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Frances
Jan 15th 2010, 05:41 PM
Exodus 1

What Does the Text Say? - Jacob went to Egypt of his 75 descendants, Joseph was already there. Each generation of Israelites increased abundantly, causing the Egyptians to regard them as a possible threat, so they made the Israelites their slaves and treated them harshly. The worse the Israelites/Hebrews were treated, the more their numbers increased. Pharaoh told the Hebrew midwives to kill each male baby at birth, but they didn't as they worshipped God. The midwives told Pharaoh the Hebrew women gave birth before they got there, so Pharaoh told his people to throw all Hebrew baby boys into the river.

Application? Being treated badly maybe God's Provision for future freedom. Do I obey God trusting His Power, or obey men because I fear their power over me? God Blesses those who honour Him.

Frances
Jan 20th 2010, 05:11 PM
Exodus 2

What Does the Text Say? A son was born to a Levite couple and they hid him. Three months later his mother made an ark out of bulrushes waterproofed with a layer of asphalt and pitch, then put it, with the boy in it, in the bulrushes where Pharaoh's daughter would go to bathe. The princess decided to bring the boy up as her own, and called him Moses. The baby's sister offered to fetch a wet nurse for Moses, and fetched her mother, who was paid to raise the baby. When Moses no longer needed a wet nurse (about 5 years) he went to live with Pharaoh's daughter. When he was a man (about 40 y.o) Moses killed an Egyptian who was beating a Hebrew, and buried the body in sand. Next day Moses tried to stop two Hebrews fighting, and one asked if he was going to kill him as he had the Egyptian. When Pharaoh heard of it he intended to kill Moses, but he fled to Midian. Resting by a well Moses helped Jethro's daughters to water their sheep. Jethro invited him to stay and gave him his daughter Zipporah as wife, she bore him a son. Years later, under another Pharaoh, the Israelite slaves prayed for relief from their situation. The time had come for God to answer their prayers.

Application :- Preservation of loved ones lives by some means, under an unGodly, cruel government is OK, wisdom is necessary as well as trusting God with the outcome. What seems to be a calamity may be used by God in some way. God had told Abram his descendants would be slaves for 400 years (Gen. 15:13) and the time for their release had arrived. When God does not grant my request maybe the right time has not yet come; am I prepared to wait and trust Him? What seems a tragedy may result in some training I need for the future.

Quote:- (Henry H. Halley)" Moses is thought to have been appointed to high office in the government of Egypt. Josephus says he commanded an army in the south. His 40 years in the wilderness was, in God's Providence, part of Moses training . . . and developed sturdy qualities in him hardly possible in the softness of the palace. It familiarised him with the region in which he was to lead Israel for 40 years. . .
Midianites were descended from Abram through Kenturah (Gen. 25:2). Some traditions have it that Moses wrote the book of Job during this 40 years."

Frances
Jan 21st 2010, 04:24 PM
Exodus 3

What Does the Text Say? - Moses looked after his father in law's sheep and had taken them to Horeb(Sinai, Acts7 30 34) when he saw a bush burning but not consumed. God called to Moses from the bush, telling him to remove his shoes because he was on holy ground, that He was the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and would rescue their descendants from their slavery to the Egytians and give them the land He'd Promised Abraham, also He was sending Moses to Pharaoh and to lead the people. Moses was to tell the Israelites "I AM WHO I AM" had sent him, he was to speak to the Elders of the people who would believe him. Then Moses must go to the King of Egypt to ask that they all be allowed to go 3 days journey into the wilderness to sacrifice to the Lord their God, but Pharaoh would not let them go, so God would perform many Miracles and eventually Pharaoh would let them go and the Egyptians would give them much wealth before they left.

Application - Do I enjoy many Blessings and feel I am "Somebody"? Have I run ahead of God in some way? Am I now a "Nobody"? One day, when my training is complete, God may give me a task I don't want. Will I accept that task or reject it? My age will not be a deterrent.

Note:- Moses spent 40 years learning to be "Somebody", then 40 years learning to be "Nobody" before he had sufficient knowledge, experience, and humility necessary to be used in a mighty way by God.

Frances
Jan 22nd 2010, 04:49 PM
Exodus 4

What Does the Text Say? - Moses didn't believe the Israelites would accept that God had sent him to lead them out of slavery, so God gave him the ability to turn his stick into a snake, and back into a stick, turn water into blood, and to make his hand leprous and restore it to health. Moses was still fearful, saying he didn't have the 'gift of the gab', the Lord was angry but agreed that Moses could tell his brother Aaron what to say, and Moses could be Moses' spokesperson. Jethro agreed to Moses request to return to his countrymen in Egypt. On the way the Lord seemed about to kill Moses but Zipporah, his wife, circumsized his son and touched him with the skin, so the Lord released him. The Lord told Aaron to go to meet Moses. When they met the Elders of Israel, Aaron said what Moses told him to, and Moses did the Signs. The Elders believed and worshipped God.

Application:- Do I think of reasons (excuses) not to obey God? Have I, too late, regretted not having another such opportunity? God will use what I have available (like an ordinary stick). Moses had had specialist training, both in the palace and the wilderness, and there was no other Israelite with that training. What specialist training for the Lord's Service have I 'unkowingly' received? Whatever my age there is probably someone whose permission I must ask before setting out in a new direction. Am I Blessed with the opportunity to be someone's helper? When the Lord tells me to go somewhere do I always go? Am I still learning that if I don't obey the Lord instantly I will be the loser in a wide variety of ways that I may not discover for some time?

Frances
Jan 23rd 2010, 03:57 PM
Exodus 5

What Does the Text Say? - : Moses and Aaron told Pharaoh God wanted all of His people to travel for 3 days into the wilderness to sacrifice to Him, and they asked Pharaoh's permission to do so. Pharaoh said "No" and that same day instructed their Egyptian taskmasters not to give the Hebrews straw but to make them collect it for themselves, while fulfilling the same quotas as formerly; as they could not do this their leaders were beaten. The Hebrew leaders pleaded with Pharaoh for mercy but he took no notice. Moses and Aaron were waiting for the leaders when they left Pharaoh, and were maligned by them. Moses accused God of not keeping His Word and letting Moses down.

