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chad
Nov 14th 2014, 09:03 PM
Continuing on from my bible study on Jacob and his descendants through to Moses in the book of Exodus. (*My Notes are in Red)


EXODUS CHAPTER 1

(Exo 1:1 NIV) These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob, each with his family:

(Exo 1:2 NIV) Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah;
(Exo 1:3 NIV) Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin;
(Exo 1:4 NIV) Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher.

The 12 tribes of Israel (Jacob)

(Exo 1:5 NIV) The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy in all; Joseph was already in Egypt.


(Exo 1:6 NIV) Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died,

(Exo 1:7 NIV) but the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous, so that the land was filled with them.

(Exo 1:8 NIV) Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt.

NIV study notes – From the death of Joseph to the rise of the new king was more than 200 years.


(Exo 1:9 NIV) "Look," he said to his people, "the Israelites have become much too numerous for us.

The Israelites who left Egypt are said to number about 600,000 men besides woman and children (Ex 12:37) and the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years (Ex 12:41-42).


(Exo 1:10 NIV) Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."

(Exo 1:11 NIV) So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh.

(Exo 1:12 NIV) But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites

(Exo 1:13 NIV) and worked them ruthlessly.

(Exo 1:14 NIV) They made their lives bitter with hard labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly.

The new king of Egypt had forgotten what Joseph did for Egypt and the blessing that came through Israel and his descendants. He began to oppress and treated the Israelites harshly.


(Exo 1:15 NIV) The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, whose names were Shiphrah and Puah,

(Exo 1:16 NIV) "When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live."

(Exo 1:17 NIV) The midwives, however, feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do; they let the boys live.

(Exo 1:18 NIV) Then the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them, "Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?"

(Exo 1:19 NIV) The midwives answered Pharaoh, "Hebrew women are not like Egyptian women; they are vigorous and give birth before the midwives arrive."

(Exo 1:20 NIV) So God was kind to the midwives and the people increased and became even more numerous.

(Exo 1:21 NIV) And because the midwives feared God, he gave them families of their own.

(Exo 1:22 NIV) Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Every boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live."

The King of Egypt (Pharoah) decreed all Hebrew males be killed (vs 16) and every boy that is born, you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live (vs 22).

chad
Nov 22nd 2014, 09:09 PM
EXODUS CHAPTER 2

Moses is Born

(Exo 2:1 NIV) Now a man of the house of Levi married a Levite woman,

(Exo 2:2 NIV) and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him for three months.

(Exo 2:3 NIV) But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile.

(Exo 2:4 NIV) His sister stood at a distance to see what would happen to him.

She hid her son for 3 months, so he would not be killed until she could hide him no longer.

(Exo 2:5 NIV) Then Pharaoh's daughter went down to the Nile to bathe, and her attendants were walking along the river bank. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her slave girl to get it.

(Exo 2:6 NIV) She opened it and saw the baby. He was crying, and she felt sorry for him. "This is one of the Hebrew babies," she said.

(Exo 2:7 NIV) Then his sister asked Pharaoh's daughter, "Shall I go and get one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?"

(Exo 2:8 NIV) "Yes, go," she answered. And the girl went and got the baby's mother.

(Exo 2:9 NIV) Pharaoh's daughter said to her, "Take this baby and nurse him for me, and I will pay you." So the woman took the baby and nursed him.

(Exo 2:10 NIV) When the child grew older, she took him to Pharaoh's daughter and he became her son. She named him Moses, saying, "I drew him out of the water."

The Pharaoh's daughter took care of the child and named the child Moses.


(Exo 2:11 NIV) One day, after Moses had grown up, he went out to where his own people were and watched them at their hard labor. He saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his own people.

(Exo 2:12 NIV) Glancing this way and that and seeing no one, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.

Moses killed the Egyptian


(Exo 2:13 NIV) The next day he went out and saw two Hebrews fighting. He asked the one in the wrong, "Why are you hitting your fellow Hebrew?"

(Exo 2:14 NIV) The man said, "Who made you ruler and judge over us? Are you thinking of killing me as you killed the Egyptian?" Then Moses was afraid and thought, "What I did must have become known."

(Exo 2:15 NIV) When Pharaoh heard of this, he tried to kill Moses, but Moses fled from Pharaoh and went to live in Midian, where he sat down by a well.

People knew that Moses had killed the Egyptian and when the Pharaoh heard of this, he tried to kill Moses. This was the reason Moses fled from Egypt.


(Exo 2:16 NIV) Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father's flock.


(Exo 2:17 NIV) Some shepherds came along and drove them away, but Moses got up and came to their rescue and watered their flock.

(Exo 2:18 NIV) When the girls returned to Reuel their father, he asked them, "Why have you returned so early today?"

(Exo 2:19 NIV) They answered, "An Egyptian rescued us from the shepherds. He even drew water for us and watered the flock."

(Exo 2:20 NIV) "And where is he?" he asked his daughters. "Why did you leave him? Invite him to have something to eat."

(Exo 2:21 NIV) Moses agreed to stay with the man, who gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses in marriage.

(Exo 2:22 NIV) Zipporah gave birth to a son, and Moses named him Gershom, saying, "I have become an alien in a foreign land."

Moses married Zipporah and had a son named Gershom. Moses also had another son named Eliezer (See Ex 18:4).


(Exo 2:23 NIV) During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God.

(Exo 2:24 NIV) God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob.

God heard the cries of the descendants of Jacob and the covenant he had made with them.Covenants given to Abraham (Gen 17:1-14), Isaac (Gen 17:19-21); Jacob Gen 28:10-22).


(Exo 2:25 NIV) So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them.

chad
Nov 29th 2014, 09:08 PM
EXODUS CHAPTER 3

(Exo 3:1 NIV) Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.

Moses was a shepherd

(Exo 3:2 NIV) There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up.

(Exo 3:3 NIV) So Moses thought, "I will go over and see this strange sight--why the bush does not burn up."

(Exo 3:4 NIV) When the LORD saw that he had gone over to look, God called to him from within the bush, "Moses! Moses!" And Moses said, "Here I am."

(Exo 3:5 NIV) "Do not come any closer," God said. "Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy ground."


(Exo 3:6 NIV) Then he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob." At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

(Exo 3:7 NIV) The LORD said, "I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering.

God heard the cries of the Israelites.

(Exo 3:8 NIV) So I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land into a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey--the home of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.

God declared to Moses what he is going to do for the Israelites.

(Exo 3:9 NIV) And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them.

The Egyptians were oppressing them. Even though the blessings of God had come to Egypt through Jacob and his descendants.

(Exo 3:10 NIV) So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt."

(Exo 3:11 NIV) But Moses said to God, "Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?"

Moses was a shepherd. He had killed an Egyptian and he had to flee from the Pharaoh who tried to kill him. Pharaoh, the king over the nation of Egypt and over 600,000+ Israelites. Looking at the circumstances he faced, Moses says to God – Who am I?


(Exo 3:12 NIV) And God said, "I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you will worship God on this mountain."

(Exo 3:13 NIV) Moses said to God, "Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and they ask me, 'What is his name?' Then what shall I tell them?"

(Exo 3:14 NIV) God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: 'I AM has sent me to you.'"

The KJV translation Ex 3:14 writes “I AM THAT I AM” : “I AM hath sent me to you”

(Exo 3:15 NIV) God also said to Moses, "Say to the Israelites, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob--has sent me to you.' This is my name forever, the name by which I am to be remembered from generation to generation.


(Exo 3:16 NIV) "Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers--the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob-- appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt.

(Exo 3:17 NIV) And I have promised to bring you up out of your misery in Egypt into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites--a land flowing with milk and honey.'

(Exo 3:18 NIV) "The elders of Israel will listen to you. Then you and the elders are to go to the king of Egypt and say to him, 'The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God.'


(Exo 3:19 NIV) But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him.

(Exo 3:20 NIV) So I will stretch out my hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders that I will perform among them. After that, he will let you go.

(Exo 3:21 NIV) "And I will make the Egyptians favorably disposed toward this people, so that when you leave you will not go empty-handed.

(Exo 3:22 NIV) Every woman is to ask her neighbor and any woman living in her house for articles of silver and gold and for clothing, which you will put on your sons and daughters. And so you will plunder the Egyptians."

chad
Dec 5th 2014, 11:58 PM
EXODUS CHAPTER 4

(Exo 4:1 NIV) Moses answered, "What if they do not believe me or listen to me and say, 'The LORD did not appear to you'?"

(Exo 4:2 NIV) Then the LORD said to him, "What is that in your hand?" "A staff," he replied.

(Exo 4:3 NIV) The LORD said, "Throw it on the ground." Moses threw it on the ground and it became a snake, and he ran from it.

First Wonder/Sign – Staff to a live Snake.

Moses staff turns into a living snake. Moses ran away from it, most likely in fear.


(Exo 4:4 NIV) Then the LORD said to him, "Reach out your hand and take it by the tail." So Moses reached out and took hold of the snake and it turned back into a staff in his hand.

(Exo 4:5 NIV) "This," said the LORD, "is so that they may believe that the LORD, the God of their fathers--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob--has appeared to you."

Second Wonder/Sign – Leprosy

(Exo 4:6 NIV) Then the LORD said, "Put your hand inside your cloak." So Moses put his hand into his cloak, and when he took it out, it was leprous, like snow.

Leprous H6879. tsara', tsaw-rah'; a prim. root; to scourge, i.e. (intrans. and fig.) to be stricken with leprosy:--leper, leprous. Leprosy is a contagious disease which effects the skin.

(Exo 4:7 NIV) "Now put it back into your cloak," he said. So Moses put his hand back into his cloak, and when he took it out, it was restored, like the rest of his flesh.

(Exo 4:8 NIV) Then the LORD said, "If they do not believe you or pay attention to the first miraculous sign, they may believe the second.

Third Wonder/Sign – Water to Blood

(Exo 4:9 NIV) But if they do not believe these two signs or listen to you, take some water from the Nile and pour it on the dry ground. The water you take from the river will become blood on the ground."

(Exo 4:10 NIV) Moses said to the LORD, "O Lord, I have never been eloquent, neither in the past nor since you have spoken to your servant. I am slow of speech and tongue."

Moses was slow in speech and tongue

(Exo 4:11 NIV) The LORD said to him, "Who gave man his mouth? Who makes him deaf or mute? Who gives him sight or makes him blind? Is it not I, the LORD?

(Exo 4:12 NIV) Now go; I will help you speak and will teach you what to say."

(Exo 4:13 NIV) But Moses said, "O Lord, please send someone else to do it."

Moses being slow in speech and tongue did not want to do it. He would be speaking to the King of Egypt (Pharoah) - the voice representing God and 600,000+ Israelites.

(Exo 4:14 NIV) Then the Lord's anger burned against Moses and he said, "What about your brother, Aaron the Levite? I know he can speak well. He is already on his way to meet you, and his heart will be glad when he sees you.

Aaron was Moses brother (Ex 14:4).

Moses father was (Amram) and his mother was (Jochebed). Amram lived 137 years. (Exodus 6:20)

Moses and Aaron also had a sister called Miriam. (Exodus 15:20)

(Exo 4:15 NIV) You shall speak to him and put words in his mouth; I will help both of you speak and will teach you what to do.

God chose Moses and Aaron to speak.

(Exo 4:16 NIV) He will speak to the people for you, and it will be as if he were your mouth and as if you were God to him.

(Exo 4:17 NIV) But take this staff in your hand so you can perform miraculous signs with it."

(Exo 4:18 NIV) Then Moses went back to Jethro his father-in-law and said to him, "Let me go back to my own people in Egypt to see if any of them are still alive." Jethro said, "Go, and I wish you well."

(Exo 4:19 NIV) Now the LORD had said to Moses in Midian, "Go back to Egypt, for all the men who wanted to kill you are dead."

It was now safe for Moses to go back to Egypt. God had spoken to Moses regarding the wonders and signs that would happen before he went back to Egypt.

(Exo 4:20 NIV) So Moses took his wife and sons, put them on a donkey and started back to Egypt. And he took the staff of God in his hand.

(Exo 4:21 NIV) The LORD said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

Harden H2388. chazaq, khaw-zak'; a prim. root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (fig. courageous, causat. strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer:--aid, amend, X calker, catch, cleave, confirm, be constant, constrain, continue, be of good (take) courage (-ous, -ly), encourage (self), be established, fasten, force, fortify, make hard, harden, help, (lay) hold (fast), lean, maintain, play the man, mend, become (wax) mighty, prevail, be recovered, repair, retain, seize, be (wax) sore, strengten (self), be stout, be (make, shew, wax) strong (-er), be sure, take (hold), be urgent, behave self valiantly, withstand.

(Exo 4:22 NIV) Then say to Pharaoh, 'This is what the LORD says: Israel is my firstborn son,

(Exo 4:22 KJV) And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:

Israel H3478. Yisra'el, yis-raw-ale'; from H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity:--Israel.

Son - H1121. ben, bane; from H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of lit. and fig. relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., [like H1, H251, etc.]):-- + afflicted, age, [Ahoh-] [Ammon-] [Hachmon-] [Lev-]ite, [anoint-]ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, [Assyr-] [Babylon-] [Egypt-] [Grec-]ian, one born, bough, branch, breed, + (young) bullock, + (young) calf, X came up in, child, colt, X common, X corn, daughter, X of first, + firstborn, foal, + very fruitful, + postage, X in, + kid, + lamb, (+) man, meet, + mighty, + nephew, old, (+) people, + rebel, + robber, X servant born, X soldier, son, + spark, + steward, + stranger, X surely, them of, + tumultuous one, + valiant[-est], whelp, worthy, young (one), youth.


(Exo 4:23 NIV) and I told you, "Let my son go, so he may worship me." But you refused to let him go; so I will kill your firstborn son.'"

(Exo 4:24 NIV) At a lodging place on the way, the LORD met Moses and was about to kill him.

Some commentaries suggest this was because Moses forgot to circumcise one of his sons. Circumcision was the Covenant God gave to Abraham (Gen 17:4-14). The punishment for this neglect, in this case was death.

(Exo 4:25 NIV) But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off her son's foreskin and touched Moses' feet with it. "Surely you are a bridegroom of blood to me," she said.

Moses wife Zipporah circumcised her son and touched Moses feet with his son’s foreskin.


(Exo 4:26 NIV) So the LORD let him alone. (At that time she said "bridegroom of blood," referring to circumcision.)

(Exo 4:27 NIV) The LORD said to Aaron, "Go into the desert to meet Moses." So he met Moses at the mountain of God and kissed him.

(Exo 4:28 NIV) Then Moses told Aaron everything the LORD had sent him to say, and also about all the miraculous signs he had commanded him to perform.

(Exo 4:29 NIV) Moses and Aaron brought together all the elders of the Israelites,

(Exo 4:30 NIV) and Aaron told them everything the LORD had said to Moses. He also performed the signs before the people,

(Exo 4:31 NIV) and they believed. And when they heard that the LORD was concerned about them and had seen their misery, they bowed down and worshiped.

chad
Dec 13th 2014, 09:35 PM
EXODUS CHAPTER 5

(Exo 5:1 NIV) Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, "This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: 'Let my people go, so that they may hold a festival to me in the desert.'"

Both Moses and Aaron went to see the Pharaoh (King of Egypt)

(Exo 5:2 NIV) Pharaoh said, "Who is the LORD, that I should obey him and let Israel go? I do not know the LORD and I will not let Israel go."

(Exo 5:3 NIV) Then they said, "The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Now let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God, or he may strike us with plagues or with the sword."

(Exo 5:4 NIV) But the king of Egypt said, "Moses and Aaron, why are you taking the people away from their labor? Get back to your work!"

(Exo 5:5 NIV) Then Pharaoh said, "Look, the people of the land are now numerous, and you are stopping them from working."

(Exo 5:6 NIV) That same day Pharaoh gave this order to the slave drivers and foremen in charge of the people:

(Exo 5:7 NIV) "You are no longer to supply the people with straw for making bricks; let them go and gather their own straw.

(Exo 5:8 NIV) But require them to make the same number of bricks as before; don't reduce the quota. They are lazy; that is why they are crying out, 'Let us go and sacrifice to our God.'

Because Moses had asked for 3 days to make sacrifices to God, the Pharaoh made it harder for the Israelites to make their quota of bricks. They now had to gather straw as well. The Pharoah considered the Israelites lazy, because of this request.

(Exo 5:9 NIV) Make the work harder for the men so that they keep working and pay no attention to lies."

(Exo 5:10 NIV) Then the slave drivers and the foremen went out and said to the people, "This is what Pharaoh says: 'I will not give you any more straw.

(Exo 5:11 NIV) Go and get your own straw wherever you can find it, but your work will not be reduced at all.'"

(Exo 5:12 NIV) So the people scattered all over Egypt to gather stubble to use for straw.

(Exo 5:13 NIV) The slave drivers kept pressing them, saying, "Complete the work required of you for each day, just as when you had straw."

(Exo 5:14 NIV) The Israelite foremen appointed by Pharaoh's slave drivers were beaten and wereasked, "Why didn't you meet your quota of bricks yesterday or today, as before?"

(Exo 5:15 NIV) Then the Israelite foremen went and appealed to Pharaoh: "Why have you treated your servants this way?

(Exo 5:16 NIV) Your servants are given no straw, yet we are told, 'Make bricks!' Your servants are being beaten, but the fault is with your own people."

(Exo 5:17 NIV) Pharaoh said, "Lazy, that's what you are--lazy! That is why you keep saying, 'Let us go and sacrifice to the LORD.'

(Exo 5:18 NIV) Now get to work. You will not be given any straw, yet you must produce your full quota of bricks."

(Exo 5:19 NIV) The Israelite foremen realized they were in trouble when they were told, "You are not to reduce the number of bricks required of you for each day."

(Exo 5:20 NIV) When they left Pharaoh, they found Moses and Aaron waiting to meet them,

(Exo 5:21 NIV) and they said, "May the LORD look upon you and judge you! You have made us a stench to Pharaoh and his officials and have put a sword in their hand to kill us."

The Israelite foremen called for the judgement of God to be on both Moses and Aaron. However, Moses and Aaron were doing the will of God.

(Exo 5:22 NIV) Moses returned to the LORD and said, "O Lord, why have you brought trouble upon this people? Is this why you sent me?

(Exo 5:23 NIV) Ever since I went to Pharaoh to speak in your name, he has brought trouble upon this people, and you have not rescued your people at all."

Moses could only see the temporary trouble that had come. This was only the beginning of what is written in Ex 19-20 and Ex 4:21

(Ex 3:19 NIV) But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him.(20) So I will stretch out my hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders that I will perform among them. After that, he will let you go.

(Ex 4:21 NIV) The LORD said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh allthe wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

chad
Dec 19th 2014, 09:38 PM
EXODUS CHAPTER 6

(Exo 6:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh: Because of my mighty hand he will let them go; because of my mighty hand he will drive them out of his country."

(Exo 6:2 NIV) God also said to Moses, "I am the LORD.

(Exo 6:3 NIV) I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, but by my name the LORD I did not make myself known to them.

KJV Reads - (Exo 6:3 KJV) And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.

Jehova H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.


(Exo 6:4 NIV) I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, where they lived as aliens.

Covenants given to Abraham (Gen 17:1-14), Isaac (Gen 17:19-21); Jacob (Gen 28:10-22).


(Exo 6:5 NIV) Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, and I have remembered my covenant.

(Exo 6:6 NIV) "Therefore, say to the Israelites: 'I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.

KJV (Exo 6:6 KJV) - uses the word burdens instead of yoke and bondage instead of slaves.

Burdens H5450. cebalah, seb-aw-law'; from H5447; porterage:--burden.

Bondage H5656. 'abodah, ab-o-daw'; or 'abowdah, ab-o-daw'; from H5647; work of any kind:--act, bondage, + bondservant, effect, labour, ministering (-try), office, service (-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, X wrought.


(Exo 6:7 NIV) I will take you as my own people, and I will be your God. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians.

(Exo 6:8 NIV) And I will bring you to the land I swore with uplifted hand to give to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob. I will give it to you as a possession. I am the LORD.'"

(Exo 6:9 NIV) Moses reported this to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him because of their discouragement and cruel bondage.

(Exo 6:9 KJV) And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.

Anguish H7115. qotser, ko'-tser; from H7114; shortness (of spirit), i.e. impatience:--anguish.


(Exo 6:10 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 6:11 NIV) "Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the Israelites go out of his country."

(Exo 6:12 NIV) But Moses said to the LORD, "If the Israelites will not listen to me, why would Pharaoh listen to me, since I speak with faltering lips?"

(Exo 6:13 NIV) Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron about the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he commanded them to bring the Israelites out of Egypt.

(Exo 6:13 KJV) And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.

Charge H6680. tsavah, tsaw-vaw'; a prim. root; (intens.) to constitute, enjoin:--apppoint, (for-) bid. (give a) charge, (give a, give in, send with) command (-er, ment), send a messenger, put, (set) in order.


(Exo 6:14 NIV) These were the heads of their families : The sons of Reuben the firstborn son of Israel were Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. These were the clans of Reuben.

(Exo 6:15 NIV) The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. These were the clans of Simeon.

(Exo 6:16 NIV) These were the names of the sons of Levi according to their records: Gershon, Kohath and Merari. Levi lived 137 years.

(Exo 6:17 NIV) The sons of Gershon, by clans, were Libni and Shimei.

(Exo 6:18 NIV) The sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. Kohath lived 133 years.

(Exo 6:19 NIV) The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These were the clans of Levi according to their records.

(Exo 6:20 NIV) Amram married his father's sister Jochebed, who bore him Aaron and Moses. Amram lived 137 years.

Amram was the father of Moses and Aaron. He lived 137 years.


(Exo 6:21 NIV) The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg and Zicri.

(Exo 6:22 NIV) The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan and Sithri.

(Exo 6:23 NIV) Aaron married Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

Aaron married Elisheba and had 4 children.


(Exo 6:24 NIV) The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah and Abiasaph. These were the Korahite clans.

(Exo 6:25 NIV) Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel, and she bore him Phinehas. These were the heads of the Levite families, clan by clan.

(Exo 6:26 NIV) It was this same Aaron and Moses to whom the LORD said, "Bring the Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions."

(Exo 6:27 NIV) They were the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt about bringing the Israelites out of Egypt. It was the same Moses and Aaron.

(Exo 6:28 NIV) Now when the LORD spoke to Moses in Egypt,

(Exo 6:29 NIV) he said to him, "I am the LORD. Tell Pharaoh king of Egypt everything I tell you."

(Exo 6:30 NIV) But Moses said to the LORD, "Since I speak with faltering lips, why would Pharaoh listen to me?"

chad
Dec 27th 2014, 03:29 AM
EXODUS CHAPTER 7

(Exo 7:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet.

Moses spoke the word that God commanded and Aaron performed the wonder before Pharaoh by the power of God with Moses staff.

(Exo 7:2 NIV) You are to say everything I command you, and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go out of his country.

(Exo 7:3 NIV) But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in Egypt,

(Exo 7:4 NIV) he will not listen to you. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and with mighty acts of judgment I will bring out my divisions, my people the Israelites.

(See Exodus 3:19-20 + Exodus 4:21)

(Exo 7:5 NIV) And the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD when I stretch out my hand against Egypt and bring the Israelites out of it."

(Exo 7:6 NIV) Moses and Aaron did just as the LORD commanded them.

(Exo 7:7 NIV) Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty-three when they spoke to Pharaoh.

Aaron was Moses older brother by 3 years


Miraculous Sign 1: Staff to Snake

(Exo 7:8 NIV) The LORD said to Moses and Aaron,

(Exo 7:9 NIV) "When Pharaoh says to you, 'Perform a miracle,' then say to Aaron, 'Take your staff and throw it down before Pharaoh,' and it will become a snake."

(Exo 7:10 NIV) So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and did just as the LORD commanded. Aaron threw his staff down in front of Pharaoh and his officials, and it became a snake.

It was Aaron that threw Moses staff down in front of Pharoah

(Exo 7:11 NIV) Pharaoh then summoned wise men and sorcerers, and the Egyptian magicians also did the same things by their secret arts:

(Exo 7:11 KJV) Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.

Sorcerers H3784. kashaph, kaw-shaf'; a prim. root; prop. to whisper a spell, i.e. to inchant or practise magic:--sorcerer, (use) witch (-craft).

Magicians H2748. chartom, khar-tome'; from the same as H2747; a horoscopist (as drawing magical lines or circles):--magician.

Enchantments H3858. lahat, lah'-hat; from H3857; a blaze; also (from the idea of enwrapping) magic (as covert):--flaming, enchantment.

(Exo 7:12 NIV) Each one threw down his staff and it became a snake. But Aaron's staff swallowed up their staffs.

Swalloed H1104. bala', baw-lah'; a prim. root; to make away with (spec. by swallowing); gen. to destroy:--cover, destroy, devour, eat up, be at end, spend up, swallow down (up).

Demonstrating the power of God was greater than the power of sorcerers and magicians who obtained their power through Enchantments (Secret Arts).

(Exo 7:13 NIV) Yet Pharaoh's heart became hard and he would not listen to them, just as the LORD had said.

(Exo 7:14 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is unyielding; he refuses to let the people go.


Miraculous Sign 2 : Water to Blood.

(Exo 7:15 NIV) Go to Pharaoh in the morning as he goes out to the water. Wait on the bank of the Nile to meet him, and take in your hand the staff that was changed into a snake.

(Exo 7:16 NIV) Then say to him, 'The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to say to you: Let my people go, so that they may worship me in the desert. But until now you have not listened.

(Exo 7:17 NIV) This is what the LORD says: By this you will know that I am the LORD: With the staff that is in my hand I will strike the water of the Nile, and it will be changed into blood.

(Exo 7:18 NIV) The fish in the Nile will die, and the river will stink; the Egyptians will not be able to drink its water.'"

(Exo 7:19 NIV) The LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, 'Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt--over the streams and canals, over the ponds and all the reservoirs'--and they will turn to blood. Blood will be everywhere in Egypt, even in the wooden buckets and stone jars."

(Exo 7:20 NIV) Moses and Aaron did just as the LORD had commanded. He raised his staff in the presence of Pharaoh and his officials and struck the water of the Nile, and all the water was changed into blood.

It was Aaron who raised Moses staff in the presence of Pharaoh and his officials and struck the water of the Nile.

(Exo 7:21 NIV) The fish in the Nile died, and the river smelled so bad that the Egyptians could not drink its water. Blood was everywhere in Egypt.

(Exo 7:22 NIV) But the Egyptian magicians did the same things by their secret arts, and Pharaoh's heart became hard; he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said.

(Exo 7:22 KJV) And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, neither did he hearken unto them; as the LORD had said.

Magicians H2748. chartom, khar-tome'; from the same as H2747; a horoscopist (as drawing magical lines or circles):--magician.

The Egyptian magicians could do the same by their secret arts, but their power was not from God. For the power of God was with Moses and Aaron.

(Exo 7:23 NIV) Instead, he turned and went into his palace, and did not take even this to heart.

(Exo 7:24 NIV) And all the Egyptians dug along the Nile to get drinking water, because they could not drink the water of the river.

(Exo 7:25 NIV) Seven days passed after the LORD struck the Nile.

chad
Jan 2nd 2015, 10:12 PM
Exodus Chapter 8

Miraculous Sign 3 : A plague of frogs.

(Exo 8:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh and say to him, 'This is what the LORD says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me.

(Exo 8:2 NIV) If you refuse to let them go, I will plague your whole country with frogs.

Frogs H6854. tsephardea', tsef-ar-day'-ah; from H6852 and a word elsewhere unused mean. a swamp; a marsh-leaper, i.e. frog:--frog.


(Exo 8:3 NIV) The Nile will teem with frogs. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and on your people, and into your ovens and kneading troughs.

(Exo 8:4 NIV) The frogs will go up on you and your people and all your officials.'"

(Exo 8:5 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, 'Stretch out your hand with your staff over the streams and canals and ponds, and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt.'"

(Exo 8:6 NIV) So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land.

(Exo 8:7 NIV) But the magicians did the same things by their secret arts; they also made frogs come up on the land of Egypt.

Magicians H2748. chartom, khar-tome'; from the same as H2747; a horoscopist (as drawing magical lines or circles):--magician.

