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  • Sabbath or Sunday: What did Jesus teach & show in scripture

    We cannot trust the traditions of men on the Sabbath vs. Sunday issue, for this is not safe, nor in just mere human opinions. Instead we need to know what scripture actually says, and above all, what Jesus Christ Himself taught, so we accept His pure teaching as our final authority.

    Jesus Christ is “Lord even of the Sabbath day” as the Creator. Jesus said,“For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath day.” Matthew 12:8. By identifying Himself as “Lord even of the Sabbath day,” Jesus of was showing that He was the One who originally created Earth in six days, and rested on the seventh day. And the New Testament makes clear that Jesus is the Creator...

    "All things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that has been made." John 1:3
    "He [Jesus] was in the world, and the world was made by Him, and the world knew Him not". John 1:10
    "God, who created all things by Jesus Christ." Eph. 3:9
    "For by Him [Jesus] all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him." Col. 1:16

    So scripture makes clear Jesus Christ is our Creator and also gave us the Sabbath for man not just the Jews.
    "And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:"Mark 2:27

    Not only did Jesus create the Sabbath but He makes clear it was the seventh day and Holy...
    "For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it." Exodus 20:11

    "And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning." Exodus 16:23

    Now you can check the scriptures and it will make clear the Sabbath is on Saturday, while Sunday is "the first day of the week" (Mat. 28:1; Mark 16:1, 2, etc). Jesus Christ regularly kept the Sabbath (Luke 4:16), taught much about the Sabbath (Mat. 12:12; 24:20), and clearly stated that He is "Lord even of the Sabbath day" (Mat. 12:8). Jesus Christ never mentioned "the first day of the week" even one time. He taught nothing about it. The Sabbath continues after the cross (Luke 23:54-56) and was kept in the book of Acts by both Jews and Gentiles (Acts 13:42-44; 16:13).
    There is no biblical authorization for the change of the Bible Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday.

    God made the Sabbath at the beginning of the world (Gen. 2:1-3) before any Jews existed, to be a blessing to all people. Most importantly, it is a special sign that Jesus Christ is the true Creator of heaven and earth ( John 1:1-3, 10; Col. 1:16; Ex. 20:11; Ezekiel 20:12).

    When the Son of God came, He kept the seventh day all His life. Luke 4:16 "And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up for to read.¨ Thus Jesus followed His Father's example at creation. Shall we not be safe in following the example of both the Father and the Son?

    Adam and Eve kept the Sabbath:

    Mark 2:27
    (27) And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:

    Note: The Sabbath was made “for man” and when the Sabbath first came into the picture (Genesis 2:1-3) the only man alive then was Adam and his wife Eve. Therefore, the Sabbath was made for them, and for their offspring.

    The understanding of the Law was given to man way before Moses as scripture makes clear...

    "Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws." Genesis 26:5

    The Ten Commandments were not part of Moses’ ceremonial law as Exodus 19, 20, and 31 clearly show. Also, there are many Bible references that show there was a distinguishment made between the Commandments and that of Moses’ book of the law.

    Instead of abolishing the Sabbath, Jesus carefully taught how it should be observed.Matthew 12:1-13

    Jesus is also known as the Lord of the Sabbath.Matthew 12:8. Why be Lord of something you were going to abolish?

    Christ instructed His apostles that the Sabbath should be prayerfully regarded forty years after His resurrection.Matthew 24:20. When one reads all of Matt 24 they’ll see that Jesus was warning the disciples of the upcoming destruction of Jerusalem – which occurred about 40 years after His resurrection. Are we to believe that Christ didn’t know when this siege would take place?

    Thirty years after Christ's resurrection, the Holy Spirit expressly calls it "the Sabbath day." Acts 13:14-16.Sounds like the Sabbath was still in effect even then, well after Christ's death.

    The New Testament alone mentions the Sabbath day no less than 84 times - sounds like God is trying to tell us something. And never once is there a change of the Sabbath day to any other nor was it abolished.