Application:- Do I ensure the 'voice' I am heeding is, in fact, the Voice of Almighty God and not self or Satan? Do I obey God however pointless His Instructions may seem? Do I still trust Him even though my obedience has made life more difficult, not only for me but painful for others too? Do I expect fellow Christians to understand that I have obeyed God even when He does not fulfill His Promise immediately? When those I have acted for turn against me do I complain to God?

Archeological Note:- Naville in 1883, and Kyle in 1908, found that at Pithom the lower courses of bricks were made with good straw, the middle courses with less, being stubble including the roots, and the bricks forming the top courses were pure clay, confirming the historical accuracy of Exodus 5.

Frances
Jan 24th 2010, 06:25 PM
Exodus 6

What Does the Text Say? – The Lord told Moses He would rescue the Israelites from the Egyptians with His Mighty Power; they would be His people and He would be their God, and He would take them to the land He'd Promised their forefathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob - but the people didn't believe Moses because their situation was so depressing. God told Moses to go to tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go.

Application - The Lord is able to rescue me from all evil that seeks to keep me in bondage; His Power is far superior to any other being, physical or spiritual . Is the Lord my God? Have I inherited a Promise made to my ancestors? Will I follow Him to the good land He has Promised? Have I shared Jesus' offer of Salvation with
those who have taken no notice because they are too depressed by their circumstances?

Note: - This must be a; brief geneology stating only prominent people as Moses was listed as a grandson of Kohath, and according to Numbers 3:28 there were 8,600 kohathites at that time.

Frances
Jan 25th 2010, 05:52 PM
Exodus 7

What Does the Text Say? Almighty God told Moses that Pharaoh would take no notice of him until He had performed many signs and wonders in Egypt and the Egyptians and Israelites acknowledged Him the Lord. Moses was 80 and Aaron 83 years old. The first sign of the Lord's Power was when Moses stick became a snake and swallowed the sticks of Pharaoh's magicians (Jannes and Jambres 2 Tim.3 8). The second sign was when Moses met Pharaoh at the river bank and turned all the water above ground in Egypt to blood, which the magicians also did, but Pharaoh didn't heed Moses request to let the Israelites go.

Application - My obedience to the Lord does not guarantee immediate success, I may only see a fragment of His Plan. I will never be too old to serve the Lord in some way. Not all miracles are performed by servants of Almighty God but may be performed by those involved in the occult. The Lord may allow people to suffer hardship for a while to encourage a greater awareness of His Power.

Note The plagues of Egypt demonstrated God's Power over the people's gods. eg. Pharaoh was deified, the river Nile was a god, as was Ptar, represented by a bull, Amon by a cow, Heka by a fly, Nechabt by a serpent and Set(Satan) by a crocodile, and they had many other gods too, including a frog.

Frances
Jan 26th 2010, 05:22 PM
Exodus 8

What Does the Text Say? - God sent Moses to tell Pharaoh another refusal to let His people go would result in a plague of frogs over the whole land, which it did. The occultists did the same. Pharaoh pleaded for the frogs to be removed so Moses told Pharaoh to say when he should pray, so there'd be no doubt the Power belonged to the Lord God of the Israelites. God killed the frogs, but when Pharaoh had relief he still didn't let the people go. The Lord sent a plague of lice/gnats. The occultists couldn't replicate this plague and said it was caused by "the Finger of God". Next God, through Moses threatened, and sent, flies that would be everywhere except in Goshen where His people were. Pharaoh agreed to let the people go, but changed his mind as soon as he had relief from the flies.

Application - Do I prevent anyone from worshipping the Lord? (eg. by not giving them a lift or necessary meal?) Do I recognise the 'Finger of God' in my circumstances and realise He is able to do what I cannot? Was Moses, through Pharaoh's many refusals, gaining the confidence to know God could always be trusted what he would need in the years ahead? Do I trust God to, similarly, be working in and through me when circumstances seem unkind? If I turn against God's Will for me 'today' it will be harder for me to do His Will 'tomorrow', but easier for me to turn away from Him then too.

Frances
Jan 27th 2010, 05:31 PM
Exodus 9
What Does the Text Say? - Pharaoh continued refusing to let the Israelites go into the wilderness to worship the Lord by making sacrificed to Him so, 1st the Egyptian cattle, oxen, horses and donkeys died, but not the livestock of the Israelites. The 2nd time boils broke out on the people and animals. The next time Pharaoh refused to let them go Moses forecast very heavy hail, that would kill people and animals. That time Pharaoh said the people could go, but when the plague stopped he changed his mind.

Application - Do I promise to obey Almighty God while I'm suffering, but 'forget' when the worst of the suffering is removed? What have I promised the Lord I would do that I have not? The bull was the chief Egyptian god, so to harm their cattle demonstrated God's supreme Power over their gods yet again. Do I worship anything other than Almighty God? if so, I may well suffer as a result. Do I heed God's warnings? Do I hesitate to obey God because of the cost, disregarding the far greater benefits?

Quote (Henry H. Halley)" Pharaoh (probably) hesitated because of the immense loss . . . in slave labour. Israelite labour had contributed greatly to Egypt's rise in power, and with the Israelite's departure the Egypt's decline began.

Frances
Jan 28th 2010, 05:14 PM
Exodus 10

What Does the Text Say? God hardened Pharaoh's heart, to give Him the opportunity to perform spectacular miracles that would always be remembered by His people, so they would have no doubt that He is the Lord. Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh again, requesting him to let the Israelites go. At first Pharaoh refused, then said just the men could go but not the women, children, flocks and herds. So the Lord sent a plague of locusts. Pharaoh said they could go if the locusts were removed, but when they were gone he changed his mind. The Lord sent thick darkness over all Egypt for 72 hours except where the Israelites lived. Then Pharaoh said all the people could go, but not their animals, and he told Moses if he ever returned he would die. Moses agreed they'd never meet again.