Enchantments H3909. lat, lawt; a form of H3814 or else part. from H3874; prop. covered, i.e. secret; by impl. incantation; also secrecy or (adv.) covertly:--enchantment, privily, secretly, softly.

The Magicians could get the frogs to come up on the land, but could not make them go away.


(Exo 8:8 NIV) Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Pray to the LORD to take the frogs away from me and my people, and I will let your people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD."

(Exo 8:9 NIV) Moses said to Pharaoh, "I leave to you the honor of setting the time for me to pray for you and your officials and your people that you and your houses may be rid of the frogs, except for those that remain in the Nile."

(Exo 8:10 NIV) "Tomorrow," Pharaoh said. Moses replied, "It will be as you say, so that you may know there is no one like the LORD our God.

(Exo 8:11 NIV) The frogs will leave you and your houses, your officials and your people; they will remain only in the Nile."

(Exo 8:12 NIV) After Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh, Moses cried out to the LORD about the frogs he had brought on Pharaoh.

(Exo 8:13 NIV) And the LORD did what Moses asked. The frogs died in the houses, in the courtyards and in the fields.

(Exo 8:14 NIV) They were piled into heaps, and the land reeked of them.

God answered Moses prayer so that it would be a sign of Gods power.

(Exo 8:15 NIV) But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said.


Miraculous Sign 4 : A plague of gnats.

(Exo 8:16 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, 'Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the ground,' and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats."

(Exo 8:16 KJV) And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

Lice H3654. ken, kane; from H3661 in the sense of fastening; a gnat (from infixing its sting; used only in plur. [and irreg. in Exod. 8 : 17, H18, Heb. 13 : 14]):--lice, X manner.


(Exo 8:17 NIV) They did this, and when Aaron stretched out his hand with the staff and struck the dust of the ground, gnats came upon men and animals. All the dust throughout the land of Egypt became gnats.

(Exo 8:18 NIV) But when the magicians tried to produce gnats by their secret arts, they could not. And the gnats were on men and animals.

(Exo 8:19 NIV) The magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh's heart was hard and he would not listen, just as the LORD had said.

The magicians could not produce gnats. This was a sign that Gods power by the finger of God, that this miraculous sign had been done. The Magicians could not perform this wonder.


Miraculous Sign 5 : A swarm of flies.

(Exo 8:20 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Get up early in the morning and confront Pharaoh as he goes to the water and say to him, 'This is what the LORD says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me.

(Exo 8:21 NIV) If you do not let my people go, I will send swarms of flies on you and your officials, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground where they are.

(Exo 8:22 NIV) "'But on that day I will deal differently with the land of Goshen, where my people live;no swarms of flies will be there, so that you will know that I, the LORD, am in this land.

(Exo 8:23 NIV) I will make a distinction between my people and your people. This miraculous sign will occur tomorrow.'"

(Exo 8:24 NIV) And the LORD did this. Dense swarms of flies poured into Pharaoh's palace and into the houses of his officials, and throughout Egypt the land was ruined by the flies. This sign from God was enough for the Pharaoh to change his mind.

(Exo 8:25 NIV) Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Go, sacrifice to your God here in the land."

(Exo 8:26 NIV) But Moses said, "That would not be right. The sacrifices we offer the LORD our God would be detestable to the Egyptians. And if we offer sacrifices that are detestable in their eyes, will they not stone us?

(Exo 8:27 NIV) We must take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God, as he commands us."

(Exo 8:28 NIV) Pharaoh said, "I will let you go to offer sacrifices to the LORD your God in the desert, but you must not go very far. Now pray for me."

(Exo 8:29 NIV) Moses answered, "As soon as I leave you, I will pray to the LORD, and tomorrow the flies will leave Pharaoh and his officials and his people. Only be sure that Pharaoh does not act deceitfully again by not letting the people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD."

(Exo 8:30 NIV) Then Moses left Pharaoh and prayed to the LORD,

(Exo 8:31 NIV) and the LORD did what Moses asked: The flies left Pharaoh and his officials and his people; not a fly remained.

(Exo 8:32 NIV) But this time also Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not let the people
go.

But the Pharaoh hardened his heart and changed his mind and would not let the people go.

chad
Jan 9th 2015, 10:22 PM
Exodus Chapter 9

(Exo 9:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh and say to him, 'This is what the LORD, the God of the Hebrews, says: "Let my people go, so that they may worship me."

(Exo 9:2 NIV) If you refuse to let them go and continue to hold them back,

(Exo 9:3 NIV) the hand of the LORD will bring a terrible plague on your livestockin the field--on your horses and donkeys and camels and on your cattle and sheep and goats.

The KJV uses the word murrain instead of Plague.
H1698. deber, deh'-ber; from H1696 (in the sense of destroying); a pestilence:--murrain, pestilence, plague.

(Exo 9:4 NIV) But the LORD will make a distinction between the livestock of Israel and that of Egypt, so that no animal belonging to the Israelites will die.'"

(Exo 9:5 NIV) The LORD set a time and said, "Tomorrow the LORD will do this in the land."

Judgement : Death of the Egyptian livestock. The Pharaoh’s refusal to let Gods people worship him, bought Judgement on Egypt.


(Exo 9:6 NIV) And the next day the LORD did it: All the livestock of the Egyptians died, but not one animal belonging to the Israelites died.

(Exo 9:7 NIV) Pharaoh sent men to investigate and found that not even one of the animals of the Israelites had died. Yet his heart was unyielding and he would not let the people go.

Judgement : The Judgement of Boils.

(Exo 9:8 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh.

(Exo 9:9 NIV) It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, and festering boilswill break out on men and animals throughout the land."

(Exo 9:10 NIV) So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh. Moses tossed it into the air, and festering boils broke out on men and animals.

(Exo 9:11 NIV) The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils that were on them and on all the Egyptians.

(Exo 9:12 NIV) But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said to Moses.

(Exo 9:13 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Get up early in the morning, confront Pharaoh and say to him, 'This is what the LORD, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me,

(Exo 9:14 NIV) or this time I will send the full force of my plagues against you and against your officials and your people, so you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth.

(Exo 9:15 NIV) For by now I could have stretched out my hand and struck you and your people with a plague that would have wiped you off the earth.

God has power and authority over all nations of the earth.

(Exo 9:16 NIV) But I have raised you up for this very purpose, that I might show you my power and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.

Judgement : The Judgement of Hailstorms.

(Exo 9:17 NIV) You still set yourself against my people and will not let them go.

(Exo 9:18 NIV) Therefore, at this time tomorrow I will send the worst hailstorm that has ever fallen on Egypt, from the day it was founded till now.

(Exo 9:19 NIV) Give an order now to bring your livestock and everything you have in the field to a place of shelter, because the hail will fall on every man and animal that has not been brought in and is still out in the field, and they will die.'"

(Exo 9:20 NIV) Those officials of Pharaoh who feared the word of the LORD hurried to bring their slaves and their livestock inside.

(Exo 9:21 NIV) But those who ignored the word of the LORD left their slaves and livestock in the field.

(Exo 9:22 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that hail will fall all over Egypt--on men and animals and on everything growing in the fields of Egypt."

(Exo 9:23 NIV) When Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, the LORD sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed down to the ground. So the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt;

(Exo 9:24 NIV) hail fell and lightning flashed back and forth. It was the worst storm in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation.

(Exo 9:25 NIV) Throughout Egypt hail struck everything in the fields--both men and animals; it beat down everything growing in the fields and stripped every tree.

(Exo 9:26 NIV) The only place it did not hail was the land of Goshen, where the Israelites were.

(Exo 9:27 NIV) Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron. "This time I have sinned," he said to them. "The LORD is in the right, and I and my people are in the wrong.

(Exo 9:28 NIV) Pray to the LORD, for we have had enough thunder and hail. I will let you go; you don't have to stay any longer."

(Exo 9:29 NIV) Moses replied, "When I have gone out of the city, I will spread out my hands in prayer to the LORD. The thunder will stop and there will be no more hail, so you may know that the earth is the Lord's.

The earth is the Lord's.

(Exo 9:30 NIV) But I know that you and your officials still do not fear the LORD God."

(Exo 9:31 NIV) (The flax and barley were destroyed, since the barley had headed and the flax was in bloom.

(Exo 9:32 NIV) The wheat and spelt, however, were not destroyed, because they ripen later.)

(Exo 9:33 NIV) Then Moses left Pharaoh and went out of the city. He spread out his hands toward the LORD; the thunder and hail stopped, and the rain no longer poured down on the land.

(Exo 9:34 NIV) When Pharaoh saw that the rain and hail and thunder had stopped, he sinned again: He and his officials hardened their hearts.

(Exo 9:35 NIV) So Pharaoh's heart was hard and he would not let the Israelites go, just as the LORD had said through Moses.

chad
Jan 16th 2015, 09:02 PM
Exodus Chapter 10

(Exo 10:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his officials so that I may perform these miraculous signs of mine among them

(Exo 10:2 NIV) that you may tell your children and grandchildren how I dealt harshly with the Egyptians and how I performed my signs among them, and that you may know that I am the LORD."

(Exo 10:3 NIV) So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, "This is what the LORD, the God of the Hebrews, says: 'How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, so that they may worship me.

(Exo 10:4 NIV) If you refuse to let them go, I will bring locusts into your country tomorrow.

Locusts H697. 'arbeh, ar-beh'; from H7235; a locust (from its rapid increase):--grasshopper, locust.

Judgement : The Judgement of Locusts.

(Exo 10:5 NIV) They will cover the face of the ground so that it cannot be seen. They will devour what little you have left after the hail, including every tree that is growing in your fields.

(Exo 10:6 NIV) They will fill your houses and those of all your officials and all the Egyptians--something neither your fathers nor your forefathers have ever seen from the day they settled in this land till now.'" Then Moses turned and left Pharaoh.

(Exo 10:7 NIV) Pharaoh's officials said to him, "How long will this man be a snare to us? Let the people go, so that they may worship the LORD their God. Do you not yet realize that Egypt is ruined?"

(Exo 10:8 NIV) Then Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. "Go, worship the LORD your God,"he said. "But just who will be going?"

(Exo 10:9 NIV) Moses answered, "We will go with our young and old, with our sons and daughters, and with our flocks and herds, because we are to celebrate a festival to the LORD."

(Exo 10:10 NIV) Pharaoh said, "The LORD be with you--if I let you go, along with your women and children! Clearly you are bent on evil.

(Exo 10:11 NIV) No!Have only the men go; and worship the LORD, since that's what you have been asking for." Then Moses and Aaron were driven out of Pharaoh's presence.

(Exo 10:12 NIV) And the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over Egyptso that locusts will swarm over the land and devour everything growing in the fields, everything left by the hail."

(Exo 10:13 NIV) So Moses stretched out his staff over Egypt, and the LORD made an east wind blow across the land all that dayand all that night. By morning the wind had brought the locusts;

(Exo 10:14 NIV) they invaded all Egypt and settled down in every area of the country in great numbers.Never before had there been such a plague of locusts, nor will there ever be again.

(Exo 10:15 NIV) They covered all the ground until it was black. They devoured all that was left after the hail--everything growing in the fields and the fruiton the trees. Nothing green remained on tree or plant in all the land of Egypt.

(Exo 10:16 NIV) Pharaoh quickly summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "I have sinned against the LORD your God and against you.

(Exo 10:17 NIV) Now forgive my sin once more and pray to the LORD your God to take this deadly plague away from me."

(Exo 10:18 NIV) Moses then left Pharaoh and prayed to the LORD.

(Exo 10:19 NIV) And the LORD changed the wind to a very strong west wind, which caught up the locusts and carried them into the Red Sea. Not a locust was left anywhere in Egypt.

(Exo 10:20 NIV) But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let the Israelites go.


The Wonder : Darkness for three days over Egypt.

(Exo 10:21 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that darkness will spread over Egypt-- darkness that can be felt."

(Exo 10:22 NIV) So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days.

(Exo 10:23 NIV) No one could see anyone else or leave his place for three days. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

(Exo 10:24 NIV) Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, "Go, worship the LORD. Even your women and children may go with you; only leave your flocks and herds behind."

(Exo 10:25 NIV) But Moses said, "You must allow us to have sacrifices and burnt offerings to present to the LORD our God.

(Exo 10:26 NIV) Our livestock too must go with us; not a hoof is to be left behind. We have to use some of them in worshiping the LORD our God, and until we get there we will not know what we are to use to worship the LORD."

(Exo 10:27 NIV) But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he was not willing to let them go.

(Exo 10:28 NIV) Pharaoh said to Moses, "Get out of my sight! Make sure you do not appear before me again! The day you see my face you will die."

(Exo 10:29 NIV) "Just as you say," Moses replied, "I will never appear before you again."

chad
Jan 23rd 2015, 08:21 PM
Exodus Chapter 11

(Exo 11:1 NIV) Now the LORD had said to Moses, "I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. After that, he will let you go from here, and when he does, he will drive you out completely.

Plague H5061. nega', neh'-gah; from H5060; a blow (fig. infliction); also (by impl.) a spot (concr. a leprous person or dress):--plague, sore, stricken, stripe, stroke, wound.


(Exo 11:2 NIV) Tell the people that men and women alike are to ask their neighbors for articles of silver and gold."

(Exo 11:3 NIV) (The LORD made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and Moses himself was highly regarded in Egypt by Pharaoh's officials and by the people.)

(Exo 11:4 NIV) So Moses said, "This is what the LORD says: 'About midnight I will go throughout Egypt.

The judgement of God on Egypt, the death of every first born male and first born of the cattle.


(Exo 11:5 NIV) Every firstborn son in Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sits on the throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl, who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle as well.

(Exo 11:6 NIV) There will be loud wailing throughout Egypt--worse than there has ever been or ever will be again.

(Exo 11:7 NIV) But among the Israelites not a dog will bark at any man or animal.' Then you will know that the LORD makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel.

A distinction between Egypt and Israel, the judgement of death would not be on Israel.


(Exo 11:8 NIV) All these officials of yours will come to me, bowing down before me and saying, 'Go, you and all the people who follow you!' After that I will leave." Then Moses, hot with anger, left Pharaoh.

(Exo 11:9 NIV) The LORD had said to Moses, "Pharaoh will refuse to listen to you--so that my wonders may be multiplied in Egypt."

Wonders H4159. mowpheth, mo-faith'; or mopheth, mo-faith'; from H3302 in the sense of conspicuousness; a miracle; by impl. a token or omen:--miracle, sign, wonder (-ed at).

(Exo 11:10 NIV) Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let the Israelites go out of his country.

chad
Jan 30th 2015, 07:46 PM
Exodus Chapter 12


The Passover festival

(Exo 12:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt,

(Exo 12:2 NIV) "This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.

(Exo 12:3 NIV) Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household.

(Exo 12:4 NIV) If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.

(Exo 12:5 NIV) The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

The sacrificed animal could be a sheep or goat, year old males without defect.

(Exo 12:6 NIV) Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.

Slaughter the animal to be sacrificed on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight.

(Exo 12:7 NIV) Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the door frames of the houses where they eat the lambs.

Put the blood of the sacrificed animal over the door frames (Covering of the blood of the sacrificed animal - lamb or goat).

(Exo 12:8 NIV) That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast.

Bread made without yeast – Unleavened bread

(Exo 12:9 NIV) Do not eat the meat raw or cooked in water, but roast it over the fire--head, legs and inner parts.

The meat must be roasted over fire - the same as meat sacrificed on the alter

(Exo 12:10 NIV) Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it.

If there is any meat remaining in the morning, it must be burnt

(Exo 12:11 NIV) This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord's Passover.

The LORDS Passover meant death would Passover the houses of the Israelites, but not the Egyptians. Israels first born males and livestock would not die.

(Exo 12:12 NIV) "On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn--both men and animals--and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the LORD.

Wikipedia has a list of Egyptian Gods: Some listed on the page are Baal (Sky and storm God), Astarte (Warrior Goddess), Apis (Bull worshipped as a God) -

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Egyptian_deities (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Egyptian_deities)

(Exo 12:13 NIV) The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.

It was the LORD God who struck Egypt with a plague, resulting in the death of their firstborn son and cattle.

(Exo 12:14 NIV) "This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD--a lasting ordinance.

The LORDS’ Passover festival, a day of commemoration and celebration for generations to come, in remembrance of the wonders and signs the LORD God did in Egypt regarding the Passover.

See (Ex 12:43-48, Ex 34:25, Lev 23:4-5, Nu 9:1-14, Dt 16:1-6, Josh 5:2-10, 2 Kings 23:21-23, 2 Chronicles 30:1-18, 2 Chronicles 35:1-19, Ezra 6:19-20, Ezekiel 45:21) .


The feast of Unleavened Bread

(Exo 12:15 NIV) For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel.

(Exo 12:16 NIV) On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat--that is all you may do.

(Exo 12:17 NIV) "Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.

The feast of the unleavened bread was to celebrate the time where God bought the Israelites out of Egypt, by division - (See Exodus 12:51).

(Exo 12:18 NIV) In the first month you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day.

(Exo 12:19 NIV) For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And whoever eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off from the community of Israel, whether he is an alien or native-born.

(Exo 12:20 NIV) Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live, you must eat unleavened bread."


Instruction’s for the Passover

(Exo 12:21 NIV) Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb.

Goats could also be used as a sacrifice for the Passover (Ex 12:15)

(Exo 12:22 NIV) Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. Not one of you shall go out the door of his house until morning.

Hyssop – A plant.

(Exo 12:23 NIV) When the LORD goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.

Destroyer H7843. shachath, shaw-khath'; a prim. root; to decay, i.e. (caus.) ruin (lit. or fig.):--batter, cast off, corrupt (-er, thing), destroy (-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, X utterly, waste (-r).

(Exo 12:24 NIV) "Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance for you and your descendants.

(Exo 12:25 NIV) When you enter the land that the LORD will give you as he promised, observe this ceremony.

(Exo 12:26 NIV) And when your children ask you, 'What does this ceremony mean to you?'

(Exo 12:27 NIV) then tell them, 'It is the Passover sacrifice to the LORD, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.'" Then the people bowed down and worshiped.

(Exo 12:28 NIV) The Israelites did just what the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron.

God Strikes Egypt

(Exo 12:29 NIV) At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.

(Exo 12:30 NIV) Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead.

(Exo 12:31 NIV) During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship the LORD as you have requested.

(Exo 12:32 NIV) Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me."

(Exo 12:33 NIV) The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. "For otherwise," they said, "we will all die!"

(Exo 9:15 NIV) For by now I could have stretched out my hand and struck you and your people that would have wiped you off the earth.


The Pharaoh lets the people of Israel go.

(Exo 12:34 NIV) So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing.

(Exo 12:35 NIV) The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing.

(Exo 12:36 NIV) The LORD had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.

(Exo 12:37 NIV) The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.

The nation of Israel - 600,000 men plus woman and children left Egypt.

When Jacob (Israel) and his descendants first entered Egypt, there were 70 in number (Ex 1:5).

After 430 years, God had blessed the nation of Israel and they numbered 600,000 men, excluding woman and children.


(Exo 12:38 NIV) Many other people went up with them, as well as large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds.

(Exo 12:39 NIV) With the dough they had brought from Egypt, they baked cakes of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.

(Exo 12:40 NIV) Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years.

(Exo 12:41 NIV) At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord's divisions left Egypt.

This is a fulfilment of the promise that God gave to Abraham in Genesis 15:12-14.

(Gen 15:12 NIV) As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a thick and dreadful darkness came over him.

(Gen 15:13 NIV) Then the LORD said to him, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own, and they will be enslaved and mistreated four hundred years.

(Gen 15:14 NIV) But I will punish the nation they serve as slaves, and afterward they will come out with great possessions.

(Exo 12:42 NIV) Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.


Regulations for the Passover

(Exo 12:43 NIV) The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the Passover: "No foreigner is to eat of it.

(Exo 12:44 NIV) Any slave you have bought may eat of it after you have circumcised him,

(Exo 12:45 NIV) but a temporary resident and a hired worker may not eat of it.

(Exo 12:46 NIV) "It must be eaten inside one house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.

(Exo 12:47 NIV) The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.

(Exo 12:48 NIV) "An alien living among you who wants to celebrate the Lord's Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land. No uncircumcised male may eat of it.

The KJV uses the word stranger instead of Alien
Stranger H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.

(Exo 12:49 NIV) The same law applies to the native-born and to the alien living among you."

(Exo 12:50 NIV) All the Israelites did just what the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron.

(Exo 12:51 NIV) And on that very day the LORD brought the Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions.

The KJV uses the word armies instead of divisions.

Armies H6635. tsaba', tsaw-baw'; or (fem.) tseba'ah, tseb-aw-aw'; from H6633; a mass of persons (or fig. things), espec. reg. organized for war (an army); by impl. a campaign, lit. or fig. (spec. hardship, worship):--appointed time, (+) army, (+) battle, company, host, service, soldiers, waiting upon, war (-fare).

chad
Feb 6th 2015, 07:58 PM
Exodus Chapter 13

(Exo 13:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 13:2 NIV) "Consecrate to me every firstborn male. The first offspring of every womb among the Israelites belongs to me, whether man or animal."[/B]

The KJV uses the word sanctify instead of consecrate.

Sanctify 6942. qadash, kaw-dash'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally):--appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), X wholly.

(Exo 13:3 NIV) Then Moses said to the people, "Commemorate this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery, because the LORD brought you out of it with a mighty hand. Eat nothing containing yeast.

Yeast = Leaven. Leaven H7603. se'or, seh-ore'; from H7604; barm or yeast-cake (as swelling by fermentation):--leaven.

(Exo 13:4 NIV) Today, in the month of Abib, you are leaving.

Abib H24. 'abiyb, aw-beeb'; from an unused root (mean to be tender); green, i.e. a young ear of grain; hence the name of the month Abib or Nisan:--Abib, ear, green ears of corn. Abib - (March-April)

(Exo 13:5 NIV) When the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites and Jebusites--the land he swore to your forefathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey--you are to observe this ceremony in this month:

Although the Israelites stayed in the land of Egypt for 430 years, it was not the land God had promised for Israel, through the promised made to Abraham, Isaac and Joseph.

Festival of the unleavened bread

(Exo 13:6 NIV) For seven days eat bread made without yeast and on the seventh day hold a festival to the LORD.

(Exo 13:7 NIV) Eat unleavened bread during those seven days; nothing with yeast in it is to be seen among you, nor shall any yeast be seen anywhere within your borders.

(Exo 13:8 NIV) On that day tell your son, 'I do this because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt.'

(Exo 13:9 NIV) This observance will be for you like a sign on your hand and a reminder on your forehead that the law of the LORD is to be on your lips. For the LORD brought you out of Egypt with his mighty hand.

(Exo 13:10 NIV) You must keep this ordinance at the appointed time year after year.

(Exo 13:11 NIV) "After the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites and gives it to you, as he promised on oath to you and your forefathers,

(Exo 13:12 NIV) you are to give over to the LORD the first offspring of every womb. All the firstborn males of your livestock belong to the LORD.

The KJV uses the words set apart, instead of give over.

(Exo 13:13 NIV) Redeem with a lamb every firstborn donkey, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck. Redeem every firstborn among your sons.

To Redeem meant to obtain release, by a means of payment.

Redeem H6299. padah, paw-daw'; a prim. root; to sever, i.e. ransom; gener. to release, preserve:-- X at all, deliver, X by any means, ransom, (that are to be, let be) redeem (-ed), rescue, X surely.

(Exo 13:14 NIV) "In days to come, when your son asks you, 'What does this mean?' say to him, 'With a mighty hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.

(Exo 13:15 NIV) When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD killed every firstborn in Egypt, both man and animal. This is why I sacrifice to the LORD the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons.'

(Exo 13:16 NIV) And it will be like a sign on your hand and a symbol on your forehead that the LORD brought us out of Egypt with his mighty hand."

(Exo 13:17 NIV) When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them on the road through the Philistine country, though that was shorter. For God said, "If they face war, they might change their minds and return to Egypt."

(Exo 13:18 NIV) So God led the people around by the desert road toward the Red Sea. The Israelites went up out of Egypt armed for battle.

(Exo 13:19 NIV) Moses took the bones of Joseph with him because Joseph had made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He had said, "God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up with you from this place."

(See - Gen 50:25)

(Exo 13:20 NIV) After leaving Succoth they camped at Etham on the edge of the desert.

(Exo 13:21 NIV) By day the LORD went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.

A sign that God was with them day and night. A Pillar of cloud during the day and a Pillar of fire during the night, so they could travel in the day or night.

(Exo 13:22 NIV) Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people.

chad
Feb 13th 2015, 09:33 PM
EXODUS Chapter 14

(Exo 14:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 14:2 NIV) "Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp near Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea. They are to encamp by the sea, directly opposite Baal Zephon.

(Exo 14:3 NIV) Pharaoh will think, 'The Israelites are wandering around the land in confusion, hemmed in by the desert.'

(Exo 14:4 NIV) And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he will pursue them. But I will gain glory for myself through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD." So the Israelites did this.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.


(Exo 14:5 NIV) When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds about them and said, "What have we done? We have let the Israelites go and have lost their services!"

The work of 600,000 men plus woman.


(Exo 14:6 NIV) So he had his chariot made ready and took his army with him.

(Exo 14:7 NIV) He took six hundred of the best chariots, along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them.

(Exo 14:8 NIV) The LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out boldly.

(Exo 14:9 NIV) The Egyptians--all Pharaoh's horses and chariots, horsemen and troops--pursued the Israelites and overtook them as they camped by the sea near Pi Hahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon.

(Exo 14:10 NIV) As Pharaoh approached, the Israelites looked up, and there were the Egyptians, marching after them. They were terrified and cried out to the LORD.

(Exo 14:11 NIV) They said to Moses, "Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die? What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt?

(Exo 14:12 NIV) Didn't we say to you in Egypt, 'Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians'? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!"

(Exo 14:13 NIV) Moses answered the people, "Do not be afraid. Stand firm and you will see the deliverance the LORD will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never see again.

When the Israelites saw the Egyptian Pharaoh and their armies, they were afraid.


(Exo 14:14 NIV) The LORD will fight for you; you need only to be still."

KJV reads - (Exo 14:14 KJV) The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

Peace H2790. charash, khaw-rash'; a prim. root; to scratch, i.e. (by impl.) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); fig. to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by impl.) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness):-- X altogether, cease, conceal, be deaf, devise, ear, graven, imagine, leave off speaking, hold peace, plow (-er, -man), be quiet, rest, practise secretly, keep silence, be silent, speak not a word, be still, hold tongue, worker.

All the Israelites needed to do was trust in the LORD and wait for the LORD to fight for them as Moses had said


(Exo 14:15 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Why are you crying out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on.

(Exo 14:16 NIV) Raise your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground.

(Exo 14:17 NIV) I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them. And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen.

(Exo 14:18 NIV) The Egyptians will know that I am the LORD when I gain glory through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen."

(Exo 14:19 NIV) Then the angel of God, who had been traveling in front of Israel's army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud also moved from in front and stood behind them,

Angel H4397. mal'ak, mal-awk'; from an unused root mean. to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; spec. of God, i.e. an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher):--ambassador, angel, king, messenger.

The Pillar of Cloud by day and fire by night was a sign that God was with them and leading them.


(Exo 14:20 NIV) coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went near the other all night long.
God drives back the sea

(Exo 14:21 NIV) Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and all that night the LORD drove the sea back with a strong east wind and turned it into dry land. The waters were divided,

God drove the waters of the sea near Pi Hahiroth (the red sea), so the waters were divided.


(Exo 14:22 NIV) and the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground, with a wall of water on their right and on their left.

(Exo 14:23 NIV) The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and horsemen followed them into the sea.

(Exo 14:24 NIV) During the last watch of the night the LORD looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion.

(Exo 14:25 NIV) He made the wheels of their chariots come off so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, "Let's get away from the Israelites! The LORD is fighting for them against Egypt."

(Exo 14:26 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen."

(Exo 14:27 NIV) Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea went back to its place. The Egyptians were fleeing toward it, and the LORD swept them into the sea.

(Exo 14:28 NIV) The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen--the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the Israelites into the sea. Not one of them survived.

(Exo 14:29 NIV) But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground, with a wall of water on their right and on their left.

(Exo 14:30 NIV) That day the LORD saved Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore.

