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chad
Aug 19th 2015, 11:49 PM
Continuing on from my bible study on Exodus (*My Notes are in Red)

Leviticus Chapter 1

God gave Moses instructions regarding offerings of bulls, sheep, goats, doves and pigeons to be sacrificed on the alter. The offering is a burnt offering to God, and was done outside of the tent of meeting.
The Burnt Offering

1 The Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting. He said, 2 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When anyone among you brings an offering to the Lord, bring as your offering an animal from either the herd or the flock.

Offering H7133. qorban, kor-bawn'; or qurban, koor-bawn'; from H7126; something brought near the altar, i.e. a sacrificial present:--oblation, that is offered, offering.

An offering. Something bought to the alter as a gift and is burnt on the alter. A burnt offering could be From the herd (Bull), or the flock (sheep or goat) or bird (dove or pidgeon).


Burnt Offering (Herd - Bull).

3 “‘If the offering is a burnt offering from the herd, you are to offer a male without defect.
You must present it at the entrance to the tent of meeting so that it will be acceptable to the Lord.

4 You are to lay your hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted on your behalf to make atonement for you.

The sin of the person was confessed and symbolically transferred to the sacrificial animal, on which hands were laid. The animal was an atonement for the sin of the person.

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).


5 You are to slaughter the young bull before the Lord, and then Aaron’ssons the priests shall bring the blood and splash it against the sides of the altar at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

The killing of an animal symbolized the substitution of a perfect animal sacrifice for a sinful human life.

Preparing the Offering

6 You are to skin the burnt offering and cut it into pieces.

7 The sons of Aaron the priest are to put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire.

8 Then Aaron’s sons the priests shall arrange the pieces, including the head and the fat, on the wood that is burning on the altar.

9 You are to wash the internal organs and the legs with water, and the priest is to burn all of it on the altar. It is a burnt offering, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.

Burnt Offering (Flock - Sheep or Goats).

10 “‘If the offering is a burnt offering from the flock, from either the sheep or the goats, you are to offer a male without defect.

11 You are to slaughter it at the north side of the altar before the Lord, and Aaron’s sons the priests shall splash its blood against the sides of the altar.

12 You are to cut it into pieces, and the priest shall arrange them, including the head and the fat, on the wood that is burning on the altar.

13 You are to wash the internal organs and the legs with water, and the priest is to bring all of them and burn them on the altar. It is a burnt offering, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.

Aroma pleasing to the lord. In the NT, Paul writes to the Ephesians. Just as some Old Testament sacrifices were an Aroma, pleasing to the Lord, Paul writes in the NT - Jesus, who was a sacrifice for our sins was a sacrifice to God and a sweet smelling savour (Eph 5:2 - KJV).

Sweet smelling G2175. euodia, yoo-o-dee'-ah; from a comp. of G2095 and a der. of G3605; good-scentedness, i.e. fragrance:--sweet savour (smell, -smelling).

Fragrance G3744. osme, os-may'; from G3605; fragrance (lit. or fig.):--odour, savour.


Burnt Offering (Bird - Dove or Pigeon).

14 “‘If the offering to the Lord is a burnt offering of birds, you are to offer a dove or a young pigeon.

Preparing the Offering

15 The priest shall bring it to the altar, wring off the head and burn it on the altar; its blood shall be drained out on the side of the altar.

16 He is to remove the crop and the feathers[a (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+1&version=NIV#fen-NIV-2762a)] and throw them down east of the altar where the ashes are.

17 He shall tear it open by the wings, not dividing it completely, and then the priest shall burn it on the wood that is burning on the altar. It is a burnt offering, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.

Burnt Offering – meaning that the offering was burnt on the alter. As a result of the burning, there would be an aroma (KJV – sweet savour instead of Aroma) or a pleasant smell.

Sweet H5207. niychowach, nee-kho'-akh; or niychoach, nee-kho'-akh; from H5117; prop. restful, i.e. pleasant; abstr. delight:--sweet (odour).

Savour H7381. reyach, ray'-akh; from H7306; odor (as if blown):--savour, scent, smell.

chad
Aug 28th 2015, 02:31 AM
Leviticus Chapter 2

The Grain Offering

A Grain Offering was made of grain or fine flour. It could be baked or cooked in a pan, oven or griddle. It consisted of a cake or wafer. A grain offering was offered with a burnt offering.

1“‘When anyone brings a grain offering to the LORD, their offering is to be of the finest flour. They are to pour olive oil on it, put incense on it 2 and take it to Aaron’s sons the priests.

The KJV names the incense as frankincense. H3828. lebownah, leb-o-naw'; or lebonah, leb-o-naw'; from H3836; frankincense (from its whiteness or perh. that of its smoke):--(frank-) incense.

2 The priest shall take a handful of the flour and oil, together with all the incense, and burn this as a memorial portion on the altar, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

Memorial H234. 'azkarah, az-kaw-raw'; from H2142; a reminder; spec. remembrance-offering:--memorial.

A part of the grain offering was burnt on the alter and was the memorial portion of the sacrifice (a remembrance offering).

3 The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the food offerings presented to the LORD.


Grain Offering (Baked in an oven).

4 “‘If you bring a grain offering baked in an oven, it is to consist of the finest flour: either thick loaves made without yeast and with olive oil mixed in or thin loaves made without yeast and brushed with olive oil.

KJV reads (Lev 2:4) And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

Oblation H 7133. qorban, kor-bawn'; or qurban, koor-bawn'; from H7126; something brought near the altar, i.e. a sacrificial present:--oblation, that is offered, offering.

Unleavened H4682. matstsah, mats-tsaw'; from H4711 in the sense of greedily devouring for sweetness; prop. sweetness; concr. sweet (i.e. not soured or bittered with yeast); spec. an unfermented cake or loaf, or (ellipt.) the festival of
Passover (because no leaven was then used):--unleavened (bread, cake), without leaven.


Grain Offering (Prepared on a Griddle = Clay Pan).

5 If your grain offering is prepared on a griddle, it is to be made of the finest flour mixed with oil, and without yeast.

6 Crumble it and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.

A Griddle was a clay pan that rested on a stone heated by fire. The KJV uses the word pan instead of griddle.

Pan H4227. machabath, makh-ab-ath'; from the same as H2281; a pan for baking in:--pan.


Grain Offering (Prepared in a Pan).

7 If your grain offering is cooked in a pan, it is to be made of the finest flour and some olive oil.

The KJV uses the word frying pan instead of just pan.

Frying Pan H4802. marchesheth, mar-kheh'-sheth; from H7370; a stew-pan:--fryingpan.

8 Bring the grain offering made of these things to the LORD; present it to the priest, who shall take it to the altar.

9 He shall take out the memorial portion from the grain offering and burn it on the altar as a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

Memorial H 234. 'azkarah, az-kaw-raw'; from H2142; a reminder; spec. remembrance-offering:--memorial.

10 The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the food offerings presented to the LORD.


Grain Offerings are to be made without yeast and with salt.

11 “‘Every grain offering you bring to the LORD must be made without yeast, for you are not to burn any yeast or honey in a food offering presented to the LORD.

NIV Notes: Ex 2:11 Honey was forbidden on the alter because of it’s use in brewing beer (as an aid to fermentation).

Yeast is also used to ferment bread. The KJV uses the word leaven, the NIV Yeast.

Leaven H7603. se'or, seh-ore'; from H7604; barm or yeast-cake (as swelling by fermentation):--leaven.

12 You may bring them to the LORD as an offering of the firstfruits, but they are not to be offered on the altar as a pleasing aroma.

KJV usus the word oblation instead of offering.

Oblation H7133. qorban, kor-bawn'; or qurban, koor-bawn'; from H7126; something brought near the altar, i.e. a sacrificial present:--oblation, that is offered, offering.


13 Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings; add salt to all your offerings.

14 “‘If you bring a grain offering of firstfruits to the LORD, offer crushed heads of new grain roasted in the fire.

Offering H4503. minchah, min-khaw'; from an unused root mean. to apportion, i.e. bestow; a donation; euphem. tribute; spec. a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary):--gift, oblation, (meat) offering, present, sacrifice.


15 Put oil and incense on it; it is a grain offering.

The KJV names the incense as Frankincense –

H3828. lebownah, leb-o-naw'; or lebonah, leb-o-naw'; from H3836; frankincense (from its whiteness or perh. that of its smoke):--(frank-) incense.


16 The priest shall burn the memorial portion of the crushed grain and the oil, together with all the incense, as a food offering presented to the LORD.

chad
Aug 28th 2015, 02:43 AM
Leviticus Chapter 2

The Grain Offering

A Grain Offering was made of grain or fine flour. It could be baked or cooked in a pan, oven or griddle. It consisted of a cake or wafer. A grain offering was offered with a burnt offering.

1“‘When anyone brings a grain offering to the LORD, their offering is to be of the finest flour. They are to pour olive oil on it, put incense on it 2 and take it to Aaron’s sons the priests.

The KJV names the incense as frankincense. H3828. lebownah, leb-o-naw'; or lebonah, leb-o-naw'; from H3836; frankincense (from its whiteness or perh. that of its smoke):--(frank-) incense.


2 The priest shall take a handful of the flour and oil, together with all the incense, and burn this as a memorial portion on the altar, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

Memorial H234. 'azkarah, az-kaw-raw'; from H2142; a reminder; spec. remembrance-offering:--memorial.

A part of the grain offering was burnt on the alter and was the memorial portion of the sacrifice (a remembrance offering).


3 The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the food offerings presented to the LORD.


Grain Offering (Baked in an oven).

4 “‘If you bring a grain offering baked in an oven, it is to consist of the finest flour: either thick loaves made without yeast and with olive oil mixed in or thin loaves made without yeast and brushed with olive oil.

KJV reads (Lev 2:4) And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

Oblation H 7133. qorban, kor-bawn'; or qurban, koor-bawn'; from H7126; something brought near the altar, i.e. a sacrificial present:--oblation, that is offered, offering.

Unleavened H4682. matstsah, mats-tsaw'; from H4711 in the sense of greedily devouring for sweetness; prop. sweetness; concr. sweet (i.e. not soured or bittered with yeast); spec. an unfermented cake or loaf, or (ellipt.) the festival of
Passover (because no leaven was then used):--unleavened (bread, cake), without leaven.


Grain Offering (Prepared on a Griddle = Clay Pan).


5 If your grain offering is prepared on a griddle, it is to be made of the finest flour mixed with oil, and without yeast.

6 Crumble it and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.

A Griddle was a clay pan that rested on a stone heated by fire. The KJV uses the word pan instead of griddle.

Pan H4227. machabath, makh-ab-ath'; from the same as H2281; a pan for baking in:--pan.


Grain Offering (Prepared in a Pan).

7 If your grain offering is cooked in a pan, it is to be made of the finest flour and some olive oil.

The KJV uses the word frying pan instead of just pan.

Frying Pan H4802. marchesheth, mar-kheh'-sheth; from H7370; a stew-pan:--fryingpan.


8 Bring the grain offering made of these things to the LORD; present it to the priest, who shall take it to the altar.

9 He shall take out the memorial portion from the grain offering and burn it on the altar as a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

Memorial H 234. 'azkarah, az-kaw-raw'; from H2142; a reminder; spec. remembrance-offering:--memorial.

10 The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the food offerings presented to the LORD.


Grain Offerings are to be made without yeast and with salt.

11 “‘Every grain offering you bring to the LORD must be made without yeast, for you are not to burn any yeast or honey in a food offering presented to the LORD.

NIV Notes: Ex 2:11 Honey was forbidden on the alter because of it’s use in brewing beer (as an aid to fermentation).

Yeast is also used to ferment bread. The KJV uses the word leaven, the NIV Yeast.

Leaven H7603. se'or, seh-ore'; from H7604; barm or yeast-cake (as swelling by fermentation):--leaven.


12 You may bring them to the LORD as an offering of the firstfruits, but they are not to be offered on the altar as a pleasing aroma.

KJV usus the word oblation instead of offering.

Oblation H7133. qorban, kor-bawn'; or qurban, koor-bawn'; from H7126; something brought near the altar, i.e. a sacrificial present:--oblation, that is offered, offering.


13 Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings; add salt to all your offerings.

14 “‘If you bring a grain offering of firstfruits to the LORD, offer crushed heads of new grain roasted in the fire.

Offering H4503. minchah, min-khaw'; from an unused root mean. to apportion, i.e. bestow; a donation; euphem. tribute; spec. a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary):--gift, oblation, (meat) offering, present, sacrifice.


15 Put oil and incense on it; it is a grain offering.

The KJV names the incense as Frankincense –

H3828. lebownah, leb-o-naw'; or lebonah, leb-o-naw'; from H3836; frankincense (from its whiteness or perh. that of its smoke):--(frank-) incense.


16 The priest shall burn the memorial portion of the crushed grain and the oil, together with all the incense, as a food offering presented to the LORD.

chad
Sep 3rd 2015, 09:08 PM
Leviticus Chapter 3

The Fellowship Offering

From the Herd - a male or female without defect.

3 “‘If your offering is a fellowship offering, and you offer an animal from the herd, whether male or female, you are to present before the LORD an animal without defect.

The KJV uses the words Peace offering instead of the words fellowship offering (NIV).

Peace H8002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.

In the New Testament, Jesus sacrifice on the cross not only bought atonement for our sins, but also peace with God. His blood sacrificed was also a peace offering. (Romans 1:5; Ephesians 2:15-16; Colossians 1:19-22).


2 You are to lay your hand on the head of your offering and slaughter it at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

The sin of the person was confessed and symbolically transferred to the sacrificial animal, on which hands were laid. The animal was an atonement for the sin of the person. The killing of an animal symbolized the substitution of a perfect animal sacrifice for a sinful human life.

In the New Testament Jesus was the sacrifice for our sins. In the book of Hebrews it writes he sacrificed himself once to pay for the sins of man.

(Heb 7:27 NIV) Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself.

(Heb 13:12 NIV) And so Jesus also suffered outside the city gate to make the people holy through his own blood.
Just as the sacrifices were made outside the camp, Jesus sacrifice was outside of the city.

(Heb 13:11 NIV) The high priest carries the blood of animals into the Most Holy Place as a sin offering, but the bodies are burned outside the camp.

(Heb 13:12 NIV) And so Jesus also suffered outside the city gate to make the people holy through his own blood.

(Heb 13:13 NIV) Let us, then, go to him outside the camp, bearing the disgrace he bore.


In his death, Jesus bore our sins.

(1 Pet 2:24 NIV) He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.

The KJV reads.

(1 Pet 2:24 KJV) Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.

Bare G399. anaphero, an-af-er'-o; from G303 and G5342; to take up (lit. or fig.):--bear, bring (carry, lead) up, offer (up)


Preparing the sacrifice.

3 From the fellowship offering you are to bring a food offering to the LORD: the internal organs and all the fat that is connected to them,4 both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which you will remove with the kidneys.

Burnt offering

5 Then Aaron’s sons are to burn it on the altar on top of the burnt offering that is lying on the burning wood; it is a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.


The Fellowship Offering - From the Flock (Lamb).

6 “‘If you offer an animal from the flock as a fellowship offering to the LORD, you are to offer a male or female without defect.

The KJV uses the words peace offering instead of fellowship offering.

7 If you offer a lamb, you are to present it before the LORD,

8 lay your hand on its head and slaughter it in front of the tent of meeting. Then Aaron’s sons shall splash its blood against the sides of the altar.

The sin of the person was confessed and symbolically transferred to the sacrificial animal, on which hands were laid. The animal was an atonement for the sin of the person.

Preparing the sacrifice

9 From the fellowship offering you are to bring a food offering to the LORD: its fat, the entire fat tail cut off close to the backbone, the internal organs and all the fat that is connected to them,10 both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which you will remove with the kidneys.

Burnt offering

11 The priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering presented to the LORD.

NIV Notes - Food Offering. These sacrifices were not food for God, they were gifts to God. Other ancient cultures, sacrificed food to Gods Ezekiel 16:20.


The Fellowship Offering - From the Flock (Goat).

12 “‘If your offering is a goat, you are to present it before the LORD,

13 lay your hand on its head and slaughter it in front of the tent of meeting.

The sin of the person was confessed and symbolically transferred to the sacrificial animal, on which hands were laid. The animal was an atonement for the sin of the person.

Then Aaron’s sons shall splash its blood against the sides of the altar.

Preparing the sacrifice

14 From what you offer you are to present this food offering to the LORD: the internal organs and all the fat that is connected to them,15 both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which you will remove with the kidneys.

Burnt offering

16 The priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering, a pleasing aroma. All the fat is the LORD’s.

17 “‘This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live: You must not eat any fat or any blood.’”

The eating of blood was forbidden. The bloodshed in the sacrifices were considered sacred and was for atonement and was not to be eaten. The life of a creature is in the blood and it is the blood that makes atonement for one’s life (Ex 17:11-12).

The fat part of the sacrifice was the LORD’s (Ex 3:16).

chad
Sep 10th 2015, 10:47 PM
Leviticus Chapter 4

The Sin Offering

The sin offerings for the people of Israel. The sin offering was for unintentional sin:

(1) For the anointed priest
(2) For the whole Israelite community
(3) For a leader
(4) For a member of the community.

1 The LORD said to Moses,2 “Say to the Israelites: ‘When anyone sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD’s commands—

Unintentional sins – the KJV writes, sins through ignorance.

Ignorance H7684. shegagah, sheg-aw-gaw'; from H7683; a mistake or inadvertent transgression:--error, ignorance, at unawares, unwittingly.

The Sin offering for the anointed priest.

3 “‘If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, he must bring to the LORD a young bull without defect as a sin offering[a] for the sin he has committed.

KJV uses the word Bullock instead of Bull.

Bullock H6499. par, par; or par, pawr; from H6565; a bullock (appar. as breaking forth in wild strength, or perh. as dividing the hoof):-- (+ young) bull (-ock), calf, ox.

4 He is to present the bull at the entrance to the tent of meeting before the LORD. He is to lay his hand on its head and slaughter it there before the LORD.

5 Then the anointed priest shall take some of the bull’s blood and carry it into the tent of meeting.

6 He is to dip his finger into the blood and sprinkle some of it seven times before the LORD, in front of the curtain of the sanctuary.

7 The priest shall then put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of fragrant incense that is before the LORD in the tent of meeting. The rest of the bull’s blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering at the entrance to the tent of meeting.


Preparing the sin offering

8 He shall remove all the fat from the bull of the sin offering—all the fat that is connected to the internal organs,9 both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which he will remove with the kidneys—10 just as the fat is removed from the ox[B]sacrificed as a fellowship offering. Then the priest shall burn them on the altar of burnt offering.

Fellowship offering. The KJV uses the word peace offering instead of fellowship offering.

Peace Offering H8002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.

Burnt Offering H5930. 'olah, o-law'; or 'owlah, o-law'; fem. act. part of H5927; a step or (collect.
stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke):--ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See also H5766.

Burning the sin offering

11 But the hide of the bull and all its flesh, as well as the head and legs, the internal organs and the intestines—12 that is, all the rest of the bull—he must take outside the camp to a place ceremonially clean, where the ashes are thrown, and burn it there in a wood fire on the ash heap.


The Sin offering the Whole Israelite Community

13 “‘If the whole Israelite community sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD’s commands, even though the community is unaware of the matter, when they realize their guilt

14 and the sin they committed becomes known, the assembly must bring a young bull as a sin offering and present it before the tent of meeting.

15 The elders of the community are to lay their hands on the bull’s head before the LORD, and the bull shall be slaughtered before the LORD.

16 Then the anointed priest is to take some of the bull’s blood into the tent of meeting.

17 He shall dip his finger into the blood and sprinkle it before the LORD seven times in front of the curtain.

18 He is to put some of the blood on the horns of the altar that is before the LORD in the tent of meeting.

The rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

19 He shall remove all the fat from it and burn it on the altar,

20 and do with this bull just as he did with the bull for the sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for the community, and they will be forgiven.

21 Then he shall take the bull outside the camp and burn it as he burned the first bull. This is the sin offering for the community.


The sin offering for the sins of a leader

22 “‘When a leader sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the commands of the LORD his God, when he realizes his guilt

23 and the sin he has committed becomes known, he must bring as his offering a male goat without defect.

24 He is to lay his hand on the goat’s head and slaughter it at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered before the LORD. It is a sin offering.

25 Then the priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.

26 He shall burn all the fat on the altar as he burned the fat of the fellowship offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for the leader’s sin, and he will be forgiven.


The sin offering for any member of the Israelite community

A female goat without defect

27 “‘If any member of the community sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD’s commands, when they realize their guilt

28 and the sin they have committed becomes known, they must bring as their offering for the sin they committed a female goat without defect.

29 They are to lay their hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter it at the place of the burnt offering.

30 Then the priest is to take some of the blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.

31 They shall remove all the fat, just as the fat is removed from the fellowship offering, and the priest shall burn it on the altar as an aroma pleasing to the LORD. In this way the priest will make atonement for them, and they will be forgiven.


A female lamb without defect

32 “‘If someone brings a lamb as their sin offering, they are to bring a female without defect.

33 They are to lay their hand on its head and slaughter it for a sin offering at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered.