Application? How many times can I reject the Lord's will before He ensures I will suffer greatly for the instruction of future generations? How many times have I already disobeyed God? Do I try to 'water down'' the Lord's requirements to make them 'more acceptable' to me? Have I tried the Lord's Patience too much already?

Quote (Henry H. Halley) "Locusts come in vast clouds eating every green thing, they repose on the ground at night to a depth of 4 to 5 inches. When mashed the smell would be unbearable. Darkness was a direct blow to Ra, Egypt's sun god."

Frances
Jan 30th 2010, 07:13 PM
Exodus 11

What Does the Text Say? - While Moses was still with Pharaoh the Lord told him He would bring one more plague, then Pharaoh would let the people go, he said every Israelite must ask their Egyptian neighbour for articles of gold and silver. Moses told Pharaoh the first born of all the people and animals would die around midnight, but Pharaoh took no notice. The Egyptian people gave the Israelites much gold and silver as they respected the Power of Moses' God.

Application - Do I recognise the power of those who negotiate with the leaders of my nation to cause me distress? Am I as generous as the Lord wants me to be? Am I grateful that unbelievers donate money to charities that benefit God's people in need? Do I realise the unlimited Power of God when He is against me, or do I keep battling on like a dog with a dead rabbit? Do those who know me respect the Power of my God?

Frances
Jan 31st 2010, 06:27 PM
Exodus 12

What Does the Text Say? - The Lord told Moses it was now the beginning of the year for Israel. On the 10th of that month each family must choose a perfect lamb or goat. On the 14th of that month, in the evening, the lambs must all be killed without breaking their bones, and their blood sprinkled on the door-posts and lintels of the houses; the Israelites must eat the roasted lamb’s flesh with unleavened bread, prepared to leave Egypt; any meat not eaten must be burnt. That night God would execute Judgment on the Egyptians, and anyone not in a house protected by the blood on the door-posts would suffer too. The Israelites must always celebrate Passover as a memorial, eating only unleavened bread for 7 days each year. At midnight all the firstborn in Egypt died, except those protected by the lamb’s blood. Pharaoh sent for Moses (1446BC) and told the Israelites to go with their flocks and herds. There were about 600,000 men, with their families, who went from Rameses towards Succoth - they and their ancestors had been in Egypt 430 years. No uncircumcised person is able to eat the Passover meal.

Application - Almighty God is still very specific regarding His requirements for each person's Salvation. Am I protected by the Blood of Jesus Christ? or have I overlooked any of His requirements? Did those who told me of His offer of Salvation tell me every detail? Would I be wise to study His Word to make sure?

Quote:- (Henry H. Halley) 'Nearly a year had passed. At last the crisis was at hand. The blow fell. Pharaoh yielded and Israel departed. Except for the 10 plagues Israel would never have been delivered, and there would have been no Hebrew nation.
Archeological note:- Inscriptions have been found indicating that Thoothemes IV, successor of Amenhotep II was not his first-born or heir apparent. Also that Merneptah's first-born met death on peculiar circumstances, and his successor was not his first-born or heir apparent. So, which ever Pharaoh the Biblical statement was confirmed."

Frances
Feb 1st 2010, 04:38 PM
Exodus 13

What Does the Text Say? - the Lord claimed every woman’s, and animal's, male 1st born to be consecrated to Him as a reminder of all the Egyptian 1st born that He had killed to enable the Israelite’s release,. God also said the Israelites must always remember the day they left slavery in Egypt by eating unleavened bread for 7 days in the month of Abib, and by having a feast on the 7th day in His honour. When the Israelites left Egypt, with Jacob's bones, the Lord led them in the wilderness towards the Red Sea to continue their training of trusting Him in all circumstances; they went from Succoth and camped in Etham. The Lord always went in front of them in a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire at night.

Application - Is my life consecrated (set apart) to the Lord? Do I regard bread without yeast as a reminder of the purity the Lord requires of His people? Do I realise the difficulties I encounter in life are part of the training I need to trust the Lord in all circumstances? Do I follow where He leads, day and night?

Frances
Feb 2nd 2010, 05:41 PM
Exodus 14

What Does the Text Say? The Lord told Moses to camp by the Red Sea, as He would encourage Pharaoh to persue the Israelites and demonstrate more of His Power. The Israelites were afraid when they saw the Egyptians coming, Moses told them to trust the Lord who would save them. The pillar of cloud moved behind the Israelites to give them light and protection and the Egyptians darkness. The Lord told Moses to hold his hand over the sea, then He made a path through the sea for His people. When the Egyptians followed their chariots got stuck and their wheels came off. When the Israelites were all clear the Lord made the Sea return and drown the Egyptians when, as instructed, Moses raised his hand over it. So the people revered the Lord and Moses even more.

Application Does the Lord tell me to do what seems to invite difficulties, if not annihilation? Do I trust the Lord enough to obey Him when He does? Am I sometimes afraid even though I trust and obey Him? The Lord still makes paths through seas of difficulty for His obedient people today.

Frances
Feb 3rd 2010, 05:06 PM
Exodus 15

What Does the Text Say? - A hymn of praise to the Lord because He triumphed on behalf of His people. The Lord is my Strength and song. The Lord has become my Salvation. He is my God and I will praise Him. The Lord is a Man of war. The Lord is glorious in Power. He is excellent. He overthrows those who act against Him. His Wrath is terrible. The Lord has no equal, He is Glorious in Holiness He leads those He has Redeemed and Guides them to His holy abode. The Lord will reign forever. The Israelites journeyed in the wilderness for 3 days before they found water - but it was bitter and undrinkable. Moses prayed to the Lord, and He showed him a tree to put into the water to make it sweet; and He said if they did all He told them and kept all His decrees, He would not inflict on them the diseases He brought on the Egyptians, as He is the God who Heals. Then they camped at Elim where there were 12 wells.

