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chad
Dec 23rd 2012, 12:16 PM
My Christmas Bible Study on the Birth of Jesus.

The Angel of the Lord Appears to Joseph.

(Mat 1:18 NIV) This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.

(19) Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly.

(20) But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.

(21) She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins."

(22) All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet:

(23) "The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel" --which means, "God with us."

(24) When Joseph woke up, he did what the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary home as his wife.

(25) But he had no union with her until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus.



The Angel of the Lord Gabriel Appears to Mary.

(Luke 1:26 NIV) In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee,

(27) to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin's name was Mary.

(28) The angel went to her and said, "Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you."

(29) Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.

(30) But the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God.

(31) You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus.

(32) He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David,

(33) and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end."

(34) "How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?"

(35) The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.

(36) Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month.

(37) For nothing is impossible with God."

(38) "I am the Lord's servant," Mary answered. "May it be to me as you have said." Then the angel left her.



Mary Visits Elizabeth

(Luke 1:39 NIV) At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea,

(40) where she entered Zechariah's home and greeted Elizabeth.

(41) When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.

(42) In a loud voice she exclaimed: "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear!

(43) But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?

(44) As soon as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy.

(45) Blessed is she who has believed that what the Lord has said to her will be accomplished!"

(46) And Mary said: "My soul glorifies the Lord

(47) and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,

(48) for he has been mindful of the humble state of his servant. From now on all generations will call
me blessed,

(49) for the Mighty One has done great things for me-- holy is his name.

(50) His mercy extends to those who fear him, from generation to generation.

(51) He has performed mighty deeds with his arm; he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts.

(52) He has brought down rulers from their thrones but has lifted up the humble.

(53) He has filled the hungry with good things but has sent the rich away empty.

(54) He has helped his servant Israel, remembering to be merciful

(55) to Abraham and his descendants forever, even as he said to our fathers."

(56) Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months and then returned home.



The Birth of Jesus

(Luke 2:1 NIV) In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world.

(2) (This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria.)

(3) And everyone went to his own town to register.

(4) So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David.

(5) He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child.

(6) While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born,

(7) and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger,
because there was no room for them in the inn.


The Angel Appears to the Shepherds

(Luke 2:8 NIV) And there were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night.

(9) An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.

(10) But the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid. I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people.

(11) Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord.

(12) This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger."

(13) Suddenly a great company of the heavenly host appeared with the angel, praising God and saying,

(14) "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to men on whom his favor rests."

(15) When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, "Let's go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about."

(16) So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger.

(17) When they had seen him, they spread the word concerning what had been told them about this child,

(18) and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them.

(19) But Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart.

(20) The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things they had heard and seen, which were just as they had been told.


Jesus is Circumcised and dedicated.

(Luke 2:21 NIV) On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise him, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he had been conceived.

(22) When the time of their purification according to the Law of Moses had been completed, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord

(23) (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, "Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to the Lord"),

(24) and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: "a pair of doves or two young pigeons."

(25) Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him.

(26) It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord's Christ.

(27) Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required,

(28) Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying:

(29) "Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace.

(30) For my eyes have seen your salvation,

(31) which you have prepared in the sight of all people,

(32) a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel."

(33) The child's father and mother marveled at what was said about him.

(34) Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother: "This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against,

(35) so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too."

(36) There was also a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was very old; she had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage,

(37) and then was a widow until she was eighty-four. She never left the temple but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying.

(38) Coming up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward to the redemption of Jerusalem.

(39) When Joseph and Mary had done everything required by the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth.


The Magi from the East come to Jerusalem to bear Gifts

(Mat 2:1 NIV) After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem

(2) and asked, "Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him."

(3) When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him.

(4) When he had called together all the people's chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Christ was to be born.

(5) "In Bethlehem in Judea," they replied, "for this is what the prophet has written:

(6) "'But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.'"

(7) Then Herod called the Magi secretly and found out from them the exact time the star had appeared.

(8) He sent them to Bethlehem and said, "Go and make a careful search for the child. As soon as you find him, report to me, so that I too may go and worship him."

(9) After they had heard the king, they went on their way, and the star they had seen in the east went ahead of them until it stopped over the place where the child was.

(10) When they saw the star, they were overjoyed.

(11) On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold and of incense and of myrrh.

(12) And having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their country by another route.

guero
Jan 9th 2013, 10:14 PM
Thank you, brother, for posting these.

Note that the NIV translation you are using suppresses part of Luke 1:28:

NIV - The angel went to her and said, "Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you."

KJV - And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women [εὐλογημένηN σὺ ἐν γυναιξίν].


In this omission the NIV agrees with the RSV (although at least the RSV adds a footnote, "Other ancient authorities add 'Blessed are you among women!'"), following the Nestle-Aland Greek readings which favor certain manuscripts over others. The additional text is found in numerous 3rd and 4th century manuscripts and, most importantly, in the Byzantine Lectionary, which is the oldest Greek text still in use (by the Greek Orthodox Church).

