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Was The Gospel Of Matthew Originally Written In Hebrew?

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  • Discussion Was The Gospel Of Matthew Originally Written In Hebrew?

    Was The Gospel Of Matthew The First Gospel Written, Composed Before 70 A.D., And Originally Written In Hebrew?

    Source: http://shatteredparadigm.blogspot.co...st-gospel.html

    Traditionally, the universities of the western world have taught that the Gospel of Matthew was not the first gospel written, that it was written in Greek, and that it was authored after 70 A.D.

    However, as more and more discoveries have been made, those assumptions have been shown to be stone cold wrong.

    As researchers are looking into the writings of the early church leaders, they are finding that not only was the gospel of Matthew most definitely the first gospel written (almost certainly before 50 A.D.), but that it was originally written in Hebrew!

    Just check out what some of the early church writers from the first few centuries of the church have to say on this matter:

    Origen (Eusebius, H.E. 6.25.4)"As having learnt by tradition concerning the four Gospels, which alone are unquestionable in the Church of God under heaven, that first was written according to Matthew, who was once a tax collector but afterwards an apostle of Jesus Christ, who published it for those who from Judaism came to believe, composed as it was in the Hebrew language."

    Papias (Eusebius, H.E. 3.39.16)"Matthew collected the oracles (ta logia) in the Hebrew language, and each interpreted them as best he could."

    Irenaeus, Adv. Haer. 3.1.1"Matthew also issued a written Gospel among the Hebrews in their own dialect while Peter and Paul were preaching at Rome and laying the foundations of the church."

    Eusebius, H.E. 3.24.6"Matthew had first preached to Hebrews, and when he was on the point of going to others he transmitted in writing in his native language the Gospel according to himself, and thus supplied by writing the lack of his own presence to those from whom he was sent."

    Epiphanius (ca. 315-403), bishop of Salamis, refers to a gospel used by the Ebionites (Panarion 30. 13.1-30.22.4). He says it is Matthew, called "According to the Hebrews" by them, but says it is corrupt and mutilated. He says Matthew issued his Gospel in Hebrew letters. He quotes from this Ebionite Gospel seven times. These quotations appear to come not from Matthew but from some harmonized account of the canonical Gospels.

    And did you know that one of the 12 disciples of Jesus named Bartholomew actually carried a Hebrew copy of the book of Matthew into India?

    Check out this astounding excerpt from an excellent article I found today:

    ----

    http://www.onlinetruth.org/Articles%...of_matthew.htm

    This newly uncovered information further confirms that Matthew, an eyewitness to the miracles and events of Jesus' ministry, was indeed the author of the first Gospel and verifies both the Jewishness and early date of the first Gospel.

    Now, we have a clear mention that the Gospel of Matthew was written in Hebrew - not Greek or Aramaic, as widely thought - and was carried out of Israel by one of the original apostles to the Far East. Two of the earliest Church Fathers and historians, Eusebius and Origen, wrote that a second, long-overlooked apostle, Bartholomew, also went to India and took a Gospel text with him, aacording to Princeton scholar and author Samuel Moffett.

    In his ground-breaking book, "A History of Christianity in Asia," Moffett reveals that Pantaenus, a church historian and missionary who traveled to India in 180 A.D., discovered the copy of the Gospel of Matthew in Hebrew that Bartholomew had taken with him.

    "It is reported," wrote Eusebius, a fourth century bishop and church historian, "that among person there who knew Christ, (Pantaenus) found the Gospel according to St. Matthew (which had arrived ahead of Pantaenus by more than a century). For Bartholomew, one of the apostles, had preached to them, and left them (in India) the writing of Matthew in the Hebrew language which they had preserved."

    "There is a shock hidden in that matter-of-fact statement. ...The surprise, of course, is the mention of Bartholomew as the pioneer to the East," Moffett says.

    Many scholars are unaware of an apostle other than Thomas ever going to India, and some even doubt that Thomas himself went.

    Moffett ponders, "What was Bartholomew...doing in India with a Hebrew Gospel of Matthew?"

    --You can read the rest of this excellent article at the link at the top of the excerpt
    Why God? - Because He created us and He wants to save us

  • #2
    Thanks for your post. I have long thought that Matthew and all of the other gospels were written in Hebrew. I learned this from a Hebrew scholar who came to this conclusion, just from a knowledge of the languages.