(Exo 14:31 NIV) And when the Israelites saw the great power the LORD displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared the LORD and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant.

chad
Feb 20th 2015, 10:13 PM
EXODUS Chapter 15


Moses and the Israelites song to God

(Exo 15:1 NIV) Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song to the LORD: "I will sing to the LORD, for he is highly exalted. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea.

(Exo 15:2 NIV) The LORD is my strength and my song; he has become my salvation. He is my God, and I will praise him, my father's God, and I will exalt him.

(Exo 15:3 NIV) The LORD is a warrior; the LORD is his name.

(Exo 15:4 NIV) Pharaoh's chariots and his army he has hurled into the sea. The best of Pharaoh's officers are drowned in the Red Sea.

(Exo 15:5 NIV) The deep waters have covered them; they sank to the depths like a stone.

(Exo 15:6 NIV) "Your right hand, O LORD, was majestic in power. Your right hand, O LORD, shattered the enemy.

(Exo 15:7 NIV) In the greatness of your majesty you threw down those who opposed you. You unleashed your burning anger; it consumed them like stubble.

(Exo 15:8 NIV) By the blast of your nostrils the waters piled up. The surging waters stood firm like a wall; the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.

(Exo 15:9 NIV) "The enemy boasted, 'I will pursue, I will overtake them. I will divide the spoils; I will gorge myself on them. I will draw my sword and my hand will destroy them.'

(Exo 15:10 NIV) But you blew with your breath, and the sea covered them. They sank like lead in the mighty waters.

(Exo 15:11 NIV) "Who among the gods is like you, O LORD? Who is like you-- majestic in holiness, awesome in glory, working wonders?


(Exo 15:12 NIV) You stretched out your right hand and the earth swallowed them.

(Exo 15:13 NIV) "In your unfailing love you will lead the people you have redeemed. In your strength you will guide them to your holy dwelling.

(Exo 15:14 NIV) The nations will hear and tremble; anguish will grip the people of Philistia.

(Exo 15:15 NIV) The chiefs of Edom will be terrified, the leaders of Moab will be seized with trembling, the people of Canaan will melt away;

(Exo 15:16 NIV) terror and dread will fall upon them. By the power of your arm they will be as still as a stone-- until your people pass by, O LORD, until the people you bought pass by.

(Exo 15:17 NIV) You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain of your inheritance-- the place, O LORD, you made for your dwelling, the sanctuary, O Lord, your hands established.

(Exo 15:18 NIV) The LORD will reign for ever and ever."

(Exo 15:19 NIV) When Pharaoh's horses, chariots and horsemen went into the sea, the LORD brought the waters of the sea back over them, but the Israelites walked through the sea on dry ground.


Miriam was Moses and Aaron's sister and a prophetess.

(Exo 15:20 NIV) Then Miriam the prophetess, Aaron's sister, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women followed her, with tambourines and dancing.

Prophetess H5031. nebiy'ah, neb-ee-yaw'; fem. of H5030; a prophetess or (gen.) inspired woman; by impl. a poetess; by association a prophet's wife:--prophetess.


(Exo 15:21 NIV) Miriam sang to them: "Sing to the LORD, for he is highly exalted. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea."

(Exo 15:22 NIV) Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea and they went into the Desert of Shur. For three days they traveled in the desert without finding water.

There was no water for 600,000 men, plus woman and children in the desert.

(Exo 15:23 NIV) When they came to Marah, they could not drink its water because it was bitter. (That is why the place is called Marah.)

(Exo 15:24 NIV) So the people grumbled against Moses, saying, "What are we to drink?"

They had no water to drink

(Exo 15:25 NIV) Then Moses cried out to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a piece of wood. He threw it into the water, and the water became sweet. There the LORD made a decree and a law for them, and there he tested them.

The LORD tested them

(Exo 15:26 NIV) He said, "If you listen carefully to the voice of the LORD your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, who heals you."

The LORD God - instructions for his people to follow:

Listened carefully to the voice of the LORD your God
Do what is right in his eyes
Pay attention to his command
Keep all his decrees
Then no diseases would come on them as they did on the Egyptians.

(Exo 15:27 NIV) Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees, and they camped there near the water.

chad
Feb 27th 2015, 08:31 AM
EXODUS Chapter 16

(Exo 16:1 NIV) The whole Israelite community set out from Elim and came to the Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had come out of Egypt.

The Israelites had been in the desert for 2 months and 15 days, after coming out of Egypt.


(Exo 16:2 NIV) In the desert the whole community grumbled against Moses and Aaron.

(Exo 16:3 NIV) The Israelites said to them, "If only we had died by the Lord's hand in Egypt! There we sat around pots of meat and ate all the food we wanted, but you have brought us out into this desert to starve this entire assembly to death."

The Israelites had no food to eat.


(Exo 16:4 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "I will rain down bread from heaven for you. The people are to go out each day and gather enough for that day. In this way I will test them and see whether they will follow my instructions.

Gods provision for Israel, bread from heaven.


(Exo 16:5 NIV) On the sixth day they are to prepare what they bring in, and that is to be twice as much as they gather on the other days."

(Exo 16:6 NIV) So Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, "In the evening you will know that it was the LORD who brought you out of Egypt,

(Exo 16:7 NIV) and in the morning you will see the glory of the LORD, because he has heard your grumbling against him. Who are we, that you should grumble against us?"

(Exo 16:8 NIV) Moses also said, "You will know that it was the LORD when he gives you meat to eat in the evening and all the bread you want in the morning, because he has heard your grumbling against him. Who are we? You are not grumbling against us, but against the LORD."

(Exo 16:9 NIV) Then Moses told Aaron, "Say to the entire Israelite community, 'Come before the LORD, for he has heard your grumbling.'"

(Exo 16:10 NIV) While Aaron was speaking to the whole Israelite community, they looked toward the desert, and there was the glory of the LORD appearing in the cloud.

(Exo 16:11 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 16:12 NIV) "I have heard the grumbling of the Israelites. Tell them, 'At twilight you will eat meat, and in the morning you will be filled with bread. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God.'"

(Exo 16:13 NIV) That evening quail came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp.

Quails H7958. selav, sel-awv'; or selayv, sel-awv'; by orth. var. from H7951 through the idea of sluggishness; the quail collect. (as slow in flight from its weight):--quails.


(Exo 16:14 NIV) When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frost on the ground appeared on the desert floor.

(Exo 16:15 NIV) When the Israelites saw it, they said to each other, "What is it?" For they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, "It is the bread the LORD has given you to eat.

(Exo 16:15 KJV) And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat.

Manna H4478. man, mawn; from H4100; lit. a whatness (so to speak), i.e. manna (so called from the question about it):--manna.


(Exo 16:16 NIV) This is what the LORD has commanded: 'Each one is to gather as much as he needs. Take an omer for each person you have in your tent.'"

Omer H6016. 'omer, o'-mer; from H6014; prop. a heap, i.e. a sheaf; also an omer, as a dry measure:--omer, sheaf.


(Exo 16:17 NIV) The Israelites did as they were told; some gathered much, some little.

(Exo 16:18 NIV) And when they measured it by the omer, he who gathered much did not have too much, and he who gathered little did not have too little. Each one gathered as much as he needed.

(Exo 16:19 NIV) Then Moses said to them, "No one is to keep any of it until morning."

(Exo 16:20 NIV) However, some of them paid no attention to Moses; they kept part of it until morning, but it was full of maggots and began to smell. So Moses was angry with them.

There was no reason for them to keep any left over, for God provided daily for them bread and quail.


(Exo 16:21 NIV) Each morning everyone gathered as much as he needed, and when the sun grew hot, it melted away.

(Exo 16:22 NIV) On the sixth day, they gathered twice as much--two omers for each person--and the leaders of the community came and reported this to Moses.

(Exo 16:23 NIV) He said to them, "This is what the LORD commanded: 'Tomorrow is to be a day of rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD. So bake what you want to bake and boil what you want to boil. Save whatever is left and keep it until morning.'"

(Exo 16:24 NIV) So they saved it until morning, as Moses commanded, and it did not stink or get maggots in it.

(Exo 16:25 NIV) "Eat it today," Moses said, "because today is a Sabbath to the LORD. You will not find any of it on the ground today.

(Exo 16:26 NIV) Six days you are to gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will not be any."

On the sixth day, the Israelites were to gather twice as much, so they could rest on the seventh day and observe the Holy Sabbath, yet some did not obey Moses instructions.

(Exo 16:27 NIV) Nevertheless, some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather it, but they found none.

(Exo 16:28 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "How long will you refuse to keep my commands and my instructions?

(Exo 16:29 NIV) Bear in mind that the LORD has given you the Sabbath; that is why on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days. Everyone is to stay where he is on the seventh day; no one is to go out."

(Exo 16:30 NIV) So the people rested on the seventh day.

(Exo 16:31 NIV) The people of Israel called the bread manna. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey.

(Exo 16:32 NIV) Moses said, "This is what the LORD has commanded: 'Take an omer of manna and keep it for the generations to come, so they can see the bread I gave you to eat in the desert when I brought you out of Egypt.'"

(Exo 16:33 NIV) So Moses said to Aaron, "Take a jar and put an omer of manna in it. Then place it before the LORD to be kept for the generations to come."

(Exo 16:34 NIV) As the LORD commanded Moses, Aaron put the manna in front of the Testimony, that it might be kept.

Testimony H5715. 'eduwth, ay-dooth'; fem. of H5707; testimony:--testimony, witness.


(Exo 16:35 NIV) The Israelites ate manna forty years, until they came to a land that was settled; they ate manna until they reached the border of Canaan.

For when Israel ate food from the land God had promised them, manna no longer appeared in the desert (Joshua 5:12).


(Exo 16:36 NIV) (An omer is one tenth of an ephah.)

Omer H6016. 'omer, o'-mer; from H6014; prop. a heap, i.e. a sheaf; also an omer, as a dry measure:--omer, sheaf.

Ephah H374. 'eyphah, ay-faw'; or (short.) 'ephah, ay-faw'; of Eg. der.; an ephah or measure for grain; hence a measure in gen.:--ephah, (divers) measure (-s).

chad
Mar 6th 2015, 01:47 AM
EXODUS Chapter 17

(Exo 17:1 NIV) The whole Israelite community set out from the Desert of Sin, traveling from place to place as the LORD commanded. They camped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink.

(Exo 17:2 NIV) So they quarreled with Moses and said, "Give us water to drink." Moses replied, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you put the LORD to the test?"

The KJV reads:

(Exo 17:2 KJV) Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?

Childe - H7378. riyb, reeb; or ` ruwb, roob; a prim. root; prop. to toss, i.e. grapple; mostly fig. to wrangle, i.e. hold a controversy; (by impl.) to defend:--adversary, chide, complain, contend, debate, X ever, X lay wait, plead, rebuke, strive, X thoroughly.


(Exo 17:3 NIV) But the people were thirsty for water there, and they grumbled against Moses. They said, "Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to make us and our children and livestock die of thirst?"

The Israelites (600,000 men plus woman and children) had no water and were thirsty. They had no water for the livestock.


(Exo 17:4 NIV) Then Moses cried out to the LORD, "What am I to do with these people?
They are almost ready to stone me."

They were so upset with Moses they were ready to stone him to death. They had trusted in Moses in leading them out of Egypt, but now faced dying in the desert because they had no water.


(Exo 17:5 NIV) The LORD answered Moses, "Walk on ahead of the people. Take with you some of the elders of Israel and take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile, and go.

(Exo 17:6 NIV) I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb. Strike the rock, and water will come out of it for the people to drink." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Another wonder performed by God. Water was provided from a Rock in the desert. For the desert alone is a barren waterless place, but water from a rock in the desert, where there is no water is nothing but a miracle and provision from God.


(Exo 17:7 NIV) And he called the place Massah and Meribah because the Israelites quarreled and because they tested the LORD saying, "Is the LORD among us or not?"

They tested God by questioning if God was with them, even though he gave them a cloud by day and fire by night as a sign. Even though God provided quail and manna for them to eat daily.


(Exo 17:8 NIV) The Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim.

The KJV reads : (Exo 17:8 KJV) Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel at Rephidim.

Amalek or the Amalekites were the descendants of Esau. Esau was Jacob’s twin brother (see Genesis Ch 36:12; Genesis 36:16).

Amalek H6002. 'Amaleq, am-aw-lake'; prob. of for. or.; Amalek, a descend. of Esau; also his posterity and their country:--Amalek.


(Exo 17:9 NIV) Moses said to Joshua, "Choose some of our men and go out to fight the Amalekites. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hands."

(Exo 17:10 NIV) So Joshua fought the Amalekites as Moses had ordered, and Moses, Aaron and Hur went to the top of the hill.

(Exo 17:11 NIV) As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning.

(Exo 17:12 NIV) When Moses' hands grew tired, they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur held his hands up--one on one side, one on the other--so that his hands remained steady till sunset.

(Exo 17:13 NIV) So Joshua overcame the Amalekite army with the sword.

(Exo 17:14 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven."

KJV reads (Exo 17:14) And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.

Remembrance H2143. zeker, zay'-ker; or zeker, zeh'-ker, from H2142; a memento, abstr. recollection (rarely if ever); by impl. commemoration:--memorial, memory, remembrance, scent.

Amalek H6002. 'Amaleq, am-aw-lake'; prob. of for. or.; Amalek, a descend. of Esau; also his posterity and their country:--Amalek.


(Exo 17:15 NIV) Moses built an altar and called it The LORD is my Banner.

KJV Reads : (Exo 17:15) And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:

Jehovahnissi H3071. Yehovah nicciy, yeh-ho-vaw'; nis-see'; from H3068 and H5251 with pron. suffix.; Jehovah (is) my banner; Jehovah-Nissi, a symbolical name of an altar in the Desert.--Jehovah-nissi.


(Exo 17:16 NIV) He said, "For hands were lifted up to the throne of the LORD. The LORD will be at war against the Amalekites from generation to generation."

This was the judgement on the Amalek, the Amalekites - descendants of Esau (Deut 25:17-19, 1 Samuel 15:2-9, 1 Samuel 15:15-23, 1 Samuel 28:18-20).

chad
Mar 13th 2015, 03:38 AM
EXODUS Chapter 18

(Exo 18:1 NIV) Now Jethro, the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses, heard of everything God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

Midian 4080. HMidyan, mid-yawn'; the same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collect.) his descend.:--Midian, Midianite.


(Exo 18:2 NIV) After Moses had sent away his wife Zipporah, his father-in-law Jethro received her

(Exo 18:3 NIV) and her two sons. One son was named Gershom, for Moses said, "I have become an alien in a foreign land";

(Exo 18:4 NIV) and the other was named Eliezer, for he said, "My father's God was my helper; he saved me from the sword of Pharaoh."

Moses wife Zipporah and two sons Gershom and Eliezer went to stay with the Moses father-in-law Jethro.

(Exo 18:5 NIV) Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, together with Moses' sons and wife, came to him in the desert, where he was camped near the mountain of God.

(Exo 18:6 NIV) Jethro had sent word to him, "I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons."

(Exo 18:7 NIV) So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law and bowed down and kissed him. They greeted each other and then went into the tent.

(Exo 18:8 NIV) Moses told his father-in-law about everything the LORD had done to Pharaoh and the Egyptians for Israel's sake and about all the hardships they had met along the way and how the LORD had saved them.

(Exo 18:9 NIV) Jethro was delighted to hear about all the good things the LORD had done for Israel in rescuing them from the hand of the Egyptians.

(Exo 18:10 NIV) He said, "Praise be to the LORD, who rescued you from the hand of the Egyptians and of Pharaoh, and who rescued the people from the hand of the Egyptians.

(Exo 18:11 NIV) Now I know that the LORD is greater than all other gods, for he did this to those who had treated Israel arrogantly."

Different nations worshipped their own Gods [even though they were false]. The Egyptians worshipped their own Gods . The LORD God [of Israel] demonstrating the power of the one true living GOD

The LORD, that being ... LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.


(Exo 18:12 NIV) Then Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, brought a burnt offering and other sacrifices to God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law in the presence of God.

Moses appoints Judges


(Exo 18:13 NIV) The next day Moses took his seat to serve as judge for the people, and they stood around him from morning till evening.

(Exo 18:14 NIV) When his father-in-law saw all that Moses was doing for the people, he said, "What is this you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge, while all these people stand around you from morning till evening?"

(Exo 18:15 NIV) Moses answered him, "Because the people come to me to seek God's will.

(Exo 18:16 NIV) Whenever they have a dispute, it is brought to me, and I decide between the parties and inform them of God's decrees and laws."

(Exo 18:17 NIV) Moses' father-in-law replied, "What you are doing is not good.

(Exo 18:18 NIV) You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone.

Moses was 80 years old when he led the Israelites out of Egypt (Ex 7:7). He was 120 years old when he died after 40 years in the Desert (Deut 34:7).


(Exo 18:19 NIV) Listen now to me and I will give you some advice, and may God be with you. You must be the people's representative before God and bring their disputes to him.

(Exo 18:20 NIV) Teach them the decrees and laws, and show them the way to live and the duties they are to perform.

(Exo 18:21 NIV) But select capable men from all the people--men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain--and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.

(Exo 18:22 NIV) Have them serve as judges for the people at all times, but have them bring every difficult case to you; the simple cases they can decide themselves. That will make your load lighter, because they will share it with you.

(Exo 18:23 NIV) If you do this and God so commands, you will be able to stand the strain, and all these people will go home satisfied."

(Exo 18:24 NIV) Moses listened to his father-in-law and did everything he said.

(Exo 18:25 NIV) He chose capable men from all Israel and made them leaders of the people, officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.

(Exo 18:26 NIV) They served as judges for the people at all times. The difficult cases they brought to Moses, but the simple ones they decided themselves.

(Exo 18:27 NIV) Then Moses sent his father-in-law on his way, and Jethro returned to his own country.

chad
Mar 20th 2015, 10:59 PM
EXODUS Chapter 19

(Exo 19:1 NIV) In the third month after the Israelites left Egypt--on the very day--they came to the Desert of Sinai.

It was 3 months after the Israelites had left Egypt.


(Exo 19:2 NIV) After they set out from Rephidim, they entered theDesert of Sinai , and Israel camped there in the desert in front of the mountain.

(Exo 19:3 NIV) Then Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain and said, "This is what you are to say to the house of Jacob and what you are to tell the people of Israel:

(Exo 19:4 NIV) 'You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt, and how I carried you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself.

(Exo 19:5 NIV) Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine,

The agreement with Israel was the people of Israel would obey God and keep the covenant between them.

The whole earth is Gods, for God created it and everything in it. (The bible records, it was not a mistake, it did not evolve from nothing as some believe, it was created by God and everything in it belongs to God, for it is Gods creation.

Of all the planets in the solar system and galaxies known to man at this time, only the earth is abundant with life in the form of man and living creatures. So complex is the creation of the earth and everything in it, it points to a creator - it is not a cosmic mistake or an accident).


(Exo 19:6 NIV) you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites."

This was Gods Will for the Israel, that they become a nation set aside for God, a kingdom of priests and a Holy Nation.

Holy H6918. qadowsh, kaw-doshe'; or qadosh, kaw-doshe'; from H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary:--holy (One), saint.


(Exo 19:7 NIV) So Moses went back and summoned the elders of the people and set before them all the words the LORD had commanded him to speak.

(Exo 19:8 NIV) The people all responded together, "We will do everything the LORD has said." So Moses brought their answer back to the LORD.

The people of Israel agreed to do everything the LORD had said.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.


(Exo 19:9 NIV) The LORD said to Moses, "I am going to come to you in a dense cloud, so that the people will hear me speaking with you and will always put their trust in you." Then Moses told the LORD what the people had said.

Cloud H6051. 'anan, aw-nawn'; from H6049; a cloud (as covering the sky), i.e. the nimbus or thunder-cloud:--cloud (-y).

(Exo 19:10 NIV) And the LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their clothes

The KJV uses the word Sanctify, instead of consecrate.

Sanctify H6942. qadash, kaw-dash'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally):--appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), X wholly.


(Exo 19:11 NIV) and be ready by the third day, because on that day the LORD will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.

The LORD was going to come down and be in the sight of the people of Israel.

(Exo 19:12 NIV) Put limits for the people around the mountain and tell them, 'Be careful that you do not go up the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death.

(Exo 19:13 NIV) He shall surely be stoned or shot with arrows; not a hand is to be laid on him. Whether man or animal, he shall not be permitted to live.' Only when the ram's horn sounds a long blast may they go up to the mountain."

Disobedience for not following Gods instruction regarding the mountain was the judgement of Death.


(Exo 19:14 NIV) After Moses had gone down the mountain to the people, he consecrated them, and they washed their clothes.

(Exo 19:15 NIV) Then he said to the people, "Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain from sexual relations."

(Exo 19:16 NIV) On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled.

(Exo 19:17 NIV) Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.

The population of Israel at that time was 600,000+ men, woman and children.


(Exo 19:18 NIV) Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, the whole mountain trembled violently,

(Exo 19:19 NIV) and the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder. Then Moses spoke and the voice of God answered him.

(Exo 19:20 NIV) The LORD descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses went up

(Exo 19:21 NIV) and the LORD said to him, "Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see the LORD and many of them perish.

(Exo 19:22 NIV) Even the priests, who approach the LORD, must consecrate themselves, or the LORD will break out against them."

(Exo 19:23 NIV) Moses said to the LORD, "The people cannot come up Mount Sinai, because you yourself warned us, 'Put limits around the mountain and set it apart as holy.'"

The mountain was set apart as Holy, for the presence of God was going to be there. For God is a Holy God and where God is, it is Holy.


(Exo 19:24 NIV) The LORD replied, "Go down and bring Aaron up with you. But the priests and the people must not force their way through to come up to the LORD, or he will break out against them."

God instructed Moses to bring Aaron, his older brother up to the Mountain.


(Exo 19:25 NIV) So Moses went down to the people and told them.

chad
Mar 27th 2015, 08:58 AM
EXODUS Chapter 20

The 10 Commandments

(Exo 20:1 NIV) And God spoke all these words:

(Exo 20:2 NIV) "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.

(Exo 20:3 NIV) "You shall have no other gods before me.

(Exo 20:4 NIV) "You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.

KJV : (Exo 20:4 KJV) Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:

Graven H6459. pecel, peh'-sel; from H6458; an idol:--carved (graven) image.


(Exo 20:5 NIV) You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,

KJV : (Exo 20:5 KJV) Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

Serve H5647. 'abad, aw-bad'; a prim. root; to work (in any sense); by impl. to serve, till, (caus.) enslave, etc.:-- X be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, + husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man), bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ing, self), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), transgress [from margin], (set a) work, be wrought, worshipper.


(Exo 20:6 NIV) but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

(Exo 20:7 NIV) "You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

KJV : (Exo 20:7 KJV) Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

Vain H7723. shav', shawv; or ` shav, shav; from the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), lit. (ruin) or mor. (espec. guile); fig. idolatry (as false, subj.) uselessness (as deceptive, obj.; also adv. in vain):--false (-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.


(Exo 20:8 NIV) "Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

The establishment of the Sabbath day at Mount Sinai.

Sabbath H7676. shabbath, shab-bawth'; intens. from H7673; intermission, i.e. (spec.) the Sabbath:-- (+ every) sabbath.


(Exo 20:9 NIV) Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

(Exo 20:10 NIV) but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates.

KJV : (Exo 20:10 KJV) But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

Stranger H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.


(Exo 20:11 NIV) For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

KJV : (Exo 20:11 KJV) For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

Made H6213. 'asah, aw-saw'; a prim. root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application (as follows):--accomplish, advance, appoint, apt, be at, become, bear, bestow, bring forth, bruise, be busy, X certainly, have the charge of, commit, deal (with), deck, + displease, do, (ready) dress (-ed), (put in) execute (-ion), exercise, fashion, + feast, [fight-] ing man, + finish, fit, fly, follow, fulfil, furnish, gather, get, go about, govern, grant, great, + hinder, hold ([a feast]), X indeed, + be industrious, + journey, keep, labour, maintain, make, be meet, observe, be occupied, offer, + officer, pare, bring (come) to pass, perform, practise, prepare, procure, provide, put, requite, X sacrifice, serve, set, shew, X sin, spend, X surely, take, X thoroughly, trim, X very, + vex, be [warr-] ior, work (-man), yield, use.
Hallowed H6942. qadash, kaw-dash'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally):--appoint,
bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), X wholly.

For God gave to Moses knowledge that heaven and earth were made in 6 days.


(Exo 20:12 NIV) "Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.

Honor H3513. kabad, kaw-bad'; or kabed, kaw-bade'; a prim. root; to be heavy, i.e. in a bad sense (burdensome, severe, dull) or in a good sense (numerous, rich, honorable); causat. to make weighty (in the same two senses):--abounding with, more grievously afflict, boast, be chargeable, X be dim, glorify, be (make) glorious (things), glory, (very) great, be grievous, harden, be (make) heavy, be heavier, lay heavily, (bring to, come to, do, get, be had in) honour (self), (be) honourable (man), lade, X more be laid, make self many, nobles, prevail, promote (to honour), be rich, be (go) sore, stop.


(Exo 20:13 NIV) "You shall not murder.

KJV (Exo 20:13 KJV) Thou shalt not kill.

Kill H7523. ratsach, raw-tsakh'; a prim. root; prop. to dash in pieces, i.e. kill (a human being), espec. to murder:--put to death, kill, (man-) slay (-er), murder (-er).


(Exo 20:14 NIV) "You shall not commit adultery.

Adultery H5003. na'aph, naw-af'; a prim. root; to commit adultery; fig. to apostatize:--adulterer (-ess), commit (-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.


(Exo 20:15 NIV) "You shall not steal.

Steal H1589. ganab, gaw-nab'; a prim. root; to thieve (lit. or fig.); by impl. to deceive:--carry away, X indeed, secretly bring, steal (away), get by stealth.


(Exo 20:16 NIV) "You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.

KJV : (Exo 20:16 KJV) Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

False H8267. sheqer, sheh'-ker; from H8266; an untruth; by impl. a sham (often adv.):--without a cause, deceit (-ful), false (-hood, -ly), feignedly, liar, + lie, lying, vain (thing), wrongfully.

Neighbour H7453. rea', ray'-ah; or reya', ray'-ah; from H7462; an associate (more or less close):--brother, companion, fellow, friend, husband, lover, neighbour, X (an-) other.


(Exo 20:17 NIV) "You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor."

Covet H2530. chamad, khaw-mad'; a prim. root; to delight in:--beauty, greatly beloved, covet, delectable thing, ( X great) delight, desire, goodly, lust, (be) pleasant (thing), precious (thing).


(Exo 20:18 NIV) When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet and saw the mountain in smoke, they trembled with fear. They stayed at a distance

Genesis 20:1-17 God spoke those words directly to the people of Israel (Jacob’s descendants).


(Exo 20:19 NIV) and said to Moses, "Speak to us yourself and we will listen. But do not have God speak to us or we will die."

(Exo 20:20 NIV) Moses said to the people, "Do not be afraid. God has come to test you, so that the fear of God will be with you to keep you from sinning."

(Exo 20:21 NIV) The people remained at a distance, while Moses approached the thick darkness where God was.

(Exo 20:22 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Tell the Israelites this: 'You have seen for yourselves that I have spoken to you from heaven:

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.

God spoke directly to the people of Israel.


Idols and Alters

(Exo 20:23 NIV) Do not make any gods to be alongside me; do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gods of gold.

KJV : (Exo 20:23 KJV) Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

Silver H3701. keceph, keh'-sef; from H3700; silver (from its pale color); by impl. money:--money, price, silver (-ling).

Gold H2091. zahab, zaw-hawb'; from an unused root mean. to shimmer; gold; fig. something gold-colored (i.e. yellow), as oil, a clear sky:--gold (-en), fair weather.


(Exo 20:24 NIV) "'Make an altar of earth for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, your sheep and goats and your cattle. Wherever I cause my name to be honored, I will come to you and bless you.

KJV : (Exo 20:24 KJV) An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

Burnt H5930. 'olah, o-law'; or 'owlah, o-law'; fem. act. part of H5927; a step or (collect. stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke):--ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See also H5766.

Peace H8002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.


(Exo 20:25 NIV) If you make an altar of stones for me, do not build it with dressed stones, for you will defile it if you use a tool on it.