There is a similar bias against Mary in Luke 11:27-28 -

As Jesus was saying these things, a woman in the crowd called out, “Blessed is the mother who gave you birth and nursed you.” He replied, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and obey it.” (NIV)

The King James reads similarly. Both are translating the Greek Μενοῦνγε as "but rather", but really it should be translated "Yea, indeed". The same word appears in Philippians 3:8 and in Romans 10:18, where it is translated "Yea, doubtless" and "Yes verily", respectively. The effect when Μενοῦνγε is translated as "But rather" is that the reader/hearer's attention is shifted away from Mary, whereas in the correct rendering she is actually held up as an example of one who hears the word of God and obeys it.

chad
Jan 10th 2013, 07:25 AM
Your welcome, I posted this bible study before Christmas because most nativity celebrations miss out a few details regarding the birth of Christ Jesus, so I thought I would post a bible study which included all the verses. Some of the things that stood out for me, were:-

Elizabeth (The mother of John the Baptists) and Mary being relatives (Luke 1:36)

Mary staying with Elizabeth (The mother of John the Baptists) for 3 months (Luke 1:56)

The Angel and Heavenly hosts appearing before the Shepherds informing them the saviour had been born (Luke 2:8-14) and the Shepherds spreading the word about Jesus birth (Luke 2:15-17).

Jesus Circumcision and dedication after his birth (Luke 2:21-39)

The Magi from the east, visiting Jesus in Jerusalem (not at the place of his birth at the manger in Bethlehem) at a later date, to bear gifts to Jesus.


Thanks for adding the part in Luke 1:28 KJV, it adds to the bible study.

God Bless.



Thank you, brother, for posting these.

Note that the NIV translation you are using suppresses part of Luke 1:28:

NIV - The angel went to her and said, "Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you."

KJV - And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women [εὐλογημένηN σὺ ἐν γυναιξίν].


In this omission the NIV agrees with the RSV (although at least the RSV adds a footnote, "Other ancient authorities add 'Blessed are you among women!'"), following the Nestle-Aland Greek readings which favor certain manuscripts over others. The additional text is found in numerous 3rd and 4th century manuscripts and, most importantly, in the Byzantine Lectionary, which is the oldest Greek text still in use (by the Greek Orthodox Church).

There is a similar bias against Mary in Luke 11:27-28 -

As Jesus was saying these things, a woman in the crowd called out, “Blessed is the mother who gave you birth and nursed you.” He replied, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and obey it.” (NIV)

The King James reads similarly. Both are translating the Greek Μενοῦνγε as "but rather", but really it should be translated "Yea, indeed". The same word appears in Philippians 3:8 and in Romans 10:18, where it is translated "Yea, doubtless" and "Yes verily", respectively. The effect when Μενοῦνγε is translated as "But rather" is that the reader/hearer's attention is shifted away from Mary, whereas in the correct rendering she is actually held up as an example of one who hears the word of God and obeys it.

guero
Jan 10th 2013, 05:29 PM
Thank you again for sharing these with us!

When I first read the First Book of Samuel, I was struck by the similarity between Mary's prayer after meeting with Elizabeth and Hannah's prayer for Samuel:

And Mary said, “My soul magnifies the Lord,and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,for he has regarded the low estate of his handmaiden. For behold, henceforth all generations will call me blessed;for he who is mighty has done great things for me, and holy is his name. And his mercy is on those who fear him from generation to generation. He has shown strength with his arm, he has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts,he has put down the mighty from their thrones, and exalted those of low degree;he has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich he has sent empty away.He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy,as he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his posterity for ever” (Luke 1:46-55, RSV)

Hannah also prayed and said, “My heart exults in the LORD; my strength is exalted in the LORD. My mouth derides my enemies, because I rejoice in thy salvation. “There is none holy like the LORD, there is none besides thee; there is no rock like our God.Talk no more so very proudly, let not arrogance come from your mouth; for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. The bows of the mighty are broken, but the feeble gird on strength.Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread, but those who were hungry have ceased to hunger. The barren has borne seven, but she who has many children is forlorn. The LORD kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up. The LORD makes poor and makes rich; he brings low, he also exalts. He raises up the poor from the dust; he lifts the needy from the ash heap, to make them sit with princes and inherit a seat of honor. For the pillars of the earth are the LORD‘S, and on them he has set the world.“ He will guard the feet of his faithful ones; but the wicked shall be cut off in darkness; for not by might shall a man prevail.The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; against them he will thunder in heaven. The LORD will judge the ends of the earth; he will give strength to his king, and exalt the power of his anointed.” (1 Samuel 2:1-10)

chad
Jan 11th 2013, 08:26 PM
Also notice the testimony by others of Jesus in his early life.

The Angel Gabriel declaring the birth of Jesus to Mary and Joseph, before he was born.

The heavenly hosts appearing to the Shepherds after Jesus birth declaring Jesus as the Savior and Christ .

The shepherds visiting Jesus, then spreading the word about him.

Simeon, seeing Jesus before he had died and the Prophetess Anna giving thanks for Jesus.