Application - Do I sing the Lord's praises? When I rely totally on the Lord, and am obedient to Him(and sometimes when I’m not), He acts for my benefit. The Lord will become the Salvation of all who trust Jesus Christ to have died in their place, paying their penalty for their Sin, and trusting His resurrection to enable them to rise to New Life with Him. Is He my God? If I am trusting and obeying the Lord all who act against me are acting against Him. I would be wise not to encourage the Lord's Wrath. Do I follow wherever He leads or do I follow the crowd? If I'm trusting Him the Lord will turn my bitter experiences to sweetness. The Lord will Heal the diseases He afflicts me with if I heed His Word and obey Him (that doesn't seem to always include infirmity brought on by stupidity or those common to mankind.

Frances
Feb 4th 2010, 05:48 PM
Exodus 16

What Does the Text Say? - The
Israelites went from Elim to the wilderness of Sin, on their way to Sinai, on the 15th day of the second month after they left Egypt. They complained of hunger, so the Lord tested the people's obedience to Him as their complaints against Moses were really complaints against Him. In the evening He sent quail for them to gather, in the morning there was Manna to gather for everyone's needs; they were told not to keep any overnight or it would go bad, yet some tried to keep it. On the 6th day they were told to gather twice as much and prepare what was needed for the next day, the Sabbath. The Lord was angry with those who went to gather Manna on the Sabbath when He had told them to rest. The Lord told Moses to put an omer of Manna into a pot to be kept, so future generations would know what the Lord had fed them with in the wilderness.

Application - If I complain about what I have, is that a complaint about the Lord's Provision for me? Does that make Him angry with me? Does the Lord test my obedience to Him? Is the 'wind of His Spirit' always sufficient to turn me from my way to His? Am I prepared to work to benefit from the Lord's Blessings (Num. 11:31). Do I try to keep what the Lord has provided for today for the future? If I do will it 'go bad' if I do not share the excess with others? Do I keep one day each week for resting with the Lord? Do I keep a record of my Blessings from the Lord?

Note - an Omer = 7pints.

Frances
Feb 5th 2010, 06:17 PM
Exodus 17

What Does the Text Say? – The Israealites left the wilderness of Sin and camped in Rephidim where there was no water. The people complained to Moses, so he cried out to the Lord, who told him to take some of the elders and the rod with which he struck the river, and go to the rock at Horeb and strike it, then water would gush out of it. And it did. Moses called the place Meribah(contention). Amalek attacked Israel in Rephidim. Moses told Joshua his assistant/apprentice, to choose men to fight Amalek, saying he. Moses, would stand on the hill with the rod of God in his hand the next day. Aaron and Hur went to the hilltop with Moses. When Moses held up the rod the Israelites were winning but when he didn’t the Amalekites had the advantage. Moses became tired so Aaron and Hur put a rock for him to sit on and they supported his hands until sunset. So Joshua and the Israelite army defeated Amalek. The Lord told Moses to tell Joshua that He would erase all memory of Amalek. Moses built an altar and called it ‘YHWH Nisi’ (the Lord is my banner)

Application – Obeying the Lord does not guarantee freedom from hardship or battles, but does ensure victory. However Godly a leader they will need to be supported in their work for the Lord. Those in the forefront of the battle relied on Moses holding his rod up. Who do I rely on to pray for me in life’s battles? Who relies on me to pray for them in their difficult circumstances? A problem may return, and Christians will suffer in this world, though final victory is assured.

Frances
Feb 6th 2010, 06:46 PM
Exodus 18

What Does the Text Say? – Jethro, Moses father in law, brought Moses’ wife and two sons to him. After Moses told Jethro all the Lord had done for His people Jethro said “Now I know the Lord is greater than all the gods” and he made a sacrifice to Him. Next day Jethro watched as the people came to Moses with their problems, for him to ask God for the solution. Jethro advised Moses to appoint Godly men to lead under the Lord and only to take ‘great’ matters for Moses to seek Him about. Moses did as Jethro advised, then Jethro went home.

Application – Do I know the Lord is greater than all the gods? Am I willing to sacrifice my way to live His Way? Do I try to do too much? Am I willing to share my responsibilities, not through laziness, but to ensure the best possible way of serving others under the Lord? Do I heed the advise of new Christians? Am I offended if others don’t accept my advise for serving God more efficiently?

Firstfruits
Feb 7th 2010, 03:54 PM
Persecution makes us stronger.

2 Cor 12:10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.

Mt 5:10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Mt 5:11 Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.

Mt 5:12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.

God bless you!

Firstfruits

Frances
Feb 7th 2010, 05:13 PM
Exodus 19
What Does the Text Say? – Israel camped by Mt. Sinai. Moses went up the mountain to be with God, Who said His people ad witnessed His Power and Ability to protect them, so if they obeyed Him and kept His Covenant, they would be a kingdom on priests and a holy nation. The Lord said He would speak to Moses from thick cloud in 3 days, by which time the people must purify themselves, but no one must go onto the mountain. The Lord descended on the mountain in a thick cloud with thunder, and lightening and fire, and the whole mountain quaked. Moses spoke and God answered, then He called Moses to the mountain top, then He sent Moses back to fetch Aaron.

Application – Do I spend time alone with the Lord God? Do I recognize His Power and Ability and trust Him to fulfill my needs? Do I obey Him? Do I keep the Covenant He makes with those who submit their lives to Jesus Christ? I must purify myself (repent of all Sin) before hearing from God. Am I willing to go into frightening situations when the Lord calls me to go there? Am I prepared to overcome difficulties to meet with the Lord ? What the Lord gives permission for others to do may not apply to me as well. If I try to go ‘up a mountain’ when the Lord has told me not to I may perish.