(Exo 20:26 NIV) And do not go up to my altar on steps, lest your nakedness be exposed on it.'

chad
Apr 2nd 2015, 11:36 PM
Exodus Chapter 21

God also gave Laws in addition to the 10 commandments.

The laws relating to servants and animals and compensation.

(Exo 21:1 NIV) "These are the laws you are to set before them:

(Exo 21:2 NIV) "If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything.

Servants were only to serve for 6 years, then they are able to go free without paying anything.

Servant H5650. 'ebed, eh'-bed; from H5647; a servant:-- X bondage, bondman, servant, (man-) servant.


(Exo 21:3 NIV) If he comes alone, he is to go free alone; but if he has a wife when he comes, she is to go with him.

(Exo 21:4 NIV) If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.

(Exo 21:5 NIV) "But if the servant declares, 'I love my master and my wife and children and do not want to go free,'

(Exo 21:6 NIV) then his master must take him before the judges. He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. Then he will be his servant for life.

(Exo 21:7 NIV) "If a man sells his daughter as a servant, she is not to go free as men servants do.

(Exo 21:8 NIV) If she does not please the master who has selected her for himself, he must let her be redeemed. He has no right to sell her to foreigners, because he has broken faith with her.

KJV reads (Exo 21:8 KJV) If she please not her master, who hath [B]betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

Betrothed H3259. ya'ad, yaw-ad'; a prim. root; to fix upon (by agreement or appointment); by impl. to meet (at a stated time), to summon (to trial), to direct (in a certain quarter or position), to engage (for marriage):--agree, (make an) appoint (-ment, a time), assemble (selves), betroth, gather (selves, together), meet (together), set (a time).

Redeemed H6299. padah, paw-daw'; a prim. root; to sever, i.e. ransom; gener. to release, preserve:-- X at all, deliver, X by any means, ransom, (that are to be, let be) redeem (-ed), rescue, X surely.


(Exo 21:9 NIV) If he selects her for his son, he must grant her the rights of a daughter.

(Exo 21:10 NIV) If he marries another woman, he must not deprive the first one of her food,clothing and marital rights.

(Exo 21:11 NIV) If he does not provide her with these three things, she is to go free, without any payment of money.


Laws relating to Personal injuries

(Exo 21:12 NIV) "Anyone who strikes a man and kills him shall surely be put to death.

(Exo 21:13 NIV) However, if he does not do it intentionally, but God lets it happen, he is to flee to a place I will designate.

Numbers 35:11 - writes about cities of refuge for a person who has killed someone accidently.


(Exo 21:14 NIV) But if a man schemes and kills another man deliberately, take him away from my altar and put him to death.


(Exo 21:15 NIV) "Anyone who attacks his father or his mother must be put to death.


(Exo 21:16 NIV) "Anyone who kidnaps another and either sells him or still has him when he is caught must be put to death.


(Exo 21:17 NIV) "Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.


(Exo 21:18 NIV) "If men quarrel and one hits the other with a stone or with his fist and he does not die but is confined to bed,


(Exo 21:19 NIV) the one who struck the blow will not be held responsible if the other gets up and walks around outside with his staff; however, he must pay the injured man for the loss of his time and see that he is completely healed.


(Exo 21:20 NIV) "If a man beats his male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies as a direct result, he must be punished,

(Exo 21:21 NIV) but he is not to be punished if the slave gets up after a day or two, since the slave is his property.


(Exo 21:22 NIV) "If men who are fighting hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman's husband demands and the court allows.

(Exo 21:23 NIV) But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life,

(Exo 21:24 NIV) eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

(Exo 21:25 NIV) burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.


(Exo 21:26 NIV) "If a man hits a manservant or maidservant in the eye and destroys it, he must let the servant go free to compensate for the eye.

(Exo 21:27 NIV) And if he knocks out the tooth of a manservant or maidservant, he must let the servant go free to compensate for the tooth.


(Exo 21:28 NIV) "If a bull gores a man or a woman to death, the bull must be stoned to death, and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bullwill not be held responsible.

(Exo 21:29 NIV) If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up and it kills a man or woman, the bull must be stoned and the owner also must be put to death.

(Exo 21:30 NIV) However, if payment is demanded of him, he may redeem his life by paying whatever is demanded.


(Exo 21:31 NIV) This law also applies if the bull gores a son or daughter.

(Exo 21:32 NIV) If the bull gores a male or female slave, the owner must pay thirty shekels of silver to the
master of the slave, and the bull must be stoned.


(Exo 21:33 NIV) "If a man uncovers a pit or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

(Exo 21:34 NIV) the owner of the pit must pay for the loss; he must pay its owner, and the dead animal will be his.


(Exo 21:35 NIV) "If a man's bull injures the bull of another and it dies, they are to sell the live one and divide both the money and the dead animal equally.

(Exo 21:36 NIV) However, if it was known that the bull had the habit of goring, yet the owner did not keep it penned up, the owner must pay, animal for animal, and the dead animal will be his.

chad
Apr 10th 2015, 04:40 AM
Exodus Chapter 22

More Laws relating to property, people and their treatment and compensation.

(Exo 22:1 NIV) "If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughtersit or sells it, he must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

Steal H1589. ganab, gaw-nab'; a prim. root; to thieve (lit. or fig.); by impl. to deceive:--carry away, X indeed, secretly bring, steal (away), get by stealth.


(Exo 22:2 NIV) "If a thief is caught breaking in and is struck so that he dies, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed;

KJV reads - (Exo 22:2 KJV) If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

Thief H1590. gannab, gaw-nab'; from H1589; a stealer:--thief.

Breaking up H4290. machtereth, makh-teh'-reth; from H2864; a burglary; fig. unexpected examination:--breaking up, secret search.


(Exo 22:3 NIV) but if it happens after sunrise, he is guilty of bloodshed. "A thief must certainly make restitution, but if he has nothing, he must be sold to pay for his theft.

(Exo 22:4 NIV) "If the stolen animal is found alive in his possession--whether ox or donkey or sheep--he must pay back double.

(Exo 22:5 NIV) "If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and they graze in another man's field, he must make restitution from the best of his own field or vineyard.

(Exo 22:6 NIV) "If a fire breaks out and spreads into thornbushes so that it burnsshocks of grain or standing grain or the whole field, the one who started the fire must make restitution.

(Exo 22:7 NIV) "If a man gives his neighbor silver or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor's house, the thief, if he is caught, must pay back double.

(Exo 22:8 NIV) But if the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judges to determine whether he has laid his hands on the other man's property.

(Exo 22:9 NIV) In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, 'This is mine,' both parties are to bring their cases before the judges. The one whom the judges declare guilty must pay back double to his neighbor.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:9 KJV) For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.

Trespass H6588. pesha', peh'-shah; from H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious):--rebellion, sin, transgression, trespass.


(Exo 22:10 NIV) "If a man gives a donkey, an ox, a sheep or any other animal to his neighbor for safekeeping and it dies or is injured or is taken away while no one is looking,

(Exo 22:11 NIV) the issue between them will be settled by the taking of an oath before the LORD that the neighbor did not lay hands on the other person's property. The owner is to accept this, and no restitution is required.

Oath H7621. shebuw'ah, sheb-oo-aw'; fem. pass. part. of H7650; prop. something sworn, i.e. an oath:--curse, oath, X sworn.


(Exo 22:12 NIV) But if the animal was stolen from the neighbor, he must make restitution to the owner.

(Exo 22:13 NIV) If it was torn to pieces by a wild animal, he shall bring in the remains as evidence and he will not be required to pay for the torn animal.

(Exo 22:14 NIV) "If a man borrows an animal from his neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, he must make restitution.

(Exo 22:15 NIV) But if the owner is with the animal, the borrower will not have to pay. If the animal was hired, the money paid for the hire covers the loss.

(Exo 22:16 NIV) "If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:16 KJV) And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and liewith her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

Entice H6601. pathah, paw-thaw'; a prim. root; to open, i.e. be (causat. make) roomy; usually fig. (in a mental or moral sense) to be (causat. make) simple or (in a sinister way) delude:--allure,
deceive, enlarge, entice, flatter, persuade, silly (one).

Maid H1330. bethuwlah, beth-oo-law'; fem. pass. part. of an unused root mean. to separate; a virgin (from her privacy); sometimes (by continuation) a bride; also (fig.) a city or state:--maid, virgin.

Lie H7901. shakab, shaw-kab'; a prim. root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose):-- X at all, cast down, ([over-]) lay (self) (down), (make to) lie (down, down to sleep, still, with), lodge, ravish, take rest, sleep, stay.
(Exo 22:17 NIV) If her father absolutely refuses to give her tohim, he must still pay the bride-price for virgins.


(Exo 22:18 NIV) "Do not allow a sorceress to live.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:18 KJV) Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.

Witch H3784. kashaph, kaw-shaf'; a prim. root; prop. to whisper a spell, i.e. to inchant or practise magic:--sorcerer, (use) witch (-craft).


(Exo 22:19 NIV) "Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal must be put to death.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:19 KJV) Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

Lieth H7901. shakab, shaw-kab'; a prim. root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose):-- X at all, cast down, ([over-]) lay (self) (down), (make to) lie (down, down to sleep, still, with), lodge, ravish, take rest, sleep, stay.


(Exo 22:20 NIV) "Whoever sacrifices to any god other than the LORD must be destroyed.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:20 KJV) He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

Sacrificeth H2076. zabach, zaw-bakh'; a prim. root; to slaughter an animal (usually in sacrifice):--kill, offer, (do) sacrifice, slay.

Destroyed H2763. charam, khaw-ram'; a prim. root; to seclude; spec. (by a ban) to devote to relig. uses (espec. destruction); phys. and reflex. to be blunt as to the nose:--make accursed, consecrate, (utterly) destroy, devote, forfeit, have a flat nose, utterly (slay, make away).


(Exo 22:21 NIV) "Do not mistreat an alien or oppress him, for you were aliens in Egypt.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:21 KJV) Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Vex H3238. yanah, yaw-naw'; a prim. root; to rage or be violent: by impl. to suppress, to maltreat:--destroy, (thrust out by) oppress (-ing, -ion, -or), proud, vex, do violence.

Stranger H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.

Oppress H3905. lachats, law-khats'; a prim. root; prop. to press, i.e. (fig.) to distress:--afflict, crush, force, hold fast, oppress (-or), thrust self.
For the Israelites were mistreated and oppressed by the Egyptians. God did not want his own people oppressing and mistreating others as the Egyptians had done to them.


(Exo 22:22 NIV) "Do not take advantage of a widow or an orphan.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:22 KJV) Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

Afflict H6031. 'anah, aw-naw'; a prim. root [possibly rather ident. with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating]; to depress lit. or fig., trans. or intrans. (in various applications, as follow):--abase self, afflict (-ion, self), answer , chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing [by mistake for H6030], speak [by mistake for H6030], submit self, weaken, X in any wise.


(Exo 22:23 NIV) If you doand they cry out to me, I will certainly hear their cry.

(Exo 22:24 NIV) My anger will be aroused, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives will become widows and your children fatherless.

(Exo 22:25 NIV) "If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not be
like a moneylender; charge him no interest.

(Exo 22:26 NIV) If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, return it to him by sunset,

KJV reads - (Exo 22:26 KJV) If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:

Raiment H8008. salmah, sal-maw'; transp. for H8071; a dress:--[B]clothes, garment, raiment.

Pledge H2254. chabal, khaw-bal'; a prim. root; to wind tightly (as a rope), i.e. to bind; spec. by a pledge; fig. to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (espec. of parturition):-- X at all, band, bring forth, (deal) corrupt (-ly) destroy, offend, lay to (take a) pledge, spoil, travail, X very, withhold.


(Exo 22:27 NIV) because his cloak is the only covering he has for his body. What else will he
sleep in? When he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.

(Exo 22:28 NIV) "Do not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:28 KJV) Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

Revile H7043. qalal, kaw-lal'; a prim. root; to be (caus. make) light, lit. (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or fig. (easy, trifling, vile, etc.):--abate, make bright, bring into contempt, (ac-) curse, despise, (be) ease (-y, -ier), (be a, make, make somewhat, move, seem a, set) light (-en, -er, ly, -ly afflict, -ly esteem, thing), X slight [-ly], be swift (-er), (be, be more, make, re-) vile, whet.

Gods H430. 'elohiym, el-o-heem'; plur. of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but spec. used (in the plur. thus, esp. with the art.) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:--angels, X exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.


(Exo 22:29 NIV) "Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats. "You must give me the firstborn of your sons.

KJV reads - (Exo 22:29 KJV) Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.


(Exo 22:30 NIV) Do the same with your cattle and your sheep. Let them stay with their mothers for seven days, but give them to me on the eighth day.

(Exo 22:31 NIV) "You are to be my holy people. So do not eat the meat of an animal torn by wild beasts; throw it to the dogs.

Holy H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--

consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.

chad
Apr 17th 2015, 03:09 AM
Exodus Chapter 23

Laws of justice and Mercy - Personal responsibility and conduct.

(Exo 23:1 NIV) "Do not spread false reports. Do not help a wicked man by being a malicious witness.

(Exo 23:1 KJV) Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

False H7723. shav', shawv; or ` shav, shav; from the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), lit. (ruin) or mor. (espec. guile); fig. idolatry (as false, subj.) uselessness (as deceptive, obj.; also adv. in vain):--false (-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.

Report H8088. shema', shay'-mah; from H8085; something heard, i.e. a sound, rumor, announcement;
abstr. audience:--bruit, fame, hear (-ing), loud, report, speech, tidings.

Unrighteous H2555. chamac, khaw-mawce'; from H2554; violence; by impl. wrong; by meton. unjust gain:--cruel (-ty), damage, false, injustice, X oppressor, unrighteous, violence (against, done), violent (dealing), wrong.


(Exo 23:2 NIV) "Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong. When you give testimony in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd,

(Exo 23:3 NIV) and do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit.

(Exo 23:4 NIV) "If you come across your enemy's ox or donkey wandering off, be sure to take it back to him.

(Exo 23:5 NIV) If you see the donkey of someone who hates you fallen down under its load, do not leave it there; be sure you help him with it.

(Exo 23:6 NIV) "Do not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits.

(Exo 23:7 NIV) Have nothing to do with a false charge and do not put an innocent or honest person to death, for I will not acquit the guilty.

(Exo 23:8 NIV) "Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who see and twists the words of the righteous.

(Exo 23:8 KJV) And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.

Gift H7810. shachad, shakh'-ad; from H7809; a donation (venal or redemptive):--bribe (-ry), gift, present, reward.


(Exo 23:9 NIV) "Do not oppress an alien; you yourselves know how it feels to be aliens, because you were aliens in Egypt.

KJV reads - (Exo 23:9 KJV) Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

(Exo 23:10 NIV) "For six years you are to sow your fields and harvest the crops,

(Exo 23:11 NIV) but during the seventh year let the land lie unplowed and unused. Then the poor among your people may get food from it, and the wild animals may eat what they leave. Do the same with your vineyard and your olive grove.

(Exo 23:12 NIV) "Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest and the slave born in your household, and the alien as well, may be refreshed.

(Exo 23:12 KJV) Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.

Handmaid H519. 'amah, aw-maw'; appar. a prim. word; a maid-servant or female slave:--(hand-) bondmaid (-woman,) maid (-servant).



(Exo 23:13 NIV) "Be careful to do everything I have said to you. Do not invoke the names of other gods; do not let them be heard on your lips.

(Exo 23:13 KJV) And in all things that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth.

Circumspect H8104. shamar, shaw-mar'; a prim. root; prop. to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; gen. to protect, attend to, etc.:--beware, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep (-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch (-man).


Celebration of festivals, 3 times a year.

(Exo 23:14 NIV) "Three times a year you are to celebrate a festival to me.

(Exo 23:15 NIV) "Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread; for seven days eat bread made without yeast, as I commanded you. Do this at the appointed time in the month of Abib, for in that month you came out of Egypt. "No one is to appear before me empty-handed.

(Exo 23:15 KJV) Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)


(Exo 23:16 NIV) "Celebrate the Feast of Harvest with the firstfruits of the crops you sow in your field. "Celebrate the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you gather in your crops from the field.

(Exo 23:16 KJV) And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.


The 3 festivals to Celebrate.

Celebrate the feast of the unleavened bread, by eating unleavened bread (bread made with no yeast) for 7 days in the month of Abib. This is a reminder for the time you (Israel) came out of Egypt.

Feast of Harvest –The first fruits of thy labours which you sow in your field.
Feast of Ingathering –The gathered in thy labours from the field.

Sacrifices 3 times a year.


(Exo 23:17 NIV) "Three times a year all the men are to appear before the Sovereign LORD.

(Exo 23:18 NIV) "Do not offer the blood of a sacrifice to me along with anything containing yeast. "The fat of my festival offerings must not be kept until morning.

(Exo 23:19 NIV) "Bring the best of the firstfruits of your soil to the house of the LORD your God. "Do not cook a young goat in its mother's milk.

(Exo 23:20 NIV) "See, I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared.

(Exo 23:21 NIV) Pay attention to him and listen to what he says. Do not rebel against him; he will not forgive your rebellion, since my Name is in him.

(Exo 23:22 NIV) If you listen carefully to what he says and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and will oppose those who oppose you.

(Exo 23:23 NIV) My angel will go ahead of you and bring you into the land of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites and Jebusites, and I will wipe them out.

Angel H4397. mal'ak, mal-awk'; from an unused root mean. to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; spec. of God, i.e. an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher):--ambassador, angel, king, messenger.

The Ammorites, Hittites, Canaanites, Hivites, Jebusites were the descendants of Noahs son Ham (Gen 10:1-19. The first mention of the Perizzites appears in Gen 13:7)

Amorites H567. 'Emoriy, em-o-ree'; prob. a patron. from an unused name derived from H559 in the sense of publicity, i.e. prominence; thus a mountaineer; an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes:--Amorite.

Hittites H2850. Chittiy, khit-tee'; patron. from H2845; a Chittite, or desc. of Cheth:--Hittite, Hittites.

Perizzite H6522. Perizziy, per-iz-zee'; for H6521; inhab. of the open country; a Perizzite, one of the Canaanitish tribes:--Perizzite.

Canaanites H3669. Kena'aniy, ken-ah-an-ee'; patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by impl. a pedlar (the Canaanites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans):--Canaanite, merchant, trafficker.

Hivite H2340. Chivviy, khiv-vee'; perh. from H2333; a villager; a Chivvite, one of the aboriginal tribes of Pal.:--Hivite.

Jebusites H2983. Yebuwciy, yeb-oo-see'; patrial from H2982; a Jebusite or inhab. of Jebus:--Jebusite(-s).


(Exo 23:24 NIV) Do not bow down before their gods or worship them or follow their practices. You must demolish them and break their sacred stones to pieces.

(Exo 23:25 NIV) Worship the LORD your God, and his blessing will be on your food and water. I will take away sickness from among you,

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.



(Exo 23:26 NIV) and none will miscarry or be barren in your land. I will give you a full life span.

(Exo 23:27 NIV) "I will send my terror ahead of you and throw into confusion every nation you encounter. I will make all your enemies turn their backs and run.

(Exo 23:28 NIV) I will send the hornet ahead of you to drive the Hivites, Canaanites and Hittites out of your way.

(Exo 23:29 NIV) But I will not drive them out in a single year, because the land would become desolate and the wild animalstoo numerous for you.

(Exo 23:30 NIV) Little by littleI will drive them out before you, until you have increased enough to take possession of the land.

(Exo 23:31 NIV) "I will establish your borders from the Red Sea to the Sea of the Philistines, and from the desert to the River. I will hand over to you the people who live in the land and you will drive them out before you.

(Exo 23:32 NIV) Do not make a covenant with them or with their gods.

(Exo 23:33 NIV) Do not let them live in your land, or they will cause you to sin against me, because the worship of their gods will certainly be a snare to you."

chad
Apr 23rd 2015, 11:16 PM
Exodus Chapter 24

The Covenant of the law

(Exo 24:1 NIV) Then he said to Moses, "Come up to the LORD, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel. You are to worship at a distance,

(Exo 24:1 KJV) And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.

Nadab H5070. Nadab, naw-dawb'; from H5068; liberal; Nadab, the name of four Isr.:--Nadab.

Abihu H30. 'Abiyhuw', ab-ee-hoo'; from H1 and H1931; father (i.e. worshipper) of Him (i.e. God); Abihu, a son of Aaron:--Abihu.


(Exo 24:2 NIV) but Moses alone is to approach the LORD; the others must not come near. And the people may not come up with him."

(Exo 24:3 NIV) When Moses went and told the people all the Lord's words and laws, they responded with one voice, "Everything the LORD has said we will do."

The people agreed to the Lord's words and laws


(Exo 24:4 NIV) Moses then wrote down everything the LORD had said. He got up early the next morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain and set up twelve stone pillars representing the twelve tribes of Israel.

Twelve stone pillars – representing the 12 tribes of Israel (Descendants of Jacob). In the book of Revelation, John writes of the twelve gates of heaven.

(Rev 21:12 KJV) And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:


(Exo 24:5 NIV) Then he sent young Israelite men, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as fellowship offerings to the LORD.

(Exo 24:6 NIV) Moses took half of the blood and put it in bowls, and the other half he sprinkled on the altar.

(Exo 24:7 NIV) Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it to the people. They responded, "We will do everything the LORD has said; we will obey."

The people agreed to the covenant and all that was written in the book.

Book H5612. cepher, say'-fer; or (fem.) ciphrah (Psa. 56 : 8 [H9], sif-raw'; from H5608; prop. writing (the art or a document); by impl. a book:--bill, book, evidence, X learn [-ed] (-ing), letter, register, scroll.

Covenant H1285. beriyth, ber-eeth'; from H1262 (in the sense of cutting [like H1254]); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh):--confederacy, [con-]feder[-ate], covenant, league.


(Exo 24:8 NIV) Moses then took the blood, sprinkled it on the people and said, "This is the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words."

(Exo 24:9 NIV) Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up

Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu and the seventy eldersof Israel went up

(Exo 24:10 NIV) and saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of sapphire, clear as the sky itself.

(Exo 24:11 NIV) But God did not raise his hand against these leaders of the Israelites; they saw God, and they ate and drank.


God Gives Moses the Tablets of Stone

(Exo 24:12 NIV) The LORD said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone, with the law and commands I have written for their instruction."

The tablets of stone of the laws and commandments.


(Exo 24:13 NIV) Then Moses set out with Joshua his aide, and Moses went up on the mountain of God.

(Exo 24:14 NIV) He said to the elders, "Wait here for us until we come back to you. Aaron and Hur are with you, and anyone involved in a dispute can go to them."

(Exo 24:15 NIV) When Moses went up on the mountain, the cloud covered it,

(Exo 24:16 NIV) and the glory of the LORD settled on Mount Sinai. For six days the cloud covered the mountain, and on the seventh day the LORD called to Moses from within the cloud.

(Exo 24:17 NIV) To the Israelites the glory of the LORD looked like a consuming fire on top of the mountain.

(Exo 24:18 NIV) Then Moses entered the cloud as he went on up the mountain. And he stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

chad
Apr 30th 2015, 08:03 PM
Exodus Chapter 25

Offerings for the Tabernacle.

The tabernacle was the dwelling place for God. It was a copy of the heavenly tabernacle.

Materials for making the Sanctuary of God.

(Exo 25:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 25:2 NIV) "Tell the Israelites to bring me an offering. You are to receive the offering for me from each man whose heart prompts him to give.

(Exo 25:3 NIV) These are the offerings you are to receive from them: gold, silver and bronze;

(Exo 25:4 NIV) blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen; goat hair;

(Exo 25:5 NIV) ram skins dyed red and hides of sea cows ; acacia wood;

(Exo 25:6 NIV) olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;

(Exo 25:7 NIV) and onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece.

(Exo 25:7 KJV) Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.

Onyx H7718. shoham, sho'-ham; from an unused root prob. mean. to blanch; a gem, prob. the beryl (from its pale green color):--onyx.

Breastplate H2833. choshen, kho'-shen; from an unused root prob. mean. to contain or sparkle; perh. a pocket (as holding the Urim and Thummim), or rich (as containing gems), used only of the gorget of the highpriest:--breastplate.

The breastplate was to be the Breastplate of Judgement (Exodus 28:30). It was to be worn by Aaron. Aaron shall bear the judgement of the children of Israel upon his heart continually. And in the breastplate was to be placed the Urim and Thumim.

(Exo 28:30 KJV) And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.

Urim H224. 'Uwriym, oo-reem'; plur. of H217; lights; Urim, the oracular brilliancy of the figures in the high-priest'sbreastplate:--Urim.

Thummim H8550. Tummiym, toom-meem'; plur. of H8537; perfections, i.e. (techn.) one of the epithets of the objects in the high-priest'sbreastplate as an emblem of complete Truth:--Thummim.


(Exo 25:8 NIV) "Then have them make a sanctuary for me, and I will dwell among them.

Sanctuary H4720. miqdash, mik-dawsh'; or miqqedash (Exod. 15 : 17), mik-ked-awsh'; from H6942; a consecrated thing or place, espec. a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum:--chapel, hallowed part, holy place, sanctuary.

(Exo 25:9 NIV) Make this tabernacle and all its furnishings exactly like the pattern I will show you.

Tabernacle H4908. mishkan, mish-kawn'; from H7931; a residence (includ. a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, fig. the grave; also the Temple); spec. the Tabernacle (prop. its wooden walls):--dwelleth, dwelling (place), habitation, tabernacle, tent.

The Ark of the Testament / Covenant

(Exo 25:10 NIV) "Have them make a chest of acacia wood--two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high.

(Exo 25:11 NIV) Overlay it with pure gold, both inside and out, and make a gold molding around it.

(Exo 25:12 NIV) Cast four gold rings for it and fasten them to its four feet, with two rings on one side and two rings on the other.

(Exo 25:13 NIV) Then make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.

(Exo 25:14 NIV) Insert the poles into the rings on the sides of the chest to carry it.

(Exo 25:15 NIV) The poles are to remain in the rings of this ark; they are not to be removed.

(Exo 25:16 NIV) Then put in the ark the Testimony, which I will give you.

Ark H727. 'arown, aw-rone'; or 'aron, aw-rone'; from H717 (in the sense of gathering); a box:--ark, chest, coffin.

Testimony H5715. 'eduwth, ay-dooth'; fem. of H5707; testimony:--testimony, witness.


The Lid for the Ark / Atonement cover

(Exo 25:17 NIV) "Make an atonement cover of pure gold--two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide.

(Exo 25:18 NIV) And make two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover.

Cherubim H3742. keruwb, ker-oob'; of uncert. der.; a cherub or imaginary figure:--cherub, [plur.] cherubims.

(Exo 25:19 NIV) Make one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other; make the cherubim of one piece with the cover, at the two ends.

(Exo 25:20 NIV) The cherubim are to have their wings spread upward, overshadowing the cover with them. The cherubim are to face each other, looking toward the cover.

(Exo 25:21 NIV) Place the cover on top of the ark and put in the ark the Testimony, which I will give you.

(Exo 25:21 KJV) And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.

Mercy H3727. kapporeth, kap-po'-reth; from H3722; a lid (used only of the cover of the sacred Ark):--mercy seat.

(Exo 25:22 NIV) There, above the cover between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the Testimony, I will meet with you and give you all my commands for the Israelites.

In the book of Revelation, John also sees a heavenly ark of the testament/covenant (Rev 11:19)


The Gold Table for the bread of presence

(Exo 25:23 NIV) "Make a table of acacia wood--two cubits long, a cubit wide and a cubit and a half high.

(Exo 25:24 NIV) Overlay it with pure gold and make a gold molding around it.

(Exo 25:25 NIV) Also make around it a rim a handbreadth wide and put a gold molding on the rim.

(Exo 25:26 NIV) Make four gold rings for the table and fasten them to the four corners, where the four legs are.

(Exo 25:27 NIV) The rings are to be close to the rim to hold the poles used in carrying the table.

(Exo 25:28 NIV) Make the poles of acacia wood, overlay them with gold and carry the table with them.


The Gold Plates and Dishes

(Exo 25:29 NIV) And make its plates and dishes of pure gold, as well as its pitchers and bowls for the pouring out of offerings.

(Exo 25:29 KJV) And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them.

Dishes H7086. qe'arah, keh-aw-raw'; prob. from H7167; a bowl (as cut out hollow):--charger, dish.