The Magi from the East presenting gifts to Jesus at Jerusalem.

Gods Angels knew of Jesus birth before he was born and were present after his birth. They celebrated it and declared it to the Shepherds.

Brother Paul
Mar 18th 2013, 10:17 PM
[QUOTE=chad;2931446]My Christmas Bible Study on the Birth of Jesus.

The Angel of the Lord Appears to Joseph.

(Mat 1:18 NIV) This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.

(19) Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly.

(20) But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.

(21) She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins."

(22) All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet:

(23) "The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel" --which means, "God with us."

(24) When Joseph woke up, he did what the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary home as his wife.

(25) But he had no union with her until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus.



The Angel of the Lord Gabriel Appears to Mary.

(Luke 1:26 NIV) In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee,

(27) to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin's name was Mary.

(28) The angel went to her and said, "Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you."

(29) Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.

(30) But the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God.

(31) You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus.

(32) He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David,

(33) and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end."

(34) "How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?"

(35) The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.

(36) Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month.

(37) For nothing is impossible with God."

(38) "I am the Lord's servant," Mary answered. "May it be to me as you have said." Then the angel left her.



Mary Visits Elizabeth

(Luke 1:39 NIV) At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea,

(40) where she entered Zechariah's home and greeted Elizabeth.

(41) When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.

(42) In a loud voice she exclaimed: "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear!

(43) But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?

(44) As soon as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy.

(45) Blessed is she who has believed that what the Lord has said to her will be accomplished!"

(46) And Mary said: "My soul glorifies the Lord

(47) and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,

(48) for he has been mindful of the humble state of his servant. From now on all generations will call
me blessed,

(49) for the Mighty One has done great things for me-- holy is his name.

(50) His mercy extends to those who fear him, from generation to generation.

(51) He has performed mighty deeds with his arm; he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts.

(52) He has brought down rulers from their thrones but has lifted up the humble.

(53) He has filled the hungry with good things but has sent the rich away empty.

(54) He has helped his servant Israel, remembering to be merciful

(55) to Abraham and his descendants forever, even as he said to our fathers."

(56) Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months and then returned home.



The Birth of Jesus

(Luke 2:1 NIV) In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world.

(2) (This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria.)

(3) And everyone went to his own town to register.

(4) So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David.

(5) He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child.

(6) While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born,

(7) and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger,
because there was no room for them in the inn.


The Angel Appears to the Shepherds

(Luke 2:8 NIV) And there were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night.

(9) An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.

(10) But the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid. I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people.

(11) Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord.

(12) This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger."

(13) Suddenly a great company of the heavenly host appeared with the angel, praising God and saying,

(14) "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to men on whom his favor rests."

(15) When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, "Let's go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about."

(16) So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger.

(17) When they had seen him, they spread the word concerning what had been told them about this child,

(18) and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them.

(19) But Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart.

(20) The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things they had heard and seen, which were just as they had been told.


Jesus is Circumcised and dedicated.

(Luke 2:21 NIV) On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise him, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he had been conceived.

(22) When the time of their purification according to the Law of Moses had been completed, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord

(23) (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, "Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to the Lord"),

(24) and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: "a pair of doves or two young pigeons."

(25) Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him.

(26) It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord's Christ.

(27) Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required,

(28) Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying:

(29) "Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace.

(30) For my eyes have seen your salvation,

(31) which you have prepared in the sight of all people,

(32) a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel."

(33) The child's father and mother marveled at what was said about him.

(34) Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother: "This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against,

(35) so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too."

(36) There was also a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was very old; she had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage,

(37) and then was a widow until she was eighty-four. She never left the temple but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying.

(38) Coming up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward to the redemption of Jerusalem.

(39) When Joseph and Mary had done everything required by the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth.


The Magi from the East come to Jerusalem to bear Gifts

(Mat 2:1 NIV) After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem

(2) and asked, "Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him."

(3) When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him.

(4) When he had called together all the people's chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Christ was to be born.

(5) "In Bethlehem in Judea," they replied, "for this is what the prophet has written:

(6) "'But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.'"

(7) Then Herod called the Magi secretly and found out from them the exact time the star had appeared.

(8) He sent them to Bethlehem and said, "Go and make a careful search for the child. As soon as you find him, report to me, so that I too may go and worship him."

(9) After they had heard the king, they went on their way, and the star they had seen in the east went ahead of them until it stopped over the place where the child was.

(10) When they saw the star, they were overjoyed.

(11) On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold and of incense and of myrrh.

(12) And having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their country by another route.[/QUOT

Really good Chad but I would suggest one distinction. The word says "an" angel of the Lord, not "the Angel of the Lord", and they are diifferent. "The Angel of the Lord" is actually a theophanic appearance of YHVH. For example the being in Exodus 3 who speaks to Moses from the burning bush who tells Moses He is the God of His fathers and calls Himself the I AM is the Angel of the Lord...there are many other passges that bear this out. (The Jewish Tagumim call Him the Word of the Lord.)

In His love...

Brother Paul