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Monotheistic Dances part 35

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For years, even centuries it has been thought by many, such as J B Lightfoot, Alfred Edersheim and David Baron that so much of the New Testament writings reflected Jewish ways of teaching that were in vogue at the time of the start of Christianity. One can see in the writings of Paul the lessons from the Middoth of how to interpret the scripture. This does not mean that the writings are any less important, only that, as we push for a Grammatical-Historical method, the Jews had several ways of applying scripture.
By the time of Mohammad, the Greek approach to interpretation was used. It emphasized the allegorical use, and seeing a kind of spiritual implications of the Old Testament. This is reflected in the writings of Philo who saw Moses as a Prophet, and Solomon as a wise Greek or Roman King. Paul uses a type of such application in some places such as 1 Cor. 10 " 1 For I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 and all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ. 5 Nevertheless, with most of them God was not pleased, for they were overthrown in the wilderness." So, Paul relates the actions and consequences of the Exodus and Wandering from the Old Testament to what Paul's readers had under gone in Christ.
I tend to agree with Jacob Prasch who sees, in Biblical Prophecy, a repetition of themes and types of people who interact with God and with the people of God. A good example is the study of Revelation 12:The Woman and the Dragon
12 And a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars. 2 She was pregnant and was crying out in birth pains and the agony of giving birth. 3 And another sign appeared in heaven: behold, a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven diadems. 4 His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven and cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she bore her child he might devour it. 5 She gave birth to a male child, one who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron, but her child was caught up to God and to his throne, 6 and the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, in which she is to be nourished for 1,260 days.
Satan Thrown Down to Earth
7 Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon. And the dragon and his angels fought back, 8 but he was defeated, and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. 9 And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God. 11 And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death. 12 Therefore, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them! But woe to you, O earth and sea, for the devil has come down to you in great wrath, because he knows that his time is short!”
13 And when the dragon saw that he had been thrown down to the earth, he pursued the woman who had given birth to the male child. 14 But the woman was given the two wings of the great eagle so that she might fly from the serpent into the wilderness, to the place where she is to be nourished for a time, and times, and half a time. 15 The serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, to sweep her away with a flood. 16 But the earth came to the help of the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed the river that the dragon had poured from his mouth. 17 Then the dragon became furious with the woman and went off to make war on the rest of her offspring, on those who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus. And he stood on the sand of the sea."
What we have is a woman giving birth, a dragon attempting to kill the child but is thwarted, the dragon thrown from a high abode, and then attacking and killing 'children'. There are parallels in Pharoah and Moses, and in Herod and Jesus at Jesus' birth. The Dragon is Satan who is the great Anti-Christ in this chapter since he opposes Christ and those who follow Christ. It also points to Herod the great as a type of Anti-Christ. The word 'anti' means not only one who opposes, but also tke place of Christ. Herod the Great was an Idumean, a peoples who in the first century BC had been forced to convert to Judaism. So, religiously they were Jews, ethnically they were Edomites from the South of Judea which make them descendants of the modern Arabs, and politically they were seen by the Romans as allies, as a Roman, in a sense.
Now, the Moslems have their own beliefs on this subject. They believe that Jesus will come and destroy the Anti-Christ, destroy the Christians and Jews, and bring in an era of peace for all good Muslims. This is what Muhammad taught and is mostly in the Hadith, and the Suna. There is one final 'character', the Mahdi, who will take over after Christ dies to rule over that era of peace and to guide all good Muslims through a long golden reign. There are some who characterize this as the Moslem Millennium. But others disagree. The Muslims believe this Mahdi is living today and is hidden, and will show himself when Christ comes to earth again. As usual, there is a predominantly Shi'a version, and a predominantly Sunni version, but they are alike in many ways.
There is even disagreement as to where Christ will come down at. The usual place was the great mosque in Damascus, but others will say at the great mosque in Cairo. Some have argued for Mecca and the ka'aba. Others have said he will come to Medina and awaken Muhammad to enjoy the Millennium. After this will come the final judgment, and Muhammad, according to his teaching, will become the one who assures that all good Muslims, and even those with only a smidgen of goodness, will be allowed into the various paradises. There is a top level Paradise, and then a bottom level Paradise some will argue for, depending on how good a Muslim you have been.
In the Bible, at the end, all saved are with God and will enjoy His presence, and the fellowship of Jesus. It is the hope of all Christians to be like Jesus. I have not heard of any Muslim preaching the fact that all good Muslims in the last day will reflect the glory of allah, that just cannot be taught. So, the imagery comes from the Hadith and commentaries. The Bible gets its imagery from what it teaches, and how it describes people, and even God Himself. It is the closeness of God to His people, even in the eternal abode, that makes our hope so much deeper than what the Quran paints for it's people.

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