34 Then the priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.

35 They shall remove all the fat, just as the fat is removed from the lamb of the fellowship offering, and the priest shall burn it on the altar on top of the food offerings presented to the LORD. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).

Forgiven H5545. calach, saw-lakh'; a prim. root; to forgive:--forgive, pardon, spare.

chad
Sep 18th 2015, 12:14 AM
Leviticus Chapter 5

The Sin Offering

A sin offering for not reporting testifying regarding sin

5 “‘If anyone sins because they do not speak up when they hear a public charge to testify regarding something they have seen or learned about, they will be held responsible.


A sin offering for accidently touching something ceremonially unclean – an animal

2 “‘If anyone becomes aware that they are guilty—if they unwittingly touch anything ceremonially unclean (whether the carcass of an unclean animal, wild or domestic, or of any unclean creature that moves along the ground) and they are unaware that they have become unclean, but then they come to realize their guilt;

Touching the carcass of an unclean animal - made a person ceremonially unclean under the law of Moses.

Unclean H2931. tame', taw-may'; from H2930; foul in a relig. sense:--defiled, + infamous, polluted (-tion), unclean.


The sin offering for accidently touching something ceremonially unclean – human


3 or if they touch human uncleanness (anything that would make them unclean) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt;

Uncleanness H2932. tum'ah, toom-aw'; from H2930; relig. impurity:--filthiness, unclean (-ness).


The sin offering for thoughtlessly taking an oath

4 or if anyone thoughtlessly takes an oath to do anything, whether good or evil (in any matter one might carelessly swear about) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt—

Oath H7621. shebuw'ah, sheb-oo-aw'; fem. pass. part. of H7650; prop. something sworn, i.e. an oath:--curse, oath, X sworn.


5 when anyone becomes aware that they are guilty in any of these matters, they must confess in what way they have sinned.


Atonement for sin - Female lamb or goat offering (flock).

6 As a penalty for the sin they have committed, they must bring to the Lord a female lamb or goat from the flock as a sin offering[a (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=lev+5&version=NIV#fen-NIV-2837a)]; and the priest shall make atonement for them for their sin.


(Lev 5:6 KJV) And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin.

Trespass offering H817. asham, aw-shawm'; from H816; guilt; by impl. a fault; also a sin-offering:--guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).

Sin offering H2403. chatta'ah, khat-taw-aw'; or chatta'th, khat-tawth'; from H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concr.) an offender:--punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).


Bird offering (two doves or two pigeons)

7 “‘Anyone who cannot afford a lamb is to bring two doves or two young pigeons to the Lord as a penalty for their sin—one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.

Doves or pigeons could be used as a sacrifice if they could not afford a lamb.

8 They are to bring them to the priest, who shall first offer the one for the sin offering. He is to wring its head from its neck, not dividing it completely,9 and is to splash some of the blood of the sin offering against the side of the altar; the rest of the blood must be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering.

10 The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed way and make atonement for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.


Grain offering

A grain offering could be offered as a sacrifice if they could not afford a lamb.

11 “‘If, however, they cannot afford two doves or two young pigeons, they are to bring as an offering for their sin a tenth of an ephah[b (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=lev+5&version=NIV#fen-NIV-2842b)] of the finest flour for a sin offering. They must not put olive oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering.

12 They are to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorial[c (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=lev+5&version=NIV#fen-NIV-2843c)]portion and burn it on the altar on top of the food offerings presented to the Lord. It is a sin offering.

Memorial H234. 'azkarah, az-kaw-raw'; from H2142; a reminder; spec. remembrance-offering:--memorial.


13 In this way the priest will make atonement for them for any of these sins they have committed, and they will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.’”


The Guilt Offering

The guilt offering for unintentional sin.

14 The Lord said to Moses:15 “When anyone is unfaithful to the Lord by sinning unintentionally in regard to any of the Lord’s holy things, they are to bring to the Lord as a penalty a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel. It is a guilt offering.

Restitution for sin

They must make restitution for what they have failed to do in regard to the holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its value and give it all to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.

The KJV uses the word Amends instead of Restitution.

Amends H7999. shalam, shaw-lam'; a prim. root; to be safe (in mind, body or estate); fig. to be (caus. make) completed; by impl. to be friendly; by extens. to reciprocate (in various applications):--make amends, (make an) end, finish, full, give again, make good, (re-) pay (again), (make) (to) (be at) peace (-able), that is perfect, perform, (make) prosper (-ous), recompense, render, requite, make restitution, restore, reward, X surely.


17 “If anyone sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, even though they do not know it, they are guilty and will be held responsible.

18 They are to bring to the priest as a guilt offering a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the wrong they have committed unintentionally, and they will be forgiven.19 It is a guilt offering; they have been guilty of[e (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=lev+5&version=NIV#fen-NIV-2850e)]wrongdoing against the Lord.”


(Lev 5:18 KJV) And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him.

The KJV uses the words trespass offering instead of guilt offering.

Tresspass H817. asham, aw-shawm'; from H816; guilt; by impl. a fault; also a sin-offering:--guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).

Ignorance H7684. shegagah, sheg-aw-gaw'; from H7683; a mistake or inadvertent transgression:--error, ignorance, at unawares, unwittingly.

Erred H7683. shagag, shaw-gag'; a prim. root; to stray, i.e. (fig.) sin (with more or less apology):-- X also for that, deceived, err, go astray, sin ignorantly.


(Lev 5:19 NIV) It is a guilt offering; he has been guilty of wrongdoing against the LORD."

chad
Sep 24th 2015, 10:43 PM
Leviticus Chapter 6

Sin against a neighbour in relation to property, left found or stolen.

(Lev 6:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses:

(Lev 6:2 NIV) "If anyone sins and is unfaithful to the LORD by deceiving his neighbor about something entrusted to him or left in his care or stolen, or if he cheats him,

KJV reads ... (Lev 6:2 KJV) If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour;

Tresspass H4604. ma'al, mah'-al; from H4603; treachery, i.e. sin:--falsehood, grievously, sore, transgression, trespass, X very.

Lie H3584. kachash, kaw-khash'; a prim. root; to be untrue, in word (to lie, feign, disown) or deed (to disappoint, fail, cringe):--deceive, deny, dissemble, fail, deal falsely, be found liars, (be-) lie, lying, submit selves.

Violence H1498. gazel, gaw-zale'; from H1497; robbery, or (concr.) plunder:--robbery, thing taken away by violence.

Deceived H6231. 'ashaq, aw-shak'; a prim. root (comp. H6229); to press upon, i.e. oppress, defraud, violate, overflow:--get deceitfully, deceive, defraud, drink up, (use) oppress ([-ion], -or), do violence (wrong).


(Lev 6:3 NIV) or if he finds lost property and lies about it, or if he swears falsely, or if he commits any such sin that people may do--

The KJV uses the word lieth instead of lies

Lieth H3584. kachash, kaw-khash'; a prim. root; to be untrue, in word (to lie, feign, disown) or deed (to disappoint, fail, cringe):--deceive, deny, dissemble, fail, deal falsely, be found liars, (be-) lie, lying, submit selves.


Stolen property or extortion

(Lev 6:4 NIV) when he thus sins and becomes guilty, he must return what he has stolen or taken by extortion, or what was entrusted to him, or the lost property he found,

KJV reads ... (Lev 6:4 KJV) Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found,


False testimony

(Lev 6:5 NIV) or whatever it was he swore falsely about. He must make restitution in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day he presents his guilt offering.

Sworn H7650. shaba', shaw-bah'; a prim. root; prop. to be complete, but used only as a denom. from H7651; to seven oneself, i.e. swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times):--adjure, charge (by an oath, with an oath), feed to the full [by mistake for H7646], take an oath, X straitly, (cause to, make to) swear.

Falsely H 8267. sheqer, sheh'-ker; from H8266; an untruth; by impl. a sham (often adv.):--without a cause, deceit (-ful), false (-hood, -ly), feignedly, liar, + lie, lying, vain (thing), wrongfully.

Under the law of Moses, the person who had sinned in this way, had to offer a sacrifice for their sin as well as pay restitution in full and add a fifth of the value to it.


(Lev 6:6 NIV) And as a penalty he must bring to the priest, that is, to the LORD, his guilt offering, a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value.

The KJV uses the words trespass offering instead of guilt offering.

Trespass H817. asham, aw-shawm'; from H816; guilt; by impl. a fault; also a sin-offering:--guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).


(Lev 6:7 NIV) In this way the priest will make atonement for him before the LORD, and he will be forgiven for any of these things he did that made him guilty."

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).

Forgiven H5545. calach, saw-lakh'; a prim. root; to forgive:--forgive, pardon, spare.


(Lev 6:8 NIV) The LORD said to Moses:


Regulations for the burnt offering

(Lev 6:9 NIV) "Give Aaron and his sons this command: 'These are the regulations for the burnt offering: The burnt offering is to remain on the altar hearth throughout the night, till morning, and the fire must be kept burning on the altar.

KJV reads ... (Lev 6:9 KJV) Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all night unto the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it.

Law H8451. towrah, to-raw'; or torah, to-raw'; from H3384; a precept or statute, espec. the Decalogue or Pentateuch:--law.


(Lev 6:10 NIV) The priest shall then put on his linen clothes, with linen undergarments next to his body, and shall remove the ashes of the burnt offering that the fire has consumed on the altar and place them beside the altar.

(Lev 6:11 NIV) Then he is to take off these clothes and put on others, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a place that is ceremonially clean.

(Lev 6:12 NIV) The fire on the altar must be kept burning; it must not go out. Every morning the priest is to add firewood and arrange the burnt offering on the fire and burn the fat of the fellowship offerings on it.

(Lev 6:13 NIV) The fire must be kept burning on the altar continuously; it must not go out.


Regulations for Grain Offerings

(Lev 6:14 NIV) "'These are the regulations for the grain offering: Aaron's sons are to bring it before the LORD, in front of the altar.

(Lev 6:15 NIV) The priest is to take a handful of fine flour and oil, together with all the incense on the grain offering, and burn the memorial portion on the altar as an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

(Lev 6:16 NIV) Aaron and his sons shall eat the rest of it, but it is to be eaten without yeast in a holy place; they are to eat it in the courtyard of the Tent of Meeting.

Part of the burnt offering could be eaten by the priests in the court yard of the tent of meeting.


(Lev 6:17 NIV) It must not be baked with yeast; I have given it as their share of the offerings made to me by fire. Like the sin offering and the guilt offering, it is most holy.

Sin offering H2403. chatta'ah, khat-taw-aw'; or chatta'th, khat-tawth'; from H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concr.) an offender:--punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).

Guilt (KJV=Trespass) Offering H 817. asham, aw-shawm'; from H816; guilt; by impl. a fault; also a sin-offering:--guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).
(Lev 6:18 NIV) Any male descendant of Aaron may eat it. It is his regular share of the offerings made to the LORD by fire for the generations to come. Whatever touches them will become holy.'"


Regulations for Aaron and his sons when they are anointed

(Lev 6:19 NIV) The LORD also said to Moses,

(Lev 6:20 NIV) "This is the offering Aaron and his sons are to bring to the LORD on the day he is anointed: a tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening.

(Lev 6:21 NIV) Prepare it with oil on a griddle; bring it well-mixed and present the grain offering broken in pieces as an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

(Lev 6:22 NIV) The son who is to succeed him as anointed priest shall prepare it. It is the Lord's regular share and is to be burned completely.

(Lev 6:23 NIV) Every grain offering of a priest shall be burned completely; it must not be eaten."

KJV reads ... (Lev 6:23 KJV) For every meat offering for the priest shall be wholly burnt: it shall not be eaten.

Meat H4503. minchah, min-khaw'; from an unused root mean. to apportion, i.e. bestow; a donation; euphem. tribute; spec. a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary):--gift, oblation, (meat) offering, present, sacrifice.


Regulations for the Sin Offering

(Lev 6:24 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 6:25 NIV) "Say to Aaron and his sons: 'These are the regulations for the sin offering: The sin offering is to be slaughtered before the LORD in the place the burnt offering is slaughtered; it is most holy.

(Lev 6:26 NIV) The priest who offers it shall eat it; it is to be eaten in a holy place, in the courtyard of the Tent of Meeting.

(Lev 6:27 NIV) Whatever touches any of the flesh will become holy, and if any of the blood is spattered on a garment, you must wash it in a holy place.

(Lev 6:28 NIV) The clay pot the meat is cooked in must be broken; but if it is cooked in a bronze pot, the pot is to be scoured and rinsed with water.

(Lev 6:29 NIV) Any male in a priest's family may eat it; it is most holy.

(Lev 6:30 NIV) But any sin offering whose blood is brought into the Tent of Meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place must not be eaten; it must be burned.

chad
Oct 1st 2015, 07:31 PM
Leviticus Chapter 7


Regulations for the Guilt and Sin Offerings

(Lev 7:1 NIV) "'These are the regulations for the guilt offering, which is most holy:

The KJV uses the words trespass offering instead of guilt offering.

Trespass H817. asham, aw-shawm'; from H816; guilt; by impl. a fault; also a sin-offering:--guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).


(Lev 7:2 NIV) The guilt offering is to be slaughtered in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered, and its blood is to be sprinkled against the altar on all sides.

(Lev 7:3 NIV) All its fat shall be offered: the fat tail and the fat that covers the inner parts,

(Lev 7:4 NIV) both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the covering of the liver, which is to be removed with the kidneys.

(Lev 7:5 NIV) The priest shall burn them on the altar as an offering made to the LORD by fire. It is a guilt offering.

(Lev 7:6 NIV) Any male in a priest's family may eat it, but it must be eaten in a holy place; it is most holy.

(Lev 7:7 NIV) "'The same law applies to both the sin offering and the guilt offering: They belong to the priest who makes atonement with them.

(Lev 7:8 NIV) The priest who offers a burnt offering for anyone may keep its hide for himself.

(Lev 7:9 NIV) Every grain offering baked in an oven or cooked in a pan or on a griddle belongs to the priest who offers it,

(Lev 7:10 NIV) and every grain offering, whether mixed with oil or dry, belongs equally to all the sons of Aaron.


Regulations for the Fellowship Offering

There were 3 types of fellowship offerings. Thank offerings (v12), vow offerings (v16), freewill offerings (v16).


(Lev 7:11 NIV) "'These are the regulations for the fellowship offering a person may present to the LORD:

The KJV uses the word law instead of regulations and peace offering instead of the word fellowship offering.

Law H8451. towrah, to-raw'; or torah, to-raw'; from H3384; a precept or statute, espec. the Decalogue or Pentateuch:--law.

Peace H8002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.


Thank offerings

(Lev 7:12 NIV) "'If he offers it as an expression of thankfulness, then along with this thank offering he is to offer cakes of bread made without yeast and mixed with oil, wafers made without yeast and spread with oil, and cakes of fine flour well-kneaded and mixed with oil.

Cakes or bread made without yeast – Unleavened.


(Lev 7:13 NIV) Along with his fellowship offering of thanksgiving he is to present an offering with cakes of bread made with yeast.

(Lev 7:14 NIV) He is to bring one of each kind as an offering, a contribution to the LORD; it belongs to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the fellowship offerings.

(Lev 7:15 NIV) The meat of his fellowship offering of thanksgiving must be eaten on the day it is offered; he must leave none of it till morning.


Vow offerings and freewill offerings

(Lev 7:16 NIV) "'If, however, his offering is the result of a vow or is a freewill offering, the sacrifice shall be eaten on the day he offers it, but anything left over may be eaten on the next day.

Vow H5088. neder, neh'-der; or neder, nay'-der; from H5087; a promise (to God); also (concr.) a thing promised:--vow ([-ed]).

The KJV uses the words voluntary offering instead of freewill offering

Voluntary H5071. nedabah, ned-aw-baw'; from H5068; prop. (abstr.) spontaneity, or (adj.) spontaneous; also (concr.) a spontaneous or (by infer., in plur.) abundant gift:--free (-will) offering, freely, plentiful, voluntary (-ily, offering), willing (-ly, offering).


(Lev 7:17 NIV) Any meat of the sacrifice left over till the third day must be burned up.

(Lev 7:18 NIV) If any meat of the fellowship offering is eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted.
It will not be credited to the one who offered it, for it is impure; the person who eats any of it will be held responsible.

The KJV uses the word Abomination instead of the word unclean

Abomination H6292. pigguwl, pig-gool'; or piggul, pig-gool'; from an unused root mean. to stink; prop.
fetid, i.e. (fig.) unclean (ceremonially):--abominable (-tion, thing).


(Lev 7:19 NIV) "'Meat that touches anything ceremonially unclean must not be eaten; it must be burned up. As for other meat, anyone ceremonially clean may eat it.

(Lev 7:20 NIV) But if anyone who is unclean eats any meat of the fellowship offering belonging to the LORD, that person must be cut off from his people.

(Lev 7:21 NIV) If anyone touches something unclean--whether human uncleanness or an unclean animal or any unclean, detestable thing--and then eats any of the meat of the fellowship offering belonging to the LORD, that person must be cut off from his people.'"

(Lev 7:22 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 7:23 NIV) "Say to the Israelites: 'Do not eat any of the fat of cattle, sheep or goats.


The fat of the sacrifice was the Lords and was burnt on the alter (Lev 3:16).

(Lev 7:24 NIV) The fat of an animal found dead or torn by wild animals may be used for any other purpose, but you must not eat it.

(Lev 7:25 NIV) Anyone who eats the fat of an animal from which an offering by fire may be made to the LORD must be cut off from his people.

(Lev 7:26 NIV) And wherever you live, you must not eat the blood of any bird or animal.

(Lev 7:27 NIV) If anyone eats blood, that person must be cut off from his people.'"

The eating of blood was forbidden. The blood shed in the sacrifices were considered sacred and was for atonement, not to be eaten. The life of a creature is in the blood and it is the blood that makes atonement for one’s life (Ex 17:11-12).


The Fellowship Offering as a wave offering.

A wave offering is where the offering is waved before the Lord at the Alter.

(Lev 7:28 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 7:29 NIV) "Say to the Israelites: 'Anyone who brings a fellowship offering to the LORD is to bring part of it as his sacrifice to the LORD.

(Lev 7:30 NIV) With his own hands he is to bring the offering made to the LORD by fire; he is to bring the fat, together with the breast, and wave the breast before the LORD as a wave offering.

(Lev 7:31 NIV) The priest shall burn the fat on the altar, but the breast belongs to Aaron and his sons.

(Lev 7:32 NIV) You are to give the right thigh of your fellowship offerings to the priest as a contribution.

(Lev 7:33 NIV) The son of Aaron who offers the blood and the fat of the fellowship offering shall have the right thigh as his share.

(Lev 7:34 NIV) From the fellowship offerings of the Israelites, I have taken the breast that is waved and the thigh that is presented and have given them to Aaron the priest and his sons as their regular share from the Israelites.'"

(Lev 7:35 NIV) This is the portion of the offerings made to the LORD by fire that were allotted to Aaron and his sons on the day they were presented to serve the LORD as priests.

(Lev 7:36 NIV) On the day they were anointed, the LORD commanded that the Israelites give this to them as their regular share for the generations to come.

(Lev 7:37 NIV) These, then, are the regulations for the burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the guilt offering, the ordination offering and the fellowship offering,


The Ordination Offering

The KJV uses the word Consecrations instead of ordination, a dedicatory sacrifice.

Consecrations H4394. millu', mil-loo'; from H4390; a fulfilling (only in plur.), i.e. (lit.) a setting (of gems), or (techn.) consecration (also concr. a dedicatory sacrifice):--consecration, be set.


(Lev 7:38 NIV) which the LORD gave Moses on Mount Sinai on the day he commanded the Israelites to bring their offerings to the LORD, in the Desert of Sinai.


Summary of the types of offerings and sacrifices.

Not all offerings sacrifices were to atone for sin. Some were fellowship offerings, some were for ordination and others were voluntary offerings to the LORD God.


Sin (Ex 29:10-14), Burnt (Ex 29:15-18), Ordination (Ex 29:19-22), Grain –Wave offering (Ex 29:23-25),
Meat –Wave offering (Ex 29:26-30), Eating of the offerings (Ex 29:31-34), Daily offerings – morning(Ex 29:38-40) and evening.

Burnt Offering/Sacrifice – (Heard: Bull without defect. Flock:Sheep or goat without defect. Bird:Dove or young pidgeon. Leviticus Chapter 1)

Grain Offering/Sacrifice - Cakes or wafers made without yeast and with fine flour mixed with oil. Some of the offering was burnt on the alter, the rest was for Aaron and his sons. The grain offering could baked in an oven, baken in a pan (griddle) or fried in a pan. No honey was to be used with grain offerings. Salt was added to all grain offerings. This is the salt of the covenant. (Leviticus Chapter 2)


Fellowship Offering/Sacrifice - (Heard: male or female without defect (Lev 3:1-5). Flock: male or female without defect – lamb or goat. All the fat is the Lords. No fat or blood could be eaten. (Lev 3:6-17).

