21-22).
    Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri. 22 But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned.

    Year 50 - Omri prevails over Tibni and begins the first year of his SOLE reign over Israel in Asa's 31st year (1 Kings 16:22-23)
    But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned. *23* In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah.

    Year 57 - Ahab begins to rule Israel in Asa's 38th year (1 Kings 16:29) (22 yrs)
    And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.

    Year 61 - Jehoshaphat begins to rule Judah in Ahab's 4th year (1 Kings 22:41-42) (25 yrs)
    And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. 42 Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.

    Year 77 - Ahaziah begins to rule Israel in Jehoshaphat's 17th year (1 Kings 22:51) (2 yrs)
    Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.

    Year 78 - Jehoram begins to rule Israel in Jehoshaphat's 18th year (2 Kings 3:1), which was also the 2nd year of Judah's Jehoram (2 Kings 1:17) So he died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son.

    Year 82 - JJehoram begins to rule Judah in Jehoram's (of Israel) 5th year (2 Kings 8:16-17). And in the fifth year of AJoram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign. 17Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.
    Note: despite some ambiguity regarding the reign of Judah's Jehoram, his reign is not critical in determining the duration of the overall timeline.
    Year 88- Ahaziah, son of JJehoram begins to rule Judah in Jehoram's (of Israel) 12th year (2 Kings 8:25-26)

    Year 89 Jehu, king of Israel, and Athaliah, Queen of Judah, begin their reigns upon the deaths of JAhaziah and AJehoram .

    Year 96 - Jehoash, son of Ahaziah, who was the son of Jehoram, who was the son of Jehoshaphat, begins to reign at the beginning of the year.

    End of revised part 1

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

  12. #12
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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    Revision to part 2 [due to JJehoash beginning his reign in Year 96]

    Year 89(beginning) - JAhaziah begins to rule Judah in AJehoram's (of Israel) 12th year (2 Kings 8:25-26) In the twelfth year of AJoram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign. 26 Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.


    Year*89* - Jehu begins to rule Israel after killing AJehoram (2 Kings 9:24),
    *[[2Ki 9:24]] KJV* And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot.
    *[[2Ki 9:27]] KJV* But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.

    *Yr89**and Athaliah begins to rule Judah after Jehu kills JAhaziah (2 Kings 11:1-3).
    *[[2Ki 11:1]] KJV* And when Athaliah the mother of JAhaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.
    2. But Jehosheba, the daughter of king JJoram, sister of Ahaziah, took JJoash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons which were slain; and they hid him, even him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain. 3. And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land.

    Note: it's possible Jehu began to rule in year 90 rather than year 89 since the year Jehu killed Israel's Jehoram is not synchronized to any of Judah's kings and must be inferred from the duration of the reign of Israel's Jehoram.

    Year 96 - Jehoash begins to rule Judah in Jehu's 7th year (2 Kings 12:1) In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zibiah of Beersheba.


    Year 118 - Jehoahaz begins to rule Israel in Jehoash's (of Judah) 23rd year (2 Kings 13:1)
    In the three and twentieth year of JJoash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.

    Year 132 - IJehoash begins to rule Israel in Jehoash's (of Judah) 37th year (2 Kings 13:10)
    In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years.

    Year 133 - Amaziah begins to rule Judah in Jehoash's (of Israel) 2nd year (2 Kings 14:1-2)
    1. In the second year of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah. 2. He was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem

    Year 147- Jeroboam II begins to rule Israel in Amaziah's 15th year (2 Kings 14:23)
    In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years.

    Year 173 - Uzziah begins to rule Judah in Jeroboam's 27th year (2 Kings 15:1-2)
    1. In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.
    2. Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem.

    Year 210 - Zachariah begins to rule Israel in Uzziah's 38th year (2 Kings 15:8)
    In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months.

    Year 211 - Shallum rules Israel for one month in Uzziah's 39th year (2 Kings 15:13), and is succeeded by Menahem who begins to rule Israel in Uzziah's 39th year (2 Kings 15:17)
    *[[2Ki 15:13]] KJV* Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned a full month in Samaria. [V.17] In the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria.