Quote:- (Henry H. Halley) “They were at Sinai about 11 months (Num.10:11). 500 years later Elijah, at the same mountain, was given a hint that God’s Work would be accomplished not by ‘fire and earthquake’ methods, but by a still, small voice (1 Kings 19).”

Frances
Feb 8th 2010, 05:37 PM
Exodus 20

What Does the Text Say? – The Lord God gave these Commandments to His people:-
1- you shall have no other gods but Me.
2- You shall not make an idol of anything, or worship anything.
3- you shall not mis-use My Name.
4- remember to keep the Sabbath day holy.
5- honour your father and mother.
6- you shall not murder.
7- you must not commit adultery.
8- you must not steal.
9- you must not testify falsely against your neighbour.
10- you must not covet anything that is your neighbour’s.
And He also gave Instructions how to build altars to worship Him.

Application – Is obeying God important to me? Is pleasing anyone, or doing anything, more important to me than pleasing the Lord? Do I ever use ‘God’ or ‘Jesus Christ’ as an exclamation or swear word? if so my descendants will suffer. Do I keep one day each week just to worship the Lord God? Do I honour my parents and their memory? Have I killed anyone or their reputation? Have I indulged in sex outside the lifetime commitment of marriage of one man and one woman? Have I taken anything that doesn’t belong to me? Have I ever gossiped about anyone? Do I covet anything that belongs to someone else?

Note:- Reverence to God is the basis of His Commandments, and also of the way Jesus taught His disciples to pray(Luke 11:1).

Frances
Feb 9th 2010, 05:53 PM
Exodus 21

What Does the Text Say?- Hebrew slaves must be set free after 6 years service; if man was married when he was bought his wife must be freed too, but if his master gave him a wife the wife and children belong to the master and he may choose to remain a slave to stay with them – in that case the master will make a hole in his ear, indicating the man is his slave for life. Women slaves are not freed after 6 years but may be bought back, yet must not be sold to foreigners; if she becomes her master’s daughter-in-law he must treat her as a daughter and not a slave; a slave-wife denied food, clothing or sexual intimacy may leave a free woman. Deliberate murder deserves death, as does kidnapping or dishonouring parents. Those who injure their opponent during a quarrel must compensate for loss of wages and provide for their full recovery. A slave may be beaten by their owner even if they die as a result. Punishment for a crime is restricted and may be no worse than the injury, eg. lose an eye for and eye lost. A slave whose eye or tooth is knocked out may go free. If an ox kills someone the owner is not liable unless it has injured someone before, in which case the ox and it’s owner shall be killed, though the owner may be able to pay to redeem his life. If an ox kills a slave the ox owner must pay the slave’s owner 30 pieces of silver(Zech. 11:12; Matt. 26:15 etc.)

Application – Am I spiritually bound to anyone I have allowed to pierce my ear? Every wife is entitled to food, clothing and sexual intimacy (within reason). As I am Jesus Christ’s slave He has the right to allow my death, as slaves may legitimately be killed by their owner. Judas was given the value of a slave to betray Jesus.

Frances
Feb 10th 2010, 05:32 PM
Exodus 22

What Does the Text Say? – Regulations regarding theft and misuse of another’s property. Moral principles. Anyone who sacrifices to, or worships a god except the Lord must be utterly destroyed. No stranger, widow or orphan may be ill-treated or oppressed. Interest on money must only be charge to those who don’t worship the Lord. A neighbour’s cloak taken in security for a loan must be returned before dark, as he will need it to keep him warm. You must not dishonour God or curse your rulers. You must give the best of your income and your first-born sons to the Lord, and also of your cattle, sheep and goats. You must not eat meat killed by wild beasts.

Application – I must be extra careful with another person’s property. Do I ever rate anything of greater importance than worshipping the Lord? Do I always treat strangers, widows and orphans especially well? Do I always seek the Lord’s guidance regarding lending or investing money? Does anything I do or say dishonour God? Do I always give a tithe of my income to the Lord? and dedicate my children to Him? Do I eat meat the blood has not been drained from?

Frances
Feb 11th 2010, 05:39 PM
Exodus 23:1-19

What Does the Text Say?- You must not pass on false rumours, or lie in court, or join with those who do wrong, or twist justice, or favour the poor, or deny the poor justice, or not return anything you find belonging to a neighbour. You must always assist man or beast that needs help. Make sure of the facts before accusing anyone; do not declare the guilty innocent, or the innocent guilty. Never take a bribe or oppress a foreigner. Harvest crops for 6 years and let the poor and needy have the produce in the 7th year. Only work for 6 days each week to allow you, your workers and animals a day of refreshment. Never mention, or worship, any other god. Celebrate 3 Festivals each year – Unleavened bead, Harvest and Final Harvest when every man must appear before the Sovereign Lord.

Application – Do I always ensure everything I say is true? Do I always treat others as I would like to be treated? I must not favour or disregard, anyone for any reason (eg. riches or poverty). Do I always help those in need? Do I always judge accurately or might I make a mistake? Is my judgment dependant on benefits to myself? Do I always give 1/7th (14%) of my income to those in need? Do I enable everyone to have one day free of work each week to be physically and spiritually refreshed? Do I value anyone or anything more highly than the Lord? Do I celebrate Easter and the beginning and end of the harvest each year?

Frances
Feb 12th 2010, 05:02 PM
Exodus 23:20-33

What Does the Text Say? – The Lord’s representative will lead His people to the place He has prepared for them; He will not pardon disobedience. If the Lord is obeyed He will fight on His people’s behalf and annihilate their enemies, but His people must not have anything to do with their enemy’s gods but must break them down. Their enemies will not all be beaten at once, but little by little as His people become sufficiently numerous to fill the land from the Red sea to the Mediterranean and from the eastern wilderness to the river Euphrates. The people now living in that land must be completely removed or the Israelites would be encouraged to Sin against the Lord by worshipping their gods.