Spoons H3709. kaph, kaf; from H3721; the hollow hand or palm (so of the paw of an animal, of the sole, and even of the bowl of a dish or sling, the handle of a bolt, the leaves of a palm-tree); fig. power:--branch, + foot, hand ([-ful], -dle, [-led]), hollow, middle, palm, paw, power, sole, spoon.

Covers H7184. qasah, kaw-saw'; or qasvah, kas-vaw'; from an unused root mean. to be round; a jug (from its shape):--cover, cup.

Bowls H4518. menaqqiyth, men-ak-keeth'; from H5352; a sacrificial basin (for holding blood):--bowl.


The Bread

(Exo 25:30 NIV) Put the bread of the Presence on this table to be before me at all times.

(Exo 25:30 KJV) And thou shalt set upon the tableshowbread before me alway.

Showbread H3899. lechem, lekh'-em; from H3898; food (for man or beast), espec. bread, or grain (for making it):--([shew-]) bread, X eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals. See also H1036.


The Gold Lampstand

(Exo 25:31 NIV) "Make a lampstand of pure gold and hammer it out, base and shaft; its flowerlike cups, buds and blossoms shall be of one piece with it.

(Exo 25:31 KJV) And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

Candlestick H4501. menowrah, men-o-raw'; or menorah, men-o-raw'; fem. of H4500 (in the orig. sense of H5216); a chandelier:--candlestick.

Branches H7070. qaneh, kaw-neh'; from H7069; a reed (as erect); by resemblance a rod (espec. for measuring), shaft, tube, stem, the radius (of the arm), beam (of a steelyard):--balance, bone, branch, calamus, cane, reed, X spearman, stalk.

Bowls H1375. gebiya', gheb-ee'-ah; from an unused root (mean. to be convex); a goblet; by anal. the calyx of a flower:--house, cup, pot.

Knops H3730. kaphtor, kaf-tore'; or (Am. 9 : 1) kaphtowr, kaf-tore'; prob. from an unused root mean. to encircle; a chaplet; but used only in an architectonic sense, i.e. the capital of a column, or a wreath-like button or disk on the candelabrum:--knop, (upper) lintel.

Flowers H6525. perach, peh'-rakh; from H6524; a calyx (nat. or artif.); gen. bloom:--blossom, bud, flower.


(Exo 25:32 NIV) Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lampstand--three on one side and three on the other.

(Exo 25:33 NIV) Three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms are to be on one branch, three on the next branch, and the same for all six branches extending from the lampstand.

(Exo 25:33 KJV) Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.


(Exo 25:34 NIV) And on the lampstand there are to be four cups shaped like almondflowers with buds and blossoms.

(Exo 25:34 KJV) And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers.


(Exo 25:35 NIV) One bud shall be under the first pair of branches extending from the lampstand, a second bud under the second pair, and a thirdbud under the third pair--six branches in all.

(Exo 25:35 KJV) And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick.


(Exo 25:36 NIV) The buds and branches shall all be of one piece with the lampstand, hammered out of pure gold.

(Exo 25:36 KJV) Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.

In the Book of Revelation, John sees in a vision where seven golden lampstands. The lampstands represent the seven churches (Rev Rev1:12-1:20). The seven churches mentioned in the book of revelation are: Epheses (Rev 2:1), Smyrna (2:8), Perganum (2:12), Thyatira (2:18), Sardis (3:1), Philadelphia (2:7), Laodicea (3:14).


The Lamps

(Exo 25:37 NIV) "Then make its seven lamps and set them up on it so that they light the spacein front of it.

(Exo 25:37 KJV) And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.

Lamps H5216. niyr, neer; or nir, neer; also neyr, nare; or ner, nare; or (fem.) nerah, nay-raw'; from a prim. root [see H5214; H5135] prop. mean. to glisten; a lamp (i.e. the burner) or light (lit. or fig.):--candle, lamp, light.


(Exo 25:38 NIV) Its wick trimmers and trays are to be of pure gold.

(Exo 25:38 KJV) And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.

Tongs H4457. melqach, mel-kawkh'; or malqach, mal-kawkh'; from H3947; (only in dual) tweezers:--snuffers, tongs.

Snuffdishes H4289. machtah, makh-taw'; the same as H4288 in the sense of removal; a pan for live coals:--censer, firepan, snuffdish.


(Exo 25:39 NIV) A talent of pure gold is to be used for the lampstand and all these accessories.

(Exo 25:39 KJV) Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.

Talent H3603. kikkar, kik-kawr'; from H3769; a circle, i.e. (by impl.) a circumjacent tract or region, espec. the Ghor or valley of the Jordan; also a (round) loaf; also a talent (or large [round] coin):--loaf, morsel, piece, plain, talent.

Vessels H3627. keliy, kel-ee'; from H3615; something prepared, i.e. any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon):--armour ([-bearer]), artillery, bag, carriage, + furnish, furniture, instrument, jewel, that is made of, X one from another, that which pertaineth, pot, + psaltery, sack, stuff, thing, tool, vessel, ware, weapon, + whatsoever.


(Exo 25:40 NIV) See that you make them according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.

In the book of Revelation, John also sees in his vision the 7 lamps, which represent the 7 spirits of God (Rev 4:5).

chad
May 7th 2015, 10:29 PM
Exodus Chapter 26

The Tabernacle

The Curtains - 10 Curtains of fine linen.

(Exo 26:1 NIV) "Make the tabernacle with ten curtains of finely twisted linen and blue, purple and scarlet yarn, with cherubim worked into them by a skilled craftsman.

(Exo 26:2 NIV) All the curtains are to be the same size--twenty-eight cubits long and four cubits wide.

(Exo 26:3 NIV) Join five of the curtains together, and do the same with the other five.

(Exo 26:4 NIV) Make loops of blue material along the edge of the end curtain in one set, and do the same with the end curtain in the other set.

(Exo 26:5 NIV) Make fifty loops on one curtain and fifty loops on the end curtain of the other set, with the loops opposite each other.

(Exo 26:6 NIV) Then make fifty gold clasps and use them to fasten the curtains together so that the tabernacle is a unit.


The Curtains - 11 Curtains of goat hair.

(Exo 26:7 NIV) "Make curtains of goat hair for the tent over the tabernacle--eleven altogether.

(Exo 26:8 NIV) All eleven curtains are to be the same size--thirty cubits long and four cubits wide.

(Exo 26:9 NIV) Join five of the curtains together into one set and the other six into another set. Fold the sixth curtain double at the front of the tent.

(Exo 26:10 NIV) Make fifty loops along the edge of the end curtain in one set and also along the edge of the end curtain in the other set.

(Exo 26:11 NIV) Then make fifty bronze clasps and put them in the loops to fasten the tent together as a unit.

(Exo 26:12 NIV) As for the additional length of the tent curtains, the half curtain that is left over is to hang down at the rear of the tabernacle.

(Exo 26:13 NIV) The tent curtains will be a cubit longer on both sides; what is left will hang over the sides of the tabernacle so as to cover it.

The Tent coverings and frames

(Exo 26:14 NIV) Make for the tent a covering of ram skins dyed red, and over that a covering of hides of sea cows.


The Southern Side

The Frames - 20 Tent Frames for the southern side of the tabernacle

(Exo 26:15 NIV) "Make upright frames of acacia wood for the tabernacle.

(Exo 26:16 NIV) Each frame is to be ten cubits long and a cubit and a half wide,

(Exo 26:17 NIV) with two projections set parallel to each other. Make all the frames of the tabernacle in this way.

(Exo 26:18 NIV) Make twenty frames for the south side of the tabernacle

The Bases - 40 Silver Bases for the tent frames of the southern side of the tabernacle

(Exo 26:19 NIV) and make forty silver bases to go under them--two bases for each frame, one under each projection.


The Northern Side

The frames and bases - 20 frames and 40 silver bases for the northern side of the tabernacle

(Exo 26:20 NIV) For the other side, the north side of the tabernacle, make twenty frames

(Exo 26:21 NIV) and forty silver bases--two under each frame.


The Western Side

The frames - 6 frames for the western end side of the tabernacle

(Exo 26:22 NIV) Make six frames for the far end, that is, the west end of the tabernacle,


The far end

The frames - 2 frames for the corners at the far end of the tabernacle

(Exo 26:23 NIV) and make two frames for the corners at the far end.

(Exo 26:24 NIV) At these two corners they must be double from the bottom all the way to the top, and fitted into a single ring; both shall be like that.

(Exo 26:25 NIV) So there will be eight frames and sixteen silver bases--two under each frame.


The Crossbars

(Exo 26:26 NIV) "Also make crossbars of acacia wood: five for the frames on one side of the tabernacle,

(Exo 26:27 NIV) five for those on the otherside, and five for the frames on the west, at the far end of the tabernacle.

(Exo 26:28 NIV) The center crossbar is to extend from end to end at the middle of the frames.

(Exo 26:29 NIV) Overlay the frames with gold and make gold rings to hold the crossbars. Also overlay the crossbars with gold.


The set up of the tabernacle

(Exo 26:30 NIV) "Set up the tabernacle according to the plan shown you on the mountain.


The Most Holy Place and the Holy Place

The curtain

(Exo 26:31 NIV) "Make a curtain of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen, with cherubim worked into it by a skilled craftsman.

(Exo 26:32 NIV) Hang it with gold hooks on four posts of acacia wood overlaid with gold and standing on four silver bases.

(Exo 26:33 NIV) Hang the curtain from the clasps and place the ark of the Testimony behind the curtain. The curtain will separate the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place.

God had shown Moses, the plan of the tabernacle when he was on the Mount Sinai. The tabernacle of Moses was only a copy of the reality.

When Jesus died, the curtain of the temple was split in two (Mt 27:51; Mk 15:38; Luke 23:45).

Through the death and sacrifice of Jesus, by his blood, we have confidence to enter the most Holy place, opened for us through his curtain, that is his body (Heb 10:19-21 NIV).

(Heb 10:19 NIV) Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus,

(Heb 10:20 NIV) by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body,

(Heb 10:21 NIV) and since we have a great priest over the house of God,


The Atonement Cover and Ark/Lid.

(Exo 26:34 NIV) Put the atonement cover on the ark of the Testimony in the Most Holy Place.

The table and the lampstand

(Exo 26:35 NIV) Place the table outside the curtain on the north side of the tabernacle and put the lampstand opposite it on the south side.

The entrance curtain

(Exo 26:36 NIV) "For the entrance to the tent make a curtain of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen--the work of an embroiderer.

(Exo 26:37 NIV) Make gold hooks for this curtain and five posts of acacia wood overlaid with gold. And cast five bronze bases for them.

chad
May 15th 2015, 12:22 AM
Exodus Chapter 27

The Bronze Alter of Sacrifice for burnt offerings (*The alter and it's utensils were made of Bronze)

(Exo 27:1 NIV) "Build an altar of acacia wood, three cubits high; it is to be square, five cubits long and five cubits wide.

(Exo 27:2 NIV) Make a horn at each of the four corners, so that the horns and the altar are of one piece, and overlay the altar with bronze.

Utensils for the Bronze Alter

(Exo 27:3 NIV) Make all its utensils of bronze--its pots to remove the ashes, and its shovels, sprinkling bowls, meat forks and firepans.

(Exo 27:4 NIV) Make a grating for it, a bronze network, and make a bronze ring at each of the four corners of the network.

(Exo 27:5 NIV) Put it under the ledge of the altar so that it is halfway up the altar.


Poles for the Bronze Alter

(Exo 27:6 NIV) Make poles of acacia wood for the altar and overlay them with bronze.

(Exo 27:7 NIV) The poles are to be inserted into the rings so they will be on two sides of the altar when it is carried.

(Exo 27:8 NIV) Make the altar hollow, out of boards. It is to be made just as you were shown on the mountain.


The Courtyard of the Tabernacle

South Side

(Exo 27:9 NIV) "Make a courtyard for the tabernacle. The south side shall be a hundred cubits long and is to have curtains of finely twisted linen,

(Exo 27:10 NIV) with twenty posts and twenty bronze bases and with silver hooks and bands on the posts.

North Side

(Exo 27:11 NIV) The north side shall also be a hundred cubits long and is to have curtains, with twenty posts and twenty bronze bases and with silverhooks and bands on the posts.

West Side

(Exo 27:12 NIV) "The west end of the courtyard shall be fifty cubits wide and have curtains, with ten posts and ten bases.

East End

(Exo 27:13 NIV) On the east end, toward the sunrise, the courtyard shall also be fifty cubits wide.

(Exo 27:14 NIV) Curtains fifteen cubits long are to be on one side of the entrance, with three posts and three bases,

(Exo 27:15 NIV) and curtains fifteen cubits long are to be on the other side, with three posts and three bases.


Entrance

(Exo 27:16 NIV) "For the entrance to the courtyard, provide a curtain twenty cubits long, of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen--the work of an embroiderer--with four posts and four bases.

(Exo 27:17 NIV) All the posts around the courtyard are to have silver bands and hooks, and bronze bases.
Measurements and dimensions

(Exo 27:18 NIV) The courtyard shall be a hundred cubits long and fifty cubits wide, with curtains of finely twisted linen five cubits high, and with bronze bases.


Other Bronze Articles

(Exo 27:19 NIV) All the other articles used in the service of the tabernacle, whatever their function, including all the tent pegs for it and those for the courtyard, are to be of bronze.

Olive Oil for the Lamps

(Exo 27:20 NIV) "Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning.


The Tent of Meeting

(Exo 27:21 NIV) In the Tent of Meeting, outside the curtain that is in front of the Testimony, Aaron and his sons are to keep the lampsburning before the LORD from evening till morning. This is to be a lasting ordinance among the Israelites for the generations to come.

(Exo 27:21 KJV) In the tabernacle of the congregation without the veil, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

Veil H6532. poreketh, po-reh'-keth; fem. act. part. of the same as H6531; a separatrix, i.e. (the sacred) screen:--vail.
Testimony H5715. 'eduwth, ay-dooth'; fem. of H5707; testimony:--testimony, witness.

Statue H2708. chuqqah, khook-kaw'; fem. of H2706, and mean. substantially the same:--appointed, custom, manner, ordinance, site, statute.

chad
May 22nd 2015, 12:30 AM
Exodus Chapter 28

The Priests Garments

(Exo 28:1 NIV) "Have Aaron your brother brought to you from among the Israelites, along with his sons Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, so they may serve me as priests.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:1 KJV) And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.

Priest’s H3547. kahan, kaw-han'; a prim. root, appar. mean. to mediate in religious services; but used only as denom. from H3548; to officiate as a priest; fig. to put on regalia:--deck, be (do the office of a, execute the, minister in the) priest ('s office).


(Exo 28:2 NIV) Make sacred garments for your brother Aaron, to give him dignity and honor.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:2 KJV) And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty.

Holy H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.


(Exo 28:3 NIV) Tell all the skilled men to whom I have given wisdom in such matters that they are to make garments for Aaron, for his consecration, so he may serve me as priest.

(Exo 28:4 NIV) These are the garments they are to make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so they may serve me as priests.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:4 KJV) And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broideredcoat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.

1. Breastplate H2833. choshen, kho'-shen; from an unused root prob. mean. to contain or sparkle; perh. a pocket (as holding the Urim and Thummim), or rich (as containing gems), used only of the gorget of the highpriest:--breastplate.

2. Ephod H646. 'ephowd, ay-fode'; rarely 'ephod, ay-fode;'; prob. of for. der.; a girdle; spec. the ephod or high-priest's shoulder piece; also gen. an image:--ephod.

3. Broidered H8665. tashbets, tash-bates'; from H7660; checkered stuff (as reticulated):--broidered.

4. Mitre 4701. mitsnepheth, mits-neh'-feth; from H6801; a tiara, i.e. official turban (of a king or high priest):--diadem, mitre.

5. Girdle H73. 'abnet, ab-nate'; of uncert. deriv.; a belt:--girdle.


The Robe (Tunic)
(Exo 28:5 NIV) Have them use gold, and blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and fine linen.


The Ephod
(Exo 28:6 NIV) "Make the ephod of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen--the work of a skilled craftsman.


The Shoulder pieces
(Exo 28:7 NIV) It is to have two shoulder pieces attached to two of its corners, so it can be fastened.


The Waist Band (Sash)
(Exo 28:8 NIV) Its skillfully woven waistband is to be like it--of one piece with the ephod and made with gold, and with blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and with finely twisted linen.

(Exo 28:9 NIV) "Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel

Onyx H7718. shoham, sho'-ham; from an unused root prob. mean. to blanch; a gem, prob. the beryl (from its pale green color):--onyx.


(Exo 28:10 NIV) in the order of their birth--six names on one stone and the remaining six on the other.

(Exo 28:11 NIV) Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings

(Exo 28:12 NIV) and fasten them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Aaron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the LORD.

(Exo 28:13 NIV) Make gold filigree settings

(Exo 28:14 NIV) and two braided chains of pure gold, like a rope, and attach the chains to the settings.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:14 KJV) And two chains of pure gold at the ends; of wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the wreathen chains to the ouches.

Wreathen H5688. 'aboth, ab-oth'; or 'abowth, ab-oth'; or (fem.) 'abothah, ab-oth-aw'; the same as H5687; something intwined, i.e. a string, wreath or foliage:--band, cord, rope, thick bough (branch), wreathen (chain).


The Breastplate

(Exo 28:15 NIV) "Fashion a breastpiece for making decisions--the work of a skilled craftsman. Make it like the ephod: of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen.

(Exo 28:15 KJV) And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.

Breastplate H2833. choshen, kho'-shen; from an unused root prob. mean. to contain or sparkle; perh. a pocket (as holding the Urim and Thummim), or rich (as containing gems), used only of the gorget of the highpriest:--breastplate.

Cunning H2803. chashab, khaw-shab'; a prim. root; prop. to plait or interpenetrate, i.e. (lit.) to weave or (gen.) to fabricate; fig. to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute:--(make) account (of), conceive, consider, count, cunning (man, work, workman), devise, esteem, find out, forecast, hold, imagine, impute, invent, be like, mean, purpose, reckon (-ing be made), regard, think.


(Exo 28:16 NIV) It is to be square--a span long and a span wide--and folded double.

Span H2239. zereth, zeh'-reth; from H2219; the spread of the fingers, i.e. a span:--span.

(Exo 28:17 NIV) Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. In the firstrow there shall be a ruby, a topaz and a beryl;

KJV reads - (Exo 28:17 KJV) And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row.

Sardius H124. 'odem, o'-dem; from H119; redness, i.e. the ruby, garnet, or some other red gem:--sardius.

Topaz H6357. pitdah, pit-daw'; of for. der.; a gem, prob. the topaz:--topaz.

Carbunble H1304. bareqeth, baw-reh'-keth; or barekath, baw-rek-ath'; from H1300; a gem (as flashing), perh. the emerald:--carbuncle.


(Exo 28:18 NIV) in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald;

KJV reads - (Exo 28:18 KJV) And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.

Emerald H5306. nophek, no'-fek; from an unused root mean. to glisten; shining; a gem, prob. the garnet:--emerald.

Sapphire H5601. cappiyr, sap-peer'; from H5608; a gem (perh. as used for scratching other substances), prob. the sapphire:--sapphire.

Diamond H3095. yahalom, yah-hal-ome'; from H1986 (in the sense of hardness); a precious stone, prob. onyx:--diamond.

(Exo 28:19 NIV) in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;

KJV reads - (Exo 28:19 KJV) And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.

Ligure H3958. leshem, leh'-shem; from an unused root of uncert. mean.; a gem, perh. the jacinth:--ligure.

Agate H7618. shebuw, sheb-oo'; from an unused root (prob. ident. with that of H7617 through the idea of subdivision into flashes or streamers [comp. H7632]) mean. to flame; a gem (from its sparkle), prob. the agate:--agate.

Amethyst H306. 'achlamah, akh-law'-maw; perh. from H2492 (and thus dream-stone); a gem, prob, the amethyst:--amethyst.


(Exo 28:20 NIV) in the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx and a jasper. Mount them in gold filigree settings.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:20 KJV) And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their enclosings.

Beryl H8658. tarshiysh, tar-sheesh'; prob. of for. der. [comp. H8659]; a gem, perh. the topaz:--beryl.

Onyx H7718. shoham, sho'-ham; from an unused root prob. mean. to blanch; a gem, prob. the beryl (from its pale green color):--onyx.

Jasper H3471. yashepheh, yaw-shef-ay'; from an unused root mean. to polish; a gem supposed to be jasper (from the resemblance in name):--jasper.


(Exo 28:21 NIV) There are to be twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.

(Exo 28:22 NIV) "For the breastpiece make braided chains of pure gold, like a rope.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:22 KJV) And thou shalt make upon the breastplate chains at the ends of wreathen work of pure gold.


(Exo 28:23 NIV) Make two gold rings for it and fasten them to two corners of the breastpiece.

(Exo 28:24 NIV) Fasten the two gold chains to the rings at the corners of the breastpiece,

(Exo 28:25 NIV) and the other ends of the chains to the two settings, attaching them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front.

(Exo 28:26 NIV) Make two gold rings and attach them to the other two corners of the breastpiece on the inside edge next to the ephod.

(Exo 28:27 NIV) Make two more gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod, close to the seam just above the waistband of the ephod.

(Exo 28:28 NIV) The rings of the breastpiece are to be tied to the rings of the ephod with blue cord, connecting it to the waistband, so that the breastpiece will not swing out from the ephod.

(Exo 28:29 NIV) "Whenever Aaron enters the Holy Place, he will bear the names of the sons of Israel over his heart on the breastpiece of decision as a continuing memorial before the LORD.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:29 KJV) And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually.


The Urim and Thummin

(Exo 28:30 NIV) Also put the Urim and the Thummim in the breastpiece, so they may be over Aaron's heart whenever he enters the presence of the LORD. Thus Aaron will always bear the means of making decisions for the Israelites over his heartbefore the LORD.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:30 KJV) And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.

Urim H224. 'Uwriym, oo-reem'; plur. of H217; lights; Urim, theoracularbrilliancy of the figures in the high-priest's breastplate:--Urim.

Thummim H8550. Tummiym, toom-meem'; plur. of H8537; perfections, i.e. (techn.) one of the epithets of the objects in the high-priest's breastplate as an emblem of complete Truth:--Thummim.

* Thummim - an emblem of complete truth


(Exo 28:31 NIV) "Make the robe of the ephod entirely of bluecloth,

(Exo 28:32 NIV) with an opening for the head in its center. There shall be a woven edge like a collar around this opening, so that it will not tear.

(Exo 28:33 NIV) Make pomegranates of blue, purple and scarletyarn around the hem of the robe, with gold bells between them.

Pomegranates H7416. rimmown, rim-mone'; or rimmon, rim-mone'; from H7426; a pomegranate, the tree (from its upright growth) or the fruit (also an artificial ornament):--pomegranate.


(Exo 28:34 NIV) The gold bells and the pomegranates are to alternate around the hem of the robe.

(Exo 28:35 NIV) Aaron must wear it when he ministers. The sound of the bells will be heard when he enters the Holy Place before the LORD and when he comes out, so that he will not die.

(Exo 28:36 NIV) "Make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it as on a seal: HOLY TO THE LORD.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:36 KJV) And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

Signety H2368. chowtham, kho-thawm'; or chotham, kho-thawm'; from H2856; a signature-ring:--seal, signet.

HOLINESS H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.

LORD H 3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.


The Turban (Head band)

(Exo 28:37 NIV) Fasten a blue cord to it to attach it to the turban; it is to be on the front of the turban.

(Exo 28:38 NIV) It will be on Aaron's forehead, and he will bear the guilt involved in the sacred gifts the Israelites consecrate, whatever their gifts may be. It will be on Aaron's forehead continually so that they will be acceptable to the LORD.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:38 KJV) And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the LORD.

Iniquity H5771. 'avon, aw-vone'; or 'avown (H2 Kings 7 : 9; Psa. 51 : 5 [H7]), aw-vone'; from H5753; perversity, i.e. (moral) evil:--fault, iniquity, mischief, punishment (of iniquity), sin.

Hallow H6942. qadash, kaw-dash'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally):--appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), X wholly.


(Exo 28:39 NIV) "Weave the tunic of fine linen and make the turban of fine linen. The sash is to be the work of an embroiderer.

(Exo 28:40 NIV) Make tunics, sashes and headbands for Aaron's sons, to give them dignity and honor.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:40 KJV) And for Aaron's sons thou shalt make coats, and thou shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty.

Coats H3801. kethoneth, keth-o'-neth; or kuttoneth, koot-to'-neth; from an unused root mean. to cover [comp. H3802]: a shirt:--coat, garment, robe.

Girdles H73. 'abnet, ab-nate'; of uncert. deriv.; a belt:--girdle.

Bonnets H4021. migba'ah, mig-baw-aw'; from the same as H1389; a cap (as hemispherical):--bonnet.

Glory H3519. kabowd, kaw-bode'; rarely kabod, kaw-bode'; from H3513; prop. weight; but only fig. in a good sense, splendor or copiousness:--glorious (-ly), glory, honour (-able).

Beauty H8597. tiph'arah, tif-aw-raw'; or tiph'ereth, tif-eh'-reth; from H6286; ornament (abstr. or concr., lit. or fig.):--beauty (-iful), bravery, comely, fair, glory (-ious), honour, majesty.


The consecration (Dedication) of the garments and priests

(Exo 28:41 NIV) After you put these clothes on your brother Aaron and his sons, anoint and ordain them. Consecrate them so they may serve me as priests.

Anoint H4886. mashach, maw-shakh'; a prim. root; to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by impl. to consecrate; also to paint:--anoint, paint.

Consecrate H4390. male', maw-lay'; or mala' (Esth. 7 : 5), maw-law'; a prim. root, to fill or (intrans.) be full of, in a wide application (lit. and fig.):--accomplish, confirm, + consecrate, be at an end, be expired, be fenced, fill, fulfil, (be, become, X draw, give in, go) fully (-ly, -ly set, tale), [over-] flow, fulness, furnish, gather (selves, together), presume, replenish, satisfy, set, space, take a [hand-] full, + have wholly.


(Exo 28:42 NIV) "Make linen undergarments as a covering for the body, reaching from the waist to the thigh.

(Exo 28:43 NIV) Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die. "This is to be a lasting ordinance for Aaron and his descendants.

KJV reads - (Exo 28:43 KJV) And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever unto him and his seed after him.

Tabernacle H168. 'ohel, o'-hel; from H166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance):--covering, (dwelling) (place), home, tabernacle, tent.

Congregation H4150. mow'ed, mo-ade'; or mo'ed mo-ade'; or (fem.) mow'adah (H2 Chron. 8 : 13), mo-aw-daw'; from H3259; prop. an appointment, i.e. a fixed time or season; spec. a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand):--appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).

Seed H2233. zera', zeh'-rah; from H2232; seed; fig. fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity:-- X carnally, child, fruitful, seed (-time), sowing-time.

chad
May 28th 2015, 09:20 PM
Exodus Chapter 29

The consecration (Dedication) of the priests

(Exo 29:1 NIV) "This is what you are to do to consecrate them, so they may serve me as priests: Take a young bull and two rams without defect.

(Exo 29:2 NIV) And from fine wheat flour, without yeast, make bread, and cakes mixed with oil, and wafers spread with oil.

Kjv reads - (Exo 29:2 KJV) And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.

Unleavened H4682. matstsah, mats-tsaw'; from H4711 in the sense of greedily devouring for sweetness; prop. sweetness; concr. sweet (i.e. not soured or bittered with yeast); spec. an unfermented cake or loaf, or (ellipt.) the festival of Passover (because no leaven was then used):--unleavened (bread, cake), without leaven.


(Exo 29:3 NIV) Put them in a basket and present them in it--along with the bull and the two rams.

(Exo 29:4 NIV) Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and wash them with water.

(Exo 29:5 NIV) Take the garments and dress Aaron with the tunic, the robe of the ephod, the ephod itself and the breastpiece. Fasten the ephod on him by its skillfully woven waistband.

(Exo 29:5 KJV) And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod:

Coat H3801. kethoneth, keth-o'-neth; or kuttoneth, koot-to'-neth; from an unused root mean. to cover [comp. H3802]: a shirt:--coat, garment, robe.

Robe H4598. me'iyl, meh-eel'; from H4603 in the sense of covering; a robe (i.e. upper and outer garment):--cloke, coat, mantle, robe.