    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    Before i present a revision to part 3, i want to present a new thought. It concerns when Manesseh, son of Hezekiah, begins his reign.

    One of the things, that we know about Hezekiah, is that he became, deathly sick, in his 14th or 15th year. By the word of Isaiah, God would add 15 years to his life. He reigned for 29 years, thus the timing. With that being said, with the kings issue of health, it only makes sense that Manessah was ordained to be king at the beginning of Hezekiah's 15th year. It is said that Manesseh was 12 years old when he began to reign. No problems there. Further thoughts would be: 1. If this is Hezekiah's 15th year, his ahe would be 39, meaning that Manesseh was born when he was 27... No problem there. 2. If Manesseh was only 12 when Hezekiah died at age 54, Hezekiah would have been 44 when manesseh, his firstborn would have been born. This seems kind of late to start a family. With the stability of godliness, firmly established and entrenched in the kingdom of Judah, it seems unlikely that Manesseh would have been allowed to begin his reign at only 12 years of age. Hezekiah, at age 27, seems to be a more likely fit. Though, there is no scripture, specifically, to confirm this, there is a future truth that will come out in part 4, that all but makes this all but certain.

    Revision to part 3:

    Year 222 - Pekahiah begins to rule Israel in Uzziah's 50th year (2 Kings 15:23)
    23 In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

    Year 224 - Pekah begins to rule Israel in Uzziah's 52nd year (2 Kings 15:27)
    27 In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.

    Year 225 - Jotham begins to rule Judah in Pekah's 2nd year (2 Kings 15:32-33)
    32 In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign.
    33 Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his moth

    Year 240 - Ahaz begins to rule Judah in Pekah's 17th year (2 Kings 16:1-2)
    1. In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.
    2. Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.

    Year 244 - Hoshea kills Pekah in Jotham's 20th year (2 Kings 15:30). Note: it's important to observe Scripture nowhere indicates Hoshea began to rule over Israel immediately after killing Pekah.
    30 And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.

    Year 251 - Hoshea begins to rule Israel in Ahaz's 12th year (2 Kings 17:1), 7 years after he killed Pekah
    1. In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years.

    Year 254 - Hezekiah begins to rule Judah in Hoshea's 3rd year (2 Kings 18:1-2)
    1. Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign.
    2. Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah.

    Year 257 - Shalmaneser V laid siege against Samaria in Hezekiah's 4th year, which was Hoshea's 7th year (2 Kings 18:9)
    9. And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.

    Year 259 - Samaria fell to Assyria in Hezekiah's 6th year, which was Hoshea's 9th year (2 Kings 18:10) 10. And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.

    Year 268. Manesseh began to reign at the time of Hezekiah's sickness unto death.
    *[[2Ch 33:1]] KJV* Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:
    Year 283 - this would be the last year of Hezekiah's 29 year reign and start of Manasseh's (SOLE) rule over Judah (2 Kings 18:2).
    2. Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah.



    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    Revision to part 4 [containing Manesseh update].

    Year 322** - this would be the last year of Manasseh's 55 year reign and start of Amon's rule over Judah (2 Kings 21:1).
    1. Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hephzibah.

    Year 323** - this would be the last year of Amon's 2 year reign and possible start of Josiah's rule over Judah (2 Kings 21:19).
    19. Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.
    Note: Josiah began to rule as the #1 in year 324, but as #2 in year 323, under Amon.

    Year 335 - Jeremiah began his prophecy in Josiah's 13th year (Jeremiah 1:2 and 25:3)
    2 To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign.
    25:3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.

    Year 353** - this would be the last year of Josiah's 31 year reign and start of Jehoahaz's 3 month rule over Judah (2 Kings 22:1).
    1. Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath.