Application – Do I follow wherever the Lord leads me? Have I missed Blessings by not allowing the Lord to Guide me? Do I obey Him in big and small decisions? Do I allow myself to be led astray by the ‘ways of the world’? I will always have to fight the Lord’s enemies with Him. Do I realize the extent of the land the Lord gave to the Jews in perpetuity, because the former inhabitants were so Evil, is between the Red sea to the Mediterranean and from the eastern wilderness to the river Euphrates? Do I fight all ungodly aspects of my character until they are annihilated, or do I stop fighting and allow these Sins to remain, and grow, and lead me away from the Lord?

Frances
Feb 13th 2010, 05:03 PM
Exodus 24

What Does the Text Say? – The Lord told Moses to bring only Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and 70 Elders up the mountain to worship, but only Moses could go near to him. Moses went down to the people and told them all the Lord had commanded and they all agreed to obey Him. Moses wrote it all down. Next morning he built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and set up a pillar for each tribe of Israel and Peace offerings were made to the Lord. The people promised again to obey the Covenant with the Lord. Then Moses sprinkled people with the blood of the Peace offerings. Moses, Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and the 70 Elders went up the mountain. To received a stone tablets on which He had written His Commandments. So Moses, and Joshua his assistant, went up to the mountain of God, leaving the Aaron and Hur in charge. The Glory of the Lord like a consuming fire rested on Mount Sinai six days before He called to Moses on the seventh day. Moses was on the mountain 40 days and nights.

Application – How high up the mountain (of faith) does the Lord require me to go? Do I obey all that the Lord says? Am I ’sprinkled with the blood of the lamb’? (Have I submitted my life to Jesus Christ?) Do I experience the Peace only the Lord can give? Do I hear God’s Voice? If not, do I expect to? Have I always acted on what He says in the past? Do I write down all He says? Do I accept the terms of God’s Covenant with me? What are my responsibilities towards the Lord? How long am I willing to wait for the Lord to answer my questions and Guide me?

Frances
Feb 14th 2010, 05:09 PM
Exodus 25

What Does the Text Say? – The offerings to the Lord required at that time. And how the Ark was to be made and its decorations. How the table for the Showbread must be constructed and the dishes, pans, pictures and bowls for it. The design for the gold lampstand, its decorations, and it’s seven lamps wicks, trimmers and trays.

Application – God only accepts offerings given willingly and He is specific regarding what He requires. Do I give Him what He requires of me at the present time? Is everything I offer the Lord given willingly? Do I have a special place to meet with the Lord? Do I give the best I have to the Lord? The best of my possessions, and workmanship, and ability? Do I follow the Lord’s directions precisely in every detail?

Frances
Feb 15th 2010, 03:58 PM
Exodus 26 and 27

What Does the Text Say?- Every smallest detail regarding the construction of the Tabernacle and lamp stand.

Application – Do I obey every detail of the Lord’s instructions? I may consider I can improve on the Lord’s instructions, and by so doing negate the unity of what the Lord wants to achieve in something I am unaware of. I am responsible for keeping the Light of the Lord burning where I am living.

Frances
Feb 16th 2010, 06:24 PM
Exodus 28

What Does the Text Say? –The Lord told Moses, that Aaron and his sons, Nad ab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithama were to be His priests, and sacred garments must be made for them. For Aaron, a breast plate, a blue robe, an ephod, a turban, a sash of linen incorporating gold, blue, purple and a scarlet thread. On each shoulder of the ephod an onyx stone set in gold must be fixed, each stone engraved with six of Jacob’s sons. The breastplate for Aaron to wear must have sardis (ruby), topaz, Emerald, Turquoise, sapphire, diamond, amber, agate, amethyst, Beryl and onyx on, each one engraved with the name of one of the tribes of Israel. On that turban must be the gold plate we have ‘Holiness to the Lord’ engraved on it, attach with a blue cord. For Aaron’s sons tunics, sashes and beautiful turbans must be made, also each of them must wear linen shorts when they Ministered.

Application – Do I always wear garments that Glorify the Lord in every detail that cover my nakedness and that’s demonstrate my desire to serve the Lord? Do I use the talents I have to the best of my ability in God’s service.

Frances
Feb 18th 2010, 02:58 PM
Exodus 30

What Does the Text Say? – Instructions for making the altar to burn incense each night and morning and once a year make atonement with the blood of the Sin offerings on its horns. At each census of men above 20 years of age each man, rich and poor, must pay half a shekel to make atonement for themselves. A bowl must be put near the altar for the priests to wash their hands and feet before officiating. Directions for making holy anointing oil to anoint the Tabernacle, the altar for burnt offerings, the basins and the priests, and also incense of a different composition to put in front of the Ark of the Covenant. Both mixtures are only for the specific uses describe.

Application – The Lord puts an equal value on all men over 20 years old. Do I keep some things specifically for use when worshipping the Lord?

Frances
Feb 19th 2010, 05:23 PM
Exodus 31

What Does the Text Say? – The Lord filled Bezalel and Aholiab with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, understanding, knowledge and in all workmanship including with gold, silver, bronze, jewels and wood, and also gave skill to all the gifted craftsman, to enable them to make all the Lord Commanded. Moses was told to remind the Israelites to keep the Sabbath holy as through keeping it they will be consecrated to God. Six days are for work and the seventh is to be set apart for God. When the Lord finished talking to Moses He gave him two stone tablets written with His finger.

Application – The Gifts of the Holy Spirit are practical and to be used for the Glory of God. Do I use the Gifts the Lord has given me for his Glory alone? Or for other purposes? Do I keep one day each week specifically to worship the Lord? Do I treasure all the Lord gives me or complain of the weight they are carry?