Ephod H646. 'ephowd, ay-fode'; rarely 'ephod, ay-fode;'; prob. of for. der.; a girdle; spec. the ephod or high-priest's shoulder piece; also gen. an image:--ephod.

Breastplate H2833. choshen, kho'-shen; from an unused root prob. mean. to contain or sparkle; perh. a pocket (as holding the Urim and Thummim), or rich (as containing gems), used only of the gorget of the highpriest:--breastplate.
Girdle H73. 'abnet, ab-nate'; of uncert. deriv.; a belt:--girdle.


(Exo 29:6 NIV) Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred diadem to the turban.

(Exo 29:6 KJV) And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the mitre.

Crown H5145. nezer, neh'-zer; or nezer, nay'-zer; from H5144; prop. something set apart, i.e. (abstr.) dedication (of a priest or Nazirite); hence (concr.) unshorn locks; also (by impl.) a chaplet (espec. of royalty):--consecration, crown, hair, separation.

Mitre 4701. mitsnepheth, mits-neh'-feth; from H6801; a tiara, i.e. official turban (of a king or high priest):--diadem, mitre.


(Exo 29:7 NIV) Take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it on his head.

Anointing H4888. mishchah, meesh-khaw'; or moshchah, mosh-khaw'; from H4886; unction (the act); by impl. a consecratory gift:--(to be) anointed (-ing), ointment.

Oil H8081. shemen, sheh'-men; from H8080; grease, espec. liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); fig. richness:--anointing, X fat (things), X fruitful, oil ([-ed]), ointment, olive, + pine.


(Exo 29:8 NIV) Bring his sons and dress them in tunics

(Exo 29:9 NIV) and put headbands on them. Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons. The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance. In this way you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

The priesthood in the order of Aaron (See Hebrews 7:11)

(Exo 29:9 KJV) And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.

Girdles H73. 'abnet, ab-nate'; of uncert. deriv.; a belt:--girdle.

Bonnets H4021. migba'ah, mig-baw-aw'; from the same as H1389; a cap (as hemispherical):--bonnet.


A Sin Offering – The Bull

(Exo 29:10 NIV) "Bring the bull to the front of the Tent of Meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head.

(Exo 29:11 NIV) Slaughter it in the Lord's presence at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.

(Exo 29:12 NIV) Take some of the bull's blood and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour out the rest of it at the base of the altar.

(Exo 29:13 NIV) Then take all the fat around the inner parts, the covering of the liver, and both kidneys with the fat on them, and burn them on the altar.

(Exo 29:14 NIV) But burn the bull's flesh and its hide and its offal outside the camp. It is a sin offering.


A sin offering had to be made for the Aaron and his sons (priests) for their sin, before they could stand before the LORD and offer sacrifices and serve in the office of priests for the people of Israel.

The laying of hands on the head of the animal sacrificed was symbolic of the transference of sin onto the animal being sacrificed (See Leviticus 16:20-22).


A Burnt Offering–The First Ram

(Exo 29:15 NIV) "Take one of the rams, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head.

(Exo 29:16 NIV) Slaughter it and take the blood and sprinkle it against the altar on all sides.

(Exo 29:17 NIV) Cut the ram into pieces and wash the inner parts and the legs, putting them with the head and the other pieces.

(Exo 29:18 NIV) Then burn the entire ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the LORD, a pleasing aroma, an offering made to the LORD by fire.

The first ram was a burnt offering – An offering burnt on the Alter before the LORD.


An Ordination or Consecration Offering – The Second Ram

(Exo 29:19 NIV) "Take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head.

(Exo 29:20 NIV) Slaughter it, take some of its blood and put it on the lobes of the right ears of Aaron and his sons, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet. Then sprinkle blood against the altar on all sides.

(Exo 29:21 NIV) And take some of the blood on the altar and some of the anointing oil and sprinkle it on Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments. Then he and his sons and their garments will be consecrated.

(Exo 29:22 NIV) "Take from this ram the fat, the fat tail, the fat around the inner parts, the covering of the liver, both kidneys with the fat on them, and the right thigh. (This is the ram for the ordination.)


(Exo 29:22 KJV) Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration:

Consecration H4394. millu', mil-loo'; from H4390; a fulfilling (only in plur.), i.e. (lit.) a setting (of gems), or (techn.) consecration (also concr. a dedicatory sacrifice):--consecration, be set.


Wave offering - Offer a Grain Offering

(Exo 29:23 NIV) From the basket of bread made without yeast, which is before the LORD, take a loaf, and a cake made with oil, and a wafer.

Unleavened H4682. matstsah, mats-tsaw'; from H4711 in the sense of greedily devouring for sweetness; prop. sweetness; concr. sweet (i.e. not soured or bittered with yeast); spec. an unfermented cake or loaf, or (ellipt.) the festival of Passover (because no leaven was then used):--unleavened (bread, cake), without leaven.


(Exo 29:24 NIV) Put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons and wave them before the LORD as a wave offering.

Kjv reads - (Exo 29:26 KJV) And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be thy part.

Wave H5130. nuwph, noof; a prim. root; to quiver (i.e. vibrate up and down, or rock to and fro); used in a great variety of applications (includ. sprinkling, beckoning, rubbing, bastinadoing, sawing, waving, etc.):--lift up, move, offer, perfume, send, shake, sift, strike, wave.

Wave Offering H 8573. tenuwphah, ten-oo-faw'; from H5130; a brandishing (in threat); by impl. tumult; spec. the official undulation of sacrificial offerings:--offering, shaking, wave (offering).


(Exo 29:25 NIV) Then take them from their hands and burn them on the altar along with the burnt offering for a pleasing aroma to the LORD, an offering made to the LORD by fire.


Wave Offering - Breast of the Ram

(Exo 29:26 NIV) After you take the breast of the ram for Aaron's ordination, wave it before the LORD as a wave offering, and it will be your share.

(Exo 29:27 NIV) "Consecrate those parts of the ordination ram that belong to Aaron and his sons: the breast that was waved and the thigh that was presented.

(Exo 29:28 NIV) This is always to be the regular share from the Israelites for Aaron and his sons. It is the contribution the Israelites are to make to the LORD from their fellowship offerings.

Kjv reads - (Exo 29:28 KJV) And it shall be Aaron's and his sons' by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD.

Heave offering - H8641. teruwmah, ter-oo-maw'; or terumah (Deut. 12 : 11), ter-oo-maw'; from H7311; a present (as offered up), espec. in sacrifice or as tribute:--gift, heave offering ([shoulder]), oblation, offered (-ing).

Peace offering H8002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.


(Exo 29:29 NIV) "Aaron's sacred garments will belong to his descendants so that they can be anointed and ordained in them.

(Exo 29:30 NIV) The son who succeeds him as priest and comes to the Tent of Meeting to minister in the Holy Place is to wear them seven days.


Eating of the offerings – At the entrance of the tent of meeting

(Exo 29:31 NIV) "Take the ram for the ordination and cook the meat in a sacred place.

(Exo 29:32 NIV) At the entrance to the Tent of Meeting, Aaron and his sons are to eat the meat of the ram and the bread that is in the basket.

(Exo 29:33 NIV) They are to eat these offerings by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no one else may eat them, because they are sacred.

Kjv reads - (Exo 29:33 KJV) And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.

The meat and bread sacrificed on the alter was for Aaron and and his sons. No one else could eat the meat or bread sacrificed to God, for the food was considered holy.

Holy H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.


(Exo 29:34 NIV) And if any of the meat of the ordination ram or any bread is leftover till morning, burn it up. It must not be eaten, because it is sacred.

If there was any food left over, it must be burned, because the food was holy and no one else was to eat of it.


The 7 days of ordination for Aaron and his sons.

(Exo 29:35 NIV) "Do for Aaron and his sons everything I have commanded you, taking seven days to ordain them.

(Exo 29:36 NIV) Sacrifice a bull each day as a sin offering to make atonement. Purify the altar by making atonement for it, and anoint it to consecrate it.

(Exo 29:37 NIV) For seven days make atonement for the altar and consecrate it. Then the altar will be most holy, and whatever touches it will be holy.

7 bulls were to be sacrificed in total, one bull each day as a sin offering. An offering for sin for every day.


Daily Offerings

(Exo 29:38 NIV) "This is what you are to offer on the altar regularly each day: two lambs a year old.

(Exo 29:39 NIV) Offer one in the morning and the other at twilight.


Morning Offering - First Lamb

(Exo 29:40 NIV) With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives, and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering.

(Exo 29:40 KJV) And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.

Hin H1969. hiyn, heen; prob. of Eg. or.; a hin or liquid measure:--hin.


Evening Offering - Second Lamb

(Exo 29:41 NIV) Sacrifice the other lamb at twilight with the same grain offering and its drink offering as in the morning--a pleasing aroma, an offering made to the LORD by fire.

Types of Sacrifices: Sin Offering, Burnt Offering, Ordination/Consecration offering, Wave Offering(sacrificial offerings - Heave offering or a present, - Peace Offering - Thanks).

The offerings and sacrifices made were prescribed by the law (Hebrews 8:3-4), they were not able to clear the conscience of the worshipper, but were external regulations required until the time of the new order (The new covenant established through Jesus Christ - Hebrews 9:8-28)


(Exo 29:42 NIV) "For the generations to come this burnt offering is to be made regularly at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting before the LORD. There I will meet you and speak to you;

(Exo 29:43 NIV) there also I will meet with the Israelites, and the place will be consecrated by my glory.

Glory H3519. kabowd, kaw-bode'; rarely kabod, kaw-bode'; from H3513; prop. weight; but only fig. in a good sense, splendor or copiousness:--glorious (-ly), glory, honour (-able).

(Exo 29:44 NIV) "So I will consecrate the Tent of Meeting and the altar and will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests.

(Exo 29:45 NIV) Then I will dwell among the Israelites and be their God.

Dwell H7931. shakan, shaw-kan'; a prim. root [appar. akin (by transm.) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; comp. H5531, H7925]; to reside or permanently stay (lit. or fig.):--abide, continue, (cause to, make to) dwell (-er), have habitation, inhabit, lay, place, (cause to) remain, rest, set (up).

(Exo 29:46 NIV) They will know that I am the LORD their God, who brought them out of Egypt so that I might dwell among them. I am the LORD their God.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.

God H430. 'elohiym, el-o-heem'; plur. of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but spec. used (in the plur. thus, esp. with the art.) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:--angels, X exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.

chad
Jun 4th 2015, 08:43 PM
Exodus Chapter 30

The Gold alter for burning incense

(Exo 30:1 NIV) "Make an altar of acacia wood for burning incense.

(Exo 30:2 NIV) It is to be square, a cubit long and a cubit wide, and two cubits high --its horns of one piece with it.

(Exo 30:3 NIV) Overlay the top and all the sides and the horns with pure gold, and make a gold molding around it.

(Exo 30:4 NIV) Make two gold rings for the altar belowthe molding--two on opposite sides--to hold the poles used to carry it.

(Exo 30:5 NIV) Make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.


The location of the Gold Alter of Incense

(Exo 30:6 NIV) Put the altar in front of the curtain that is before the ark of the Testimony--before the atonement cover that is over the Testimony--where I will meet with you.

(Exo 30:7 NIV) "Aaron must burn fragrant incense on the altar every morning when he tends the lamps.

(Exo 30:8 NIV) He must burn incense again when he lights the lamps at twilight so incense will burn regularly before the LORD for the generations to come.


Regulations for the Gold Alter of Incense

(Exo 30:9 NIV) Do not offer on this altar any other incense or any burnt offering or grain offering, and do not pour a drink offering on it.

(Exo 30:10 NIV) Once a year Aaron shall make atonement on its horns. This annual atonement must be made with the blood of the atoning sin offering for the generations to come. It is most holy to the LORD."


A Ransom

(Exo 30:11 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 30:12 NIV) "When you take a census of the Israelites to count them, each one must pay the LORD a ransom for his life at the time he is counted. Then no plague will come on them when you number them.

In the Old Testament, a ransom had to be paid for a person’s life. The amount was half a shekel. The word ransom in Hebrew means a redemption price.

Ransom H3083. lutron, loo'-tron; from G3089; something to loosen with, i.e. a redemption price (fig. atonement):--ransom.

In the New Testament, Jesus death on the cross and the shedding of his blood, not only forgave us of our sins (Mat 6:28; Ephesians 1:7; Col 1:14; Heb 9:22-28).

Jesus death paid the ransom for our lives. His life was given as a ransom for many (Mt 20:28; Mk 10:45; 1 Tim 2:5) and Paul when writing to the Corinthians reminds them that they were bought for a price (1 Cor 5:19-20, 1 Cor 7:23)

(1 Tim 2:5 KJV) For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
(1 Tim 2:6 KJV) Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

Ransom G 487. antilutron, an-til'-oo-tron; from G473 and G3083; a redemption-price:--ransom.


(Exo 30:13 NIV) Each one who crosses over to those already counted is to give a half shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, which weighs twenty gerahs. This half shekel is an offering to the LORD.

The half shekel was the price for the ransom. It was an offering to the LORD.

(Exo 30:14 NIV) All who cross over, those twenty years old or more, are to give an offering to the LORD.

(Exo 30:15 NIV) The rich are not to give more than a half shekel and the poor are not to give less when you make the offering to the LORD to atone for your lives.

The price of half shekel was the same for the rich and the poor.


(Exo 30:16 NIV) Receive the atonement money from the Israelites and use it for the service of the Tent of Meeting. It will be a memorial for the Israelites before the LORD, making atonement for your lives."

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).

The money was used for the service of the tent of meeting.


The Bronze Basin for washing

(Exo 30:17 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 30:18 NIV) "Make a bronze basin, with its bronze stand, for washing. Place it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and put water in it.

(Exo 30:19 NIV) Aaron and his sons are to wash their hands and feet with water from it.

(Exo 30:20 NIV) Whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting, they shall wash with water so that they will not die. Also, when they approach the altar to minister by presenting an offering made to the LORD by fire,

(Exo 30:21 NIV) they shall wash their hands and feet so that they will not die. This is to be a lasting ordinance for Aaron and his descendants for the generations to come."


The Holy (Sacred) Anointing Oil

(Exo 30:22 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 30:23 NIV) "Take the following fine spices: 500 shekels of liquid myrrh, half as much (that is, 250 shekels) of fragrant cinnamon, 250 shekels of fragrant cane,


(Exo 30:23 KJV) Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,

The ingredients for the anointing oil.

Myrrh H4753. mor, more; or mowr, more; from H4843; myrrh (as distilling in drops, and also as bitter):--myrrh.

Cinnamon H7076. qinnamown, kin-naw-mone'; from an unused root (mean. to erect); cinnamon bark (as in upright rolls):--cinnamon.

Calamus H7070. qaneh, kaw-neh'; from H7069; a reed (as erect); by resemblance a rod (espec. for measuring), shaft, tube, stem, the radius (of the arm), beam (of a steelyard):--balance, bone, branch, calamus, cane, reed, X spearman, stalk.


(Exo 30:24 NIV) 500 shekels of cassia--all according to the sanctuary shekel--and a hin of olive oil.

Cassia H6916. qiddah, kid-daw'; from H6915; cassia bark (as in shrivelled rolls):--cassia.


(Exo 30:25 NIV) Make these into a sacred anointing oil, a fragrant blend, the work of a perfumer. It will be the sacred anointing oil.

Kjv reads - (Exo 30:25 KJV) And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.

Holy H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.

Anointing H4888. mishchah, meesh-khaw'; or moshchah, mosh-khaw'; from H4886; unction (the act); by impl. a consecratory gift:--(to be) anointed (-ing), ointment.

Oil H8081. shemen, sheh'-men; from H8080; grease, espec. liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); fig. richness:--anointing, X fat (things), X fruitful, oil ([-ed]), ointment, olive, + pine.


(Exo 30:26 NIV) Then use it to anoint the Tent of Meeting, the ark of the Testimony,

Anoint H4886. mashach, maw-shakh'; a prim. root; to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by impl. to consecrate; also to paint:--anoint, paint.

(Exo 30:27 NIV) the table and all its articles, the lampstand and its accessories, the altar of incense,

(Exo 30:28 NIV) the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and the basin with its stand.

(Exo 30:29 NIV) You shall consecrate them so they will be most holy, and whatever touches them will be holy.


Kjv reads - (Exo 30:29 KJV) And thou shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy.

Sanctify H6942. qadash, kaw-dash'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally):--appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), X wholly.

The purpose of using the Holy Oil to rub or paint the alter and it’s articles was to sanctify them and make them ceremonially clean.


(Exo 30:30 NIV) "Anoint Aaron and his sons and consecrate them so they may serve me as priests.

Consecrate H6942. qadash, kaw-dash'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally):--appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), X wholly.

Aaron and his sons were to be anointed with the holy oil to make them ceremonially clean.


(Exo 30:31 NIV) Say to the Israelites, 'This is to be my sacred anointing oil for the generations to come.

(Exo 30:32 NIV) Do not pour it on men's bodies and do not make any oil with the same formula. It is sacred, and you are to consider it sacred.

Kjv reads - (Exo 30:32 KJV) Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you.

Holy H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.

The oil was considered sacred (Holy) and was used to anoint a priest.


(Exo 30:33 NIV) Whoever makes perfume like it and whoever puts it on anyone other than a priest must be cut off from his people.'"

Anoint H4886. mashach, maw-shakh'; a prim. root; to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by impl. to consecrate; also to paint:--anoint, paint.


The Holy Incense

(Exo 30:34 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Take fragrant spices--gumresin, onycha and galbanum--and pure frankincense, all in equal amounts,

Kjv reads - (Exo 30:34 KJV) And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight:

Stacte H5198. nataph, naw-tawf'; from H5197; a drop; spec., an aromatic gum (prob. stacte):--drop, stacte.

Onycha H7827. shecheleth, shekh-ay'-leth; appar. from the same as H7826 through some obscure idea, perh. that of peeling off by concussion of sound; a scale or shell, i.e. the aromatic mussel:--onycha.

Galbanum H2464. chelbenah, khel-ben-aw'; from H2459; galbanam, an odorous gum (as if fatty):--galbanum.
Frankincense H3828. lebownah, leb-o-naw'; or lebonah, leb-o-naw'; from H3836; frankincense (from its whiteness or perh. that of its smoke):--(frank-) incense.


(Exo 30:35 NIV) and make a fragrant blend of incense, the work of a perfumer. It is to be salted and pure and sacred.

Kjv reads - (Exo 30:35 KJV) And thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy:

Perfume H7004. qetoreth, ket-o'-reth; from H6999; a fumigation:--(sweet) incense, perfume.

Confection H7545. roqach, ro'-kakh; from H7542; an aromatic:--confection, ointment.

Apothecary H7543. raqach, raw-kakh'; a prim. root; to perfume:--apothecary, compound, make [ointment], prepare, spice.

Tempered H4414. malach, maw-lakh'; a prim. root; prop. to rub to pieces or pulverize; intrans. to disappear as dust; also (as denom. from H4417) to salt whether intern. (to season with salt) or extern. (to rub with salt):-- X at all, salt, season, temper together, vanish away.

Pure H2889. tahowr, taw-hore'; or tahor, taw-hore'; from H2891; pure (in a phys., chem., cerem. or moral sense):--clean, fair, pure (-ness).

Holy H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.


(Exo 30:36 NIV) Grind some of it to powder and place it in front of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting, where I will meet with you. It shall be most holy to you.

(Exo 30:37 NIV) Do not make any incense with this formula for yourselves; consider it holy to the LORD.

The formula for this incense was to be considered Holy.

(Exo 30:38 NIV) Whoever makes any like it to enjoy its fragrance must be cut off from his people."

chad
Jun 11th 2015, 09:25 PM
Exodus Chapter 31

(Exo 31:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 31:2 NIV) "See, I have chosen Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah,

(Exo 31:3 NIV) and I have filled him with the Spirit of God, with skill, ability and knowledge in all kinds of crafts--

(Exo 31:3 KJV) And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,

Wisdom H2451. chokmah, khok-maw'; from H2449; wisdom (in a good sense):--skillful, wisdom, wisely, wit.

Understanding H8394. tabuwn, taw-boon'; and (fem.) tebuwnah, teb-oo-naw'; or ` towbunah, to-boo-naw'; from H995; intelligence; by impl. an argument; by extens. caprice:--discretion, reason, skilfulness, understanding, wisdom.

Knowledge H1847. da'ath, dah'-ath; from H3045; knowledge:--cunning, [ig-] norantly, know(-ledge), [un-] awares (wittingly).

Workmanship H4399. mela'kah, mel-aw-kaw'; from the same as H4397; prop. deputyship, i.e. ministry; gen. employment (never servile) or work (abstr. or concr.); also property (as the result of labor):--business, + cattle, + industrious, occupation, (+ -pied), + officer, thing (made), use, (manner of) work ([-man], -manship).


(Exo 31:4 NIV) to make artistic designs for work in gold, silver and bronze,

(Exo 31:5 NIV) to cut and set stones, to work in wood, and to engage in all kinds of craftsmanship.

(Exo 31:6 NIV) Moreover, I have appointed Oholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, to help him. Also I have given skill to all the craftsmen to make everything I have commanded you:

(Exo 31:7 NIV) the Tent of Meeting, the ark of the Testimony with the atonement cover on it, and all the other furnishings of the tent--

(Exo 31:8 NIV) the table and its articles, the pure gold lampstand and all its accessories, the altar of incense,

(Exo 31:9 NIV) the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, the basin with its stand--

(Exo 31:10 NIV) and also the woven garments, both the sacred garments for Aaron the priest and the garments for his sons when they serve as priests,

(Exo 31:11 NIV) and the anointing oil and fragrant incense for the Holy Place. They are to make them just as I commanded you."


The Sabbath

(Exo 31:12 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses,

(Exo 31:13 NIV) "Say to the Israelites, 'You must observe my Sabbaths. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come, so you may know that I am the LORD, who makes you holy.

Sabbaths H7676. shabbath, shab-bawth'; intens. from H7673; intermission, i.e. (spec.) the Sabbath:-- (+ every) sabbath.


(Exo 31:14 NIV) "'Observe the Sabbath, because it is holy to you. Anyone who desecrates it must be put to death; whoever does any work on that day must be cut off from his people.

The Sabbath, the seventh day - a Holy Day of rest.

(Exo 31:15 NIV) For six days, work is to be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day must be put to death.

Rest H7677. shabbathown, shab-baw-thone'; from H7676; a sabbatism or special holiday:--rest, sabbath.

(Exo 31:16 NIV) The Israelites are to observe the Sabbath, celebrating it for the generations to come as a lasting covenant.

(Exo 31:17 NIV) It will be a sign between me and the Israelites forever, for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he abstained from work and rested.'"

Sign H226. 'owth, oth; prob. from H225 (in the sense of appearing); a signal (lit. or fig.), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.:--mark, miracle, (en-) sign, token.


The two tables of stone - The Testimony

(Exo 31:18 NIV) When the LORD finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the two tablets of the Testimony, the tablets of stone inscribed by the finger of God.

The KJV uses the word tables instead of Tablets (NIV)

Tables H3871. luwach, loo'-akh; or luach, loo'-akh; from a prim. root; prob. mean. to glisten; a tablet (as polished), of stone, wood or metal:--board, plate, table.

Testimony H5715. 'eduwth, ay-dooth'; fem. of H5707; testimony:--testimony, witness.

chad
Jun 18th 2015, 09:51 PM
Exodus Chapter 32

(Exo 32:1 NIV) When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain, they gathered around Aaron and said, "Come, make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don't know what has happened to him."

The Golden calf – An Idol to worship instead of the one true living GOD.

(Exo 32:2 NIV) Aaron answered them, "Take off the gold earrings that your wives, your sons and your daughters are wearing, and bring them to me."

(Exo 32:3 NIV) So all the people took off their earrings and brought them to Aaron.

(Exo 32:4 NIV) He took what they handed him and made it into an idol cast in the shape of a calf, fashioning it with a tool. Then they said, "These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt."

(Exo 32:4 KJV) And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

Fashioned H3335. yatsar, yaw-tsar'; prob. identical with H3334 (through the squeezing into shape); ([comp. H3331]), to mould into a form; espec. as a potter; fig. to determine (i.e. form a resolution):-- X earthen, fashion, form, frame, make (-r), potter, purpose.

Molten H4541. maccekah, mas-say-kaw'; from H5258; prop. a pouring over, i.e. fusion of metal (espec. a cast image); by impl. a libation, i.e. league; concr. a coverlet (as if poured out):--covering, molten (image), vail.

Calf H5695. 'egel, ay'-ghel; from the same as H5696; a (male) calf (as frisking round), espec. one nearly grown (i.e. a steer):--bullock, calf.


(Exo 32:5 NIV) When Aaron saw this, he built an altar in front of the calf and announced, "Tomorrow there will be a festival to the LORD."

(Exo 32:5 KJV) And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, Tomorrow is a feast to the LORD.

Feast H2282. chag, khag; or chag, khawg; from H2287; a festival, or a victim therefor:--(solemn) feast (day), sacrifice, solemnity.


(Exo 32:6 NIV) So the next day the people rose early and sacrificed burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings. Afterward they sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in revelry.

(Exo 32:6 KJV) And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.

Burnt H5930. 'olah, o-law'; or 'owlah, o-law'; fem. act. part of H5927; a step or (collect. stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke):--ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See also H5766.

Peace H8002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.

Play H6711. tsachaq, tsaw-khak'; a prim. root; to laugh outright (in merriment or scorn); by impl. to sport:--laugh, mock, play, make sport.


(Exo 32:7 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go down, because your people, whom you brought up out of Egypt, have become corrupt.

(Exo 32:8 NIV) They have been quick to turn away from what I commanded them and have made themselves an idol cast in the shape of a calf. They have bowed down to it and sacrificed to it and have said, 'These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.'

It had only been about 3 months since the Israelites had left Egypt and they had already turned to an Idol shaped in the form of a molten calf, when the one true living God was with them.

(Exo 19:1 NIV) In the third month after the Israelites left Egypt--on the very day--they came to the Desert of Sinai.


(Exo 32:9 NIV) "I have seen these people," the LORD said to Moses, "and they are a stiff-necked people.

Stiff-necked H7186. qasheh, kaw-sheh'; from H7185; severe (in various applications):--churlish, cruel, grievous, hard ([-hearted], thing), heavy, + impudent, obstinate, prevailed, rough (-ly), sore, sorrowful, stiff ([-necked]), stubborn, + in trouble.


(Exo 32:10 NIV) Now leave me alone so that my anger may burn against them and that I may destroy them. Then I will make you into a great nation."

(Exo 32:10 KJV) Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

Wrath H639. 'aph, af; from H599; prop. the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire:--anger (-gry), + before, countenance, face, + forbearing, forehead, + [long-] suffering, nose, nostril, snout, X worthy, wrath.

Hot H2734. charah, khaw-raw'; a prim. root [comp. H2787]; to glow or grow warm; fig. (usually) to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy:--be angry, burn, be displeased, X earnestly, fret self, grieve, be (wax) hot, be incensed, kindle, X very, be wroth. See H8474.

Consume H3615. kalah, kaw-law'; a prim. root; to end, whether intrans. (to cease, be finished, perish) or trans. (to complete, prepare, consume):--accomplish, cease, consume (away), determine, destroy (utterly), be (when . . . were) done, (be an) end (of), expire, (cause to) fail, faint, finish, fulfil, X fully, X have, leave (off), long, bring to pass, wholly reap, make clean riddance, spend, quite take away, waste.

(Exo 32:11 NIV) But Moses sought the favor of the LORD his God. "O LORD," he said, "why should your anger burn against your people, whom you brought out of Egypt with great power and a mighty hand?


(Exo 32:12 NIV) Why should the Egyptians say, 'It was with evil intent that he brought them out, to kill them in the mountains and to wipe them off the face of the earth'? Turn from your fierce anger; relent and do not bring disaster on your people.

(Exo 32:13 NIV) Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac and Israel, to whom you swore by your own self: 'I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and I will give your descendants all this land I promised them, and it will be their inheritance forever.'"

(Exo 32:14 NIV) Then the LORD relented and did not bring on his people the disaster he had threatened.

(Exo 32:15 NIV) Moses turned and went down the mountain with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands. They were inscribed on both sides, front and back.

