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  • Inteligent Design..what shows it.

    Phillip Johnson is known as the father of intelligent design which he adopted and developed after he saw Darwinian evolution came up short, in explaining how all organisms, including humans, came into being. Johnson taught law for over 30 years at the University of California at Berkeley and is the author of the book 'Darwin on Trial', in which he argues that empirical evidence in support of Darwin's theory is lacking.

    Now here is a definition from https://intelligentdesign.org/whatisid/

    "The Definition of Intelligent Design
    Intelligent design refers to a scientific research program as well as a community of scientists, philosophers and other scholars who seek evidence of design in nature. The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection. Through the study and analysis of a system’s components, a design theorist is able to determine whether various natural structures are the product of chance, natural law, intelligent design, or some combination thereof. Such research is conducted by observing the types of information produced when intelligent agents act. Scientists then seek to find objects which have those same types of informational properties which we commonly know come from intelligence. Intelligent design has applied these scientific methods to detect design in irreducibly complex biological structures, the complex and specified information content in DNA, the life-sustaining physical architecture of the universe, and the geologically rapid origin of biological diversity in the fossil record during the Cambrian explosion approximately 530 million years ago."

    So it should be pretty straight forward that these are scientist and others who have found issues with evolution or feels it fails to explain how the universe came to be. The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause rather than an undirected process such as natural selection. Scientist tend to be weary of it, as it cannot be quantified and probed in the manner they are used to.

    Positive evidence of design in living systems consists of the semantic, meaningful or functional nature of biological information, the lack of any known law that can explain the sequence of symbols that carry the "messages," and statistical and experimental evidence that tends to rule out chance as a plausible explanation. One of the most basic elements is our DNA, and its complexity is raising many questions:

    "In 1953 when Watson and Crick elucidated the structure of the DNA molecule, they made a startling discovery. The structure of DNA allows it to store information in the form of a four-character digital code. Strings of precisely sequenced chemicals called nucleotide bases store and transmit the assembly instructions — the information — for building the crucial protein molecules and machines the cell needs to survive.

    Francis Crick later developed this idea with his famous “sequence hypothesis” according to which the chemical constituents in DNA function like letters in a written language or symbols in a computer code. Just as English letters may convey a particular message depending on their arrangement, so too do certain sequences of chemical bases along the spine of a DNA molecule convey precise instructions for building proteins. The arrangement of the chemical characters determines the function of the sequence as a whole. Thus, the DNA molecule has the same property of “sequence specificity” that characterizes codes and language.

    Moreover, DNA sequences do not just possess “information” in the strictly mathematical sense described by pioneering information theorist Claude Shannon. Shannon related the amount of information in a sequence of symbols to the improbability of the sequence (and the reduction of uncertainty associated with it). But DNA base sequences do not just exhibit a mathematically measurable degree of improbability. Instead, DNA contains information in the richer and more ordinary dictionary sense of “alternative sequences or arrangements of characters that produce a specific effect.” DNA base sequences convey instructions. They perform functions and produce specific effects. Thus, they not only possess “Shannon information,” but also what has been called “specified” or “functional information.”

    Like the precisely arranged zeros and ones in a computer program, the chemical bases in DNA convey instructions by virtue of their specific arrangement — and in accord with an independent symbol convention known as the “genetic code.” Thus, biologist Richard Dawkins notes that “the machine code of the genes is uncannily computer-like.”4 Similarly, Bill Gates observes that “DNA is like a computer program, but far, far more advanced than any software we’ve ever created.”5 Similarly, biotechnologist Leroy Hood describes the information in DNA as “digital code.”....https://evolutionnews.org/2018/04/ye...le-by-science/

    Intelligent design is controversial because of the implications of its evidence, as it is a science that unavoidably impacts religion. Intelligent design is presented as an alternative to the theory of evolution and its ideas of natural selection, and that rankles some advocates of evolution. But are they purposely ignoring what plainly shows the universe is not random....

  • #2
    Re: Inteligent Design..what shows it.

    Originally posted by hobie View Post
    Phillip Johnson is known as the father of intelligent design which he adopted and developed after he saw Darwinian evolution came up short, in explaining how all organisms, including humans, came into being. Johnson taught law for over 30 years at the University of California at Berkeley and is the author of the book 'Darwin on Trial', in which he argues that empirical evidence in support of Darwin's theory is lacking.