Frances
Feb 20th 2010, 06:36 PM
Exodus 32

What Does the Text Say? – Moses didn’t return from the mountain for some time so the people asked Aaron to make a god for them. Aaron told them all to gave him their gold earrings. He made the gold into a calf. The people said this idol had brought them out of Egypt! Aaron built an altar in front of the gold calf. Next day burnt, and peace, offerings were made to the idol and the people ate, drank and played. The Lord told Moses what they had done and said he’d destroy them and make Moses the founder of a great nation instead, but Moses pleaded with the Lord not to harm the Israelites. The Lord relented, Moses and Joshua went down the mountain with the stone tablets God had written on. They heard singing and as they came near the camp and saw the calf and dancing. Moses broke the Tablets, melted the calf, ground it into powder, mixed it with water and made the people drink it. Moses’ stood at the entrance of the camp and said “ whoever is on the Lord’s side come to me” and all the Levite went to him. Moses told them to go throughout the camp and killed the idolaters – so they killed about 3000 men. Then Moses returned up the mountain to the Lord, confessed the people’s Sin and said if God didn’t forgive them He must blot Moses out of His book too, but the Lord said only those who Sinned would be blotted out of His book. His Angel would leads them to the promised land. The Lord sent a plague on the people because they worshipped the calf Aaron made.

Application - Do I turn away from the Lord God if I do not have a strong Godly leader? Do I disregard God in favour of something or someone else? Do I let others persuade me into un-Godly pleasures? Do I accept responsibility for the Sins of those I have responsibility for? Do I plead for Mercy for them? Do I destroy what the Lord has made? Am I on the Lord’s side? Do I serve the King of kings and fight sin?

Quote (Henry H. Halley)”The Bull was principle god of Egypt and later became god of the 10 tribes.(1Kings 12:18) this pitiful apostasy, so soon after God had thundered out from the mountain ‘Thou shalt have no other gods besides Me’ and after the marvelous miracles in Egypt, indicate the depths to which the Israelites had sunk into Egyptian idolatry. It was a crisis calling for immediate discipline, and punishment was swift and severe. Moses willingness to be blotted out of God’s Book for the people’s sake, shows the grandeur of his character.

Frances
Feb 21st 2010, 04:52 PM
Exodus 33

What Does the Text Say? – The Lord told Moses to leave Mount Horeb and follow His Angel to the land He’d promised Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob that He’d give to their descendants; but He would not go with them Himself as they were stubborn and He might destroy them. Moses took his tent outside the Camp and called it the Tabernacle of meeting. Everyone who wanted to receive God’s Guidance went there; when Moses went there the Pillar of Cloud descended and Lord talked with him. Everyone saw the cloud descend and they worshipped from the door of their tents. When Moses returned to the camp Joshua, the son of Nun, remained in the Tabernacle. The Lord promised Moses that His Presence would go with them when Moses said if He did not the other nations would not know the Israelites where His people. When Moses asked to see the Lord’s Glory, He said Moses could see His back but not His face.

Application – Do I always follow where the Lord God leads me? Do I make an effort to meet the Lord on my own? Have I learned the Power of prayer by being with Godly people? Do I discuss my problems with the Lord? Do I recognize a little of the Lord’s Glory in what He has made and in what He does?

Frances
Feb 22nd 2010, 06:54 PM
Exodus 34:1-19

What Does the Text Say? – The Lord told Moses to cut two stone tablets like the ones he broke, then He would write His Commandments on them in the morning when no one but Moses must be on the mountain. Early next morning Moses set out to meet God at the top of Sinai and the cloud descended. The Lord proclaimed Himself Merciful, Gracious, Longsuffering, abounding in Goodness and Truth, lavishing Mercy for thousands of generations, He said He does not proclaim the guilty innocent and the sins of the parents will affect the whole family to the fourth generation. The Israelites must not make a covenant with the people of the land because they are Evil. All pagan images must be destroyed and the festival of unleavened bread celebrated for seven days each year.

Application:- If I destroy something the Lord God did for me I may have to work hard to replace it. The Lord is Merciful and Gracious to me, He is patient with me; He forgives my rebellion and sin, but does not proclaim me innocent. My Sins makes it easier for my children, and future generations of my family, to Sin against the Lord in future. Do I make binding agreements with those opposed to the Lord? Have I got any idols in my life? Do I keep the festivals in the Jewish calendar? What significance, if any, have they got for me?

Frances
Feb 23rd 2010, 05:50 PM
Exodus 34:19 - 35

What Does the Text Say?- Every woman’s first-born belongs to God, as well as every male first-born of the stock, but the donkey’s first-born must either be redeemed with a lamb or have its neck broken. Every first born son must be redeemed. No one may appear before the Lord without an offering. No one must work on the seventh day, even during the preparations for, and harvest of, crops. Everyone must celebrate the beginning and end of the harvest. Three times each year every Israelite must appeared before the Lord God; then He will drive other nations out and expand the Israelite territory as long as they appear before Him three times each year. No blood may be offered with bread containing yeast. And no meat from the Passover sacrifice may be kept until morning. The first of the harvest must be given to the Lord, and a kid must not be boiled in its mother’s milk. All the above were part of God’s covenant with His people. Moses was with God 40 days and 40 nights during which he neither ate nor drank anything. Moses did not realise his face shone after he talked with the Lord. Moses told the Israelites what the Lord had said each time he spoke with Him, then wore a veil over his face until he spoke with Him again.

Application :- What do I offer the Lord when I meet with Him? Do I keep one day in seven exclusively to worship the Lord? Do I go specifically to meet with Him three times each year? Do I give the Lord the first part of my income? Do others recognized some difference in me when I’ve been with the Lord?

Frances
Feb 24th 2010, 05:50 PM
Exodus 35

What Does the Text Say?- Moses’ proclaimed the Lords Commands to the Israelites - Work for six days, then seventh day set apart to worship God with no work, free-will offerings for sufficient valuables to make the Tabernacle and also Gifted workers to make and decorate everything needed for Worship, including the garments for the priests. Those who had willing hearts brought what they had to offer. The Lord had given special artistic Gifts to Bezalel the son of Hur, and the ability to teach others, and He also gave those Gifts to Aholiab of the tribe of Dan .