(Exo 32:16 NIV) The tablets were the work of God; the writing was the writing of God, engraved on the tablets.

(Exo 32:17 NIV) When Joshua heard the noise of the people shouting, he said to Moses, "There is the sound of war in the camp."

(Exo 32:18 NIV) Moses replied: "It is not the sound of victory, it is not the sound of defeat; it is the sound of singing that I hear."

(Exo 32:19 NIV) When Moses approached the camp and saw the calf and the dancing, his anger burned and he threw the tablets out of his hands, breaking them to pieces at the foot of the mountain.

(Exo 32:19 KJV) And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.

Moses breaks the stone tables.


(Exo 32:20 NIV) And he took the calf they had made and burned it in the fire; then he ground it to powder, scattered it on the water and made the Israelites drink it.

(Exo 32:21 NIV) He said to Aaron, "What did these people do to you, that you led them into such great sin?"

Aaron had led Israel astray by casting the gold given to him and forming them into calf idols. He then announced a festival where the Israelites offered sacrifices to the idols he had created.

(Exo 32:22 NIV) "Do not be angry, my lord," Aaron answered. "You know how prone these people are to evil.

(Exo 32:22 KJV) And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief.

Mischief H7451. ra', rah; from H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (nat. or mor.):--adversity, affliction, bad, calamity, + displease (-ure), distress, evil ([-favouredness], man, thing), + exceedingly, X great, grief (-vous), harm, heavy, hurt (-ful), ill (favoured), + mark, mischief, (-vous), misery, naught (-ty), noisome, + not please, sad (-ly), sore, sorrow, trouble, vex, wicked (-ly, -ness, one), worse (-st) wretchedness, wrong. [Incl. fem. ra'ah; as adj. or noun.]


(Exo 32:23 NIV) They said to me, 'Make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don't know what has happened to him.'

(Exo 32:24 NIV) So I told them, 'Whoever has any gold jewelry, take it off.' Then they gave me the gold, and I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf!"

Exodus 32:4 - records that Aaron made and fashioning the calf idols. He did not just throw it in and out came a calf.

God was angry with Aaron also for what he had done, enough to destroy him. If Moses had not prayed for him, God may have destroyed him (Deut 9:20)


(Exo 32:25 NIV) Moses saw that the people were running wild and that Aaron had let them get out of control and so become a laughingstock to their enemies.

(Exo 32:25 KJV) And when Moses saw that the people were naked (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies)


(Exo 32:26 NIV) So he stood at the entrance to the camp and said, "Whoever is for the LORD, come to me." And all the Levites rallied to him.

(Exo 32:27 NIV) Then he said to them, "This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: 'Each man strap a sword to his side. Go back and forth through the camp from one end to the other, each killing his brother and friend and neighbor.'"

(Exo 32:28 NIV) The Levites did as Moses commanded, and that day about three thousand of the people died.

A small number within Israel were judged and died that day. 3000 people, remembering that the number Moses lead out of Egypt was 600,000 men, not including women and children (Exodus 12:37).


(Exo 32:29 NIV) Then Moses said, "You have been set apart to the LORD today, for you were against your own sons and brothers, and he has blessed you this day."

(Exo 32:30 NIV) The next day Moses said to the people, "You have committed a great sin. But now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin."

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).


(Exo 32:31 NIV) So Moses went back to the LORD and said, "Oh, what a great sin these people have committed! They have made themselves gods of gold.

(Exo 32:32 NIV) But now, please forgive their sin--but if not, then blot me out of the book you have written."

Moses pleaded with God for forgiveness of sin, for the people of Israel.


(Exo 32:33 NIV) The LORD replied to Moses, "Whoever has sinned against meI will blot out of my book.

(Exo 32:34 NIV) Now go, lead the people to the place I spoke of, and my angel will go before you. However, when the time comes for me to punish, I will punish them for their sin."

The Angel of God would go before them.

Angel H4397. mal'ak, mal-awk'; from an unused root mean. to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; spec. of God, i.e. an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher):--ambassador, angel, king, messenger.


(Exo 32:35 NIV) And the LORD struck the people with a plague because of what they did with the calf Aaron had made.

The KJV uses the word plagued instead of plague.

Plagued H5062. nagaph, naw-gaf'; a prim. root; to push, gore, defeat, stub (the toe), inflict (a disease):--beat, dash, hurt, plague, slay, smite (down), strike, stumble, X surely, put to the worse.

The judgement of God on the nation of Israel. A plague struck them for their idolatory.

chad
Jun 26th 2015, 12:12 AM
Exodus Chapter 33

(Exo 33:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Leave this place, you and the people you brought up out of Egypt, and go up to the land I promised on oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, saying, 'I will give it to your descendants.'

God choose Canan for the people of Israel to dwell in because it was the most beautiful of all lands.

(Ezek 20:6 NIV) On that day I swore to them that I would bring them out of Egypt into a land I had searched out for them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most beautiful of all lands.

(Exo 33:2 NIV) I will send an angel before you and drive out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.

Canaanite H3669. Kena'aniy, ken-ah-an-ee'; patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by impl. a pedlar (the Canaanites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans):--Canaanite, merchant, trafficker.

Amorite H567. 'Emoriy, em-o-ree'; prob. a patron. from an unused name derived from H559 in the sense of publicity, i.e. prominence; thus a mountaineer; an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes:--Amorite.

Hittite H2850. Chittiy, khit-tee'; patron. from H2845; a Chittite, or desc. of Cheth:--Hittite, Hittites.

Perizzite H6522. Perizziy, per-iz-zee'; for H6521; inhab. of the open country; a Perizzite, one of the Canaanitish tribes:--Perizzite.

Hivite H2340. Chivviy, khiv-vee'; perh. from H2333; a villager; a Chivvite, one of the aboriginal tribes of Pal.:--Hivite.

Jebusite H2983. Yebuwciy, yeb-oo-see'; patrial from H2982; a Jebusite or inhab. of Jebus:--Jebusite(-s).


(Exo 33:3 NIV) Go up to the land flowing with milk and honey. But I will not go with you, because you are a stiff-necked people and I might destroy you on the way."

In the future, the prophet Ezekiel re-counts the words of the LORD God regarding the sin which Israel did in the desert, the breaking of the Sabbath and the worship of false idols after God led them out of Egypt (Ezekiel 20:6-26).


(Exo 33:4 NIV) When the people heard these distressing words, they began to mourn and no one put on any ornaments.

(Exo 33:5 NIV) For the LORD had said to Moses, "Tell the Israelites, 'You are a stiff-necked people. If I were to go with you even for a moment, I might destroy you. Now take off your ornaments and I will decide what to do with you.'"

Stiff-necked H7186. qasheh, kaw-sheh'; from H7185; severe (in various applications):--churlish, cruel, grievous, hard ([-hearted], thing), heavy, + impudent, obstinate, prevailed, rough (-ly), sore, sorrowful, stiff ([-necked]), stubborn, + in trouble.


(Exo 33:6 NIV) So the Israelites stripped off their ornaments at Mount Horeb.

(Exo 33:7 NIV) Now Moses used to take a tent and pitch it outside the camp some distance away, calling it the "tent of meeting." Anyone inquiring of the LORD would go to the tent of meeting outside the camp.

(Exo 33:8 NIV) And whenever Moses went out to the tent, all the people rose and stood at the entrances to their tents, watching Moses until he entered the tent.

(Exo 33:9 NIV) As Moses went into the tent, the pillar of cloud would come down and stay at the entrance, while the LORD spoke with Moses.

(Exo 33:10 NIV) Whenever the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance to the tent, they all stood and worshiped, each at the entrance to his tent.

(Exo 33:11 NIV) The LORD would speak to Moses face to face, as a man speaks with his friend. Then Moses would return to the camp, but his young aide Joshua son of Nun did not leave the tent.

The Lord God spoke to Moses face to face. For he was a faithful servant. This was a special honour for Moses, for God reveals himself to prophets through visions and dreams, but to Moses he spoke face to face (Numbers 12:5-8)

(Num 12:5 NIV) Then the LORD came down in a pillar of cloud; he stood at the entrance to the Tent and summoned Aaron and Miriam. When both of them stepped forward,

(Num 12:6 NIV) he said, "Listen to my words: "When a prophet of the LORD is among you, I reveal myself to him in visions, I speak to him in dreams.

(Num 12:7 NIV) But this is not true of my servant Moses; he is faithful in all my house.

(Num 12:8 NIV) With him I speak face to face, clearly and not in riddles; he sees the form of the LORD. Why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?"


(Exo 33:12 NIV) Moses said to the LORD, "You have been telling me, 'Lead these people,' but you have not let me know whom you will send with me. You have said, 'I know you by name and you have found favor with me.'

(Exo 33:13 NIV) If you are pleased with me, teach me your ways so I may know you and continue to find favor with you. Remember that this nation is your people."

(Exo 33:14 NIV) The LORD replied, "My Presence will go with you, and I will give you rest."

(Exo 33:15 NIV) Then Moses said to him, "If your Presence does not go with us, do not send us up from here.

(Exo 33:16 NIV) How will anyone know that you are pleased with me and with your people unless you go with us? What else will distinguish me and your people from all the other people on the face of the earth?"

(Exo 33:17 NIV) And the LORD said to Moses, "I will do the very thing you have asked, because I am pleased with you and I know you by name."

(Exo 33:18 NIV) Then Moses said, "Now show me your glory."

(Exo 33:19 NIV) And the LORD said, "I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim my name, the LORD, in your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

(Exo 33:20 NIV) But," he said, "you cannot see my face, for no one may see me and live."

(Exo 33:21 NIV) Then the LORD said, "There is a place near me where you may stand on a rock.

(Exo 33:22 NIV) When my glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft in the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by.

(Exo 33:23 NIV) Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back; but my face must not be seen."

chad
Jul 3rd 2015, 01:17 AM
Exodus Chapter 34

(Exo 34:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses, "Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on them the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke.

(Exo 34:2 NIV) Be ready in the morning, and then come up on Mount Sinai. Present yourself to me there on top of the mountain.

(Exo 34:3 NIV) No one is to come with you or be seen anywhere on the mountain; not even the flocks and herds may graze in front of the mountain."

(Exo 34:4 NIV) So Moses chiseled out two stone tablets like the first ones and went up Mount Sinai early in the morning, as the LORD had commanded him; and he carried the two stone tablets in his hands.

(Exo 34:5 NIV) Then the LORD came down in the cloud and stood there with him and proclaimed his name, the LORD.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.


(Exo 34:6 NIV) And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, "The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness,

(Exo 34:6 KJV) And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God,
merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,

Merciful - H7349. rachuwm, rakh-oom'; from H7355; compassionate:--full of compassion, merciful.

Longsuffering - H750. 'arek, aw-rake'; from H748; long:--long [-suffering, -winged], patient, slow [to anger].

Goodness - 2617. checed, kheh'-sed; from H2616; kindness; by impl. (towards God) piety; rarely (by opp.) reproof, or (subject.) beauty:--favour, good deed (-liness, -ness), kindly, (loving-) kindness, merciful (kindness), mercy, pity, reproach, wicked thing.

Truth - H 571. 'emeth, eh'-meth; contr. from H539; stability; fig. certainty, truth, trustworthiness:--assured (-ly), establishment, faithful, right, sure, true (-ly, -th), verity.


(Exo 34:7 NIV) maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished; he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation."

(Exo 34:7 KJV) Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.

Iniquity H5771. 'avon, aw-vone'; or 'avown (H2 Kings 7 : 9; Psa. 51 : 5 [H7]), aw-vone'; from H5753; perversity, i.e. (moral) evil:--fault, iniquity, mischief, punishment (of iniquity), sin.

Transgression H6588. pesha', peh'-shah; from H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious):--rebellion, sin, transgression, trespass.

Sin H2402. chatta'ah, (Chald.), khat-taw-aw'; corresp. to H2401; an offence, and the penalty or sacrifice for it:--sin (offering).

God is a holy and just God. God is not just a God of love, but also a god of justice who does not leave the guilty unpunished for their sin.


(Exo 34:8 NIV) Moses bowed to the ground at once and worshiped.

(Exo 34:9 NIV) "O Lord, if I have found favor in your eyes," he said, "then let the Lord go with us. Although this is a stiff-necked people, forgive our wickedness and our sin, and take us as your inheritance."

(Exo 34:10 NIV) Then the LORD said: "I am making a covenant with you. Before all your people I will do wonders never before done in any nation in all the world. The people you live among will see how awesome is the work that I, the LORD, will do for you.

(Exo 34:11 NIV) Obey what I command you today. I will drive out before you the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.

(Exo 34:12 NIV) Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land where you are going, or they will be a snare among you.

One of the instructions the LORD God gave to Moses, was for Israel not to make a treaty with those who live in the land (Of Canaan). In the future Israel disobeyed this instruction given to them. Joshua 9 records that Israel disobeyed this instruction, by making a treaty with the Hivites.


(Exo 34:13 NIV) Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones and cut down their Asherah poles.

(Exo 34:13 KJV) But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves:

Images -H 4676. matstsebah, mats-tsay-baw'; fem. (causat.) part. of H5324; something stationed, i.e. a column or (memorial stone); by anal. an idol:--garrison, (standing) image, pillar.

Grooves - H842. 'asherah, ash-ay-raw'; or 'asheyrah, ash-ay-raw'; from H833; happy; Asherah (or Astarte) a Phoenician goddess; also an image of the same:--grove. Comp. H6253.

The LORD God already knew what Idols and false Gods were in the Land of Canaan. God instructed Moses, when they enter the land to destroy the alters, sacred stones and Asherah poles of the false Gods in Canaan.


(Exo 34:14 NIV) Do not worship any other god, for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.

Do not worship any other God. To do so would be to break the commandment Lord God gave Israel and it would also cause the people to commit spiritual adultery. The Israelites had already cast for themselves Idols in the form of Gold calves and had bowed down and worshipped them in the desert.


(Exo 34:15 NIV) "Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land; for when they
prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them, they will invite you and you will eat their sacrifices.

(Exo 34:16 NIV) And when you choose some of their daughters as wives for your sons and those daughters prostitute themselves to their gods, they will lead your sons to do the same.

The sin of Idolatry – Worshipping the false Gods of the nations of the wives. An act of spiritual adultery.


(Exo 34:17 NIV) "Do not make cast idols.

(Exo 34:18 NIV) "Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread. For seven days eat bread made without yeast, as I commanded you. Do this at the appointed time in the month of Abib, for in that month you came out of Egypt.

Celebrate the feast of the Unleavened Bread. This celebration was a reminder of when God bought Israel out of Egypt in their divisions (Ex 12:17).


(Exo 34:19 NIV) "The first offspring of every womb belongs to me, including all the firstborn males of your livestock, whether from herd or flock.

(Exo 34:20 NIV) Redeem the firstborn donkey with a lamb, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck. Redeem all your firstborn sons. "No one is to appear before me empty-handed.

Redeem H6299. padah, paw-daw'; a prim. root; to sever, i.e. ransom; gener. to release, preserve:-- X at all, deliver, X by any means, ransom, (that are to be, let be) redeem (-ed), rescue, X surely.


(Exo 34:21 NIV) "Six days you shall labor, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during the plowing season and harvest you must rest.

The people of Israel were to observe the Seventh day. It was a day of rest.


(Exo 34:22 NIV) "Celebrate the Feast of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year.

Observe the feast of weeks (The first fruits of the wheat harvest) and the feast of ingathering (Ex 34:22)


(Exo 34:23 NIV) Three times a year all your men are to appear before the Sovereign LORD, the God of Israel.

(Exo 34:24 NIV) I will drive out nations before you and enlarge your territory, and no one will covet your land when you go up three times each year to appear before the LORD your God.

(Exo 34:25 NIV) "Do not offer the blood of a sacrifice to me along with anything containing yeast, and do not let any of the sacrifice from the Passover Feast remain until morning.

The Passover feast is a feast in remembrance of how the LORD, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared them, so their first born did not die, but struck down first born of the Egyptians (Exo 12:27).


(Exo 34:26 NIV) "Bring the best of the firstfruits of your soil to the house of the LORD your God. "Do not cook a young goat in its mother's milk."

(Exo 34:27 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel."


(Exo 34:28 NIV) Moses was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights without eating bread or drinking water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant--the Ten Commandments.

(Exo 34:29 NIV) When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the LORD.

(Exo 34:30 NIV) When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, his face was radiant, and they were afraid to come near him.

(Exo 34:31 NIV) But Moses called to them; so Aaron and all the leaders of the community came back to him, and he spoke to them.

(Exo 34:32 NIV) Afterward all the Israelites came near him, and he gave them all the commands the LORD had given him on Mount Sinai.

(Exo 34:33 NIV) When Moses finished speaking to them, he put a veil over his face.

(Exo 34:34 NIV) But whenever he entered the Lord's presence to speak with him, he removed the veil until he came out. And when he came out and told the Israelites what he had been commanded,

(Exo 34:35 NIV) they saw that his face was radiant. Then Moses would put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with the LORD.

In Christ Jesus, the Veil in removed because of the New Covenant. When anyone turns to Jesus, the veil is removed (2 Corinthians 13-16)

chad
Jul 9th 2015, 09:43 PM
Exodus Chapter 35

(Exo 35:1 NIV) Moses assembled the whole Israelite community and said to them, "These are the things the LORD has commanded you to do:

(Exo 35:2 NIV) For six days, work is to be done, but the seventh day shall be your holy day, a Sabbath of rest to the LORD. Whoever does any work on it must be put to death.

The Sabbath day. A sign between God and Israel, so they would know that it was the LORD who made them holy.

(Ezek 20:12 NIV) Also I gave them my Sabbaths as a sign between us, so they would know that I the LORD made them holy.


(Exo 35:3 NIV) Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day."


Offerings for the construction of the tabernacle of God

(Exo 35:4 NIV) Moses said to the whole Israelite community, "This is what the LORD has commanded:

(Exo 35:5 NIV) From what you have, take an offering for the LORD. Everyone who is willing is to bring to the LORD an offering of gold, silver and bronze;

Offering H8641. teruwmah, ter-oo-maw'; or terumah (Deut. 12 : 11), ter-oo-maw'; from H7311; a present (as offered up), espec. in sacrifice or as tribute:--gift, heave offering ([shoulder]), oblation, offered (-ing).


(Exo 35:6 NIV) blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen; goat hair;

(Exo 35:7 NIV) ram skins dyed red and hides of sea cows ; acacia wood;

(Exo 35:8 NIV) olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;

(Exo 35:9 NIV) and onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece.


A voluntary offering for items, so the tabernacle of the LORD God could be made.

(Exo 35:10 NIV) "All who are skilled among you are to come and make everything the LORD has commanded:

(Exo 35:11 NIV) the tabernacle with its tent and its covering, clasps, frames, crossbars, posts and bases;

(Exo 35:12 NIV) the ark with its poles and the atonement cover and the curtain that shields it;

(Exo 35:13 NIV) the table with its poles and all its articles and the bread of the Presence;

(Exo 35:14 NIV) the lampstand that is for light with its accessories, lamps and oil for the light;

(Exo 35:15 NIV) the altar of incense with its poles, the anointing oil and the fragrant incense; the curtain for the doorway at the entrance to the tabernacle;

(Exo 35:16 NIV) the altar of burnt offering with its bronze grating, its poles and all its utensils; the bronze basin with its stand;

(Exo 35:17 NIV) the curtains of the courtyard with its posts and bases, and the curtain for the entrance to the courtyard;

(Exo 35:18 NIV) the tent pegs for the tabernacle and for the courtyard, and their ropes;

(Exo 35:19 NIV) the woven garments worn for ministering in the sanctuary--both the sacred garments for Aaron the priest and the garments for his sons when they serve as priests."


(Exo 35:20 NIV) Then the whole Israelite community withdrew from Moses' presence,

(Exo 35:21 NIV) and everyone who was willing and whose heart moved him came and brought an offering to the LORD for the work on the Tent of Meeting, for all its service, and for the sacred garments.

(Exo 35:22 NIV) All who were willing, men and women alike, came and brought gold jewelry of all kinds: brooches, earrings, rings and ornaments. They all presented their gold as a wave offering to the LORD.

Wave offering – An offering that was waved before God.


(Exo 35:22 KJV) And they came, both men and women, as many as were willing hearted, and brought bracelets, and earrings, and rings, and tablets, all jewels of gold: and every man that offered offered an offering of gold unto the LORD.

Offered H5130. nuwph, noof; a prim. root; to quiver (i.e. vibrate up and down, or rock to and fro); used in a great variety of applications (includ. sprinkling, beckoning, rubbing, bastinadoing, sawing, waving, etc.):--lift up, move, offer, perfume, send, shake, sift, strike, wave.


(Exo 35:23 NIV) Everyone who had blue, purple or scarlet yarn or fine linen, or goat hair, ram skins dyed red or hides of sea cows brought them.

(Exo 35:24 NIV) Those presenting an offering of silver or bronze brought it as an offering to the LORD, and everyone who had acacia wood for any part of the work brought it.

(Exo 35:25 NIV) Every skilled woman spun with her hands and brought what she had spun--blue, purple or scarlet yarn or fine linen.

(Exo 35:26 NIV) And all the women who were willing and had the skill spun the goat hair.


(Exo 35:27 NIV) The leaders brought onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece.

(Exo 35:28 NIV) They also brought spices and olive oil for the light and for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense.

(Exo 35:29 NIV) All the Israelite men and women who were willing brought to the LORD freewill offerings for all the work the LORD through Moses had commanded them to do.

(Exo 35:29 KJV) The children of Israel brought a willing offering unto the LORD, every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all manner of work, which the LORD had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.

Willing H5071. nedabah, ned-aw-baw'; from H5068; prop. (abstr.) spontaneity, or (adj.) spontaneous; also (concr.) a spontaneous or (by infer., in plur.) abundant gift:--free (-will) offering, freely, plentiful, voluntary (-ily, offering), willing (-ly, offering).


(Exo 35:30 NIV) Then Moses said to the Israelites, "See, the LORD has chosen Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah,

(Exo 35:31 NIV) and he has filled him with the Spirit of God, with skill, ability and knowledge in all kinds of crafts--

(Exo 35:32 NIV) to make artistic designs for work in gold, silver and bronze,

(Exo 35:33 NIV) to cut and set stones, to work in wood and to engage in all kinds of artistic craftsmanship.

(Exo 35:34 NIV) And he has given both him and Oholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, the ability to teach others.

(Exo 35:35 NIV) He has filled them with skill to do all kinds of work as craftsmen, designers, embroiderers in blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen, and weavers--all of them master craftsmen and designers.

chad
Jul 16th 2015, 09:20 PM
Exodus Chapter 37

The Gold Ark of the Tesimony

(Exo 37:1 NIV) Bezalel made the ark of acacia wood--two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high.

(Exo 37:2 NIV) He overlaid it with pure gold, both inside and out, and made a gold molding around it.

(Exo 37:3 NIV) He cast four gold rings for it and fastened them to its four feet, with two rings on one side and two rings on the other.

(Exo 37:4 NIV) Then he made poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold.

(Exo 37:5 NIV) And he inserted the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry it.

(Exo 37:6 NIV) He made the atonement cover of pure gold--two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide.

The atonement cover was the lid for the Ark, also called the mercy seat in the KJV (Ex 25:21; Ex 35:21).

Mercy H3727. kapporeth, kap-po'-reth; from H3722; a lid (used only of the cover of the sacred Ark):--mercy seat.


(Exo 37:7 NIV) Then he made two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover.

(Exo 37:8 NIV) He made one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other; at the two ends he made them of one piece with the cover.

(Exo 37:9 NIV) The cherubim had their wings spread upward, overshadowing the cover with them. The cherubim faced each other, looking toward the cover.

Cherubim were a type of Angel (Ezekiel 28:13-14; Gen 3:24).

The ark of the covenant was the placed in the most holy place in the Tabernacle.

The stone tablets of the testimony which God gave Moses were put in the ark of the testimony (Ex 25:16-21; Ex 40:3).


The Gold Table for the bread of presence

(Exo 37:10 NIV) They made the table of acacia wood--two cubits long, a cubit wide, and a cubit and a half high.

(Exo 37:11 NIV) Then they overlaid it with pure gold and made a gold molding around it.

(Exo 37:12 NIV) They also made around it a rim a handbreadth wide and put a gold molding on the rim.

(Exo 37:13 NIV) They cast four gold rings for the table and fastened them to the four corners, where the four legs were.

(Exo 37:14 NIV) The rings were put close to the rim to hold the poles used in carrying the table.

On the Gold table was placed the bread of presence, the KJV uses the word showbread. This bread was to be before the lord always (Ex 25:30).

Showbread H3899. lechem, lekh'-em; from H3898; food (for man or beast), espec. bread, or grain (for making it):--([shew-]) bread, X eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals. See also H1036.

In the New Testament, Jesus describes himself as the bread from heaven (John 6:32-51).


The Gold Poles

(Exo 37:15 NIV) The poles for carrying the table were made of acacia wood and were overlaid with gold.


The Gold Articles

(Exo 37:16 NIV) And they made from pure gold the articles for the table--its plates and dishes and bowls and its pitchers for the pouring out of drink offerings.


The Gold Lampstand

(Exo 37:17 NIV) They made the lampstand of pure gold and hammered it out, base and shaft; its flowerlike cups,
buds and blossoms were of one piece with it.

(Exo 37:18 NIV) Six branches extended from the sides of the lampstand--three on one side and three on the other.

(Exo 37:19 NIV) Three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms were on one branch, three on the next branch and the same for all six branches extending from the lampstand.

(Exo 37:20 NIV) And on the lampstand were four cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms.

(Exo 37:21 NIV) One bud was under the first pair of branches extending from the lampstand, a second bud under the second pair, and a third bud under the third pair--six branches in all.

(Exo 37:22 NIV) The buds and the branches were all of one piece with the lampstand, hammered out of pure gold.


The 7 Lamps of Gold

(Exo 37:23 NIV) They made its seven lamps, as well as its wick trimmers and trays, of pure gold.

In the book of Revelation, John writes of the 7 lamps which he saw in heaven. The 7 lamps are the 7 spirits of God
(Rev 4:5).


(Exo 37:24 NIV) They made the lampstand and all its accessories from one talent of pure gold.


The Gold Altar of Incense

(Exo 37:25 NIV) They made the altar of incense out of acacia wood. It was square, a cubit long and a cubit wide, and two cubits high --its horns of one piece with it.

The altar was to burn incense on (Ex 30:1). Aaron was to burn incense on the altar every morning (Ex 30:7-8). The incense was a special sweet incense made of sweet spices according to the work of a apothecary (Ex 37:29).

Apothecary H 7543. raqach, raw-kakh'; a prim. root; to perfume:--apothecary, compound, make [ointment], prepare, spice.


(Exo 37:26 NIV) They overlaid the top and all the sides and the horns with pure gold, and made a gold molding around it.

(Exo 37:27 NIV) They made two gold rings below the molding--two on opposite sides--to hold the poles used to carry it.

(Exo 37:28 NIV) They made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold.


The sacred (holy) anointing oil

(Exo 37:29 NIV) They also made the sacred anointing oil and the pure, fragrant incense--the work of a perfumer.

The sacred (holy) anointing oil was a special oil made by someone who had knowledge of the art of apothecary (Ex 30:24; Ex 37:29).

The holy place and most holy place. A veil (curtain) separated the holy place from the most holy place in the tabernacle (Ex 26:33).

chad
Jul 30th 2015, 11:26 PM
Exodus Chapter 38

The bronze altar of burnt offering

(Exo 38:1 NIV) They built the altar of burnt offering of acacia wood, three cubits high; it was square, five cubits long and five cubits wide.

(Exo 38:2 NIV) They made a horn at each of the four corners, so that the horns and the altar were of one piece, and they overlaid the altar with bronze.

The altar of burnt offering, where offerings were burnt and made to God. The types of offerins made on the alter were:

Burnt Offering/Sacrifice – (Heard: Bull without defect. Flock:Sheep or goat without defect. Bird: dove or young pidgeon. Leviticus Chapter 1)

Grain Offering/Sacrifice - Cakes or wafers made without yeast and with fine flour mixed with oil. Some of the offering was burnt on the alter, the rest was for Aaron and his sons. The grain offering could baked in an oven, baken in a pan (griddle) or fried in a pan. No honey was to be used with grain offerings. Salt was added to all grain offerings. This is the salt of the covenant. (Leviticus Chapter 2)

Fellowship Offering/Sacrifice - (Heard: male or female without defect (Lev 3:1-5). Flock: male or female without defect – lamb or goat. All the fat is the Lords. No fat or blood could be eaten. (Lev 3:6-17).