    Note: as above, it's possible Jehoahaz began to rule in year 367 rather than year 366, however in this case it doesn't really matter because the Jeremiah synchronism (year 348 to year 370) provides a bridge around Jehoahaz's reign.

    Year 354- Jehoahaz's 3 month reign ends and Jehoiakim starts to rule over Judah (2 Kings 23:30-31).
    30. .....And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.
    31. Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
    Note: the start of Jehoiakim's rule is found by working backwards from the synchronism of year 364.

    Year 357 - Jeremiah's 23rd year of prophecy is synchronized to Jehoiakim's 4th year as Judah's king, which was also Nebuchadnezzar's 1st year as Babylon's king (Jeremiah 25:1-3)

    Year 364 - this would be the last year of Jehoiakim's 11 year reign (2 Kings 23:36)
    *[[2Ki 23:36]] KJV* Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.

    ...and the start of Jehoiachin's 3 month rule over Judah (2 Kings 24:8). This was also the 1st year of Jehoiachin's captivity which is also synchronized to Nebuchadnezzar's 8th year (2 Kings 24:12).

    Year 365 - this would be the 1st year of Zedekiah's rule over Judah working backwards from the synchronism of year 375.

    Year 374 - synchronism of Zedekiah's 10th year to Nebuchadnezzar's 18th year (Jeremiah 32:1)
    1. The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD in the tenth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, which was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar.

    Year 375 - fall of Jerusalem synchronized to Zedekiah's 11th year (Jeremiah 39:2) and Nebuchadnezzar's 19th year (2 Kings 25:8, Jeremiah 52:12)
    *[[Jer 39:2]] KJV* And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, the city was broken up.

    Thus, 374 years [375 minus 1]after kingdom division.

    So, 586 BC plus 374 equals 960 BC, the year of the division of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel. I have a summary of things that i will put in my next segment. It solves the riddle of Ezekiel 4, concerning the 390 years and 40 years, and another great mystery.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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    Re: Harmonization/ synchronizing of the chronicles of the kings

    So we have 374 years from the division of the kingdom, until the destruction of the temple. So when did the division take place? In the 40th year of Solomon. Records show that Solomon died in the springtime... of his 40th year. 39 years and a period of months. Now look at this:

    *[[1Ki 6:1]] KJV* And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.

    Solomon began building the houses for the Lord and the king in his 4th year as king. Now, how long did that take???

    *[[1Ki 9:10]] KJV* And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the LORD, and the king's house,

    So, that means that it was in the 24th year of king Solomon's reign! The 24th year of a kingship that lasted into the 40th year. If you subtract the 24th year from the 40th year, you get 16 years. Solomon lived for 16 years after the completion of work on the HOUSES of the Lord/ King. Do you see it now? 374 years of division, plus 16 years under king Solomon equals 390 years! But there is more. Look back at part 4. Jeremiah began his prophecy in year 335. This was 40 years before the destruction of the temple in year 375. The 390 years began with the completion of the temple complex.

    But there's more. If we take the 374 years, which is both the 40th year of king Solomon and the first year of Rehoboam, then add the remaining 39 years of Solomon, and [making the same assumption for David] add 39 years for his reign, and finally add 38 years for Saul [I'll explain shortly] we get 490 years. There would be 70 sabbatical years in those 490 years (or even. 491). Thus, Jeremiah prophesied that the land would keep her 70 Sabbaths while the children of Israel dwelt in Babylon. Israel failed to keep the Sabbath for 490 years. All of the days of the KINGDOM beginning with Saul until it was destroyed by the Babylonians.

    So, why 38 years for Saul? David was anointed to be king, the official beginning of his reign, before the end of Sauls reign. Samuel came to anoint David when Saul failed to kill king Agag, and his people. This most likely means that it occurred in Sauls 38th year. It's placement in scripture, would concur.

    *[[1Sa 16:1]] KJV* And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.

    So, now, we can understand why Jeremiah knew for how long and when. And, most importantly, the basis for Ezekiel 4.

    Blessings to all who keeps the saying and the prophecy of his book!
    GB

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