    Luke 23:56 - And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

    Jesus' own mother observed the Sabbath AFTER Jesus died. If He had changed or done away with the Sabbath day (having nailed it to the cross), wouldn't His own mother have known it? She was a follower of the Messiah; Mary was certainly would have known of any changes as she was at the cross. Now lets see what Jesus did:

    Luke 4:16
    (16) And he came to Nazareth, where he [Jesus Christ] had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

    Jesus Christ said to keep the commandments:
    "And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life? And he said unto him, if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments." Matthew 19:16-17

    Jesus never said that the Sabbath would change even after His death:
    "But pray ye that your flight be not in winter, neither on the Sabbath day." Matthew 24:20.

    Jesus asked his disciples to pray that in the flight from the doomed city of Jerusalem they would not have to flee on the Sabbath day. This flight took place in 70 A.D.(40 years after the Cross).

    He kept the seventh day as the Sabbath from Creation and in His life on earth, and Christ is our example, and He says if we love HIM to keep HIS Commandments.

    So, when was the Sabbath made? It was made at Creation. By the seventh day God had finished the work He had been doing; so on the seventh day He rested from all His work. And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it He rested from all the work of creating that He had done.

    The fourth commandment tells the same story:

    "Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy ...... for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but He rested on the seventh day. Therefore,(for that reason) the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy."

    Now lets see a important day in our life like the day we were born, what would you think of someone suggesting that you change your birthday to the following day or a few after, or perhaps to the day before? Is that your birthday, the day you were born, No of course not.

    The same is true of the day the fourth commandment specifies as the day God made Holy, a day of rest for man. To be truly a cellebration of Creation, it has to be the seventh day of the week rather than the first or the fifth. Did God make a mistake in the day and made Sunday Holy and forgot to tell us? No, and neither can man change what God has created and it was the seventh day that God made holy.

    The Sabbath is a special day to focus on Jesus Christ our Maker: Jesus is “the Lord” who made the world in six days, and “rested on the seventh day.” Thus the Sabbath is a special day to focus on the Jesus Christ as the Creator and Sustainer of all life. It is a day to come apart from the normal stresses and cares of everyday living, to be refreshed and blessed by the great Creator who loves and died for us.

    We are to work at our normal jobs during the six working days, but from sundown Friday night until sundown Saturday night, we should rest from our work. Late Friday afternoon, after Jesus died, "the Sabbath drew on." Luke 23:54. When the sun went down, Christ's followers "rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment." Luke 23:56.

    Secular business should be laid aside. Shopping, laundry, homework, and housecleaning should be done during the six working days, and laid aside on the Sabbath so we can rest from our labors and be free to focus on our Creator Jesus Christ and share our love and worship Him.

  • #2
    In the New Testament the first day of the week is mentioned eight times. In none of the eight instances is the first day said to be a day of worship, never is it said to be the Christian substitute for the Old Testament Sabbath, and never do the texts suggest that the first day of the week should be regarded as a memorial of Christ's resurrection. Let us briefly consider each of the eight New Testament passages that mention the first day of the week.

    Matthew 28:1, "After the sabbath, as the first day of the week was dawning, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb. And suddenly there was a great earthquake. . . ." Jesus was crucified on Friday. He rested in the tomb over the Sabbath and rose early on Sunday morning. The verse indicates that the women disciples returned to the tomb at the very first opportunity after the death and burial of Jesus. Because the Sabbath came so soon after His burial, they could not approach the tomb again until after sundown on Sabbath evening. (The Sabbath began at sundown on the sixth day and ended at sundown on the seventh day; compare Lev. 23:32; Neh. 13:19; Mark 1:21, 32) Early Sunday morning was the most convenient time for them to visit the tomb.

    Mark 16:1, 2, "When the sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him. And very early on the first day of the week, when the sun had risen, they went to the tomb." Mark records the same events as Matthew with the additional information that the women visited the tomb early on the Sunday morning for the express purpose of anointing Jesus' body with spices.

    Mark 16:9, "Now after he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons." This verse simply records that, after His resurrection early on the Sunday morning, Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene.