Sin Offering/Sacrifice for unintentional sins. These offerings were made for any person, the entire Israelite community, a leader or a member of the community.
Anyone - (Heard: Bull without defect - Lev 4:3-12).
Whole Israelite community - (Heard: Bull without defect - Lev 4:13-21).
Leader - (Flock: Male Goat without defect - Lev 4:22-27).
Member of the Communiuty (Flock: Female lamb or goat without defect - Lev 4:27-35).


Guilt Offering/Sacrifice for sins for:
A person who sins but does not speak up (Lev 5:1) (or)
If a person touches anything ceremonially unclean. (Lev 5:2) (or)
If a person touches human uncleanliness (Lev 5:3) (or)
A person takes an oath recklessly (Lev 5:4). They must confess their sin and offer a sacrifice.

(Flock: Female lamb or goat without defect. If they cannot afford a lamb or goat, then two doves or pigeons. One bird for a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering.

If they cannot afford a bird offering then a tenth of an ephah of fine flour must be offered for a sin offering.

No oil or incence must be poured on it. Some is to be burnt on the alter, the rest given to the priest (Leviticus Ch 5:5-14).


Guilt Offering/Sacrifice for unintentional sins in relation to the Lords holy things (Flock: Ram without defect and of a proper value in silver and must make restitution - Leviticus Chapter 5:15-16)

Guilt Offering/Sacrifice for sins in relation to the Lords holy things (Flock: Ram without defect - Leviticus Chapter 5:17-19)

Leviticus Chapter 6

Guilt Offering/Sacrifice for sins in relation to deceiving his neighbour about something entrusted to him, or left in his care or is stolen or if he cheats his neighbour or finds lost property and liesw or swears falsely about it or if he wears falsely.

He must return what was stolen or taken or found and must make restitution in full plus a fifth of the value, and he must present a guilt offering (Lev 6:1-5). From the Flock: Ram without defect and of proper value - Lev 6:6-7)

Sometimes the offering was required to be waved in front of the Alter. This was called a wave offering (Ex 29:24).

Sacrifices under the law of Moses were not only for the forgiveness of sin. There were also fellowship offerings and dedication offerings to GOD.



Leviticus 2:13 - Salt of the Covenant – From the JBF Commentary.

Every ... meat offering shalt thou season with salt — The same reasons which led to the prohibition of leaven, recommended the use of salt - if the one soon putrefies, the other possesses a strongly preservative property, and hence it became an emblem of incorruption and purity, as well as of a perpetual covenant - a perfect reconciliation and lasting friendship.

No injunction in the whole law was more sacredly observed than this application of salt; for besides other uses of it that will be noticed elsewhere, it had a typical meaning referred to by our Lord concerning the effect of the Gospel on those who embrace it (Mar_9:49, Mar_9:50); as when plentifully applied it preserves meat from spoiling, so will the Gospel keep men from being corrupted by sin.

And as salt was indispensable to render sacrifices acceptable to God, so the Gospel, brought home to the hearts of men by the Holy Ghost, is indispensably requisite to their offering up of themselves as living sacrifices [Brown].


The New Testament and Sacrifices.

In the new testament, Christ Jesus dying on the cross was the sacrifice paid for sin, once and for all. No more animal sacrifices on the Alter are necessary, because under the new Covenant, Jesus sacrificial death on the cross pays the price for sin. For Jesus lives forever and is our high priest in the heavens. He intercedes on our behalf as the high priest in the Old Testament use to intercede and offer sacrifices for the sin of the people.

(Heb 9:11 NIV) When Christ came as high priest of the good things that are already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say, not a part of this creation.

(Heb 9:12 NIV) He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption.

(Heb 9:13 NIV) The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean.

(Heb 9:14 NIV) How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!


The law and the New Testament.

(Heb 10:1 NIV) The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming--not the realities themselves. For this reason it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship.

(Heb 10:2 NIV) If it could, would they not have stopped being offered? For the worshipers would have been cleansed once for all, and would no longer have felt guilty for their sins.

(Heb 10:3 NIV) But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins,

(Heb 10:4 NIV) because it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

(Heb 10:5 NIV) Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: "Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me;

(Heb 10:6 NIV) with burnt offerings and sin offerings you were not pleased.

(Heb 10:7 NIV) Then I said, 'Here I am--it is written about me in the scroll-- I have come to do your will, O God.'"

(Heb 10:8 NIV) First he said, "Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them" (although the law required them to be made).

(Heb 10:9 NIV) Then he said, "Here I am, I have come to do your will." He sets aside the first to establish the second.

(Heb 10:10 NIV) And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.


In the Old Testament under the law given to Moses, the sin of the person is symbolically transferred to the sacrificial animal, on which hands were laid. The animal was an atonement for the sin of the person.

In the New Testament, when Jesus died on the cross for our sins. He sacrificed himself and became a sin offering. Our sin was transferred to him, he bore our sin, so they we may live.

(1 Pet 2:24 NIV) He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.

(1 John 2:2 NIV) He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world.

(1 John 4:10 NIV) This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.

(1 Pet 3:18 NIV) For Christ died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive by the Spirit,


Type of Offering for the New Testament

The book of Hebrews writes, the type of sacrifices we should offer to God is the sacrifice of praise, the fruit of the lips. Doing good and sharing with others is also mentioned in Hebrews 13:16.

(Heb 13:15 NIV) Through Jesus, therefore, let us continually offer to God a sacrifice of praise--the fruit of lips that confess his name.

(Heb 13:16 NIV) And do not forget to do good and to share with others, for with such sacrifices God is pleased.

chad
Oct 8th 2015, 07:26 PM
Leviticus Chapter 9

The ordination lasted 7 days (Lev 8:33). The eighth day, the day after the ordination was finished.

(Lev 9:1 NIV) On the eighth day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel.

(Lev 9:2 NIV) He said to Aaron, "Take a bull calf for your sin offering and a ram for your burnt offering, both without defect, and present them before the LORD.

Sin Offering

(Lev 9:3 NIV) Then say to the Israelites: 'Take a male goat for a sin offering, a calf and a lamb--both a year old and without defect--for a burnt offering,

Fellowship offering

(Lev 9:4 NIV) and an ox and a ram for a fellowship offering to sacrifice before the LORD, together with a grain offering mixed with oil. For today the LORD will appear to you.'"

(Lev 9:5 NIV) They took the things Moses commanded to the front of the Tent of Meeting, and the entire assembly came near and stood before the LORD.

(Lev 9:6 NIV) Then Moses said, "This is what the LORD has commanded you to do, so that the glory of the LORD may appear to you."

Glory H3519. kabowd, kaw-bode'; rarely kabod, kaw-bode'; from H3513; prop. weight; but only fig. in a good sense, splendor or copiousness:--glorious (-ly), glory, honour (-able).

(Lev 9:7 NIV) Moses said to Aaron, "Come to the altar and sacrifice your sin offering and your burnt offering and make atonement for yourself and the people; sacrifice the offering that is for the people and make atonement for them, as the LORD has commanded."

(Lev 9:8 NIV) So Aaron came to the altar and slaughtered the calf as a sin offering for himself.

Aaron offered a sin offering for himself. Even though he was the high priest, he had sin and was required to offer an offering for his own sin.

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).

(Lev 9:9 NIV) His sons brought the blood to him, and he dipped his finger into the blood and put it on the horns of the altar; the rest of the blood he poured out at the base of the altar.

(Lev 9:10 NIV) On the altar he burned the fat, the kidneys and the covering of the liver from the sin offering, as the LORD commanded Moses;

(Lev 9:11 NIV) the flesh and the hide he burned up outside the camp.

(Lev 9:12 NIV) Then he slaughtered the burnt offering. His sons handed him the blood, and he sprinkled it against the altar on all sides.

(Lev 9:13 NIV) They handed him the burnt offering piece by piece, including the head, and he burned them on the altar.

(Lev 9:14 NIV) He washed the inner parts and the legs and burned them on top of the burnt offering on the altar.
Sin offering for the people – Goat.

(Lev 9:15 NIV) Aaron then brought the offering that was for the people. He took the goat for the people's sin offering and slaughtered it and offered it for a sin offering as he did with the first one.

(Heb 9:7 NIV) But only the high priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance.
Burnt offering for the people.

(Lev 9:16 NIV) He brought the burnt offering and offered it in the prescribed way.

(Lev 9:17 NIV) He also brought the grain offering, took a handful of it and burned it on the altar in addition to the morning's burnt offering.

Fellowship offering/wave offering for the people.

(Lev 9:18 NIV) He slaughtered the ox and the ram as the fellowship offering for the people. His sons handed him the blood, and he sprinkled it against the altar on all sides.

(Lev 9:19 NIV) But the fat portions of the ox and the ram--the fat tail, the layer of fat, the kidneys and the covering of the liver--

(Lev 9:20 NIV) these they laid on the breasts, and then Aaron burned the fat on the altar.

(Lev 9:21 NIV) Aaron waved the breasts and the right thigh before the LORD as a wave offering, as Moses commanded.

Waved H5130. nuwph, noof; a prim. root; to quiver (i.e. vibrate up and down, or rock to and fro); used in a great variety of applications (includ. sprinkling, beckoning, rubbing, bastinadoing, sawing, waving, etc.):--lift up, move, offer, perfume, send, shake, sift, strike, wave.

Wave Offering H8573. tenuwphah, ten-oo-faw'; from H5130; a brandishing (in threat); by impl. tumult; spec. the official undulation of sacrificial offerings:--offering, shaking, wave (offering).

(Lev 9:22 NIV) Then Aaron lifted his hands toward the people and blessed them. And having sacrificed the sin
offering, the burnt offering and the fellowship offering, he stepped down.

(Lev 9:23 NIV) Moses and Aaron then went into the Tent of Meeting. When they came out, they blessed the people; and the glory of the LORD appeared to all the people.

Glory H3519. kabowd, kaw-bode'; rarely kabod, kaw-bode'; from H3513; prop. weight; but only fig. in a good sense, splendor or copiousness:--glorious (-ly), glory, honour (-able).

(Lev 9:24 NIV) Fire came out from the presence of the LORD and consumed the burnt offering and the fat portions on the altar. And when all the people saw it, they shouted for joy and fell facedown.

Consumed H398. 'akal, aw-kal'; a prim. root; to eat (lit. or fig.):--X at all, burn up, consume, devour (-er, up), dine, eat (-er, up), feed (with), food, X freely, X in . . . wise (-deed, plenty), (lay) meat, X quite.




The New Testament and Christ as our High Priest

(Heb 7:23 NIV) Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office;

(Heb 7:24 NIV) but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood.
----- Jesus priesthood is a permanent priesthood

(Heb 7:25 NIV) Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them.
--- Jesus as our high priest intercedes for us

(Heb 7:26 NIV) Such a high priest meets our need--one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens.
--- Jesus who is our high priest is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens

(Heb 7:27 NIV) Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself.

(Heb 7:28 NIV) For the law appoints as high priests men who are weak; but the oath, which came after the law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.



The law was put in place in order to lead up to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

(Gal 3:24 NIV) So the law was put in charge to lead us to Christ that we might be justified by faith.

(Gal 3:25 NIV) Now that faith has come, we are no longer under the supervision of the law.

(Gal 3:26 NIV) You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus,



Jesus died as a sacrifice. His death and resurrection sets aside the first covenant (law of Moses) to establish the second covenant.

(Heb 10:5 NIV) Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: "Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me;

(Heb 10:6 NIV) with burnt offerings and sin offerings you were not pleased.

(Heb 10:7 NIV) Then I said, 'Here I am--it is written about me in the scroll-- I have come to do your will, O God.'"

(Heb 10:8 NIV) First he said, "Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them" (although the law required them to be made).

(Heb 10:9 NIV) Then he said, "Here I am, I have come to do your will." He sets aside the first to establish the second.

(Heb 10:10 NIV) And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.



The second covenant is the blood covenant for the forgiveness of sin.

(Mat 26:28 NIV) This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

(Luke 22:20 NIV) In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.

chad
Oct 22nd 2015, 08:45 PM
Leviticus Chapter 10

(Lev 10:1 NIV) Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in them and added incense; and they offered unauthorized fire before the LORD, contrary to his command.

Censer H4289. machtah, makh-taw'; the same as H4288 in the sense of removal; a pan for live coals:--censer, firepan, snuffdish.

The KJV uses the word strange fire - Strange H2114. zuwr, zoor; a prim. root; to turn aside (espec. for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; spec. (act. part.) to commit adultery:--(come from) another (man, place), fanner, go away, (e-) strange (-r, thing, woman).

Exodus 30:8-9 writes that no stange incese was to be burnt on the alter.

(Exo 30:8 KJV) And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.

(Exo 30:9 KJV) Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.

Leviticus 16:13 writes that the smoke of the incense would cover the atonement cover that is above the tesimony, so that he not die.

(Lev 16:13 NIV) He is to put the incense on the fire before the LORD, and the smoke of the incense will conceal the atonement cover above the Testimony, so that he will not die.


(Lev 10:2 NIV) So fire came out from the presence of the LORD and consumed them, and they died before the LORD.

Aarons sons Nadab and Abihu disobeyed the commandments of God by offering unauthorized fire. Even though they were sons of Aaron, they were not spared for their disobedience.


(Lev 10:3 NIV) Moses then said to Aaron, "This is what the LORD spoke of when he said: "'Among those who approach me I will show myself holy; in the sight of all the people I will be honored.'" Aaron remained silent.

(Lev 10:4 NIV) Moses summoned Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Aaron's uncle Uzziel, and said to them, "Come here; carry your cousins outside the camp, away from the front of the sanctuary."

(Lev 10:5 NIV) So they came and carried them, still in their tunics, outside the camp, as Moses ordered.

(Lev 10:6 NIV) Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar, "Do not let your hair become unkempt, and do not tear your clothes, or you will die and the LORD will be angry with the whole community. But your relatives, all the house of Israel, may mourn for those the LORD has destroyed by fire.

Lev 21:10 KJV writes ... (KJV) And he that is the high priest among his brethren, upon whose head the anointing oil was poured, and that is consecrated to put on the garments, shall not uncover his head, nor rend his clothes;

(Lev 10:7 NIV) Do not leave the entrance to the Tent of Meeting or you will die, because the Lord's anointing oil is on you." So they did as Moses said.

Anointing H4888. mishchah, meesh-khaw'; or moshchah, mosh-khaw'; from H4886; unction (the act); by impl. a consecratory gift:--(to be) anointed (-ing), ointment.


(Lev 10:8 NIV) Then the LORD said to Aaron,

(Lev 10:9 NIV) "You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the Tent of Meeting, or you will die. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.

KJV uses the words Tabernacle of the congregation instead of tent of meeting.

Tabernacle H168. 'ohel, o'-hel; from H166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance):--covering, (dwelling) (place), home, tabernacle, tent.

Congregation H4150. mow'ed, mo-ade'; or mo'ed mo-ade'; or (fem.) mow'adah (H2 Chron. 8 : 13), mo-aw-daw'; from H3259; prop. an appointment, i.e. a fixed time or season; spec. a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand):--appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).


(Lev 10:10 NIV) You must distinguish between the holy and the common, between the unclean and the clean,

(Lev 10:11 NIV) and you must teach the Israelites all the decrees the LORD has given them through Moses."

(Lev 10:12 NIV) Moses said to Aaron and his remaining sons, Eleazar and Ithamar, "Take the grain offering left over from the offerings made to the LORD by fire and eat it prepared without yeast beside the altar, for it is most holy.

Most Holy H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.


(Lev 10:13 NIV) Eat it in a holy place, because it is your share and your sons' share of the offerings made to the LORD by fire; for so I have been commanded.

Holy H6918. qadowsh, kaw-doshe'; or qadosh, kaw-doshe'; from H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary:--holy (One), saint.

Place H4725. maqowm, maw-kome'; or maqom, maw-kome'; also (fem.) meqowmah, mek-o-mah'; or meqomah, mek-o-mah'; from H6965; prop. a standing, i.e. a spot; but used widely of a locality (gen. or spec.); also (fig.) of a condition (of body or mind):--country, X home, X open, place, room, space, X whither [-soever].


(Lev 10:14 NIV) But you and your sons and your daughters may eat the breast that was waved and the thigh that was presented. Eat them in a ceremonially clean place; they have been given to you and your children as your share of the Israelites' fellowship offerings.

(Lev 10:15 NIV) The thigh that was presented and the breast that was waved must be brought with the fat portions of the offerings made by fire, to be waved before the LORD as a wave offering. This will be the regular share for you and your children, as the LORD has commanded."

(Lev 10:16 NIV) When Moses inquired about the goat of the sin offering and found that it had been burned up, he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's remaining sons, and asked,

(Lev 10:17 NIV) "Why didn't you eat the sin offering in the sanctuary area? It is most holy; it was given to you to take away the guilt of the community by making atonement for them before the LORD.

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).


(Lev 10:18 NIV) Since its blood was not taken into the Holy Place, you should have eaten the goat in the sanctuary area, as I commanded."

(Lev 10:19 NIV) Aaron replied to Moses, "Today they sacrificed their sin offering and their burnt offering before the LORD, but such things as this have happened to me. Would the LORD have been pleased if I had eaten the sin offering today?"

(Lev 10:20 NIV) When Moses heard this, he was satisfied.

Sin Offering H2403. chatta'ah, khat-taw-aw'; or chatta'th, khat-tawth'; from H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concr.) an offender:--punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).

Burnt Offering H5930. 'olah, o-law'; or 'owlah, o-law'; fem. act. part of H5927; a step or Burnt (collect. stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke):--ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See also H5766.

chad
Oct 28th 2015, 08:56 PM
Leviticus Chapter 11


Animals that lived on the land that Israelites could eat.


(Lev 11:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses and Aaron,

(Lev 11:2 NIV) "Say to the Israelites: 'Of all the animals that live on land, these are the ones you may eat:

(Lev 11:3 NIV) You may eat any animal that has a split hoof completely divided and that chews the cud.


Animals the Israelites must not eat because they were considered unclean for the Israelites

(Lev 11:4 NIV) "'There are some that only chew the cud or only have a split hoof, but you must not eat them. The camel, though it chews the cud, does not have a split hoof; it is ceremonially unclean for you.

(Lev 11:5 NIV) The coney, though it chews the cud, does not have a split hoof; it is unclean for you.

(Lev 11:6 NIV) The rabbit, though it chews the cud, does not have a split hoof; it is unclean for you.

(Lev 11:7 NIV) And the pig, though it has a split hoof completely divided, does not chew the cud; it is unclean for you.

(Lev 11:8 NIV) You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses; they are unclean for you.

Carcass H5038. nebelah, neb-ay-law'; from H5034; a flabby thing, i.e. a carcase or carrion (human or bestial, often collect.); fig. an idol:-- (dead) body, (dead) carcase, dead of itself, which died, (beast) that (which) dieth of itself.


Creatures in the sea, that could be eaten

(Lev 11:9 NIV) "'Of all the creatures living in the water of the seas and the streams, you may eat any that have fins and scales.

Creatures in the sea, that could not be eaten

(Lev 11:10 NIV) But all creatures in the seas or streams that do not have fins and scales--whether among all the swarming things or among all the other living creatures in the water--you are to detest.

The KJV uses the word Abomination instead of detest.

Abomination H8263. sheqets, sheh'kets; from H8262; filth, i.e. (fig. and spec.) an idolatrous object:--abominable (-tion).


(Lev 11:11 NIV) And since you are to detest them, you must not eat their meat and you must detest their carcasses.

(Lev 11:12 NIV) Anything living in the water that does not have fins and scales is to be detestable to you.


The birds that the Israelites must not eat.

(Lev 11:13 NIV) "'These are the birds you are to detest and not eat because they are detestable: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture,

(Lev 11:14 NIV) the red kite, any kind of black kite,

(Lev 11:15 NIV) any kind of raven,

(Lev 11:16 NIV) the horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk,

(Lev 11:17 NIV) the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl,

(Lev 11:18 NIV) the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey,

(Lev 11:19 NIV) the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.


Any flying insect that walks on 4 was not to be eaten

(Lev 11:20 NIV) "'All flying insects that walk on all fours are to be detestable to you.


The winged creatures the Israelites were able to eat.

(Lev 11:21 NIV) There are, however, some winged creatures that walk on all fours that you may eat: those that have jointed legs for hopping on the ground.

(Lev 11:22 NIV) Of these you may eat any kind of locust, katydid, cricket or grasshopper.


The winged creatures the Israelites were not to eat

(Lev 11:23 NIV) But all other winged creatures that have four legs you are to detest.

(Lev 11:24 NIV) "'You will make yourselves unclean by these; whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 11:25 NIV) Whoever picks up one of their carcasses must wash his clothes, and he will be unclean till evening.


The unclean animals – animals with split hoofs

(Lev 11:26 NIV) "'Every animal that has a split hoof not completely divided or that does not chew the cud is unclean for you; whoever touches the carcass of any of them will be unclean.


The unclean animals – animals that walk of all fours

(Lev 11:27 NIV) Of all the animals that walk on all fours, those that walk on their paws are unclean for you; whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 11:28 NIV) Anyone who picks up their carcasses must wash his clothes, and he will be unclean till evening. They are unclean for you.


The unclean animals – animals that move along the ground

(Lev 11:29 NIV) "'Of the animals that move about on the ground, these are unclean for you: the weasel, the rat, any kind of great lizard,

(Lev 11:30 NIV) the gecko, the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink and the chameleon.

