Elsewhere in these forums two astonishing claims were made about Zech. 14:
1. Though this passage is one of the main premil passages that is used to prove a millennial kingdom, it does not contain any details to back up such a claim.
2. This entire chapter was fulfilled in the past.
I'm interested in exploring those claims, and taking a closer look at this chapter:
Zech. 14:1 Behold, the day of the LORD is coming,
And your spoil will be divided in your midst.
The context of this chapter is established here - the eschatological day of the Lord; which historically in the Hebrew understanding involved the day in which the Messiah would come to judge the nations that mistreated Israel (Obadiah 1:15; Joel 3:14) and establish His kingdom (Isa. 2:1-22)
(conversely, for a passage that some INSIST was fulfilled in the past, Isa. 2:10-12 contain elements that are very similar to Rev. 6:15-16, which the very same system INSISTS is the 2nd Coming). Great trouble and shaking would also come to Israel in context to this future day (Isa. 13:6-9; Amos 5:18-20). Zechariah is describing the nature of the trouble that will come to Israel in this day as the nation is almost defeated in this recapitulation of the Zech. 12-13 events.
Zech. 14:2 For I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem; The city shall be taken, The houses rifled, And the women ravished. Half of the city shall go into captivity, But the remnant of the people shall not be cut off from the city.
Zech. 12:1-4 describes the coming siege of Jerusalem as "all the nations of the earth" are gathered against the city, drunk (a stupefied maddness) in their fury, looking to "heave the city away". This passage gives more detail to what will actually take place as the nations come against the city. Josephus did not record these kinds of details taking place in his account of the Roman seige of 70 AD at the hands of Titus; nor did this seige involve "all the nations of the earth." It surely involved many nations - but not all.
Zech. 14:3 Then the LORD will go forth
And fight against those nations,
As He fights in the day of battle.
Again, in this recapitulation, Zech. 12 gave a description of what this would look like - the enemy horses would be struck with blindness and the riders with maddness; later in that passage we are shown the inhabitants of Jerusalem being supernaturally empowered by the Lord to defend themselves against the seige (12:8). One could also put Isa. 63:1-6 here, as the Lord Himself is seen striding towards Jerusalem "mighty to save" as all His robes are covered in blood - it is this passage that John is alluding to in Rev. 19:11-16. as He is moving to "tread the winepress of the nations", which also alludes to Joel 3:13 and Rev. 14:18-20.
Zech. 14:4 And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives,
Which faces Jerusalem on the east.
And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two,
From east to west,
Making a very large valley;
Half of the mountain shall move toward the north
And half of it toward the south.
Zech. 14:5 Then you shall flee through My mountain valley,
For the mountain valley shall reach to Azal.
Yes, you shall flee
As you fled from the earthquake
In the days of Uzziah king of Judah.
Thus the LORD my God will come,
And all the saints with You.
The key feature of this passage (one that you would be hard-pressed to find a past fulfillment of) to me is not the splitting of the Mt. of Olives by Jesus (which many have assumed to be His first act when He lands on the earth - but it does not say that He "lands" on the Mt. of Olives - just that He will stand on it. I think that there are many other passages in the OT that provide a framework for many other events that take place at His Second Coming that precede this one, as I have listed on another thread). The key feature is not that He splits the mountain - but that He does it so that those in Jerusalem might escape the seige! They flee the city through the newly made valley and escape the armies gathered against them before the Lord goes to trample the nations.
it is difficult for me to find any NT or past fulfillment for these passages, and I have barely scratched the surface of the passage. I haven't even come to the face-melting part yet.