    Luke 23:54 * 24:1, "It [the day of Jesus' death and burial] was the day of Preparation, and the sabbath was beginning. The women who had come with him from Galilee followed, and they saw the tomb and how his body was laid. Then they returned, and prepared spices and ointments. On the sabbath they rested according to the commandment. But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb, taking the spices that they had prepared." The Sabbath came a few hours after Jesus' death on the cross. The women disciples "rested the sabbath day according to the commandment" (Luke 23:56, KJV). Then very early in the morning of the first day they visited the tomb to anoint the body of Jesus. The fact that they observed the Sabbath rest is sufficient indication that Jesus had never attempted to change the day or to suggest that after His death the first day would replace the Sabbath. Writing years after the event, Luke gave not the slightest hint that, even though the women disciples of Jesus observed the Sabbath, such a practice was no longer expected of Christians. He simply recorded that the Sabbath day "according to the commandment," which Jesus' followers were careful to observe, was the day after the crucifixion day (Friday), and before the resurrection day (Sunday).

    John 20:1, "Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb." Mary Magdalene visited the tomb early the first day of the week. Nothing is said of Sunday as a day of worship or rest.

    John 20:19, "When it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and the doors of the house where the disciples had met were locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said, 'Peace be with you.'" On the evening of the first day of the week the disciples were assembled behind locked doors "for fear of the Jews." Jesus appeared to them at that time. The passage does not say that henceforth Sunday was to be the day for worship. Since it was the evening of the first day of the week that Jesus appeared to the disciples, it was after sundown. According to Jewish reckoning this was actually the beginning of the second day (Monday; compare Gen. 1:5, 8). A week later when Thomas happened to be present, Jesus met with the disciples again (verse 26). But, writing years later, John records nothing regarding Sunday as a day of Christian worship. John's narrative gives no warrant for regarding Sunday as a substitute for the Sabbath or as a day to be distinguished by Christians above any other day of the week. And there is no indication in the passage that Sunday should henceforth be observed as a memorial of Christ's resurrection.

    Acts 20:7, "On the first day of the week, when we met to break bread, Paul was holding a discussion with them; since he intended to leave the next day, he continued speaking until midnight." Since the meeting was held at night on the first day of the week, it may have been Saturday night. According to Jewish reckoning, the Sabbath ended and the first day of the week began at sundown of the seventh day. If it were Sunday evening, the event gives no suggestion that Sunday should be observed as a day of worship. The following verses record that Paul preached a sermon on Thursday. The next day after the meeting recorded in Acts 20:7 (Monday), Paul and his party set sail for Mitylene (Acts 20:13, 14). The following day (Tuesday) they arrived opposite Chios (verse 15). The next day (Wednesday) they passed Samos (verse 15), and the day after that (Thursday) they arrived at Miletus (verse 15). The elders of the church of Ephesus met Paul at Miletus, and he preached to them (Acts 20:16-36). Because a Christian service was held on Thursday, do we conclude that Thursday is a day for regular Christian worship replacing the observance of the seventh-day Sabbath? A religious service on Sunday, Thursday, or any other day certainly did not make that day a replacement for the seventh-day Sabbath or a day of regular Christian worship and rest. There is no special significance in the disciples breaking bread at this first-day meeting, for they broke bread "daily" (Acts 2:46). We are not told that it was a Lord's Supper celebration, nor are we told that henceforth Sunday should be the day for this service to be conducted. To read Sunday sacredness or Sunday observance into Acts 20:7 is to do violence to the text.

    1 Corinthians 16:1, 2, "Now concerning the collection for the saints: you should follow the directions I gave the churches of Galatia. On the first day of every week, each of you is to put aside and save whatever extra you earn, so that collections need not be taken when I come. And when I arrive, I will send any whom you approve with letters to take your gift to Jerusalem." These verses may be literally translated from the Greek as follows: "And concerning the collection for the saints, as I instructed the churches of Galatia, so also you do. On the first day of the week let each of you place (or 'lay') by himself, storing up whatever he might be prospered, so that when I come there might be no collections." The phrase "by himself" (par' heauto), followed by the participle "storing up" or "saving" (thesaupizon), rules out the possibility that this is a reference to an offering taken up in a worship service. The Christian believer was to check his accounts on Sunday and put by at home the money that he wished to give to Paul for the support of the church. When Paul arrived, then the offerings of each individual would be collected.

    None of these eight New Testament references to the first day of the week (Sunday), provides any evidence that Jesus or His disciples changed the day of worship from the seventh to the first day. Nor is the first day of the week represented as a time to memorialize the resurrection of Christ. Whatever special significance was given to Sunday in the later history of the church, it had no basis in the teaching or practice of Jesus and His apostles.