Application – Do I work for six days and keep the seventh day specially to worship the Lord? Is everything I do on Sunday (my day of rest) Glorifying to God. Do I give willingly to enable the worship of God and Glorifying of His Name? Do I freely offer my time and such ability as I have for that purpose? Nothing is too insignificant to offer to the Lord (replacing the loo rolls is very important!). What can I do for Him? What Gifts has the Holy Spirit given me?

Frances
Feb 25th 2010, 06:50 PM
Exodus 36

What Does the Text Say? – Moses called Bezalel and had Aholiab and everyone Gifted and motivated by the Lord to do the work necessary to construct and equip a Sanctuary. The people were so willing to donate for the work that too much was collected each day and Moses stopped them giving more. Those working on the Tabernacle made 10 curtains 42 foot long and 6 foot wide of fine linen decorated with blue, purple and scarlet thread. 50 clasps of pure gold were made to couple the 11 curtains of goat’s hair 45 foot long and 6 foot wide, and 15 bronze clasps to make a tent to cover the tabernacle with sufficient rams skins to cover the tent, also sufficient skins to cover them of fine goats/badger/dolphin skin’s(various translations). 48 pillars of acacia wood were made, each 15 foot high and 27 inches wide and bars to secure them all over laid with gold, also 96 silver sockets to go under the boards. A screen of fine linen including blue, purple and scarlet thread was made plus five pillars with gold rings and bronze sockets to support them. A veil with blue, purple and scarlet thread incorporated was made of fine linen and four pillars for it of acacia wood covered in gold with gold hooks for the curtains and 4 silver sockets for them.

Application – Do I willingly give the good things I have received for the Lord’s Work to Glorify Him? Is every detail of all I do to serve the Lord the best I can possibly do? Or do I economise on materials, and workmanship, that don’t show very much?

Note:- the gold and silver and other materials, apart from the wood used to construct the Tabernacle were given by the Egyptians prior to the exodus from Egypt. Bezalel made the hollow altar for burnt offerings of acacia wood planks.

Frances
Feb 26th 2010, 06:14 PM
Exodus 37

What Does the Text Say?- Working with acacia wood and gold Bezalel made the Ark 45 inches long, 27 inches wide, 27 inches high, and also poles to carry it; the Mercy seat 47 inches long and 27 inches wide, with cherubim at both ends; a table for the show bread 36 inches long 18 inches wide and 27 inches high, with poles to carry it, and the gold bowls, pans, jars and pitchers to be used on it. Then Bezalel made the lamp stand by hammering a talent of pure gold to make the base, centre stem, six branches, buds, petals and lamp cups, seven lamps and snuffers and trays (seventy five pounds of pure gold). Then Bezalel made the incense altar of acacia wood, 18 inches square 36 inches high, with horns at each corner carved from the same piece of wood and covered with gold, also the poles to carry it. Then he made special anointing oil and incense.

Application- Although only the best I have is good enough to offer the Lord, am I are overwhelmed by what others give to Him or do for Him, so don’t do anything for fear it is not good enough? But Jesus said (Mark 12: 43-44). Do I praise the Lord for those who have Gifts and skills I do not have? Do I work to improve abilities I have?

Frances
Feb 27th 2010, 05:41 PM
Exodus 38

What Does the Text Say?- Bezalel made the hollow altar for burnt offerings, 7 ˝ feet long 4 ˝ feet high with horns on the corners, of acacia wood planks. All the utensils were also bronze – ash buckets, shovels, basins, forks and fire pans, he also made a bronze grating to fit halfway down the sides of the altar. This altar also had a ring at each corner to hold carrying poles, which were also of acacia wood covered with bronze. He also made a bronze washbasin and its stand from mirrors. Linen curtains were made to fence around the tabernacle, 150 feet long, 75 feet wide, and 7 ˝ feet high, supported by bronze pillars and sockets with silver hooks. And the gate at the east end was 30 feet wide, it’s curtains of blue and scarlet linen. 2193 pounds of gold, 7545 pounds of silver and 5310 pounds of bronze were used in the construction of the sanctuary.

Application – Bezaleland Aholiab were undoubtedly leading many workers – do, I ,willingly, work for the Lord in situations where others will get the credit? The silver used was from the half shekel tax each man paid – so my small offerings, together with other ‘small offerings’ will add up to enable great things to be done to Glorify the Lord. Could I offer Him more?

Frances
Feb 28th 2010, 04:48 PM
Exodus 39

What Does the Text Say? –Details regarding the way garments Aaron and his sons would wear were given. Every detail of the work was completed for the tabernacle, the tent, the Ark, the table, lamp stand, gold altar, bronze altar, the hangings of the court and its fixings, the utensils and the garments of ministry. Moses blessed them all.

Application – Is every detail of all I do for the Lord, and all I allow Him to do through me, perfect? Am I satisfied with less than the best I am able to do as I serve Him?

Exodus 40

What Does the Text Say? – The Lord told Moses that the Tabernacle must to be erected on the first day of the new year; the Ark must be enclosed in curtains inside the Holy place before placing the altars, lamp stand and washbasin before enclosing a courtyard. Then Moses must anoint the tabernacle and everything in it, and also anoint Aaron and his sons. Moses burnt sweet incense on the gold altar in front of the veil and did everything else the Lord had said. Then the cloud covered the tabernacle and the Glory of the Lord filled it. From then on the Israelites only moved on when the cloud was lifted from the tabernacle. At night fire from the cloud was a over the Tabernacle visible to all.

Application – Have I attended to all of the Lord’s Instructions to me? Or have I thought I could ignore some detail and He would still be with me? Do I wait for the Lord to indicate it is time to move? or do I move ahead of Him? or do I stay where I’m comfortable instead of following Him?