    But it is hard to convince Greek students of that, which evidently is still being taught in seminaries.

    Blessings,
    BHS

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    • #3
      While i would not doubt that to be true, the gospels being written in Hebrew first that is, i have to say i'm still hoping they'll find a hard copy soon. Fact is though, that in the Greek manuscripts one can find a lot of Hebrew semitics and influence in the wording.

      I bet that will/would lay to rest some of the things that have possibly been difficult to understand or translate.

      Shalom,
      Tanja
      Last edited by Jesusinmyheart; Jun 4th 2008, 07:30 PM.
      Jer 6:16 Thus says the Lord: Stand at the crossroads, and look, and ask for the ancient paths, where the good way lies; and walk in it, and find rest for your souls.
      2Jn 1:9 Everyone who goes on ahead and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God. Whoever abides in the teaching has both the Father and the Son.
      If it's not done out of unselfish love, then it's hardly righteous.
      http://disciple2yeshua.wordpress.com/



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      • #4
        Yes, wouldn't that be amazing if they found a hard copy?
        Why God? - Because He created us and He wants to save us

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        • #5
          Originally posted by MeerkatMadden View Post
          Traditionally, the universities of the western world have taught that the Gospel of Matthew was not the first gospel written, that it was written in Greek, and that it was authored after 70 A.D.
          Actually, we have been long aware that a copy of Matthew was in Hebrew due to the quotations of the Early Christian commentators and expositors. It is believed that a version was written in Hebrew for the Jews, and one in Greek for the Gentiles (notably the Greeks).

          I would like to someday have George Howard's translation of the Hebrew Gospel Of Matthew and be able to read the whole thing. I do have some quotes from it. I have heard this text brings out the Jewishness of the scriptures and makes things more clear.

          BTW, I have a Bible, "The Scriptures (ISR)" which made use of the Hebrew Gospel for its Matthew - I believe they more or less collated it with the Greek. Thus, some readings of the verses no doubt provide the Hebrew Version.

          Epiphanius (ca. 315-403), bishop of Salamis, refers to a gospel used by the Ebionites (Panarion 30. 13.1-30.22.4). He says it is Matthew, called "According to the Hebrews" by them, but says it is corrupt and mutilated. He says Matthew issued his Gospel in Hebrew letters. He quotes from this Ebionite Gospel seven times. These quotations appear to come not from Matthew but from some harmonized account of the canonical Gospels.
          The first believers in Yeshua as Messiah were a Jewish sect known as "Nazarenes" or in Hebrew "N'tzarim" thus we read that Paul was a “ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes” (Acts 24:5).

          So believers in Yeshua were termed as "Nazarenes" (notably the Hebrews) and others "Christian" for the Greeks (though that was meant in a derogatory manner), so like the Greeks, we bear the title. Though some now term themselves as "Messianics" (this may include 'gentiles' as well). Generally, believers in Yeshua as the Messiah will take on one (at least) of these terms.

          Here's a little bit more from Epiphanius:
          But these sectarians... did not call themselves Christians— but "Nazarenes," ... However they are simply complete Jews. They use not only the New Testament but the Old Testament as well, as the Jews do... They have no different ideas, but confess everything exactly as the Law proclaims it and in the Jewish fashion-- except for their belief in Messiah, if you please! For they acknowledge both the resurrection of the dead and the divine creation of all things, and declare that G-d is one, and that his son is Y'shua the Messiah. They are trained to a nicety in Hebrew. For among them the entire Law, the Prophets, and the... Writings... are read in Hebrew, as they surely are by the Jews. They are different from the Jews, and different from Christians, only in the following. They disagree with Jews because they have come to faith in Messiah; but since they are still fettered by the Law— circumcision, the Sabbath, and the rest-- they are not in accord with Christians.... they are nothing but Jews.... They have the Good news according to Matthew in its entirety in Hebrew. For it is clear that they still preserve this, in the Hebrew alphabet, as it was originally written. (Epiphanius; Panarion 29)
          So we know, that according to Epiphanius, they kept a preserved version of this Hebrew Gospel of Matthew - the fact it would have been as originally written makes good sense, because the Hebrews took extreme care in copying their manuscripts - they would count the letters in a row, etc.

          Blessings.
          "A text without context is a pretext."

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          • #6
            Thanks for adding that additional info.
            Why God? - Because He created us and He wants to save us

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            • #7
              Romans 10:18 "But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the World."

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