    The early Christian church, including Jew and Gentile, kept the fourth commandment by keeping the Sabbath holy and gathering every Sabbath day.

    Keep in mind that these letters were written long after Jesus’ resurrection.


    • #3
      Acts 18:24-27 Now a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man and mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus. This man had been instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things of the Lord, though he knew only the baptism of John. So he began to speak boldly in the synagogue. When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately. And when he desired to cross to Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him; and when he arrived, he greatly helped those who had believed through grace;

      Did you notice how Aquila and Priscilla, who were Christians, were gathered in the synagogue on the Sabbath? They were still keeping the Sabbath even after becoming believers. Even the converted Jew, Apollos, gathered on the Sabbath. This is because Jesus never changed the Sabbath day nor did He do away with it.

      The Apostle James taught the brethren on the Sabbath in the synagogues.

      James 2:1-2 My brethren, hold not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons. For if there come into your synagogue a man with a gold ring, in fine clothing, and there come in also a poor man in vile clothing;

      Paul taught Jew and Gentile Christians every Sabbath in the synagogue and urged these Sabbath keepers to continue in the grace of God.

      Acts 13:42-44 And when the Jews went out of the synagogue, the Gentiles begged that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath. Now when the synagogue broke up, many of the Jews and of the devout proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas; who, speaking to them, urged them to continue in the grace of God. And the next sabbath almost the whole city was gathered together to hear the word of God.

      The next Sabbath the whole city came out. Why didn't the Gentiles beg Paul to teach them the next day, which would have been Sunday, instead of waiting a whole week for the next Sabbath?

      Paul taught the Jews and Gentiles in the church at Corinth every Sabbath for a year and a half before leaving for his next journey. That's a lot of Sabbaths.

      Jesus was concerned about the Sabbath forty years after His death and resurrection.

      Matthew 24:20 "And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath.

      Paul, before his conversion, was sent to a Christian man, who was devote according to the law, to regain his sight. To be devote to the law means he was a Sabbath keeper.

      Acts 22:12 And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, well reported of by all the Jews that dwelt there,

      Before Paul was converted he hunted down the Christians while they were gathering on the Sabbath in the synagogues. He went from city to city every Sabbath looking for Christians in the synagogues.

      Acts 26:9-11 I myself once thought that I had to do many things against the name of Jesus the Nazorean, and I did so in Jerusalem. I imprisoned many of the holy ones with the authorization I received from the chief priests, and when they were to be put to death I cast my vote against them. Many times, in synagogue after synagogue, I punished them in an attempt to force them to blaspheme; I was so enraged against them that I pursued them even to foreign cities.

      Acts 22:19 `Lord,' I answered, "`they know that I used to go from synagogue to synagogue, imprisoning and flogging those who believed in you;

      Acts 9:1-2 But Saul, yet breathing threatening and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, and asked of him letters to Damascus unto the synagogues, that if he found any that were of the Way, whether men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem.

      After Jesus’ death, a follower of Jesus by the name of, Joseph of Arimathea who also believed in the coming kingdom message, continued to keep the Sabbath.

      Luke 23:51-56 He had not consented to their counsel and deed. He was from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who himself was also waiting for the kingdom of God. This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb that was hewn out of the rock, where no one had ever lain before. That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near. And the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid. Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

      Jesus made statements that confirm the Sabbath in the New Covenant.

      Matthew 12:8 "For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.''

      Mark 2:27 And He said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.

      Matthew 12:12 "Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.''

      Mark 3:4 And He said to them, "Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill?'' But they kept silent.

      Luke 6:9 Then Jesus said to them, "I will ask you one thing: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy it?''

      In his book Samuele Bacchiocchi writes that the change from Sabbath to Sunday “was introduced at Rome about the middle of the second century.” ... day/7.html

      In support of that position, Samuele Bacchiocchi argues that Sunday-keeping was a Roman Catholic innovation that achieved universality because of the authority of the Roman church. Anti-Jewish sentiments were strong in Rome, and Gentiles became prominent in the church there...

      Because of the exigency that arose to separate Christians from the Jews and their Sabbath, Gentile Christians adopted the venerable day of the Sun from pagan sun worship as a substitute. Although the church in Rome influence some areas of the empire, it was not able to change long-standing Sabbath worship in all parts, especially in the East where those beliefs were based on apostolic practice.