    Now here is a definition from https://intelligentdesign.org/whatisid/

    "The Definition of Intelligent Design
    Intelligent design refers to a scientific research program as well as a community of scientists, philosophers and other scholars who seek evidence of design in nature. The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection. Through the study and analysis of a system’s components, a design theorist is able to determine whether various natural structures are the product of chance, natural law, intelligent design, or some combination thereof. Such research is conducted by observing the types of information produced when intelligent agents act. Scientists then seek to find objects which have those same types of informational properties which we commonly know come from intelligence. Intelligent design has applied these scientific methods to detect design in irreducibly complex biological structures, the complex and specified information content in DNA, the life-sustaining physical architecture of the universe, and the geologically rapid origin of biological diversity in the fossil record during the Cambrian explosion approximately 530 million years ago."

    So it should be pretty straight forward that these are scientist and others who have found issues with evolution or feels it fails to explain how the universe came to be. The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause rather than an undirected process such as natural selection. Scientist tend to be weary of it, as it cannot be quantified and probed in the manner they are used to.

    Positive evidence of design in living systems consists of the semantic, meaningful or functional nature of biological information, the lack of any known law that can explain the sequence of symbols that carry the "messages," and statistical and experimental evidence that tends to rule out chance as a plausible explanation. One of the most basic elements is our DNA, and its complexity is raising many questions:

    "In 1953 when Watson and Crick elucidated the structure of the DNA molecule, they made a startling discovery. The structure of DNA allows it to store information in the form of a four-character digital code. Strings of precisely sequenced chemicals called nucleotide bases store and transmit the assembly instructions — the information — for building the crucial protein molecules and machines the cell needs to survive.

    Francis Crick later developed this idea with his famous “sequence hypothesis” according to which the chemical constituents in DNA function like letters in a written language or symbols in a computer code. Just as English letters may convey a particular message depending on their arrangement, so too do certain sequences of chemical bases along the spine of a DNA molecule convey precise instructions for building proteins. The arrangement of the chemical characters determines the function of the sequence as a whole. Thus, the DNA molecule has the same property of “sequence specificity” that characterizes codes and language.

    Moreover, DNA sequences do not just possess “information” in the strictly mathematical sense described by pioneering information theorist Claude Shannon. Shannon related the amount of information in a sequence of symbols to the improbability of the sequence (and the reduction of uncertainty associated with it). But DNA base sequences do not just exhibit a mathematically measurable degree of improbability. Instead, DNA contains information in the richer and more ordinary dictionary sense of “alternative sequences or arrangements of characters that produce a specific effect.” DNA base sequences convey instructions. They perform functions and produce specific effects. Thus, they not only possess “Shannon information,” but also what has been called “specified” or “functional information.”

    Like the precisely arranged zeros and ones in a computer program, the chemical bases in DNA convey instructions by virtue of their specific arrangement — and in accord with an independent symbol convention known as the “genetic code.” Thus, biologist Richard Dawkins notes that “the machine code of the genes is uncannily computer-like.”4 Similarly, Bill Gates observes that “DNA is like a computer program, but far, far more advanced than any software we’ve ever created.”5 Similarly, biotechnologist Leroy Hood describes the information in DNA as “digital code.”....https://evolutionnews.org/2018/04/ye...le-by-science/

    Intelligent design is controversial because of the implications of its evidence, as it is a science that unavoidably impacts religion. Intelligent design is presented as an alternative to the theory of evolution and its ideas of natural selection, and that rankles some advocates of evolution. But are they purposely ignoring what plainly shows the universe is not random....
    The only thing I would argue with here is that the argument from Design has been around a lot longer than you suggested. But I'm thinking you're just talking about modern Design Theory, in response to Evolutionary Theory based on Chance? There is, on the other hand, Theistic Evolution.

    I greatly appreciate your post on this, as I'm very much in favor of Intelligent Design arguments being shared more often. I completely agree with the notion that the genetic code is Divine Information that acts with obvious purpose. Great post!

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: Inteligent Design..what shows it.

      Thanks for posting. I am also in favor of Intelligent Design. DNA for example, is amazing. Someone must have programmed it. The Creator created it for a purpose.