(Lev 11:31 NIV) Of all those that move along the ground, these are unclean for you. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean till evening.


(Lev 11:32 NIV) When one of them dies and falls on something, that article, whatever its use, will be unclean, whether it is made of wood, cloth, hide or sackcloth. Put it in water; it will be unclean till evening, and then it will be clean.

(Lev 11:33 NIV) If one of them falls into a clay pot, everything in it will be unclean, and you must break the pot.

(Lev 11:34 NIV) Any food that could be eaten but has water on it from such a pot is unclean, and any liquid that could be drunk from it is unclean.

(Lev 11:35 NIV) Anything that one of their carcasses falls on becomes unclean; an oven or cooking pot must be broken up. They are unclean, and you are to regard them as unclean.


(Lev 11:36 NIV) A spring, however, or a cistern for collecting water remains clean, but anyone who touches one of these carcasses is unclean.

(Lev 11:37 NIV) If a carcass falls on any seeds that are to be planted, they remain clean.

(Lev 11:38 NIV) But if water has been put on the seed and a carcass falls on it, it is unclean for you.


(Lev 11:39 NIV) "'If an animal that you are allowed to eat dies, anyone who touches the carcass will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 11:40 NIV) Anyone who eats some of the carcass must wash his clothes, and he will be unclean till evening. Anyone who picks up the carcass must wash his clothes, and he will be unclean till evening.

Anyone who ate some of the carcass or picked it up were considered unclean for the rest of the day.


Unclean creatures – creatures that moves about on the ground

(Lev 11:41 NIV) "'Every creature that moves about on the ground is detestable; it is not to be eaten.

(Lev 11:42 NIV) You are not to eat any creature that moves about on the ground, whether it moves on its belly or walks on all fours or on many feet; it is detestable.

(Lev 11:43 NIV) Do not defile yourselves by any of these creatures. Do not make yourselves unclean by means of them or be made unclean by them.


(Lev 11:44 NIV) I am the LORD your God; consecrate yourselves and be holy, because I am holy. Do not make yourselves unclean by any creature that moves about on the ground.

(Lev 11:45 NIV) I am the LORD who brought you up out of Egypt to be your God; therefore be holy, because I am holy.

(Lev 11:46 NIV) "'These are the regulations concerning animals, birds, every living thing that moves in the water and every creature that moves about on the ground.

(Lev 11:47 NIV) You must distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between living creatures that may be eaten and those that may not be eaten.'"


Unclean H2931. tame', taw-may'; from H2930; foul in a relig. sense:--defiled, + infamous, polluted (-tion), unclean.

Clean H2889. tahowr, taw-hore'; or tahor, taw-hore'; from H2891; pure (in a phys., chem., cerem. or moral sense):--clean, fair, pure (-ness).


Summary of animals that may and may not be eaten.
Animals On Land:

All animals on land with split hoofs completely divided that chews cud can be eaten (11:3).
Forbidden: Camel (11:4), Comey (11:5), Rabbit (11:6), Pig (11:7).
These animals the Israelites were forbidden to eat or to touch their carcass as they were considered unclean by God.

Creatures in the Sea
All creatures in the sea that have fins and scales may be eaten.
All creatures in the sea that have no fins and no scales may not be eaten.

Birds
The following birds must not be eaten:
Eagle, Vulture, Black Vulture (11:13), Red Kite, any Black Kite (11:14), Any Raven (11:15), Horned own, Comrant, Great Owl (11:17), White Owl, Desert Owl, Osprey (11:18), Stork, Heron, Hoope, Bat (11:19).

Insects
All flying insects, all insects that walk on fours (11:20).

chad
Nov 4th 2015, 10:06 PM
Leviticus Chapter 12

(Lev 12:1 NIV)The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 12:2 NIV) "Say to the Israelites: 'A woman who becomes pregnant and gives birth to a son will be ceremonially unclean for seven days, just as she is unclean during her monthly period.


Ceremonially unclean after childbirth - boy

(Lev 12:3 NIV) On the eighth day the boy is to be circumcised.

In accordance with the covenant given to Abraham, by God (Gen 17:10-12).Jesus was circumcised on the eighth day and sacrifices offered according to the law (Luke 2:24).


(Lev 12:4 NIV) Then the woman must wait thirty-three days to be purified from her bleeding. She must not touch anything sacred or go to the sanctuary until the days of her purification are over.


Ceremonially unclean after childbirth - daughter

(Lev 12:5 NIV) If she gives birth to a daughter, for two weeks the woman will be unclean, as during her period. Then she must wait sixty-six days to be purified from her bleeding.

(Lev 12:6 NIV) "'When the days of her purification for a son or daughter are over, she is to bring to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting a year-old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a dove for a sin offering.

Two offerings were made. A burnt offering and a sin offering.


(Lev 12:7 NIV) He shall offer them before the LORD to make atonement for her, and then she will be ceremonially clean from her flow of blood. "'These are the regulations for the woman who gives birth to a boy or a girl.

(Lev 12:8 NIV) If she cannot afford a lamb, she is to bring two doves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for her, and she will be clean.'"

One bird was for a burnt offering the other for a sin offering.

chad
Nov 11th 2015, 09:52 PM
Chapter 13

(Lev 13:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses and Aaron,

Priests instructions regarding infectious skin diseases – rash or bright spot

(Lev 13:2 NIV) "When anyone has a swelling or a rash or a bright spot on his skin that may become an infectious skin disease, he must be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons who is a priest.

(Lev 13:3 NIV) The priest is to examine the sore on his skin, and if the hair in the sore has turned white and the sore appears to be more than skin deep, it is an infectious skin disease. When the priest examines him, he shall pronounce him ceremonially unclean.

(Lev 13:4 NIV) If the spot on his skin is white but does not appear to be more than skin deep and the hair in it has not turned white, the priest is to put the infected person in isolation for seven days.

The person was to be put in isolation for 7 days


(Lev 13:5 NIV) On the seventh day the priest is to examine him, and if he sees that the sore is unchanged and has not spread in the skin, he is to keep him in isolation another seven days.

(Lev 13:6 NIV) On the seventh day the priest is to examine him again, and if the sore has faded and has not spread in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is only a rash. The man must wash his clothes, and he will be clean.

(Lev 13:7 NIV) But if the rash does spread in his skin after he has shown himself to the priest to be pronounced clean, he must appear before the priest again.

(Lev 13:8 NIV) The priest is to examine him, and if the rash has spread in the skin, he shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infectious disease.


Chronic Skin diseases

(Lev 13:9 NIV) "When anyone has an infectious skin disease, he must be brought to the priest.

(Lev 13:10 NIV) The priest is to examine him, and if there is a white swelling in the skin that has turned the hair white and if there is raw flesh in the swelling,

(Lev 13:11 NIV) it is a chronic skin disease and the priest shall pronounce him unclean. He is not to put him in isolation, because he is already unclean.

(Lev 13:12 NIV) "If the disease breaks out all over his skin and, so far as the priest can see, it covers all the skin of the infected person from head to foot,

(Lev 13:13 NIV) the priest is to examine him, and if the disease has covered his whole body, he shall pronounce that person clean. Since it has all turned white, he is clean.

(Lev 13:14 NIV) But whenever raw flesh appears on him, he will be unclean.

(Lev 13:15 NIV) When the priest sees the raw flesh, he shall pronounce him unclean. The raw flesh is unclean; he has an infectious disease.

(Lev 13:16 NIV) Should the raw flesh change and turn white, he must go to the priest.

(Lev 13:17 NIV) The priest is to examine him, and if the sores have turned white, the priest shall pronounce the infected person clean; then he will be clean.


Priests instructions regarding infectious skin diseases - Boil

(Lev 13:18 NIV) "When someone has a boil on his skin and it heals,

(Lev 13:19 NIV) and in the place where the boil was, a white swelling or reddish-white spot appears, he must present himself to the priest.

(Lev 13:20 NIV) The priest is to examine it, and if it appears to be more than skin deep and the hair in it has turned white, the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is an infectious skin disease that has broken out where the boil was.

(Lev 13:21 NIV) But if, when the priest examines it, there is no white hair in it and it is not more than skin deep and has faded, then the priest is to put him in isolation for seven days.

(Lev 13:22 NIV) If it is spreading in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is infectious.

(Lev 13:23 NIV) But if the spot is unchanged and has not spread, it is only a scar from the boil, and the priest shall pronounce him clean.

(Lev 13:24 NIV) "When someone has a burn on his skin and a reddish-white or white spot appears in the raw flesh of the burn,

(Lev 13:25 NIV) the priest is to examine the spot, and if the hair in it has turned white, and it appears to be more than skin deep, it is an infectious disease that has broken out in the burn. The priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infectious skin disease.

(Lev 13:26 NIV) But if the priest examines it and there is no white hair in the spot and if it is not more than skin deep and has faded, then the priest is to put him in isolation for seven days.


(Lev 13:27 NIV) On the seventh day the priest is to examine him, and if it is spreading in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infectious skin disease.

(Lev 13:28 NIV) If, however, the spot is unchanged and has not spread in the skin but has faded, it is a swelling from the burn, and the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is only a scar from the burn.


Priests instructions regarding sores on the head or chin

(Lev 13:29 NIV) "If a man or woman has a sore on the head or on the chin,

(Lev 13:30 NIV) the priest is to examine the sore, and if it appears to be more than skin deep and the hair in it is yellow and thin, the priest shall pronounce that person unclean; it is an itch, an infectious disease of the head or chin.

(Lev 13:31 NIV) But if, when the priest examines this kind of sore, it does not seem to be more than skin deep and there is no black hair in it, then the priest is to put the infected person in isolation for seven days.

(Lev 13:32 NIV) On the seventh day the priest is to examine the sore, and if the itch has not spread and there is no yellow hair in it and it does not appear to be more than skin deep,

(Lev 13:33 NIV) he must be shaved except for the diseased area, and the priest is to keep him in isolation another seven days.

(Lev 13:34 NIV) On the seventh day the priest is to examine the itch, and if it has not spread in the skin and appears to be no more than skin deep, the priest shall pronounce him clean. He must wash his clothes, and he will be clean.

(Lev 13:35 NIV) But if the itch does spread in the skin after he is pronounced clean,

(Lev 13:36 NIV) the priest is to examine him, and if the itch has spread in the skin, the priest does not need to look for yellow hair; the person is unclean.

(Lev 13:37 NIV) If, however, in his judgment it is unchanged and black hair has grown in it, the itch is healed. He is clean, and the priest shall pronounce him clean.


Priests instructions regarding infectious skin diseases - white spots

(Lev 13:38 NIV) "When a man or woman has white spots on the skin,

(Lev 13:39 NIV) the priest is to examine them, and if the spots are dull white, it is a harmless rash that has broken out on the skin; that person is clean.

(Lev 13:40 NIV) "When a man has lost his hair and is bald, he is clean.

(Lev 13:41 NIV) If he has lost his hair from the front of his scalp and has a bald forehead,he is clean.

(Lev 13:42 NIV) But if he has a reddish-white sore on his bald head or forehead, it is an infectious disease breaking out on his head or forehead.

(Lev 13:43 NIV) The priest is to examine him, and if the swollen sore on his head or forehead is reddish-white like an infectious skin disease,

(Lev 13:44 NIV) the man is diseased and is unclean. The priest shall pronounce him unclean because of the sore on his head.

(Lev 13:45 NIV) "The person with such an infectious disease must wear torn clothes, let his hair be unkempt, cover the lower part of his face and cry out, 'Unclean! Unclean!'


If the person remained unclean, they were to live outside the camp alone.

(Lev 13:46 NIV) As long as he has the infection he remains unclean. He must live alone; he must live outside the camp.


Priest instructions regarding clothing contaminated with mildew

(Lev 13:47 NIV) "If any clothing is contaminated with mildew--any woolen or linen clothing,

KJV reads: (Lev 13:47 KJV)The garment also that the plague of leprosy is in, whether it be a woollen garment, or a linen garment;

(Lev 13:48 NIV) any woven or knitted material of linen or wool, any leather or anything made of leather--

(Lev 13:49 NIV) and if the contamination in the clothing, or leather, or woven or knitted material, or any leather article, is greenish or reddish, it is a spreading mildew and must be shown to the priest.

(Lev 13:50 NIV) The priest is to examine the mildew and isolate the affected article for seven days.

(Lev 13:51 NIV) On the seventh day he is to examine it, and if the mildew has spread in the clothing, or the woven or knitted material, or the leather, whatever its use, it is a destructive mildew; the article is unclean.

(Lev 13:52 NIV) He must burn up the clothing, or the woven or knitted material of wool or linen, or any leather article that has the contamination in it, because the mildew is destructive; the article must be burned up.

(Lev 13:53 NIV) "But if, when the priest examines it, the mildew has not spread in the clothing, or the woven or knitted material, or the leather article,

(Lev 13:54 NIV) he shall order that the contaminated article be washed. Then he is to isolate it for another seven days.

(Lev 13:55 NIV) After the affected article has been washed, the priest is to examine it, and if the mildew has not changed its appearance, even though it has not spread, it is unclean. Burn it with fire, whether the mildew has affected one side or the other.

(Lev 13:56 NIV) If, when the priest examines it, the mildew has faded after the article has been washed, he is to tear the contaminated part out of the clothing, or the leather, or the woven or knitted material.

(Lev 13:57 NIV) But if it reappears in the clothing, or in the woven or knitted material, or in the leather article, it is spreading, and whatever has the mildew must be burned with fire.

(Lev 13:58 NIV) The clothing, or the woven or knitted material, or any leather article that has been washed and is rid of the mildew, must be washed again, and it will be clean."

(Lev 13:59 NIV) These are the regulations concerning contamination by mildew in woolen or linen clothing, woven or knitted material, or any leather article, for pronouncing them clean or unclean.

chad
Nov 18th 2015, 10:05 PM
Leviticus Chapter 14


Priests instructions regarding infectious skin diseases and sacrifices for atonement.

(Lev 14:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 14:2 NIV) "These are the regulations for the diseased person at the time of his ceremonial cleansing, when he is brought to the priest:

(Lev 14:3 NIV) The priest is to go outside the camp and examine him. If the person has been healed of his infectious skin disease,

(Lev 14:4 NIV) the priest shall order that two live clean birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop be brought for the one to be cleansed.

Scarlet H8144. shaniy, shaw-nee'; of uncert. der.; crimson, prop. the insect or its color, also stuff dyed with it:--crimson, scarlet (thread).

Hyssop – a plant used for ceremonial cleansing (Ex 12:22)


(Lev 14:5 NIV) Then the priest shall order that one of the birds be killed over fresh water in a clay pot.

(Lev 14:6 NIV) He is then to take the live bird and dip it, together with the cedar wood, the scarlet yarn and the hyssop, into the blood of the bird that was killed over the fresh water.

(Lev 14:7 NIV) Seven times he shall sprinkle the one to be cleansed of the infectious disease and pronounce him clean. Then he is to release the live bird in the open fields.

(Lev 14:8 NIV) "The person to be cleansed must wash his clothes, shave off all his hair and bathe with water; then he will be ceremonially clean. After this he may come into the camp, but he must stay outside his tent for seven days.

The KJV uses the word cleansed instead of ceremonially clean, meaning to be pure.

Cleansed H2891. taher, taw-hare'; a prim. root; prop. to be bright; i.e. (by impl.) to be pure (phys. sound, clear, unadulterated; Levit. uncontam-inated; mor. innocent or holy):--be (make, make self, pronounce) clean, cleanse (self), purge, purify (-ier, self).


(Lev 14:9 NIV) On the seventh day he must shave off all his hair; he must shave his head, his beard, his eyebrows and the rest of his hair. He must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water, and he will be clean.

(Lev 14:10 NIV) "On the eighth day he must bring two male lambs and one ewe lamb a year old, each without defect, along with three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and one log of oil.

Log H3849. log, lohg; from an unused root appar. mean. to deepen or hollow [like H3537]; a log or measure for liquids:--log [of oil].


(Lev 14:11 NIV) The priest who pronounces him clean shall present both the one to be cleansed and his offerings before the LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.


A Guilt offering / Wave offering.

(Lev 14:12 NIV) "Then the priest is to take one of the male lambs and offer it as a guilt offering, along with the log of oil; he shall wave them before the LORD as a wave offering.

(Lev 14:13 NIV) He is to slaughter the lamb in the holy place where the sin offering and the burnt offering are slaughtered. Like the sin offering, the guilt offering belongs to the priest; it is most holy.

Most Holy H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.


(Lev 14:14 NIV) The priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.

(Lev 14:15 NIV) The priest shall then take some of the log of oil, pour it in the palm of hisown left hand,

(Lev 14:16 NIV) dip his right forefinger into the oil in his palm, and with his finger sprinkle some of it before the LORD seven times.

(Lev 14:17 NIV) The priest is to put some of the oil remaining in his palm on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot, on top of the blood of the guilt offering.

(Lev 14:18 NIV) The rest of the oil in his palm the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed and make atonement for him before the LORD.

The blood and oil was used to make atonement: The blood and the oil. The blood and oil was applied top to bottom (Ear, hand and toe – body) to make atonement for the person.


Sin offering

(Lev 14:19 NIV) "Then the priest is to sacrifice the sin offering and make atonement for the one to be cleansed from his uncleanness. After that, the priest shall slaughter the burnt offering

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).

Uncleanness H2932. tum'ah, toom-aw'; from H2930; relig. impurity:--filthiness, unclean (-ness).
(Lev 14:20 NIV) and offer it on the altar, together with the grain offering, and make atonement for him, and he will be clean.


Guilt Offering / Wave Offering

(Lev 14:21 NIV) "If, however, he is poor and cannot afford these, he must take one male lamb as a guilt offering to be waved to make atonement for him, together with a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, a log of oil,


Sin offering / Burnt offering

(Lev 14:22 NIV) and two doves or two young pigeons, which he can afford, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering

(Lev 14:23 NIV) "On the eighth day he must bring them for his cleansing to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting, before the LORD.


Guilt Offering / Wave Offering

(Lev 14:24 NIV) The priest is to take the lamb for the guilt offering, together with the log of oil, and wave them before the LORD as a wave offering.

(Lev 14:25 NIV) He shall slaughter the lamb for the guilt offering and take some of its blood and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.

(Lev 14:26 NIV) The priest is to pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand,

(Lev 14:27 NIV) and with his right forefinger sprinklesome of the oil from his palm seven timesbefore the LORD.

(Lev 14:28 NIV) Some of the oil in his palm he is to put on the same places he put the blood of the guilt offering--on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.

(Lev 14:29 NIV) The rest of the oil in his palm the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed, to make atonementfor him before the LORD.


Sin Offering / Burnt Offering

(Lev 14:30 NIV) Then he shall sacrifice the doves or the young pigeons, which the person can afford,

(Lev 14:31 NIV) one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, together with the grain offering. In this way the priest will make atonement before the LORD on behalf of the one to be cleansed."

(Lev 14:32 NIV) These are the regulations for anyone who has an infectious skin disease and who cannot afford the regular offerings for his cleansing.

(Lev 14:33 NIV) The LORD said to Moses and Aaron,


Instructions when entering the land of Canaan – regarding houses and mildew.

(Lev 14:34 NIV) "When you enter the land of Canaan, which I am giving you as your possession, and I put a spreading mildew in a house in that land,

KJV reads: (Lev 14:34 KJV) When ye be come into the land of Canaan, which I give to you for a possession, and I put the plague of leprosy in a house of the land of your possession;


(Lev 14:35 NIV) the owner of the house must go and tell the priest, 'I have seen something that looks like mildew in my house.'

(Lev 14:36 NIV) The priest is to order the house to be emptied before he goes in to examine the mildew, so that nothing in the house will be pronounced unclean. After this the priest is to go in and inspect the house.

(Lev 14:37 NIV) He is to examine the mildew on the walls, and if it has greenish or reddish depressions that appear to be deeper than the surface of the wall,

The KJV uses the word plague instead of Mildew

Plague H5061. nega', neh'-gah; from H5060; a blow (fig. infliction); also (by impl.) a spot (concr. a leprous person or dress):--plague, sore, stricken, stripe, stroke, wound.


(Lev 14:38 NIV) the priest shall go out the doorway of the house and close it up for seven days.

(Lev 14:39 NIV) On the seventh day the priest shall return to inspect the house. If the mildew has spread on the walls,

(Lev 14:40 NIV) he is to order that the contaminated stones be torn out and thrown into an unclean place outside the town.

(Lev 14:41 NIV) He must have all the inside walls of the house scraped and the material that is scraped off dumped into an unclean place outside the town.

(Lev 14:42 NIV) Then they are to take other stones to replace these and take new clay and plaster the house.

(Lev 14:43 NIV) "If the mildew reappears in the house after the stones have been torn out and the house scraped and plastered,

(Lev 14:44 NIV) the priest is to go and examine it and, if the mildew has spread in the house, it is a destructive mildew; the house is unclean.

(Lev 14:45 NIV) It must be torn down--its stones, timbers and all the plaster--and taken out of the town to an unclean place.