Sin Offering/Sacrifice for unintentional sins. These offerings were made for any person, the entire Israelite community, a leader or a member of the community.
Anyone - (Heard: Bull without defect - Lev 4:3-12).
Whole Israelite community - (Heard: Bull without defect - Lev 4:13-21).
Leader - (Flock: Male Goat without defect - Lev 4:22-27).
Member of the Communiuty (Flock: Female lamb or goat without defect - Lev 4:27-35).

Guilt Offering/Sacrifice for sins intentional and unintentional (Leviticus Chapter 5+6)

Wave Offering. At times an offering was waved before the Alter. This was called a wave offering (Exodus 29:24).


The New Testament and Sacrifices.

(Heb 9:11 NIV) When Christ came as high priest of the good things that are already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say, not a part of this creation.

(Heb 9:12 NIV) He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption.

(Heb 9:13 NIV) The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean.

(Heb 9:14 NIV) How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!

The law and the New Testament.

(Heb 10:1 NIV) The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming--not the realities themselves. For this reason it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship.

(Heb 10:2 NIV) If it could, would they not have stopped being offered? For the worshipers would have been cleansed once for all, and would no longer have felt guilty for their sins.

(Heb 10:3 NIV) But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins,

(Heb 10:4 NIV) because it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

(Heb 10:5 NIV) Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: "Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me;

(Heb 10:6 NIV) with burnt offerings and sin offerings you were not pleased.

(Heb 10:7 NIV) Then I said, 'Here I am--it is written about me in the scroll-- I have come to do your will, O God.'"

(Heb 10:8 NIV) First he said, "Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them" (although the law required them to be made).

(Heb 10:9 NIV) Then he said, "Here I am, I have come to do your will." He sets aside the first to establish the second.

(Heb 10:10 NIV) And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

Utensils for the bronze altar of burnt offering

(Exo 38:3 NIV) They made all its utensils of bronze--its pots, shovels, sprinkling bowls, meat forks and firepans.

The bronze grating, rings and poles for the bronze altar of burnt offering

(Exo 38:4 NIV) They made a grating for the altar, a bronze network, to be under its ledge, halfway up the altar.

(Exo 38:5 NIV) They cast bronze rings to hold the poles for the four corners of the bronze grating.

(Exo 38:6 NIV) They made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with bronze.

(Exo 38:7 NIV) They inserted the poles into the rings so they would be on the sides of the altar for carrying it. They made it hollow, out of boards.


The bronze basin and stand for the mirrors at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.

(Exo 38:8 NIV) They made the bronze basin and its bronze stand from the mirrors of the women who served at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.

The Courtyard

South side

(Exo 38:9 NIV) Next they made the courtyard. The south side was a hundred cubits long and had curtains of finely twisted linen,

(Exo 38:10 NIV) with twenty posts and twenty bronze bases, and with silver hooks and bands on the posts.

North side

(Exo 38:11 NIV) The north side was also a hundred cubits long and had twenty posts and twenty bronze bases, with silver hooks and bands on the posts.

West end

(Exo 38:12 NIV) The west end was fifty cubits wide and had curtains, with ten posts and ten bases, with silver hooks and bands on the posts.

East End

(Exo 38:13 NIV) The east end, toward the sunrise, was also fifty cubits wide.
Curtains

(Exo 38:14 NIV) Curtains fifteen cubits long were on one side of the entrance, with three posts and three bases,

(Exo 38:15 NIV) and curtains fifteen cubits long were on the other side of the entrance to the courtyard, with three posts and three bases.

(Exo 38:16 NIV) All the curtains around the courtyard were of finely twisted linen.
Bronze bases and pots and the hooks and bands of silver

(Exo 38:17 NIV) The bases for the posts were bronze. The hooks and bands on the posts were silver, and their tops were overlaid with silver; so all the posts of the courtyard had silver bands.

Curtain for the entrance to the courtyard

(Exo 38:18 NIV) The curtain for the entrance to the courtyard was of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen--the work of an embroiderer. It was twenty cubits long and, like the curtains of the courtyard, five cubits high,

(Exo 38:19 NIV) with four posts and four bronze bases. Their hooks and bands were silver, and their tops were overlaid with silver.

Bronze tent pegs

(Exo 38:20 NIV) All the tent pegs of the tabernacle and of the surrounding courtyard were bronze.

A summary of the amounts of Materials used for the construction of the tabernacle

(Exo 38:21 NIV) These are the amounts of the materials used for the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the Testimony, which were recorded at Moses' command by the Levites under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron, the priest.

(Exo 38:22 NIV) (Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made everything the LORD commanded Moses;

(Exo 38:23 NIV) with him was Oholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan--a craftsman and designer, and an embroiderer in blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen.)
Gold

(Exo 38:24 NIV) The total amount of the gold from the wave offering used for all the work on the sanctuary was 29 talents and 730 shekels, according to the sanctuary shekel.
Silver

(Exo 38:25 NIV) The silver obtained from those of the community who were counted in the census was 100 talents and 1,775 shekels, according to the sanctuary shekel--

(Exo 38:26 NIV) one beka per person, that is, half a shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, from everyone who had crossed over to those counted, twenty years old or more, a total of 603,550 men.

(The Census, those counted – Exodus 30:12-13)

(Exo 38:27 NIV) The 100 talents of silver were used to cast the bases for the sanctuary and for the curtain--100 bases from the 100 talents, one talent for each base.

(Exo 38:28 NIV) They used the 1,775 shekels to make the hooks for the posts, to overlay the tops of the posts, and to make their bands.

(Exo 38:29 NIV) The bronze from the wave offering was 70 talents and 2,400 shekels.

(Exo 38:30 NIV) They used it to make the bases for the entrance to the Tent of Meeting, the bronze altar with its bronze grating and all its utensils,

(Exo 38:31 NIV) the bases for the surrounding courtyard and those for its entrance and all the tent pegs for the tabernacle and those for the surrounding courtyard.

chad
Aug 6th 2015, 11:55 PM
Exodus Chapter 40


Setting up the Tabernacle

(Exo 40:1 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses:

(Exo 40:2 NIV) "Set up the tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting, on the first day of the first month.


Most Holy Place

(Exo 40:3 NIV) Place the ark of the Testimony in it and shield the ark with the curtain.


(Heb 9:3 NIV) Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place,

(Heb 9:4 NIV) which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron's staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant.

(Heb 9:5 NIV) Above the ark were the cherubim of the Glory, overshadowing the atonement cover. But we cannot discuss these things in detail now.


Holy Place

(Exo 40:4 NIV) Bring in the table and set out what belongs on it. Then bring in the lampstand and set up its lamps.

(Exo 40:5 NIV) Place the gold altar of incense in front of the ark of the Testimony and put the curtain at the entrance to the tabernacle.

(Heb 9:2 NIV) A tabernacle was set up. In its first room were the lampstand, the table and the consecrated bread; this was called the Holy Place.


Outside the tabernacle in front of the entrance.

(Exo 40:6 NIV) "Place the altar of burnt offering in front of the entrance to the tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting;

(Exo 40:7 NIV) place the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar and put water in it.


The Courtyard

(Exo 40:8 NIV) Set up the courtyard around it and put the curtain at the entrance to the courtyard.


Consecrating the tabernacle and it’s furnishings

(Exo 40:9 NIV) "Take the anointing oil and anoint the tabernacle and everything in it; consecrate it and all its furnishings, and it will be holy.

(Exo 40:10 NIV) Then anoint the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils; consecrate the altar, and it will be most holy.

(Exo 40:11 NIV) Anoint the basin and its stand and consecrate them.


All the tabernacle and it’s furnishings needed to be purified, in order so they were made Holy (Hebrews 9:19-23).

(Heb 9:19 NIV) When Moses had proclaimed every commandment of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves, together with water, scarlet wool and branches of hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll and all the people.

(Heb 9:20 NIV) He said, "This is the blood of the covenant, which God has commanded you to keep."

(Heb 9:21 NIV) In the same way, he sprinkled with the blood both the tabernacle and everything used in its ceremonies.

(Heb 9:22 NIV) In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.

(Heb 9:23 NIV) It was necessary, then, for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these sacrifices, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.


Consecration of Aaron and his sons as priests

(Exo 40:12 NIV) "Bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and wash them with water.

(Exo 40:13 NIV) Then dress Aaron in the sacred garments, anoint him and consecrate him so he may serve me as priest.

(Exo 40:14 NIV) Bring his sons and dress them in tunics.

(Exo 40:15 NIV) Anoint them just as you anointed their father, so they may serve me as priests. Their anointing will be to a priesthood that will continue for all generations to come."

(Exo 40:16 NIV) Moses did everything just as the LORD commanded him.

(Exo 40:17 NIV) So the tabernacle was set up on the first day of the first month in the second year.

(The first day of the first) Month H2320. chodesh, kho'-desh; from H2318; the new moon; by impl. a month:--month (-ly), new moon.


(Exo 40:18 NIV) When Moses set up the tabernacle, he put the bases in place, erected the frames, inserted the crossbars and set up the posts.

(Exo 40:19 NIV) Then he spread the tent over the tabernacle and put the covering over the tent, as the LORD commanded him.

(Exo 40:20 NIV) He took the Testimony and placed it in the ark, attached the poles to the ark and put the atonement cover over it.

(Exo 40:21 NIV) Then he brought the ark into the tabernacle and hung the shielding curtain and shielded the ark of the Testimony, as the LORD commanded him.

The ark was called the ark of the testimony.
Testimony H5715. 'eduwth, ay-dooth'; fem. of H5707; testimony:--testimony, witness.


The curtain and the New Testament.

When Jesus died the curtain of the temple was torn from top to bottom (Mt 27:51,Mark 15:38,Luke 23:45).

(Heb 10:19 NIV) Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus,
(Heb 10:20 NIV) by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body,
(Heb 10:21 NIV) and since we have a great priest over the house of God,


(Exo 40:22 NIV) Moses placed the table in the Tent of Meeting on the north side of the tabernacle outside the curtain

(Exo 40:23 NIV) and set out the bread on it before the LORD, as the LORD commanded him.

(Exo 40:24 NIV) He placed the lampstand in the Tent of Meeting opposite the table on the south side of the tabernacle

(Exo 40:25 NIV) and set up the lamps before the LORD, as the LORD commanded him.

(Exo 40:26 NIV) Moses placed the gold altar in the Tent of Meeting in front of the curtain

(Exo 40:27 NIV) and burned fragrant incense on it, as the LORD commanded him.

(Exo 40:28 NIV) Then he put up the curtain at the entrance to the tabernacle.


The altar of burnt offering was outside the tent of meeting

Altar of burnt offering

(Exo 40:29 NIV) He set the altar of burnt offering near the entrance to the tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting, and offered on it burnt offerings and grain offerings, as the LORD commanded him.


Jesus and the New Testament.

(Heb 7:23 NIV) Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office;

(Heb 7:24 NIV) but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood.

(Heb 7:25 NIV) Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them.

(Heb 7:26 NIV) Such a high priest meets our need--one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens.

(Heb 7:27 NIV) Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself.

(Heb 7:28 NIV) For the law appoints as high priests men who are weak; but the oath, which came after the law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.


Basin for washing

(Exo 40:30 NIV) He placed the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar and put water in it for washing,

(Exo 40:31 NIV) and Moses and Aaron and his sons used it to wash their hands and feet.

(Exo 40:32 NIV) They washed whenever they entered the Tent of Meeting or approached the altar, as the LORD commanded Moses.


The Courtyard

(Exo 40:33 NIV) Then Moses set up the courtyard around the tabernacle and altar and put up the curtain at the entrance to the courtyard. And so Moses finished the work.

(Exo 40:34 NIV) Then the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.

(Exo 40:35 NIV) Moses could not enter the Tent of Meeting because the cloud had settled upon it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.

(Exo 40:36 NIV) In all the travels of the Israelites, whenever the cloud lifted from above the tabernacle, they would set out;

(Exo 40:37 NIV) but if the cloud did not lift, they did not set out--until the day it lifted.

(Exo 40:38 NIV) So the cloud of the LORD was over the tabernacle by day, and fire was in the cloud by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel during all their travels.

The cloud of the Lord was leading the house of Israel. A could in the day and a pillar of fire at night (Ex 13:21). A sign that God was with them and leading them.

chad
Aug 20th 2015, 07:55 PM
Summary of the Book of Exodus

Abraham

In the book of Genesis, God said to Abraham that his descendants would be enslaved and mistreated for 400 years (Genesis 15:7-14).

God established a covenant with Abram (Later given the name Abraham by God) even though his father Terah and his fore-fathers had worshipped false Gods (Joshua 24:2).

Abraham’s brothers were Nahor and Haran (Gen 11:24).


Jacob and his descendants live in Egypt.

The book of Exodus begins with Jacob (later given the name Israel by God) and his descendants moving to and living in Egypt, inthe province of Goshan.

Jacob and his descendants numbered 70 in all (Ex 1:5). Jacobs descendants lived in Egypt for 430 years and God Blessed them.

During the 430 years that Israel lived in Egypt, the population of Israel grew to 600,000 men plus woman and children (Ex 12:40; Ex 12:37).

When Joseph and all his brothers in that generation died, a new king (Pharaoh) who did not know about Joseph came into power (Ex 1:8). He began to oppress and mistreat the Israelites and Israel cried out to God (Ex 1:12-14)

The Pharaoh gave an order for the Hebrew midwives to kill every male born Hebrew, but the midwives disobeyed, so the Pharaoh gave an order that every first born male must be thrown into the Nile (Ex 1:15-22).

Moses

Because the Pharaoh had ordered all male children born of the Hebrews be thrown into the Nile River, Moses mother (Jochebed) hid him for 3 months (as long as she could) before putting him into a papyrus basket and putting him into the river Nile (Ex Ex 2:1-4).

The baby was found by the Pharaohs daughter who paid for a nurse (his mother) to raise him until he grew older. When the baby was older, the child became her son and she named the child Moses (Ex 2:5-10)

Moses Family

Moses had an older brother Aaron, who was 3 years older than him (Ex 7:7) and a sister whose name was Meriam (Who later became a prophetess Ex 15:20).

Amran was Moses father and Jochebed was Moses mother (Ex 6:20).

Moses brother Aaron, married Elisheba and Aaron had sons 4 sons : Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar (Ex 6:23)

Moses married Zopporah and had 2 sons, Gershom and Eliezer (Ex 18:4)


Moses kills an Egyptian

When Moses had grown up, he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew worker. Moses killed him and buried him in the sand (Ex 2:11-12). When the Pharaoh heard of this, he tried to kill Moses, so Moses fled Egypt (Ex 2:14-15).

Moses became a shepherd and married Zipporah. He became the father of Gershom (Ex 2:16-22).

Israel’s Cry

Moses and the burning bush

God heard the cries of the Israelites and called Moses at Mount Horeb. God called to him from a bush that was burning, yet the bush did not burn up (Ex 2:25-3:1-7).

God was going to send him to bring his people (Israelites) out of Egypt. There were 600,000 Israelite men and woman and children living in Egypt at that time (Ex 12:37).

Moses was only a shepherd and replied, who am I, that I should go to the Pharaoh (King of Egypt) and bring the people out of Egypt (Ex 3:10).


God calls Moses and Aaron

The circumstances seemed impossible for Moses because he was only one man, a shepherd (Ex 3:1) who was not an eloquent speaker and slow of speech (Ex 4:10). Moses asked God to choose someone else (Ex 4:13) but God had chosen Moses for this task (Ex 4:15). God also called Aaron his older brother to help him (Ex 14:15).

He would be with Moses and would perform signs and wonders before the Pharaoh (Ex 4:21). On the way, Moses had forgotten to circumcise his son Gershom, God was going to kill Moses for this, but his wife Zipporah circumcised her son (Ex 4:24-26).

Moses and Aaron bought together the elders of Israel and told them all God had said to them and they bowed their heads and worshipped (Ex4:27-31)


Moses and Aaron speak to the Pharoah of Egypt.

So Moses and Aaron went to the Pharaoh (Ex 5). The Pharaoh refused to listen to Moses and Aaron, but instead oppressed the Israelites more requiring them to make the same amount of bricks, but not providing them with the straw to make them (Ex 5:9-14).


The Judgment of God on Egypt

Because of this God bought the plagues and judgement upon Pharaoh and Egypt (Ex 6).

God made Moses ‘like a God’ before Pharaoh in that he would speak the words God gave him and his brother Aaron ‘like a Prophet’ (Ex 7:1-2). Moses was 80 and Aaron 83, when he spoke to the Pharaoh (Ex 7:7).


The Miraculous signs of God before Pharaoh:

1. Staff to a live snake (Ex 7:9-11) – but the Pharaoh and magicians were able to do this as well through their secret arts. The Egyptians worshipped their own Gods, and the performed their miracles through their secret arts (That is through the power of Demons).

2. Water to Blood (Ex 7:17-25), but the Egyptian Magicians could duplicate this sign also.

3. Plague of Frogs (Ex 8:1-8), but the Egyptian magicians could duplicate this sign also also, but the Egyptian magicians could not get rid of the frogs.

4. Plague of Gnats (Ex 8:16-19), the Egyptian magicians could not duplicate this sign.

5. Swarm of Flies (Ex 8:20-24)

6. Plague of death on the livestock (Ex 9:1-7)

7. Judgement of Boils (Ex 9:8-12)

8. Judgement of Hailstorms (Ex 9:17-26)

9. Judgement of Locusts (Ex 10:5-15)

10. Sign of Darkness on the land (Ex 10:21-23)

11. Plague of death of every first born Egyptian male and cattle (Ex 11:1—6;Ex 12:29-31)

After God had performed miraculous signs and wonders and had sent plagues and judgement on Egypt, the Pharaoh let Moses and the Israelites go.


Israel in Egypt

600,000 men, plus woman and children (Ex 12:37), the nation of Israel, who had lived in Egypt for 430 years (Ex 12:40).


Festivals for Israel

The festivals of remembrance which God established was the Passover festival (Ex 12:12-13) and the festival of Unleavened bread (That is bread made without yeast - Ex 12:14-20). These festival were reminders for what God had done in delivering the Israelites from the hand of the Egyptians.

The promised land

Gods plan was going to bring them into a land he had promised to their fore-fathers, the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites and Jebusites--the land God swore, he would give to them through the promise to their forefathers (Ex 13:5)

God chose this land for the Israelites, because it was the most beautiful of all lands, a land flowing with milk and honey (Ezekiel 30:6).

A sign God was with Israel

A sign that God was with them, a pillar of cloud lead them during the day and at night a pillar of fire to give them light (Ex 13:21)


The Pharaoh of Egypt and his army pursue Israel and are destroyed

The Pharaoh of Egypt changed his mind about letting the Israelites go and pursued them (Ex 14:5-6).

By the sea near Pi Hahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon (Ex 14:9) Moses raised his staff and stretched out his hand as God had commanded (Ex 14:16) and God drove back the sea and it turned to dry land (Ex 14:21).

The Israelites went onto the dry land and the Egyptians followed (Ex 14:22-23). When the Israelites had crossed Moses stretched out his hand over the sea and the waters flowed back, killing the Egyptians (Ex 14:23-26).


God purifies the water at the Desert of Shur

At Marah, in the desert of Shur (Ex 15:22-23), the Israelites had no water to drink, so God showed Moses a piece of wood to throw into the water. When Moses threw it into the water the water became sweet (Ex 15:25).

God provides bread (Mana) and meat (Quail) at the desert of sin

At the Desert of Sin (Ex 16:3-24), God provided food for Israel in the desert. Bread in the form of flakes (Ex 16:14) which they called Mana (Ex 16:15) and meat in the form of Quail (Ex 16:13), which was a bird.

God tested Israel regarding the Sabbath day

It was here, that God tested and commanded the Israelites not to collect food on the seventh seventh day for on the sixth day they were to collect enough food for two days. On the seventh day, they were to rest as it was a Sabbath day, a holy day of rest, yet some in Israel still disobeyed and collected food on the seventh day (Ex 16:19-28).

God provides water from a rock at Horeb

Again, in the desert, the Israelites ran out of water (For 600,000 men, woman and children and cattle), so God provided a miracle, water from a rock at Horeb (Ex 17:6).

God defeats the Amalekites (Descendants of Esau)

Not only did they have to flee from the Egyptians, the Amalekites (The descendants of Esau) decided to attack the Israelites at Rephidim (Ex 17:8). God gave the Israelites victory when Moses held up his hands and Joshua led Israel to victory by the power of God.

God would be at war with the Amalekites for generations to come, for what they had done ( Ex 17:16).


Moses appoints Judges

The burden of leading Israel was great, so Moses appointed Judges to serve the people (Ex 18:13).


The commandments and law are given and recorded in the book of the Covenant

At the Desert of Sinai, God would appear to the Israelites (Ex 19). There God gave Israel his commandments (Ex 20) and laws (Ex 21-23) and festivals (Unleavened bread, Harvest and Ingathering Ex 23:14-16) to keep (Ex 20-Ex 23:33).

Moses wrote down everything and recorded it on the book of the Covenant (Ex 24:7)


Moses and Joshua on Mount Sinai

Moses and Joshua went up to Mount Sinai for 40 days (Ex 24:13–17). There God gave Moses instructions for the construction of the Tabernacle and instruction for sacrifices (Ex 25:1-Ex 31:17). And when God had finished speaking, he Gave Moses two tablets, inscribed by the finger of God (Ex 31:18).


Israel turns to False Idols

While Moses was on Mount Sinai, the people of Israel persuaded Aaron to make for them an Idol in the form of a calf, so they could worship the idol as their God. They bowed down to it and offered sacrifices to it (Ex 32:1-8), even though God had been with them all this time.

If Moses had not prayed for Aaron, God may have destroyed him for making idols for Israel.

(Deu 9:20 NIV) And the LORD was angry enough with Aaron to destroy him, but at that time I prayed for Aaron too.


God Gives Israel the commandments, law and festivals

God gave Israel commandments (Ex 20) and laws (Ex Ch23:13).

God gave the Israelites festivals: (Feast of the Unleavened Bread Ex 12:17 - The festival of the unleavened bread was a reminder when God bought Israel out of Egypt by division).

Feast of the Harvest Ex 23:16 – with the first fruits of the crops you sow in the field.

And the Feast of the Ingathering Ex 23:16 – at the end of the year, when you gather crops from the field.

And appointed times for Sacrifices Ex 23:17-19.


God sent an Angel before them to Guard them and to bring Israel into the promised land.

(Exo 23:20 NIV) "See, I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared.


Instructions for Israel when they enter the promised land

God gave the Israelites instructions for when they would enter the promised land - the land of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites and Jebusites (Ex 23:20-23).

Do not worship their Gods or follow their practices. Break their sacred stones to pieces (Ex 23:24).

The Lord will go before and drive out the enemies in the promised land (Ex 23:27-31).

Do not make a covenant with them (Ex 23:32) and do not let them live in your land or they will cause you to worship their God and they will be a snare to you (Ex 23:33)


Moses reads out the book of the covenant to the people of Israel

Moses recorded these things in the book of the covenant and read it out to the people of Israel and the people responded "We will do everything the LORD has said; we will obey" (Ex 24:7) and Moses confirmed the covenant with the sprinkling of the blood (Ex 24:8)

Moses went up to the Top of Mount Sinai, where God then gave Moses two tablets with the laws and commandments, written by the finger of God (Ex 24:12-18; Ex 31:18)

Moses is given instructions for building the tabernacle of God

God also gave Moses instructions for the building of the tabernacle and its furnishings (Ex 25-28) and instructions for Sacrifices (Ex 29-30).

The Tabernacle and it’s accessories

Tabernacle – The gold ark of the testimony (Ex 25:10-22), The gold table for the bread of presence (Ex 25:23-28), The gold plates and dishes (Ex 25:29), The gold lamp stands (Ex 25:31-39).

On the lid of the ark (atonement cover) were the Cherubim – Angel s of God (Ex 25:17-20)

In the testimony (tables) were put in the ark – Ex 40:20

Furnishings – Curtains (Ex 26:1-13), Tents - coverings (Ex 26:14), frames and bases and crossbars (Ex 26:15-30), Curtain for the most holy place (Ex26:31-33)

The Alter of Sacrifice of burnt offering

The bronze alter (Ex 27:1-2), The bronze utensils for the alter: bowls, forks, fire pans, poles (Ex 27:3-8)

The Courtyard Curtains, posts, bases, bronze articles, lamps (Ex 27:9-21)

The Garments for the priests

Woven tunic (Ex 28:1-21), Breastplate of Judgement (Ex 28:22-30), Ephod (Ex28:6), Robe (Ex 28:314), , Turban (Ex 28:36-38) , Sash (Ex 28:39-10).

The breastplate of Judgment (Ex 28:15 KJV). The Urim and Thummin were put in the breastplate of Judgement and they were to be upon Aaron’s heart. When Aaron went before God into the Holy place, he bore the judgement of the children of Israel upon his heart continually before the lord (Ex 28:29-30 KJV).


Sacrifices and Offerings

The types of offerings and sacrifices.

Sin (Ex 29:10-14), Burnt (Ex 29:15-18), Ordination (Ex 29:19-22), Grain –Wave offering (Ex 29:23-25), Meat –Wave offering (Ex 29:26-30), Eating of the offerings (Ex 29:31-34), Daily offerings – morning(Ex 29:38-40) and evening (Ex 29:41-43, Holy (sacred) Oil (Ex 30:25-33), Holy Incense (Ex 30:34-38).


Observing the Sabbath (Ex 31:12-18)


Aaron makes Idols for Israel to worship.

When Moses was on Mount Sinai for 40 days, the Israelites asked Aaron to make them an Idol shaped in the form of a bull, so they could worship it as their God. They worshipped the idols as God, who bought them out of Egypt (Ex 32:1-6). Israel turned so quickly from the living God even after all the things God had done for them (Ex 32:1-10).

When Moses came down from the Mountain and saw what the people of Israel had done, he threw down the tablets and broke them (Ex 32:15-19), he took the calf they had formed and burned it in the fire and ground it down to powder and made the Israelites drink it (Ex 32:20).


The Judgement on Israel for worshipping false Idols

The judgement of God came on the Israelites that day and Moses and the Levites killed 3,000 people who had sinned that day (Ex 32:26-28). A plague struck Israel because of what they did with the calf Aaron had made (Ex 32:25).

Gods anger with Aaron

God was also angry with Aaron that day, enough to destroy him. If Moses had not prayed for him, God may have destroyed him (Deut 9:20)


The Second set of Tablets

God gave Moses a second set of tablets (Ex 34:1-28) and reminded him of the covenant.

Instructions when entering the promised land.

God would drive out the people of the land promised to Israel (Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites - Ex 34:11).

Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land where you are going, or they will be a snare among you (Ex 34:12).

Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones and cut down their Asherah poles (Exo 34:13).

Do not worship any other God (Exo 34:14).

Celebrate the festivals – Unleavened Bread (Exo 34:18), Festival of Weeks/First fruits (Exo 34:22), Festival of ingathering/harvest (Exo 34:22).

Observe the Sabbath day (Ex 35:2) A holy day of rest.


Aaron and Moses

Moses was 80 years old when he first spoke to the Pharoah, Aaron was 83. (Ex 7:7)

Moses was 120 years old when he died. (Deut 34:5-7).

Moses first spoke to the Pharaoh of Egypt when he was 80. After leading Israel out of Egypt and after leading Israel for 40 years in the desert, Moses was 120 years old (Deut 34:5-7).

Moses did not enter into the promised land because he disobeyed God at Kadesh,the desert of Sin. Instead of speaking to the rock and making water gash from it as God had commanded, he struck the rock with his staff as at Horeb and water gushed from it (Ex 17:6).

Because of Moses disobedience, he would not enter the promised land (Numbers 20:1-12).

Aaron (Moses brother) died at Moserah on Mount Hor (Det 32:50) and was buried there (Deut 10:6). His son Eleazar succeeded him as priest.