      Comment


      • #4
        Intelegent design must be DIVINE DESIGN
        God Created everything perfect. Every bird, every animal, every fish, every insect, every flower and herb, and everything else including mankind.
        If the reproductive system for each one had not been perfect at Creation there could have been no second generation of any living thing.
        Perhaps a few examples of living things that couldn't possibly evolved may be helpful.

        eg, BOMBADIER BEETLES.
        This half inch long beetle has a unique means of defence. When it feels threatened two substances are mixed in an asbestos lines compartment, to produce an explosive substance - that is the 'fired' into the face of its foe, through asbestos lined tubes that it can point in ant direction, to discharge the 212' explosive. Slow motion cameras have shown this is achieved by about 1000 sequential explosions amazingly fast - enabling to stay where it is, instead of being blown away by the blast.

        GLOW WORMS. Scientists have not yet discovered how to replicate its light, which is 'cold' unlike our lights which waste most of their power producing heat.Natives of South America use glow worms for torches - making baskets to contain them. Some flash their lights in sequence, some all turn their lights on at the same time (quite spectacular when all those on a tree 'turn on' together. Only our Creator God knows how they do that.

        MONARCH BUTTERFLIES. Migrate 2,500 miles from Nova Scotia to the same small area in South America, then their descendants migrate back to Canada. How could they do that if not programmed by Almighty God, their Creator?

        PELICANS can dive for fish from heights of sixty feet, scooping up food while the design of their bill and pouch enables sea water to escape, and their pouch to hold up to three times the food of their stomach. . .

        ALBATROS which can live up to 80 years, drink sea water, and fly up to 1,000 miles in just one day.

        and . . More another day

        Comment


        • #5
          DUCK-BILLED PLATEPUS spends a lot of time in the water, like a Beaver. It has a beak and webbed feet like a duck, it has fur like a Beaver, lays eggs like a bird and eats tiny shrimps. When swimming the Platypus closes its nose and ear flaps - which prevents it seeing or hearing anything. It detects the shrimps by electrical impulses between the muscle and nerve in the tail of the shrimp. . . . Experiments have been done involving dead shrimps and torch batteries - and the Platypus goes to the batteries . . .

          ELEPHANTS can weigh up to11,000 lbs. their ears are their 'air conditioning system' as they don't have sweat glands. The many veins in their ears can be up to an inch across. By flapping its ears an elephant is able to cool up to 10 degrees in very little time, its trunk can weigh up to300 lbs and has up to 100,00 muscle units in 6 major groups and is a very versatile tool for eating, bathing, drinking etc. It's trunk enables lifting a 500 lb log or gently taking something from the hand of a child. It's tusks can weigh up to 200 lbs each.the elephant's foot bones are protected by a thick cushioned pad, which enables almost silent walking. Their calves weigh up to 300lbs. Although the elephant may sink several feet into mud at a watering place they have no problem with suction (which would pull our boots off) because their leg decreases in circumference as it is pulled out.

          Comment


          • #6
            Originally posted by Frances View Post
            DUCK-BILLED PLATEPUS spends a lot of time in the water, like a Beaver. It has a beak and webbed feet like a duck, it has fur like a Beaver, lays eggs like a bird and eats tiny shrimps. When swimming the Platypus closes its nose and ear flaps - which prevents it seeing or hearing anything. It detects the shrimps by electrical impulses between the muscle and nerve in the tail of the shrimp. . . . Experiments have been done involving dead shrimps and torch batteries - and the Platypus goes to the batteries . . .

            ELEPHANTS can weigh up to11,000 lbs. their ears are their 'air conditioning system' as they don't have sweat glands. The many veins in their ears can be up to an inch across. By flapping its ears an elephant is able to cool up to 10 degrees in very little time, its trunk can weigh up to300 lbs and has up to 100,00 muscle units in 6 major groups and is a very versatile tool for eating, bathing, drinking etc. It's trunk enables lifting a 500 lb log or gently taking something from the hand of a child. It's tusks can weigh up to 200 lbs each.the elephant's foot bones are protected by a thick cushioned pad, which enables almost silent walking. Their calves weigh up to 300lbs. Although the elephant may sink several feet into mud at a watering place they have no problem with suction (which would pull our boots off) because their leg decreases in circumference as it is pulled out.
            But tell that to a scientist and what is the response.........

            Comment

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