(Lev 14:46 NIV) "Anyone who goes into the house while it is closed up will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 14:47 NIV) Anyone who sleeps or eatsin the house must wash his clothes.

(Lev 14:48 NIV) "But if the priest comes to examine it and the mildew has not spread after the house has been
plastered, he shall pronounce the house clean, because the mildew is gone.

(Lev 14:49 NIV) To purify the house he is to take two birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop.

The KJV uses the word cleanse instead of Purify.

Purify H2398. chata', khaw-taw'; a prim. root; prop. to miss; hence (fig. and gen.) to sin; by infer. to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causat.) lead astray, condemn:--bear the blame, cleanse, commit [sin], by fault, harm he hath done, loss, miss, (make) offend (-er), offer for sin, purge, purify (self), make reconciliation, (cause, make) sin (-ful, -ness), trespass.


(Lev 14:50 NIV) He shall kill one of the birds over fresh water in a clay pot.

(Lev 14:51 NIV) Then he is to take the cedar wood, the hyssop, the scarlet yarn and the live bird, dip them into the blood of the dead bird and the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times.

(Lev 14:52 NIV) He shall purify the house with the bird's blood, the fresh water, the live bird, the cedar wood, the hyssop and the scarlet yarn.

(Lev 14:53 NIV) Then he is to release the live bird in the open fields outside the town. In this way he will make atonement for thehouse, and it will be clean."

The released bird was to make atonement for the house.


(Lev 14:54 NIV) These are the regulations for any infectious skin disease, for an itch,

(Lev 14:55 NIV) for mildew in clothing or in a house,

(Lev 14:56 NIV) and for a swelling, a rash or a bright spot,

(Lev 14:57 NIV) to determine when something is clean or unclean. These are the regulations for infectious skin diseases and mildew.

chad
Nov 25th 2015, 08:30 PM
Leviticus Chapter 15


Regulations regarding bodily discharge for a man or a woman.

(Lev 15:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses and Aaron,


Men

(Lev 15:2 NIV) "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When any man has a bodily discharge, the dischargeis unclean.

(Lev 15:3 NIV) Whether it continues flowing from his body or is blocked, it will make him unclean. This is how his discharge will bring about uncleanness:

(Lev 15:4 NIV) "'Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean, and anything he sits on will be unclean.

(Lev 15:5 NIV) Anyone who touches his bed must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:6 NIV) Whoever sits on anything that the man with a discharge sat on must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:7 NIV) "'Whoever touches the man who has a discharge must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:8 NIV) "'If the man with the discharge spits on someone who is clean, that person must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:9 NIV) "'Everything the man sits on when riding will be unclean,

(Lev 15:10 NIV) and whoever touches any of the things that were under him will be unclean till evening; whoever picks up those things must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:11 NIV) "'Anyone the man with a discharge touches without rinsing his hands with water must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:12 NIV) "'A clay pot that the man touches must be broken, and any wooden article is to be rinsed with water.

(Lev 15:13 NIV) "'When a man is cleansed from his discharge, he is to count off seven days for his ceremonial cleansing; he must wash his clothes and bathe himself with fresh water, and he will be clean.

(Lev 15:14 NIV) On the eighth day he must take two doves or two young pigeons and come before the LORD to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and give them to the priest.

(Lev 15:15 NIV) The priest is to sacrifice them, the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. In this way he will make atonement before the LORD for the man because of his discharge.

On the eighth day, the man who was unclean must take a sin offering of two doves or pigeons to the priest as a sin offering for his uncleanness.


(Lev 15:16 NIV) "'When a man has an emission of semen, he must bathe his whole body with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:17 NIV) Any clothing or leather that has semen on it must be washed with water, and it will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:18 NIV) When a man lies with a woman and there is an emission of semen, both must bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening.


Woman

(Lev 15:19 NIV) "'When a woman has her regular flow of blood, the impurity of her monthly period will last seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:20 NIV) "'Anything she lies on during her period will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean.

(Lev 15:21 NIV) Whoever touches her bed must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:22 NIV) Whoever touches anything she sits on must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:23 NIV) Whether it is the bed or anything she was sitting on, when anyone touches it, he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:24 NIV) "'If a man lies with her and her monthly flow touches him, he will be unclean for seven days; any bed he lie son will be unclean.

(Lev 15:25 NIV) "'When a woman has a discharge of blood for many days at a time other than her monthly period or has a discharge that continues beyond her period, she will be unclean as long as she has the discharge, just as in the days of her period.

(Lev 15:26 NIV) Any bed she lies on while her discharge continues will be unclean, as is her bed during her monthly period, and anything she sits on will be unclean, as during her period.

(Lev 15:27 NIV) Whoever touches them will be unclean; he must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening.

(Lev 15:28 NIV) "'When she is cleansed from her discharge, she must count off seven days, and after that she will be ceremonially clean.

(Lev 15:29 NIV) On the eighth day she must take two doves or two young pigeons and bring them to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.

(Lev 15:30 NIV) The priest is to sacrifice one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. In this way he will make atonement for her before the LORD for the uncleanness of her discharge.

On the eighth day, the woman who was unclean must take a sin offering of two doves or pigeons to the priest as a sin offering for her uncleanness.



(Lev 15:31 NIV) "'You must keep the Israelites separate from things that make them unclean, so they will not die in their uncleanness for defiling my dwelling place, which is among them.'"

The Israelites were to keep separate from things that made them unclean, so they would no be unclean and also not defile the dwelling place.

(Lev 15:32 NIV) These are the regulations for a man with a discharge, for anyone made unclean by an emission of semen,

(Lev 15:33 NIV) for a woman in her monthly period, for a man or a woman with a discharge, and for a man who lies with a woman who is ceremonially unclean.

chad
Dec 2nd 2015, 09:58 PM
Leviticus Chapter 16

The Day of Atonement

(Lev 16:1 NIV) The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron who died when they approached the LORD.

Aarons two sons Nadab and Abihu died because they offered unauthorized fire before the Lord, which he commanded them not to do (Lev 10:1). Even the sons of Aaron (Moses brother) were not spared.


(Lev 16:2 NIV) The LORD said to Moses: "Tell your brother Aaron not to come whenever he chooses into the Most Holy Place behind the curtain in front of the atonement cover on the ark, or else he will die, because I appear in the cloud over the atonement cover.

Sacrifices for Aaron - Sin offering (Bull), Burnt offering (Ram)


(Lev 16:3 NIV) "This is how Aaron is to enter the sanctuary area: with a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.

(Lev 16:4 NIV) He is to put on the sacred linen tunic, with linen under garments next to his body; he is to tie the
linen sash around him and put on the linen turban. These are sacred garments; so he must bathe himself with water before he puts them on.

Sacrifices for the Israelite community – Sin offering (2x male goats), Burnt offering (Ram)


(Lev 16:5 NIV) From the Israelite community he is to take two male goats for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.

(Lev 16:6 NIV) "Aaron is to offer the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household.

Even Aaron needed to offer a bull for his own sins and his household. (Romans 3:23 - for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God)


The Two Goats - One of the Goats was sacrificed as a sin offering to the LORD.

(Lev 16:7 NIV) Then he is to take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.

(Lev 16:8 NIV) He is to cast lots for the two goats--one lot for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat.

(Lev 16:9 NIV) Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the LORD and sacrifice it for a sin offering.

The other was to be used as a Scapegoat, chosen by casting Lots.


(Lev 16:10 NIV) But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD to be used for making atonement by sending it into the desert as a scapegoat.

Scapegoat H5799. 'aza'zel, az-aw-zale'; from H5795 and H235; goat of departure; the scapegoat:--scapegoat.

The scapegoat was to be sent alive into the desert as a scapegoat.


(Lev 16:11 NIV) "Aaron shall bring the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household, and he is to slaughter the bull for his own sin offering.

(Lev 16:12 NIV) He is to take a censer full of burning coals from the altar before the LORD and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense and take them behind the curtain.

Censer H4289. machtah, makh-taw'; the same as H4288 in the sense of removal; a pan for live coals:--censer, firepan, snuffdish.


(Lev 16:13 NIV) He is to put the incense on the fire before the LORD, and the smoke of the incense will conceal the atonement cover above the Testimony, so that he will not die.

(Lev 16:14 NIV) He is to take some of the bull's blood and with his finger sprinkle it on the front of the atonement cover; then he shall sprinkle some of it with his finger seven times before the atonement cover.

Seven H7651. sheba', sheh'-bah; or (masc.) shib'ah, shib-aw'; from H7650; a prim. cardinal number; seven (as the sacred full one); also (adv.) seven times; by impl. a week; by extens. an indefinite number:-- (+ by) seven ([-fold], -s, [-teen, -teenth], -th, times). Comp. H7658.


Aarons sin offering for the people

(Lev 16:15 NIV) "He shall then slaughter the goat for the sin offering for the people and take its blood behind the curtain and do with it as he did with the bull's blood: He shall sprinkle it on the atonement cover and in front of it.

The sprinkling of the blood on the tabernacle and everything used in it’s ceremnonies was to purify them (Hebrews 9:21-23)


(Lev 16:16 NIV) In this way he will make atonement for the Most Holy Place because of the uncleanness and rebellion of the Israelites, whatever their sins have been. He is to do the same for the Tent of Meeting, which is among them in the midst of their uncleanness.

Uncleanness H2932. tum'ah, toom-aw'; from H2930; relig. impurity:--filthiness, unclean (-ness).


(Lev 16:17 NIV) No one is to be in the Tent of Meeting from the time Aaron goes in to make atonement in the Most Holy Place until he comes out, having made atonement for himself, his household and the whole community of Israel.

(Lev 16:18 NIV) "Then he shall come out to the altar that is before the LORD and make atonement for it. He shall take some of the bull's blood and some of the goat's blood and put it on all the horns of the altar.

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).


(Lev 16:19 NIV) He shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times to cleanse it and to consecrate it from the uncleanness of the Israelites.

(Lev 16:20 NIV) "When Aaron has finished making atonement for the Most Holy Place, the Tent of Meeting and the altar, he shall bring forward the live goat.

(Lev 16:21 NIV) He is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites--all their sins--and put them on the goat's head. He shall send the goat away into the desert in the care of a man appointed for the task.

The wickedness and rebellion and sin of the Israelites were confessed over the goat – by the laying of hands on the head of the goat (JBF Commentary – By this act Israel's sin and rebellion were transferred by this act to the goat as their substitute).

The goat was then sent into the desert.

(Lev 16:22 NIV) The goat will carry on itself all their sins to a solitary place; and the man shall release it in the desert.

The goat carried the sins of Israel out of the place where they dwelt and into the desert.


(Lev 16:23 NIV) "Then Aaron is to go into the Tent of Meeting and take off the linen garments he put on before he entered the Most Holy Place, and he is to leave them there.

(Lev 16:24 NIV) He shall bathe himself with water in a holy place and put on his regular garments. Then he shall come out and sacrifice the burnt offering for himself and the burnt offering for the people, to make atonement for himself and for the people.

(Lev 16:25 NIV) He shall also burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar.
The man who releases the scapegoat

(Lev 16:26 NIV) "The man who releases the goat as a scapegoat must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water; afterward he may come into the camp.

(Lev 16:27 NIV) The bull and the goat for the sin offerings, whose blood was brought into the Most Holy Place to make atonement, must be taken outside the camp; their hides, flesh and offal are to be burned up.

(Lev 16:28 NIV) The man who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water; afterward he may come into the camp.

(Lev 16:29 NIV) "This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month you must deny yourselves and not do any work--whether native-born or an alien living among you—

The KJV uses the word stranger instead of Alien.

Stranger H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.


The Day of Atonement

(Lev 16:30 NIV) because on this day atonement will be made for you, to cleanse you. Then, before the LORD, you will be clean from all your sins.

KJV reads - (Lev 16:30 KJV) For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).

Cleanse H2891. taher, taw-hare'; a prim. root; prop. to be bright; i.e. (by impl.) to be pure (phys. sound, clear, unadulterated; Levit. uncontam-inated; mor. innocent or holy):--be (make, make self, pronounce) clean, cleanse (self), purge, purify (-ier, self).

Sins H2403. chatta'ah, khat-taw-aw'; or chatta'th, khat-tawth'; from H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concr.) an offender:--punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).


(Lev 16:31 NIV) It is a sabbath of rest, and you must deny yourselves; it is a lasting ordinance.

(Lev 16:32 NIV) The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high priest is to make atonement. He is to put on the sacred linen garments

(Lev 16:33 NIV) and make atonement for the Most Holy Place, for the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and for the priests and all the people of the community.

Once a year, Atonement was to be made for all the sins of Israel.


(Lev 16:34 NIV) "This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement is to be made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites." And it was done, as the LORD commanded Moses.

(See Hebrews 9:1-28).

chad
Dec 9th 2015, 06:30 PM
Leviticus Chapter 17


Instructions to bring all sacrifices to the tent of meeting to be sacrificed.

(Lev 17:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 17:2 NIV) "Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: 'This is what the LORD has commanded:

(Lev 17:3 NIV) Any Israelite who sacrifices an ox, a lamb or a goat in the camp or outside of it

(Lev 17:4 NIV) instead of bringing it to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting to present it as an offering to the LORD in front of the tabernacle of the LORD--that man shall be considered guilty of bloodshed; he has shed blood and must be cut off from his people.

(Lev 17:5 NIV) This is so the Israelites will bring to the LORD the sacrifices they are now making in the open fields. They must bring them to the priest, that is, to the LORD, at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and sacrifice them as fellowship offerings.

The KJV uses the words peace offering, instead of fellowship offerings.

Peace Offerings H002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.


(Lev 17:6 NIV) The priest is to sprinkle the blood against the altar of the LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and burn the fat as an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

Instructions not to sacrifice to false idols and devils.


(Lev 17:7 NIV) They must no longer offer any of their sacrifices to the goat idols to whom they prostitute themselves. This is to be a lasting ordinance for them and for the generations to come.'

The KJV reads … (Lev 17:7 KJV) And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone a whoring. This shall be a statute for ever unto them throughout their generations.

Devils H8163. sa'iyr, saw-eer'; or sa'ir, saw-eer'; from H8175; shaggy; as noun, a he-goat; by anal. a faun:--devil, goat, hairy, kid, rough, satyr.

Sacrificing to false idols. Idols who were in the image of Goats. Sacrifices not to God but to false Gods / devils. This act was a form of spiritual prostitution.


(Lev 17:8 NIV) "Say to them: 'Any Israelite or any alien living among them who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice

KJV reads - (Lev 17:8 KJV) And thou shalt say unto them, Whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers which sojourn among you, that offereth a burnt offering or sacrifice,

The KJV uses the word strangers instead of alien, meaning a guest or a foreigner.

Strangers H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.


(Lev 17:9 NIV) and does not bring it to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting to sacrifice it to the LORD--that man must be cut off from his people.


Instructions not to eat the blood of animals.

(Lev 17:10 NIV) "'Any Israelite or any alien living among them who eats any blood--I will set my face against that person who eats blood and will cut him off from his people.

(Lev 17:11 NIV) For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves on the altar; it is the blood that makes atonement for one's life.

KJV reads ... (Lev 17:11 KJV) For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.

For the life of the flesh is in the blood. The blood was given for a purpose and that was to make atonement for our souls. It was not given for the purpose to be consumed.


(Lev 17:12 NIV) Therefore I say to the Israelites, "None of you may eat blood, nor may an alien living among you eat blood."

Therefore, God commanded the people of Israel not to eat blood.


(Lev 17:13 NIV) "'Any Israelite or any alien living among you who hunts any animal or bird that may be eaten must drain out the blood and cover it with earth,

The blood of a dead animal was first to be drained out an covered with earth.


(Lev 17:14 NIV) because then life of every creature is its blood. That is why I have said to the Israelites, "You must not eat the blood of any creature, because the life of every creature is its blood; anyone who eats it must be cut off."

The life of every creature is in it’s blood. Anyone who eats it was to be cut off.


(Lev 17:15 NIV) "'Anyone, whether native-born or alien, who eats anything found dead or torn by wild animals must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be ceremonially unclean till evening; then he will be clean.

(Lev 17:16 NIV) But if he does not wash his clothes and bathe himself, he will be held responsible.'"

Anyone who ate a dead animal or one torn by wild animals was ceremonially unclean for the rest of the day. They must was their clothes and bathe themselves.

chad
Dec 17th 2015, 07:33 PM
Leviticus Chapter 18

(Lev 18:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 18:2 NIV) "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'I am the LORD your God.

(Lev 18:3 NIV) You must not do as they do in Egypt, where you used to live, and you must not do as they do in the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you. Do not follow their practices.

The Lords command not to live like the Egyptians or the Canaanites and follow thier practices, when they enter into Canaan.

(Lev 18:4 NIV) You must obey my laws and be careful to follow my decrees. I am the LORDyourGod.

(Lev 18:5 NIV) Keep my decrees and laws, for the man who obeys them will live by them. I am the LORD.

God desired the Israelites not to live according to the ways of sinful nations around them, but to live by the laws and decrees that God would set out for them.


Forbidden Sexual Relations.

(Lev 18:6 NIV) "'No one is to approach any close relative to have sexual relations. I am the LORD.

(Lev 18:7 NIV) "'Do not dishonor your father by having sexual relations with your mother. She is your mother; do not have relations with her.

(Lev 18:8 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with your father's wife; that would dishonor your father.

(Lev 18:9 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with your sister, either your father's daughter or your mother's daughter, whether she was born in the same home or elsewhere.

(Lev 18:10 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with your son's daughter or your daughter's daughter; that would dishonor you.

(Lev 18:11 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with the daughter of your father's wife, born to your father; she is your sister.

(Lev 18:12 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with your father's sister; she is your father's close relative.

(Lev 18:13 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with your mother's sister, because she is your mother's close relative.

(Lev 18:14 NIV) "'Do not dishonor your father's brother by approaching his wife to have sexual relations; she is your aunt.

(Lev 18:15 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with your daughter-in-law. She is your son's wife; do not have relations with her.

(Lev 18:16 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with your brother's wife; that would dishonor your brother.

(Lev 18:17 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with both a woman and her daughter. Do not have sexual relations with either her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter; they are her close relatives. That is wickedness.

Wickedness H 2154. zimmah, zim-maw'; or zammah, zam-maw'; from H2161; a plan, espec. a bad one:--heinous crime, lewd (-ly, -ness), mischief, purpose, thought, wicked (device, mind, -ness).


(Lev 18:18 NIV) "'Do not take your wife's sister as a rival wife and have sexual relations with her while your wife is living.

(Lev 18:19 NIV) "'Do not approach a woman to have sexual relations during the uncleanness of her monthly period.

(Lev 18:20 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with your neighbor's wife and defile yourself with her.

Defile H 2930. tame', taw-may'; a prim. root; to be foul, espec. in a cerem. or mor. sense (contaminated):--defile (self), pollute (self), be (make, make self, pronounce) unclean, X utterly.


(Lev 18:21 NIV) "'Do not give any of your children to be sacrificed to Molech, for you must not profane the name of your God. I am the LORD.

Molech was the God of the Ammonites. The ammonites use to sacrifice their children to Molech, the chief deity they worshipped. To do the same would be to profane the name of God.

Molech H4432. Molek, mo'-lek; from H4427; Molek (i.e. king), the chief deity of the Ammonites:--Molech. Comp. H4445.
Profane H 2490. chalal, khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. H2470]; prop. to bore, i.e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from H2485) to play (the flute):--begin (X men began), defile, X break, defile, X eat (as common things), X first, X gather the grape thereof, X take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.


(Lev 18:22 NIV) "'Do not lie with a man as one lies with a woman; that is detestable.

KJV reads - (Lev 18:22 KJV) Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination.

A commandment teaching against male homo-sexuality. The KJV uses the word abomination instead of the word detestable.

Abomination H8441. tow'ebah, to-ay-baw'; or to'ebah, to-ay-baw'; fem. act. part. of H8581; prop. something disgusting (mor.), i.e. (as noun) (an abhorrence; espec. idolatry or (concr.) an idol:--abominable (custom, thing), abomination.

Lie H7901. shakab, shaw-kab'; a prim. root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose):-- X at all, cast down, ([over-]) lay (self) (down), (make to) lie (down, down to sleep, still, with), lodge, ravish, take rest, sleep, stay.

The penalty under the law for male homosexuality was death (Ex 20:13). This would explain why there was no such concept of gay marriage. A man that lie with another man is clearly wrong in Gods sight.


(Lev 18:23 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with an animal and defile yourself with it. A woman must not present herself to an animal to have sexual relations with it; that is a perversion.

KJV reads – (Lev 18:23 KJV) Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto: it is confusion.

Confusion H8397. tebel, teh'-bel; appar. from H1101; mixture, i.e. unnatural bestiality:--confusion.


(Lev 18:24 NIV) "'Do not defile yourselves in any of these ways, because this is how the nations that I am going to drive out before you became defiled.

To live by the sinful practices of the nations who lived in the land would be to defile themselves before the LORD.


(Lev 18:25 NIV) Even the land was defiled; so I punished itfor its sin, and the land vomited out its inhabitants.

(Lev 18:26 NIV) But you must keep my decrees and my laws. The native-born and the aliens living among you must not do any of these detestable things,

The KJV uses the word Statues instead of decrees.

Statutes H2708. chuqqah, khook-kaw'; fem. of H2706, and mean. substantially the same:--appointed, custom, manner, ordinance, site, statute.

The KJV uses the word judgements instead of laws

Judgements H4941. mishpat, mish-pawt'; from H8199; prop. a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, espec. a sentence or formal decree (human or [partic.] divine law, individual or collect.), includ. the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstr. justice, includ. a partic. right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style:-- + adversary, ceremony, charge, X crime, custom, desert, determination, discretion, disposing, due, fashion, form, to be judged, judgment, just (-ice, -ly), (manner of) law (-ful), manner, measure, (due) order, ordinance, right, sentence, usest, X worthy, + wrong.

The KJV uses the word stranger instead of aliens

Stanger H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.


(Lev 18:27 NIV) for all these things were done by the people who lived in the land before you, and the land became defiled.

Defiled H2930. tame', taw-may'; a prim. root; to be foul, espec. in a cerem. or mor. sense (contaminated):--defile (self), pollute (self), be (make, make self, pronounce) unclean, X utterly.
(Lev 18:28 NIV) And if you defile the land, it will vomit you out asit vomited out the nations that were before you.

Defile G2930. tame', taw-may'; a prim. root; to be foul, espec. in a cerem. or mor. sense (contaminated):--defile (self), pollute (self), be (make, make self, pronounce) unclean, X utterly.


(Lev 18:29 NIV) "'Everyone who does any of these detestable things--such persons must be cut off from their people.

The KJV uses the word abominations instead of detestable
Abominations H8441. tow'ebah, to-ay-baw'; or to'ebah, to-ay-baw'; fem. act. part. of H8581; prop. something disgusting (mor.), i.e. (as noun) (an abhorrence; espec. idolatry or (concr.) an idol:--abominable (custom, thing), abomination.


(Lev 18:30 NIV) Keep my requirements and do not follow any of the detestable customs that were practiced before you came and do not defile yourselves with them. I am the LORD your God.'"

Customs H2708. chuqqah, khook-kaw'; fem. of H2706, and mean. substantially the same:--appointed, custom, manner, ordinance, site, statute.

chad
Dec 23rd 2015, 07:04 PM
Chapter 19

(Lev 19:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 19:2 NIV) "Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: 'Be holy because I, the LORD your God, am holy.

God is a Holy God.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.

Holy H6918. qadowsh, kaw-doshe'; or qadosh, kaw-doshe'; from H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary:--holy (One), saint.


(Lev 19:3 NIV) "'Each of you must respect his mother and father, and you must observe my Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God.

The OT law taught that children should obey their patents.

Sabbaths G7676. shabbath, shab-bawth'; intens. from H7673; intermission, i.e. (spec.) the Sabbath:-- (+ every) sabbath.

(Eph 6:1 NIV) Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.
(Eph 6:2 NIV) "Honor your father and mother"--which is the first commandment with a promise--
(Eph 6:3 NIV) "that it may go well with you and that you may enjoy long life on the earth."


(Lev 19:4 NIV) "'Do not turn to idols or make gods of cast metal for yourselves. I am the LORD your God.

Turning to idols is in someway turning away from God.

Idol H457. 'eliyl, el-eel'; appar. from H408; good for nothing, by anal. vain or vanity; spec. an idol:--idol, no value, thing of nought.

Gods H430. 'elohiym, el-o-heem'; plur. of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but spec. used (in the plur. thus, esp. with the art.) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:--angels, X exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.


Fellowship offering

(Lev 19:5 NIV) "'When you sacrifice a fellowship offering to the LORD, sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf.

The KJV uses the word peace offering instead of fellowship offering. Not all sacrifices were accepted, only those that were sacrificed in the way they were instructed to.

Peace G8002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.


(Lev 19:6 NIV) It shall be eaten on the day you sacrifice it or on the next day; anything left over until the third day must be burned up.

(Lev 19:7 NIV) If any of it is eaten on the third day, it is impure and will not be accepted.

(Lev 19:8 NIV) Whoever eats it will be held responsible because he has desecrated what is holy to the LORD; that person must be cut off from his people.

(Lev 19:9 NIV) "'When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest.

(Lev 19:10 NIV) Do not go over your vineyard a second time or pick up the grapes that have fallen. Leave them for the poor and the alien. I am the LORD your God.

(Lev 19:11 NIV) "'Do not steal. "'Do not lie. "'Do not deceive one another.

(Mark 10:19 NIV) You know the commandments: 'Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, do not defraud, honor your father and mother.'"

(Lev 19:12 NIV) "'Do not swear falsely by my name and so profane the name of your God. I am the LORD.

Profane H2490. chalal, khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. H2470]; prop. to bore, i.e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from H2485) to play (the flute):--begin (X men began), defile, X break, defile, X eat (as common things), X first, X gather the grape thereof, X take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.

(Mat 5:34 KJV) But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:


(Lev 19:13 NIV) "'Do not defraud your neighbor or rob him. "'Do not hold back the wages of a hired man overnight.


(Mark 10:19 NIV) You know the commandments: 'Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, do not defraud, honor your father and mother.'"


(Lev 19:14 NIV) "'Do not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in front of the blind, but fear your God. I am the LORD.

Curse H7043. qalal, kaw-lal'; a prim. root; to be (caus. make) light, lit. (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or fig. (easy, trifling, vile, etc.):--abate, make bright, bring into contempt, (ac-) curse, despise, (be) ease (-y, -ier), (be a, make, make somewhat, move, seem a, set) light (-en, -er, ly, -ly afflict, -ly esteem, thing), X slight [-ly], be swift (-er), (be, be more, make, re-) vile, whet.

Stumbling block H4383. mikshowl, mik-shole'; or mikshol, mik-shole'; masc. from H3782; a stumbling-block, lit. or fig. (obstacle, enticement [spec. an idol], scruple):--caused to fall, offence, X [no-] thing offered, ruin, stumbling-block.
(Rom 14:13 NIV) Therefore let us stop passing judgment on one another. Instead, make up your mind not to put any stumbling block or obstacle in your brother's way.


(Lev 19:15 NIV) "'Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great, but judge your neighbor fairly.

(James 2:1 NIV) My brothers, as believers in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ, don't show favoritism.
(James 2:3 NIV) If you show special attention to the man wearing fine clothes and say, "Here's a good seat for you," but say to the poor man, "You stand there" or "Sit on the floor by my feet,"
(James 2:4 NIV) have you not discriminated among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?
(James 2:9 NIV) But if you show favoritism, you sin and are convicted by the law as lawbreakers.


(Lev 19:16 NIV) "'Do not go about spreading slander among your people. "'Do not do anything that endangers your neighbor's life. I am the LORD.

Slander H1681. dibbah, dib-baw'; from H1680 (in the sense of furtive motion); slander:--defaming, evil report, infamy, slander. (From Psalms 31:13 KJV)

(James 4:11 NIV) Brothers, do not slander one another. Anyone who speaks against his brother or judges him speaks against the law and judges it. When you judge the law, you are not keeping it, but sitting in judgment on it.


(Lev 19:17 NIV) "'Do not hate your brother in your heart. Rebuke your neighbor frankly so you will not share in his guilt.

In the NT (1 John 2:9 NIV) Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates his brother is still in the darkness.


(Lev 19:18 NIV) "'Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against one of your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.


(Mark 12:31 NIV) The second is this: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no commandment greater than these."


(Lev 19:19 NIV) "'Keep my decrees. "'Do not mate different kinds of animals. "'Do not plant your field with two kinds of seed. "'Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material.

(Lev 19:19 KJV) Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee.

Gender H7250. raba', raw-bah'; a prim. root; to squat or lie out flat, i.e. (spec.) in copulation:--let gender, lie down.


(Lev 19:20 NIV) "'If a man sleeps with a woman who is a slave girl promised to another man but who has not been ransomed or given her freedom, there must be due punishment. Yet they are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed.

(Lev 19:21 NIV) The man, however, must bring a ram to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting for a guilt offering to the LORD.

The KJV uses the word tresspass offering instead of guilt offering.

Tresspass H817. asham, aw-shawm'; from H816; guilt; by impl. a fault; also a sin-offering:--guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).


(Lev 19:22 NIV) With the ram of the guilt offering the priest is to make atonement for him before the LORD for the sin he has committed, and his sin will be forgiven.

Forgiven H5545. calach, saw-lakh'; a prim. root; to forgive:--forgive, pardon, spare.


(Lev 19:23 NIV) "'When you enter the land and plant any kind of fruit tree, regard its fruit as forbidden. For three years you are to consider it forbidden; it must not be eaten.

(Lev 19:24 NIV) In the fourth year all its fruit will be holy, an offering of praise to the LORD.

(Lev 19:25 NIV) But in the fifth year you may eat its fruit. In this way your harvest will be increased. I am the LORD your God.

(Lev 19:26 NIV) "'Do not eat any meat with the blood still in it. "'Do not practice divination or sorcery.

(Lev 19:26 KJV) Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times.

Enchantment H5172. nachash, naw-khash'; a prim. root; prop. to hiss, i.e. whisper a (magic) spell; gen. to prognosticate:-- X certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) X enchantment, learn by experience, X indeed, diligently observe.

Observe H6049. 'anan, aw-nan'; a prim. root; to cover; used only as denom. from H6051, to cloud over; fig. to act covertly, i.e. practise magic:-- X bring, enchanter, Meonemin, observe (-r of) times, soothsayer, sorcerer.


(Lev 19:27 NIV) "'Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard.

(Lev 19:28 NIV) "'Do not cut your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves. I am the LORD.

KJV reads ... (Lev 19:28 KJV) Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print any marks upon you: I am the LORD.

Marks H7085. qa'aqa', kah-ak-ah'; from the same as H6970; an incision or gash:-- + mark.


(Lev 19:29 NIV) "'Do not degrade your daughter by making her a prostitute, or the land will turn to prostitution and be filled with wickedness.

(Lev 19:30 NIV) "'Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am the LORD.

(Lev 19:31 NIV) "'Do not turn to mediums or seek outspiritists, for you will be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.

The King James Version reads … (Lev 19:31 KJV) Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God.

(Familiar) Spirits H178. 'owb, obe; from the same as H1 (appar. through the idea of prattling a father's name); prop. a mumble, i.e. a water-skin (from its hollow sound); hence a necromancer (ventriloquist, as from a jar):--bottle, familiar spirit.

Wizards H3049. yidde'oniy, yid-deh-o-nee'; from H3045; prop. a knowing one; spec. a conjurer; (by impl.) a ghost:--wizard.


(Lev 19:32 NIV) "'Rise in the presence of the aged, show respect for the elderly and revere your God. I am the LORD.

(Lev 19:33 NIV) "'When an alien lives with you in your land, do not mistreat him.

(Lev 19:34 NIV) The alien living with you must be treated as one of your native-born. Love him as yourself, for you were aliens in Egypt. I am the LORD your God.

The KJV uses the word stranger instead of alien.

Stranger H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.


(Lev 19:35 NIV) "'Do not use dishonest standards when measuring length, weight or quantity.

(Lev 19:36 NIV) Use honest scales and honest weights, an honest ephah and an honest hin. I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt.

(Lev 19:37 NIV) "'Keep all my decrees and all my laws and follow them. I am the LORD.'"

chad
Dec 31st 2015, 07:20 PM
Chapter 20

Punishments for Sin

(Lev 20:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 20:2 NIV) "Say to the Israelites: 'Any Israelite or any alien living in Israel who gives any of his children to Molech must be put to death. The people of the community are to stone him.

Molek H4432. Molek, mo'-lek; from H4427; Molek (i.e. king), the chief deity of the Ammonites:--Molech. Comp. H4445.
Molek – God of the Ammonites.


(Lev 20:3 NIV) I will set my face against that man and I will cut him off from his people; for by giving his children to Molech, he has defiled my sanctuary and profaned my holy name.

Defile H2930. tame', taw-may'; a prim. root; to be foul, espec. in a cerem. or mor. sense (contaminated):--defile (self), pollute (self), be (make, make self, pronounce) unclean, X utterly.

Sanctuary H4720. miqdash, mik-dawsh'; or miqqedash (Exod. 15 : 17), mik-ked-awsh'; from H6942; a consecrated thing or place, espec. a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum:--chapel, hallowed part, holy place, sanctuary.

Profane H2490. chalal, khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. H2470]; prop. to bore, i.e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from H2485) to play (the flute):--begin (X men began), defile, X break, defile, X eat (as common things), X first, X gather the grape thereof, X take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.

Holy Name H6944. qodesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstr. sanctity:--consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.


(Lev 20:4 NIV) If the people of the community close their eyes when that man gives one of his children to Molech and they fail to put him to death,

Close their eyes, meaning to conceal or keep secret.


(Lev 20:5 NIV) I will set my face against that man and his family and will cut off from their people both him and all who follow him in prostituting themselves to Molech.

The KJV uses the word whoredom instead of prostituting.

Whoredom GH2181. zanah, zaw-naw'; a prim. root [highly fed and therefore wanton]; to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple fornication, rarely of involuntary ravishment); fig. to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah):--(cause to) commit fornication, X continually, X great, (be an, play the) harlot, (cause to be, play the) whore, (commit, fall to) whoredom, (cause to) go a-whoring, whorish.

For, by their silence, knowing what the man did, God holds them responsible for ‘closing their eyes’ to what is spiritual idolatry ‘prostituting themselves to Molech’.


(Lev 20:6 NIV) "'I will set my face against the person who turns to mediums and spiritists to prostitute himself by following them, and I will cut him off from his people.

The KJV uses the word Familiar Spirits instead of Mediums and Wizards instead of Spiritists

Familiar Spirits H178. 'owb, obe; from the same as H1 (appar. through the idea of prattling a father's name); prop. a mumble, i.e. a water-skin (from its hollow sound); hence a necromancer (ventriloquist, as from a jar):--bottle, familiar spirit.

Wizards H3049. yidde'oniy, yid-deh-o-nee'; from H3045; prop. a knowing one; spec. a conjurer; (by impl.) a ghost:--wizard.


(Lev 20:7 NIV) "'Consecrate yourselves and be holy, because I am the LORD your God.

The KJV uses the Sanctify instead of consecrate

Sanctify H6942. qadash, kaw-dash'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally):--appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), X wholly.


(Lev 20:8 NIV) Keep my decrees and follow them. I am the LORD, who makes you holy.

The KJV reads - (Lev 20:8 KJV) And ye shall keep my statutes, and do them: I am the LORD which sanctify you.


(Lev 20:9 NIV) "'If anyone curses his father or mother, he must be put to death. He has cursed his father or his mother, and his blood will be on his own head.

Curseth H7043. qalal, kaw-lal'; a prim. root; to be (caus. make) light, lit. (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or fig. (easy, trifling, vile, etc.):--abate, make bright, bring into contempt, (ac-) curse, despise, (be) ease (-y, -ier), (be a, make, make somewhat, move, seem a, set) light (-en, -er, ly, -ly afflict, -ly esteem, thing), X slight [-ly], be swift (-er), (be, be more, make, re-) vile, whet.


(Lev 20:10 NIV) "'If a man commits adultery with another man's wife--with the wife of his neighbor--both the adulterer and the adulteress must be put to death.

Both the male and female who committed Adultery must be put to death.

Adultery H5003. na'aph, naw-af'; a prim. root; to commit adultery; fig. to apostatize:--adulterer (-ess), commit (-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.


(Lev 20:11 NIV) "'If a man sleeps with his father's wife, he has dishonored his father. Both the man and the woman must be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.

(Lev 20:12 NIV) "'If a man sleeps with his daughter-in-law, both of them must be put to death. What they have done is a perversion; their blood will be on their own heads.

(Lev 20:13 NIV) "'If a man lies with a man as one lies with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable. They must be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.

The KJV uses the word abomination instead of detestable

The penalty of a man who lie with another man (male homosexuality) under the law of Moses was death. This would explain why there would be no homosexual marriage under the law of Moses. For a man to lie with another man was an Abonimation to God, punishible by death.

Lie H7901. shakab, shaw-kab'; a prim. root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose):-- X at all, cast down, ([over-]) lay (self) (down), (make to) lie (down, down to sleep, still, with), lodge, ravish, take rest, sleep, stay.

Abonimation H8441. tow'ebah, to-ay-baw'; or to'ebah, to-ay-baw'; fem. act. part. of H8581; prop. something disgusting (mor.), i.e. (as noun) (an abhorrence; espec. idolatry or (concr.) an idol:--abominable (custom, thing), abomination.


(Lev 20:14 NIV) "'If a man marries both a woman and her mother, it is wicked. Both he and they must be burned in the fire, so that no wickedness will be among you.

Wickedness H2154. zimmah, zim-maw'; or zammah, zam-maw'; from H2161; a plan, espec. a bad one:--heinous crime, lewd (-ly, -ness), mischief, purpose, thought, wicked (device, mind, -ness).

The penalty under the law of Moses was that both he and they must be burned in the fire.


(Lev 20:15 NIV) "'If a man has sexual relations with an animal, he must be put to death, and you must kill the animal.

The KJV reads - (Lev 20:15 KJV) And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast.


(Lev 20:16 NIV) "'If a woman approaches an animal to have sexual relations with it, kill both the woman and the animal. They must be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.

(Lev 20:17 NIV) "'If a man marries his sister, the daughter of either his father or his mother, and they have sexual relations, it is a disgrace. They must be cut off before the eyes of their people. He has dishonored his sister and will be held responsible.

The KJV reads - (Lev 20:17 KJV) And if a man shall take his sister, his father's daughter, or his mother's daughter, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness; it is a wicked thing; and they shall be cut off in the sight of their people: he hath uncovered his sister's nakedness; he shall bear his iniquity.


(Lev 20:18 NIV) "'If a man lies with a woman during her monthly period and has sexual relations with her, he has exposed the source of her flow, and she has also uncovered it. Both of them must be cut off from their people.

(Lev 20:19 NIV) "'Do not have sexual relations with the sister of either your mother or your father, for that would dishonor a close relative; both of you would be held responsible.

KJV reads - (Lev 20:19 KJV) And thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy mother's sister, nor of thy father's sister: for he uncovereth his near kin: they shall bear their iniquity.


(Lev 20:20 NIV) "'If a man sleeps with his aunt, he has dishonored his uncle. They willbe held responsible; they will die childless.

(Lev 20:20 KJV) And if a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.


(Lev 20:21 NIV) "'If a man marries his brother's wife, it is an act of impurity; he has dishonored his brother. They will be childless.

(Lev 20:21 KJV) And if a man shall take his brother's wife, it is an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall be childless.


(Lev 20:22 NIV) "'Keep all my decrees and laws and follow them, so that the land where I am bringing you to live may not vomit you out.

(Lev 20:23 NIV) You must not live according to the customs of the nations I am going to drive out before you. Because they did all these things, I abhorred them.

Abhorred H6973. quwts, koots; a prim. root [rather ident. with H6972 through the idea of severing oneself from (comp. H6962)]; to be (caus. make) disgusted or anxious:--abhor, be distressed, be grieved, loathe, vex, be weary.


(Lev 20:24 NIV) But I said to you, "You will possess their land; I will give it to you as an inheritance, a land flowing with milk and honey." I am the LORD your God, who has set you apart from the nations.

(Lev 20:25 NIV) "'You must therefore make a distinction between clean and unclean animals and between unclean and clean birds. Do not defile yourselves by any animal or bird or anything that moves along the ground--those which I have set apart as unclean for you.

Clean H2889. tahowr, taw-hore'; or tahor, taw-hore'; from H2891; pure (in a phys., chem., cerem. or moral sense):--clean, fair, pure (-ness).

Unclean H 2931. tame', taw-may'; from H2930; foul in a relig. sense:--defiled, + infamous, polluted (-tion), unclean.


(Lev 20:26 NIV) You are to be holy to me because I, the LORD, am holy, and I have set you apart from the nations to be my own.

Holy H6918. qadowsh, kaw-doshe'; or qadosh, kaw-doshe'; from H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary:--holy (One), saint.


(Lev 20:27 NIV) "'A man or woman who is a medium or spiritist among you must be put to death. You are to stone them; their blood will be on their own heads.'"

KJV reads - (Lev 20:27 KJV) A man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, shall surely be put to death: they shall stone them with stones: their blood shall be upon them.

chad
Jan 7th 2016, 09:36 PM
Chapter 21


(Lev 21:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them: 'A priest must not make himself ceremonially unclean for any of his people who die,

The KJV uses the word defiled instead of ceremonially unclean.

DefiledH2930. tame', taw-may'; a prim. root; to be foul, espec. in a cerem. or mor. sense (contaminated):--defile (self), pollute (self), be (make, make self, pronounce) unclean, X utterly.


(Lev 21:2 NIV) except for a close relative, such as his mother or father, his son or daughter, his brother,

(Lev 21:3 NIV) or an unmarried sister who is dependent on him since she has no husband--for her he may make himself unclean.

(Lev 21:4 NIV) He must not make himself unclean for people related to him by marriage, and so defile himself.

(Lev 21:5 NIV) "'Priests must not shave their heads or shave off the edges of their beards or cut their bodies.

(Lev 21:6 NIV) They must be holy to their God and must not profane the name of their God. Because they present the offerings made to the LORD by fire, the food of their God, they are to be holy.

Holy H6918. qadowsh, kaw-doshe'; or qadosh, kaw-doshe'; from H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary:--holy (One), saint.

Profane H2490. chalal, khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. H2470]; prop. to bore, i.e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from H2485) to play (the flute):--begin (X men began), defile, X break, defile, X eat (as common things), X first, X gather the grape thereof, X take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.


(Lev 21:7 NIV) "'They must not marry women defiled by prostitution or divorced from their husbands, because priests are holy to their God.

The KJV uses the word Whore instead of prostitution.

Whore 2181. zanah, zaw-naw'; a prim. root [highly fed and therefore wanton]; to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple fornication, rarely of involuntary ravishment); fig. to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah):--(cause to) commit fornication, X continually, X great, (be an, play the) harlot, (cause to be, play the) whore, (commit, fall to) whoredom, (cause to) go a-whoring, whorish.


(Lev 21:8 NIV) Regard them as holy, because they offer up the food of your God. Consider them holy, because I the LORD am holy--I who make you holy.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.


(Lev 21:9 NIV) "'If a priest's daughter defiles herself by becoming a prostitute, she disgraces her father; she must be burned in the fire.

(Lev 21:10 NIV) "'The high priest, the one among his brothers who has had the anointing oil poured on his head and who has been ordained to wear the priestly garments, must not let his hair become unkempt or tear his clothes.

The regulations were: He must not let his hair become unkempt or tear his clothes.

Anointing H4888. mishchah, meesh-khaw'; or moshchah, mosh-khaw'; from H4886; unction (the act); by impl. a consecratory gift:--(to be) anointed (-ing), ointment.


(Lev 21:11 NIV) He must not enter a place where there is a dead body. He must not make himself unclean, even for his father or mother,

(Lev 21:12 NIV) nor leave the sanctuary of his God or desecrate it, because he has been dedicated by the anointing oil of his God. I am the LORD.


The requirements for priestly marriage under the law of Moses.

(Lev 21:13 NIV) "'The woman he marries must be a virgin.

(Lev 21:14 NIV) He must not marry a widow, a divorced woman, or a woman defiled by prostitution, but only a virgin from his own people,

(Lev 21:15 NIV) so he will not defile his offspring among his people. I am the LORD, who makes him holy.'"

(Lev 21:16 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 21:17 NIV) "Say to Aaron: 'For the generations to come none of your descendants who has a defect may come near to offer the food of his God.

The KJV uses the word blemish instead of defect.

Blemish H3971. m'uwm, moom; usually muwm, moom; as if pass. part. from an unused root prob. mean. to stain; a blemish (phys. or mor.):--blemish, blot, spot.


(Lev 21:18 NIV) No man who has any defect may come near: no man who is blind or lame, disfigured or deformed;

(Lev 21:19 NIV) no man with a crippled foot or hand,

(Lev 21:20 NIV) or who is hunchbacked or dwarfed, or who has any eye defect, or who has festering or running sores or damaged testicles.

(Lev 21:21 NIV) No descendant of Aaron the priest who has any defect is to come near to present the offerings made to the LORD by fire. He has a defect; he must not come near to offer the food of his God.

(Lev 21:22 NIV) He may eat the most holy food of his God, as well as the holy food;

(Lev 21:23 NIV) yet because of his defect, he must not go near the curtain or approach the altar, and so desecrate my sanctuary. I am the LORD, who makes them holy.'"

(Lev 21:24 NIV) So Moses told this to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites.

chad
Jan 14th 2016, 08:04 PM
Chapter 22


(Lev 22:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 22:2 NIV) "Tell Aaron and his sons to treat with respect the sacred offerings the Israelites consecrate to me, so they will not profane my holy name. I am the LORD.

Profane H2490. chalal, khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. H2470]; prop. to bore, i.e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from H2485) to play (the flute):--begin (X men began), defile, X break, defile, X eat (as common things), X first, X gather the grape thereof, X take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.


(Lev 22:3 NIV) "Say to them: 'For the generations to come, if any of your descendants is ceremonially unclean and yet comes near the sacred offerings that the Israelites consecrate to the LORD, that person must be cut off from my presence. I am the LORD.

Cut Off H3772. karath, kaw-rath'; a prim. root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by impl. to destroy or consume; spec. to covenant (i.e. make an alliance or bargain, orig. by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces):--be chewed, be con- [feder-] ate, covenant, cut (down, off), destroy, fail, feller, be freed, hew (down), make a league ([covenant]), X lose, perish, X utterly, X want.


(Lev 22:4 NIV) "'If a descendant of Aaron has an infectious skin disease or a bodily discharge, he may not eat the sacred offerings until he is cleansed. He will also be unclean if he touches something defiled by a corpse or by anyone who has an emission of semen,

(Lev 22:5 NIV) or if he touches any crawling thing that makes him unclean, or any person who makes him unclean, whatever the uncleanness may be.

(Lev 22:6 NIV) The one who touches any such thing will be unclean till evening. He must not eat any of the sacred offerings unless he has bathed himself with water.

(Lev 22:7 NIV) When the sun goes down, he will be clean, and after that he may eat the sacred offerings, for they are his food.

(Lev 22:8 NIV) He must not eat anything found dead or torn by wild animals, and so become unclean through it. I am the LORD.

(Lev 22:9 NIV) "'The priests are to keep my requirements so that they do not become guilty and die for treating them with contempt. I am the LORD, who makes them holy.

(Lev 22:10 NIV) "'No one outside a priest's family may eat the sacred offering, nor may the guest of a priest or his hired worker eat it.

(Lev 22:11 NIV) But if a priest buys a slave with money, or if a slave is born in his household, that slave may eat his food.

The KJV uses the word soul instead of slave.

Soul G5315. nephesh, neh'-fesh; from H5314; prop. a breathing creature, i.e. animal or (abstr.) vitality; used very widely in a lit., accommodated or fig. sense (bodily or mental):--any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, X dead (-ly), desire, X [dis-] contented, X fish, ghost, + greedy, he, heart (-y), (hath, X jeopardy of) life (X in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortality, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, + slay, soul, + tablet, they, thing, (X she) will, X would have it.


(Lev 22:12 NIV) If a priest's daughter marries anyone other than a priest, she may not eat any of the sacred contributions.

(Lev 22:13 NIV) But if a priest's daughter becomes a widow or is divorced, yet has no children, and she returns to live in her father's house as in her youth, she may eat of her father's food. No unauthorized person, however, may eat any of it.

(Lev 22:14 NIV) "'If anyone eats a sacred offering by mistake, he must make restitution to the priest for the offering and add a fifth of the value to it.

(Lev 22:15 NIV) The priests must not desecrate the sacred offerings the Israelites present to the LORD

(Lev 22:16 NIV) by allowing them to eat the sacred offerings and so bring upon them guilt requiring payment. I am the LORD, who makes them holy.'"

(Lev 22:17 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 22:18 NIV) "Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: 'If any of you--either an Israelite or an alien living in Israel--presents a gift for a burnt offering to the LORD, either to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering,

The KJV uses the word Oblation instead of gift and burnt offering instead of freewill offering.

Oblation H7133. qorban, kor-bawn'; or qurban, koor-bawn'; from H7126; something brought near the altar, i.e. a sacrificial present:--oblation, that is offered, offering.

Burnt Offering G5930. 'olah, o-law'; or 'owlah, o-law'; fem. act. part of H5927; a step or (collect. stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke):--ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See also H5766.


(Lev 22:19 NIV) you must present a male without defect from the cattle, sheep or goats in order that it maybe accepted on your behalf.

(Lev 22:20 NIV) Do not bring anything with a defect, because it will not be accepted on your behalf.
Any sacrifice that had defect weould not be accepted.

(Lev 22:21 NIV) When anyone brings from the herd or flock a fellowship offering to the LORD to fulfill a special vow or as a freewill offering, it must be without defect or blemish to be acceptable.
The sacrifice was to be without defect or blemish.

(Lev 22:22 NIV) Do not offer to the LORD the blind, the injured or the maimed, or anything with warts or festering or running sores. Do not place any of these on the altar as an offering made to the LORD by fire.

(Lev 22:23 NIV) You may, however, present as a freewill offering an ox or a sheep that is deformed or stunted, but it will not be accepted in fulfillment of a vow.
Deformed or stunted animals could be offered as a freewill offering, but not in fulfilment of a vow.

(Lev 22:24 NIV) You must not offer to the LORD an animal whose testicles are bruised, crushed, torn or cut. You must not do this in your own land,

(Lev 22:25 NIV) and you must not accept such animals from the hand of a foreigner and offer them as the food of your God. They will not be accepted on your behalf, because they are deformed and have defects.'"

(Lev 22:26 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 22:27 NIV) "When a calf, a lamb or a goat is born, it is to remain with its mother for seven days. From the eighth day on, it will be acceptable as an offering made to the LORD by fire.

(Lev 22:28 NIV) Do not slaughter a cow or a sheep and its young on the same day.

(Lev 22:29 NIV) "When you sacrifice a thank offering to the LORD, sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf.

(Lev 22:30 NIV) It must be eaten that same day; leave none of it till morning. I am the LORD.

(Lev 22:31 NIV) "Keep my commands and follow them. I am the LORD.

(Lev 22:32 NIV) Do not profane my holy name. I must be acknowledged as holy by the Israelites. I am the LORD, who makes you holy

(Lev 22:33 NIV) and who brought youout of Egypt to be your God. I am the LORD."

God H430. 'elohiym, el-o-heem'; plur. of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but spec. used (in the plur. thus, esp. with the art.) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:--angels, X exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.

LORD H3068. Yehovah, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Comp. H3050, H3069.

chad
Jan 21st 2016, 10:46 PM
Chapter 23

The appointed Festivals of the Israelite people.

The Sabbath Day

(Lev 23:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 23:2 NIV) "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'These are my appointed feasts, the appointed feasts of the LORD, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies.

(Lev 23:3 NIV) "'There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath to the LORD.

The Sabbath was a day of rest.(See Exodus 20:8-11; Exodus 31:12-17; Leviticus 23:3; Deuteronomy 5:12-15)

Sabbath G7676. shabbath, shab-bawth'; intens. from H7673; intermission, i.e. (spec.) the Sabbath:-- (+ every) sabbath.


(Lev 23:4 NIV) "'These are the Lord's appointed feasts, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times:

The Lords Passover

(Lev 23:5 NIV) The Lord's Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.

(Passover - Exodus 12:11-16)


The Lords Feast of Unleavened Bread

(Lev 23:6 NIV) On the fifteenth day of that month the Lord's Feast of Unleavened Bread begins; for seven days you must eat bread made without yeast.

(Unleavened Bread - Exodus 12:17-20)


(Lev 23:7 NIV) On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.

(Lev 23:8 NIV) For seven days present an offering made to the LORD by fire. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.'"


Feast of the Harvest

(Lev 23:9 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 23:10 NIV) "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest.

(Feat of the Harvest - Exodus 23:16-19)


(Lev 23:11 NIV) He is to wave the sheaf before the LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath.

(Lev 23:12 NIV) On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the LORD a lamb a year old without defect,

(Lev 23:13 NIV) together with its grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil--an offering made to the LORD by fire, a pleasing aroma--and its drink offering of a quarter of a hin of wine.

(Lev 23:14 NIV) You must not eat any bread, or roasted or new grain, until the very day you bring this offering to your God. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

(Lev 23:15 NIV) "'From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks.

Wave Offering H8573. tenuwphah, ten-oo-faw'; from H5130; a brandishing (in threat); by impl. tumult; spec. the official undulation of sacrificial offerings:--offering, shaking, wave (offering).


(Lev 23:16 NIV) Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the LORD.

(Lev 23:17 NIV) From wherever you live, bring two loaves made of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour, baked with yeast, as a wave offering of firstfruits to the LORD.

(Lev 23:18 NIV) Present with this bread seven male lambs, each a year old and without defect, one young bull and two rams. They will be a burnt offering to the LORD, together with their grain offerings and drink offerings--an offering made byfire, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

(Lev 23:19 NIV) Then sacrifice one male goat for a sin offering and two lambs, each a year old, for a fellowship offering.

The KJV uses the word peace offering instead of fellowship offering.

Peace Offerings H8002. shelem, sheh'-lem; from H7999; prop. requital, i.e. a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks:--peace offering.


(Lev 23:20 NIV) The priest is to wave the two lambs before the LORD as a wave offering, together with the bread of the firstfruits. They are a sacred offering to the LORD for the priest.

(Lev 23:21 NIV) On that same day you are to proclaim a sacred assembly and do no regular work. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.


Leaving some for the Poor

(Lev 23:22 NIV) "'When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Leave them for the poor and the alien. I am the LORD your God.'"

The KJV uses the word stranger instead of Alien.

Alien H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.

Day of Rest
(Lev 23:23 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 23:24 NIV) "Say to the Israelites: 'On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of rest, a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts.

The KJV uses the word Sabbath.

Sabbath H7677. shabbathown, shab-baw-thone'; from H7676; a sabbatism or special holiday:--rest, Sabbath.


(Lev 23:25 NIV) Do no regular work, but present an offering made to the LORD by fire.'"

(Lev 23:26 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,


Day of Atonement

(Lev 23:27 NIV) "The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, and present an offering made to the LORD by fire.

(Lev 23:28 NIV) Do no work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the LORD your God.

Atonement H3722. kaphar, kaw-far'; a prim. root; to cover (spec. with bitumen); fig. to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:--appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).


(Lev 23:29 NIV) Anyone who does not deny himself on that day must be cut off from his people.

(Lev 23:30 NIV) I will destroy from among his people anyone who does any work on that day.

(Lev 23:31 NIV) You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

The KJV uses the word Statue instead of Ordinance.

Statue H2708. chuqqah, khook-kaw'; fem. of H2706, and mean. substantially the same:--appointed, custom, manner, ordinance, site, statute.


(Lev 23:32 NIV) It is a sabbath of rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath."


Feast of the Tabernacles

(Lev 23:33 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 23:34 NIV) "Say to the Israelites: 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the Lord's Feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days.

(Lev 23:35 NIV) The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work.

(Lev 23:36 NIV) For seven days present offerings made to the LORD by fire, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. It is the closing assembly; do no regular work.

(Lev 23:37 NIV) ("'These are the Lord's appointed feasts, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing offerings made to the LORD by fire--the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day.

(Lev 23:38 NIV) These offerings are in addition to those for the Lord's Sabbaths and in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings you give to the LORD.)

Freewill Offerings H5071. nedabah, ned-aw-baw'; from H5068; prop. (abstr.) spontaneity, or (adj.) spontaneous; also (concr.) a spontaneous or (by infer., in plur.) abundant gift:--free (-will) offering, freely, plentiful, voluntary (-ily, offering), willing (-ly, offering).


(Lev 23:39 NIV) "'So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the LORD for seven days; the first day is a day of rest, and the eighth day also is a day of rest.

(Lev 23:40 NIV) On the first day you are to take choice fruit from the trees, and palm fronds, leafy branches and poplars, and rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days.

(Lev 23:41 NIV) Celebrate this as a festival to the LORD for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month.

(Lev 23:42 NIV) Live in booths for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in booths

Booths H5521. cukkah, sook-kaw'; fem. of H5520; a hut or lair:--booth, cottage, covert, pavilion, tabernacle, tent.

(Lev 23:43 NIV) so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.'"

(Lev 23:44 NIV) So Moses announced to the Israelites the appointed feasts of the LORD.

chad
Jan 27th 2016, 10:13 PM
Chapter 24

The keeping of the lamps

(Lev 24:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses,

(Lev 24:2 NIV) "Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning continually.

(Lev 24:3 NIV) Outside the curtain of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting, Aaron is to tend the lamps before the LORD from evening till morning, continually. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.

(Lev 24:4 NIV) The lamps on the pure gold lampstand before the LORD must be tended continually.

(Lev 24:5 NIV) "Take fine flour and bake twelve loaves of bread, using two-tenths of an ephah for each loaf.

(Lev 24:6 NIV) Set them in two rows, six in each row, on the table of pure gold before the LORD.

(Lev 24:7 NIV) Along each row put some pure incense as a memorial portion to represent the bread and to be an offering made to the LORD by fire.

(Lev 24:8 NIV) This bread is to be set out before the LORD regularly, Sabbath after Sabbath, on behalf of the Israelites, as a lasting covenant.

(Lev 24:9 NIV) It belongs to Aaron and his sons, who are to eat it in a holy place, because it is a most holy part of their regular share of the offerings made to the LORD by fire."

Holy H6918. qadowsh, kaw-doshe'; or qadosh, kaw-doshe'; from H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary:--holy (One), saint.


(Lev 24:10 NIV) Now the son of an Israelite mother and an Egyptian father went out among the Israelites, and a fight broke out in the camp between him and an Israelite.

The KJV uses the word Strove, instead of fight.

Strove H5327. natsah, naw-tsaw'; a prim. root; prop. to go forth, i.e. (by impl.) to be expelled, and (consequently) desolate; causat. to lay waste; also (spec.), to quarrel:--be laid waste, ruinous, strive (together).



The punishment for Blaspheming the name of the LORD under the law of Moses

(Lev 24:11 NIV) The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name with a curse; so they brought him to Moses. (His mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri the Danite.)

(Lev 24:12 NIV) They put him in custody until the will of the LORD should be made clear to them.

(Lev 24:13 NIV) Then the LORD said to Moses:

(Lev 24:14 NIV) "Take the blasphemer outside the camp. All those who heard him are to lay their hands on his head, and the entire assembly is to stone him.

(Lev 24:15 NIV) Say to the Israelites: 'If anyone curses his God, he will be held responsible;

KJV Writes ...

(Lev 24:15 KJV) And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Whosoever curseth his God shall bear his sin.


(Lev 24:16 NIV) anyone who blasphemes the name of the LORD must be put to death. The entire assembly must stone him. Whether an alien or native-born, when he blasphemes the Name, he must be put to death.

Blasphemeth H5344. naqab, naw-kab'; a prim. root; to puncture, lit. (to perforate, with more or less violence) or fig. (to specify, designate, libel):--appoint, blaspheme, bore, curse, express, with holes, name, pierce, strike through.

The KJV uses the word stranger instead of Alien.

Stranger H1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.



The punishment for injuring another under the law of Moses.

(Lev 24:17 NIV) "'If anyone takes the life of a human being, he must be put to death.

(Lev 24:18 NIV) Anyone who takes the life of someone's animal must make restitution--life for life.

(Lev 24:19 NIV) If anyone injures his neighbor, whatever he has done must be done to him:

(Lev 24:20 NIV) fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. As he has injured the other, so he is to be injured.

(Lev 24:21 NIV) Whoever kills an animal must make restitution, but whoever kills a man must be put to death.

(Lev 24:22 NIV) You are to have the same law for the alien and the native-born. I am the LORD your God.'"

KJV reads ... (Lev 24:22 KJV) Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the LORD your God.

(Lev 24:23 NIV) Then Moses spoke to the Israelites, and they took the blasphemer outside the camp and stoned him. The Israelites did as the LORD commanded Moses.

chad
Feb 3rd 2016, 10:28 PM
Chapter 25

On Mount Sinai

(Lev 25:1 NIV) The LORD said to Moses on Mount Sinai,

(Lev 25:2 NIV) "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When you enter the land I am going to give you, the land itself must observe a sabbath to the LORD.

The land God was going to give Israel was Canaan (Lev 25:38).

The land was also to observe a Sabbath

(Lev 25:3 NIV) For six years sow your fields, and for six years prune your vineyards and gather their crops.

(Lev 25:4 NIV) But in the seventh year the land is to have a sabbath of rest, a sabbath to the LORD. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards.

In the seventh year, the land was to have a sabbath rest.

(Lev 25:5 NIV) Do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the grapes of your untended vines. The land is to have a year of rest.

In the year of the sabbath rest for the land, do not reap what grows of the harvest of the grapes.

(Lev 25:6 NIV) Whatever the land yields during the sabbath year will be food for you--for yourself, your manservant and maidservant, and the hired worker and temporary resident who live among you,

(Lev 25:7 NIV) as well as for your livestock and the wild animals in your land. Whatever the land produces may be eaten.

(Lev 25:8 NIV) "'Count off seven sabbaths of years--seven times seven years--so that the seven sabbaths of years amount to a period of forty-nine years.

(Lev 25:9 NIV) Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land.

(Lev 25:9 KJV) Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.

Jubilee H8643. teruw'ah, ter-oo-aw'; from H7321; clamor, i.e. acclamation of joy or a battle-cry; espec. clangor of trumpets, as an alarum:--alarm, blow (-ing) (of, the) (trumpets), joy, jubile, loud noise, rejoicing, shout (-ing), (high, joyful) sound (-ing).


The 50th year, The Year of Jubilee

(Lev 25:10 NIV) Consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubileefor you; each one of you is to return to his family property and each to his own clan.

Liberty H1865. derowr, der-ore'; from an unused root (mean. to move rapidly); freedom; hence spontaneity of outflow, and so clear:--liberty, pure.

Jubilee H 3104. yowbel, yo-bale'; or yobel, yo-bale'; appar. from H2986; the blast of a horn (from its continuous sound); spec. the signal of the silver trumpets; hence the instrument itself and the festival thus introduced:--jubile, ram's horn, trumpet.


(Lev 25:11 NIV) The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; do not sow and do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the untended vines.

Do not sow, do not reap.

(Lev 25:12 NIV) For it is a jubilee and is to be holy for you; eat only what is taken directly from the fields.

(Lev 25:13 NIV) "'In this Year of Jubilee everyone is to return to his own property.

KJV writes ... (Lev 25:13 KJV) In the year of this jubilee ye shall return every man unto his possession.
Possession H272. 'achuzzah, akh-ooz-zaw'; fem. pass. part. from H270; something seized, i.e. a possession (esp. of land):--possession.

(Lev 25:14 NIV) "'If you sell land to one of your country men or buy any from him, do not take advantage of each other.

(Lev 25:15 NIV) You are to buy from your country man on the basis of the number of years since the Jubilee. And he is to sell to you on the basis of the number of years left for harvesting crops.

(Lev 25:16 NIV) When the years are many, you are to increase the price, and when the years are few, you are to decrease the price, because what he is really selling you is the number of crops.

(Lev 25:17 NIV) Do not take advantage of each other, but fear your God. I am the LORD your God.

KJV reads ... (Lev 25:17 KJV) Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I am the LORD your God.

Oppress H 3238. yanah, yaw-naw'; a prim. root; to rage or be violent: by impl. to suppress, to maltreat:--destroy, (thrust out by) oppress (-ing, -ion, -or), proud, vex, do violence.


(Lev 25:18 NIV) "'Follow my decrees and be careful to obey my laws, and you will live safely in the land.

(Lev 25:19 NIV) Then the land will yield its fruit, and you will eat your fill and live there in safety.

(Lev 25:20 NIV) You may ask, "What will we eat in the seventh year if we do not plant or harvest our crops?"

(Lev 25:21 NIV) I will send you such a blessing in the sixth year that the land will yield enough for three years.

In the sixth year, God will bless so that the land will yield enough for 3 years.


(Lev 25:22 NIV) While you plant during the eighth year, you will eat from the old crop and will continue to eat from it until the harvest of the ninth year comes in.

(Lev 25:23 NIV) "'The land must not be sold permanently, because the land is mine and you are but aliens and my tenants.

KJV writes ... (Lev 25:23 KJV) The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is mine; for ye are strangers and sojourners with me.

Strangers H 1616. ger, gare; from H1481; prop. a guest; by impl. a foreigner:--alien, sojourner, stranger.

Sojourners H 8453. towshab, to-shawb'; or toshab (H1 Kings 17 : 1), to-shawb'; from H3427; a dweller but not outlandish [H5237]); espec. (as distinguished from a native citizen [act. part. of H3427] and a temporary inmate [H1616] or mere lodger [H3885]) resident alien:--foreigner-inhabitant, sojourner, stranger.


The Redemption of Land

(Lev 25:24 NIV) Throughout the country that you hold as a possession, you must provide for the redemption of the land.

Redemption H1353. geullah, gheh-ool-law'; fem. pass. part. of H1350; redemption (including the right and the object); by impl. relationship:--kindred, redeem, redemption, right.


(Lev 25:25 NIV) "'If one of your countrymen becomes poor and sells some of his property, his nearest relative is to come and redeem what his countryman has sold.

(Lev 25:26 NIV) If, however, a man has no one to redeem it for him but he himself prospers and acquires sufficient means to redeem it,

(Lev 25:27 NIV) he is to determine the value for the years since he sold it and refund the balance to the man to whom he sold it; he can then go back to his own property.

(Lev 25:28 NIV) But if he does not acquire the means to repay him, what he sold will remain in the possession of the buyer until the Year of Jubilee. It will be returned in the Jubilee, and he can then go back to his property.


Redemption for houses

(Lev 25:29 NIV) "'If a man sells a house in a walled city, he retains the right of redemption a full year after its sale. During that time he may redeem it.

(Lev 25:30 NIV) If it is not redeemed before a full year has passed, the house in the walled city shall belong permanently to the buyer and his descendants. It is not to be returned in the Jubilee.

(Lev 25:31 NIV) But houses in villages without walls around them are to be considered as open country. They can be redeemed, and they are to be returned in the Jubilee.

(Lev 25:32 NIV) "'The Levites always have the right to redeem their houses in the Levitical towns, which they possess.

(Lev 25:33 NIV) So the property of the Levites is redeemable--that is, a house sold in any town they hold--and is to be returned in the Jubilee, because the houses in the towns of the Levites are their property among the Israelites.

(Lev 25:34 NIV) But the pastureland belonging to their towns must not be sold; it is their permanent possession.


If an Israelite becomes Poor.

(Lev 25:35 NIV) "'If one of your countrymen becomes poor and is unable to support himself among you, help him as you would an alien or a temporary resident, so he can continue to live among you.

KJV reads .... (Lev 25:35 KJV) And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: yea, though he be a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.

Poor H4134. muwk, mook; a prim. root; to become thin, i.e. (fig.) be impoverished:--be (waxen) poor (-er).

(Lev 25:36 NIV) Do not take interest of any kind from him, but fear your God, so that your countryman may continue to live among you.

(Lev 25:37 NIV) You must not lend him money at interest or sell him food at a profit.

(Lev 25:38 NIV) I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God.


Hired Workers

(Lev 25:39 NIV) "'If one of your countrymen becomes poor among you and sells himself to you, do not make him work as a slave.

(Lev 25:40 NIV) He is to be treated as a hired worker or a temporary resident among you; he is to work for you until the Year of Jubilee.

(Lev 25:40 KJV) But as an hired servant, and as a sojourner, he shall be with thee, and shall serve thee unto the year of jubilee:

If an Israelite becomes Poor.

(Lev 25:41 NIV) Then he and his children are to be released, and he will go back to his own clan and to the property of his forefathers.

(Lev 25:42 NIV) Because the Israelites are my servants, whom I brought out of Egypt, they must not be sold as slaves.

KJV reads ... (Lev 25:42 KJV) For they are my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be sold as bondmen.

The KJV uses the word bondmen, meaning a servant.

(Lev 25:43 NIV) Do not rule over them ruthlessly, but fear your God.

(Lev 25:44 NIV) "'Your male and female slaves are to come from the nations around you; from them you may buy slaves.

KJV reads ... (Lev 25:44 KJV) Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.

Bondmen H 5650. 'ebed, eh'-bed; from H5647; a servant:-- X bondage, bondman, [bond-] servant, (man-) servant.

Bondmaids H519. 'amah, aw-maw'; appar. a prim. word; a maid-servant or female slave:--(hand-) bondmaid (-woman,) maid (-servant).

(Lev 25:45 NIV) You may also buy some of the temporary residents living among you and members of their clans born in your country, and they will become your property.

(Lev 25:46 NIV) You can will them to your children as inherited property and can make them slaves for life, but you must not rule over your fellow Israelites ruthlessly.

KJV reads ... (Lev 25:46 KJV) And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them for a possession; they shall be your bondmen for ever: but over your brethren the children of Israel, ye shall not rule one over another with rigour.

(Lev 25:47 NIV) "'If an alien or a temporary resident among you becomes rich and one of your countrymen becomes poor and sells himself to the alien living among you or to a member of the alien's clan,

(Lev 25:48 NIV) he retains the right of redemption after he has sold himself. One of his relatives may redeem him:

Redeem H1350. ga'al, gaw-al'; a prim. root, to redeem (according to the Oriental law of kinship), i.e. to be the next of kin (and as such to buy back a relative's property, marry his widow, etc.):-- X in any wise, X at all, avenger, deliver, (do, perform the part of near, next) kinsfolk (-man), purchase, ransom, redeem (-er), revenger.

(Lev 25:49 NIV) An uncle or a cousin or any blood relative in his clan may redeem him. Or if he prospers, he may redeem himself.

(Lev 25:50 NIV) He and his buyer are to count the time from the year he sold himself up to the Year of Jubilee. The price for his release is to be based on the rate paid to a hired man for that number of years.

(Lev 25:51 NIV) If many years remain, he must pay for his redemption a larger share of the price paid for him.

(Lev 25:52 NIV) If only a few years remain until the Year of Jubilee, he is to compute that and pay for his redemption accordingly.

(Lev 25:53 NIV) He is to be treated as a man hired from year to year; you must see to it that his owner does not rule over him ruthlessly.

KJV reads ... (Lev 25:53 KJV) And as a yearly hired servant shall he be with him: and the other shall not rule with rigour over him in thy sight.

(Lev 25:54 NIV) "'Even if he is not redeemed in any of these ways, he and his children are to be released in the Year of Jubilee,

In the year of Jubilee, he and his children are to be released.

(Lev 25:55 NIV) for the Israelites belong to me as servants. They are my servants, whom I brought out of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.

For the Israelites are Gods servants.

Servants H5650. 'ebed, eh'-bed; from H5647; a servant:-- X bondage, bondman, [bond-] servant, (man-) servant.

chad
Feb 10th 2016, 10:02 PM
Chapter 26

(Lev 26:1 NIV) "'Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves, and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it. I am the LORD your God.

KJV reads - (Lev 26:1 KJV) Ye shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone in your land, to bow down unto it: for I am the LORD your God.

Idols H457. 'eliyl, el-eel'; appar. from H408; good for nothing, by anal. vain or vanity; spec. an idol:--idol, no value, thing of nought.

Graven H6459. pecel, peh'-sel; from H6458; an idol:--carved (graven) image.

Image H6754. tselem, tseh'-lem; from an unused root mean. to shade; a phantom, i.e. (fig.) illusion, resemblance; hence a representative figure, espec. an idol:--image, vain shew.


(Lev 26:2 NIV) "'Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am the LORD.

Sactuary H4720. miqdash, mik-dawsh'; or miqqedash (Exod. 15 : 17), mik-ked-awsh'; from H6942; a consecrated thing or place, espec. a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum:--chapel, hallowed part, holy place, sanctuary.

The blessings that will follow if the people obey the decrees and commandments, given by God, based on obeying and following the decrees and commandments of God.


(Lev 26:3 NIV) "'If you follow my decrees and are careful to obey my commands,

KJV uses the word Statues instead of decrees

Statues H2708. chuqqah, khook-kaw'; fem. of H2706, and mean. substantially the same:--appointed, custom, manner, ordinance, site, statute.

KJV uses the word commandments instead of commands

Commandments H4687. mitsvah, mits-vaw'; from H6680; a command, whether human or divine (collect. the Law):--(which was) commanded (-ment), law, ordinance, precept.


Blessings or judgment

If the people follow Gods decrees and commands under the law of Moses, these are the blessings God will bring.

Abundance of Food

(Lev 26:4 NIV) I will send you rain in its season, and the ground will yield its crops and the trees of the field their fruit.

(Lev 26:5 NIV) Your threshing will continue until grape harvest and the grape harvest will continue until planting, and you will eat all the food you want and live in safety in your land.

Peace In the land and the removal of savage beasts

(Lev 26:6 NIV) "'I will grant peace in the land, and you will lie down and no one will make you afraid. I will remove savage beasts from the land, and the sword will not pass through your country.

God will pursue and defeat their enemies

(Lev 26:7 NIV) You will pursue your enemies, and they will fall by the sword before you.

(Lev 26:8 NIV) Five of you will chase a hundred, and a hundred of you will chase ten thousand, and your enemies will fall by the sword before you.

Their number will be increased

(Lev 26:9 NIV) "'I will look on you with favor and make you fruitful and increase your numbers, and I will keep my covenant with you.

(Lev 26:10 NIV) You will still be eating last year's harvest when you will have to move it out to make room for the new.

God would dwell amongst them.

(Lev 26:11 NIV) I will put my dwelling place among you, and I will not abhor you.

(Lev 26:12 NIV) I will walk among you and be your God, and you will be my people.

(Lev 26:13 NIV) I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt so that you would no longer be slaves to the Egyptians; I broke the bars of your yoke and enabled you to walk with heads held high.


The judgment that will follow if the people will not listen or carry out these commandments and violate the covenant given.

(Lev 26:14 NIV) "'But if you will not listen to me and carry out all these commands,

(Lev 26:15 NIV) and if you reject my decrees and abhor my laws and fail to carry out all my commands and so violate my covenant,

Terror and disease

(Lev 26:16 NIV) then I will do this to you: I will bring upon you sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that will destroy your sight and drain away your life. You will plant seed in vain, because your enemies will eat it.

Defeat and ruler by enemies

(Lev 26:17 NIV) I will set my face against you so that you will be defeated by your enemies; those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee even when no one is pursuing you.

Punishment for sin - seven times over

(Lev 26:18 NIV) "'If after all this you will not listen to me, I will punish you for your sins seven times over.

(Lev 26:19 NIV) I will break down your stubborn pride and make the sky above you like iron and the ground beneath you like bronze.

(Lev 26:20 NIV) Your strength will be spent in vain, because your soil will not yield its crops, nor will the trees of the land yield their fruit.

(Lev 26:21 NIV) "'If you remain hostile toward me and refuse to listen to me, I will multiply your afflictions seven times over, as your sins deserve.

Wild animals will come against you

(Lev 26:22 NIV) I will send wild animals against you, and they will rob you of your children, destroy your cattle and make you so few in number that your roads will be deserted.

(Lev 26:23 NIV) "'If in spite of these things you do not accept my correction but continue to be hostile toward me,

(Lev 26:24 NIV) I myself will be hostile toward you and will afflict you for your sins seven times over.

The sword will come against you and plague will come

(Lev 26:25 NIV) And I will bring the sword upon you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you, and you will be given into enemy hands.

There will not be enough bread

(Lev 26:26 NIV) When I cut off your supply of bread, ten women will be able to bake your bread in one oven, and they will dole out the bread by weight. You will eat, but you will not be satisfied.

Gods hostility will be against them as they are hostile towards God

(Lev 26:27 NIV) "'If in spite of this you still do not listen to me but continue to be hostile toward me,

(Lev 26:28 NIV) then in my anger I will be hostile toward you, and I myself will punish you for your sins seven times over.

(Lev 26:29 NIV) You will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters.

(Lev 26:30 NIV) I will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars and pile your dead bodies on the lifeless forms of your idols, and I will abhor you.

Cities and sanctuaries will be ruined

(Lev 26:31 NIV) I will turn your cities into ruins and lay waste your sanctuaries, and I will take no delight in the pleasing aroma of your offerings.

(Lev 26:32 NIV) I will lay waste the land, so that your enemies who live there will be appalled.

(Lev 26:33 NIV) I will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you. Your land will be laid waste, and your cities will lie in ruins.

The people will be captured and taken away to the country of their enemies.

(Lev 26:34 NIV) Then the land will enjoy its sabbath years all the time that it lies desolate and you are in the country of your enemies; then the land will rest and enjoy its sabbaths.

(Lev 26:35 NIV) All the time that it lies desolate, the land will have the rest it did not have during the sabbaths you lived in it.

Fear will come among the people

(Lev 26:36 NIV) "'As for those of you who are left, I will make their hearts so fearful in the lands of their enemies that the sound of a windblown leaf will put them to flight. They will run as though fleeing from the sword, and they will fall, even though no one is pursuing them.

(Lev 26:37 NIV) They will stumble over one another as though fleeing from the sword, even though no one is pursuing them. So you will not be able to stand before your enemies.

The people will perish

(Lev 26:38 NIV) You will perish among the nations; the land of your enemies will devour you.

(Lev 26:39 NIV) Those of you who are left will waste away in the lands of their enemies because of their sins; also because of their fathers' sins they will waste away.


Forgiveness for repentance of sin.

(Lev 26:40 NIV) "'But if they will confess their sins and the sins of their fathers--their treachery against me and their hostility toward me,

(Lev 26:41 NIV) which made me hostile toward them so that I sent them into the land of their enemies--then when their uncircumcised hearts are humbled and they pay for their sin,

The covenant will be remembered

(Lev 26:42 NIV) I will remember my covenant with Jacob and my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land.

(Lev 26:43 NIV) For the land will be deserted by them and will enjoy its sabbaths while it lies desolate without them. They will pay for their sins because they rejected my laws and abhorred my decrees.

Even when the people are in the lands of the enemy, God will still be with them

(Lev 26:44 NIV) Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them or abhor them so as to destroy them completely, breaking my covenant with them. I am the LORD their God.

(Lev 26:45 NIV) But for their sake I will remember the covenant with their ancestors whom I brought out of Egypt in the sight of the nations to be their God. I am the LORD.'"

These were the decrees, laws and regulations that God established with the people of Israel through Moses.

(Lev 26:46 NIV) These are the decrees, the laws and the regulations that the LORD established on Mount Sinai between himself and the Israelites through Moses.

chad
Feb 17th 2016, 07:44 PM
Summary of The book of Leviticus

Offerings and Sacrifices.

The killing of an animal symbolized the substitution of a perfect animal sacrifice for a sinful human life. The sin of the person was confessed and symbolically transferred to the sacrificial animal, on which hands were laid. The animal was an atonement for the sin of the person. (Ex 1:4-5)

Summary of the types of offerings and sacrifices.

Burnt (Ex 29:15-18, Lev 1:1-17)
Grain –(Ex 29:23-25;Lev 2:1-16)
Fellowship/Peace Offering (Lev 3:1-17)
Sin (Ex 29:10-14, Lev 4:1-35’ Lev 5:1-13)
Guilt and Sin(Lev 5:14-19)

Sins against neighbors and restitution (Lev 6:1-7).

Regulations for offerings and vows

Regulations for burnt offerings (Lev 6:8-13).
Regulations for grain offerings (Lev 6:14-18).
Regulations for Aaron and his sons ordination (Lev 6:19-23).
Regulations for the sin offering (Lev 6:24-30).
Regulations for guilt offerings (Lev 7:1-10).
Regulations for fellowship and thanks offerings (Lev 7:11-15).
Vow and freewill offerings (Lev 7:16-21)
Fat and blood Forbidden (Lev 7:22-27)
Fellowship and wave offerings (Lev 7:28-38)

Regulations

Garments and sacrifices for ordaining priests (Lev 8:1-36)
Offerings for sin (Lev 9:1-17)

Aarons sons (Nadab and Abihu) perish for offering unauthorized fire (Lev 10:1-6).
* For No strange incense was to be offered on the Alter (Ex 30:9)

Regulations for keeping hair tidy and not tearing clothes (Lev 10:6)
Creatures they were allowed and not allowed to be eaten under the law of Moses (Lev 11:1-45)
Regulations for child birth and circumcision (Lev 12:1-8)
Priests instructions for skin diseases (Lev 13:1-59)
Priests instructions for ceremonial cleansing of skin diseases and property with mildew (Lev 14:1-57)
Regulations for bodily discharge (Lev 15:1-33)
The day of Atonement (Lev 16:1-34)
Instructions for brining sacrifices to the Tent (Lev 17:1-16)
A commandment not to live like the Canaanites when they enter into the promised land (Lev 18:1-30)
More instructions about the laws and degrees under the law of Moses (Lev 19:1-37)
Punishment for sin (Lev 20:1-27)
Regulations for priests (Lev 21:1-24)
Instructions for priests (Lev 22:1-23)


Feasts and ceremonies to be observed

The Sabbath day
The Lords Passover
The Feat of the Unleavened Bread
The Feat of Harvests
The Day of Rest
The Day of Atonement
The Feast of Tabernacles (Lev 23:1-44).
Instructions for the lamps and more laws (Lev 24:1-23)


Instructions for when Israel enter into the promised land

Instructions for when Israel enter into the promised land (Lev 25:1-55)
Blessings or judgment for not obeying the law and breaking the covenant (Lev 26:1-46)

Cyberseeker
Feb 22nd 2016, 07:08 AM
Chapter 25



(Lev 25:8 NIV) "'[B]Count off seven sabbaths of years--seven times seven years--so that the seven sabbaths of years amount to a period of forty-nine years.

(Lev 25:9 NIV) Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land.

(Lev 25:9 KJV) Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.

Jubilee H8643. teruw'ah, ter-oo-aw'; from H7321; clamor, i.e. acclamation of joy or a battle-cry; espec. clangor of trumpets, as an alarum:--alarm, blow (-ing) (of, the) (trumpets), joy, jubile, loud noise, rejoicing, shout (-ing), (high, joyful) sound (-ing).


The 50th year, The Year of Jubilee

(Lev 25:10 NIV) Consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubileefor you; each one of you is to return to his family property and each to his own clan.

Liberty H1865. derowr, der-ore'; from an unused root (mean. to move rapidly); freedom; hence spontaneity of outflow, and so clear:--liberty, pure.

Jubilee H 3104. yowbel, yo-bale'; or yobel, yo-bale'; appar. from H2986; the blast of a horn (from its continuous sound); spec. the signal of the silver trumpets; hence the instrument itself and the festival thus introduced:--jubile, ram's horn, trumpet.


(Lev 25:11 NIV) The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; do not sow and do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the untended vines.



Hi Chad, Good study. :)

Question: How do you place the 50th year? Inside the 49 or after it? In other words, does an extra year get inserted into the sabbatical count every so often, or is the sabbatical count continuous?