      Emperor Aurelian begins new Sun cult.(274 A.D.)
      [p. 55] In 274, Aurelian … created a new cult of the “Invincible Sun.” Worshipped in a splendid temple, served by pontiffs who were raised to the level of the ancient pontiffs of Rome, celebrated every fourth year by magnificent games, Sol Invictus was definitely promoted to the highest rank in the divine hierarchy and became the official protector of the Sovereigns and of the Empire… He [Aurelian] placed in his new sanctuary the images of Bel (Baal) and Helios, which he captured at Palmyra. In establishing this new State cult, Aurelian in reality proclaimed the dethronement of the old Roman idolatry and the accession of Semitic Sun-worship…

      The first Sunday law issued 7th March, 321 A.D., speaks about Sunday only as the "venerable day of the sun", a title purely heathen. Codex Justinianus, lib.3, tit.12:3 quoted in "History of the Christian Church" by Philip Schaff, Vol.III, p.380, 7 vol.ed.

      They emphasize the creation of light and the resurrection of the `Sun of Justice' nowhere commanded or even spoken of in the Bible.

      The early church all the way up to 321AD, during the reign of Emperor Constantine, kept the Sabbath holy. "Unquestionably the first law, either ecclesiastical or civil, by which the sabbatical observance of Sunday is known to have been ordained is the sabbatical edict of Constantine, A.D. 32I." Chambers" Encyclopedia, Article "Sunday."

      The first Sunday Law decree of a church council, was given about 16 years after Constantine' first Sunday Law of A.D. 321: "Christians shall not Judaize and be idle on Saturday [in the original: "sabbato" shall not be idle on the Sabbath], but shall work on that day; but the Lord's day they shall especially honour, and as being Christians, shall, if possible, do no work on that day. If, however, they are found Judaizing, they shall be shut out ["anathema,"--excomm unicated] from Christ." Council of Laodicea, c. A.D. 337, Canon 29, quoted in C.J. Hefele, "A History of the Councils of the Church," Vol. 2, p. 316.

      The influence of paganism then takes a foothold as the church decrees Sunday sacredness as seen in the Council of Laodicea (343-381?)
      [p. 310] Can. 16.“On Saturday [Greek sabbaton,“the Sabbath”] the Gospels and other portions of the Scripture shall be read aloud.”…
      [p. 316] Can. 29.“Christians shall not Judaize and be idle on Saturday, but shall work on that day; but the Lord’s day they shall especially honour, and, as being Christians, shall, if possible, do no work on that day. If, however, they are found Judaizing, they shall be shut out [Greek anathema] from Christ.”…
      [p. 320] Can. 49.“During Lent, the bread shall not be offered, except on Saturday and Sunday.”…
      Can. 51.“During Lent, no feast of the martyrs shall be celebrated, but the holy martyrs shall be commemorated on the Saturdays and Sundays of Lent.”
      Source: Charles Joseph Hefele, A History of the Christian Councils, Vol. 2, trans. and ed. by H. N. Oxenham (Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark, 1896), pp. 310, 316, 320.

      Then you have other Councils of the Church which enforce Sunday observance.
      [p. 105] The Council of Orleans (538), while protesting [p. 106] against an excessive Sabbatarianism, forbade all field work under pain of censure; and the Council of Macon (585) laid down that the Lord’s Day ‘is the day of perpetual rest, which is suggested to us by the type of the seventh day in the law and the prophets,’ and ordered a complete cessation of all kinds of business. How far the movement had gone by the end of the 6th cent. is shown by a letter of Gregory the Great (pope 590–604) protesting against the prohibition of baths on Sunday.
      Source: M. G. Glazebrook,“Sunday,” in James Hastings, ed., Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (New York: Scribner, 1928), Vol. 12, pp. 105, 106.
      If as many suppose, Christians as a whole observed Sunday in place of the "Jewish" Sabbath from resurrection Sunday forward, then why was it necessary for the church to enact ecclesiastical laws to enforce Sunday worship as a day of rest? Simply put, the issue to the Catholic Church has always been one of authority, authority to declare binding holy festival days. It is a mark of their authority to institute such days, even appropriating previously pagan days and declaring them obligatory, and that one commits a sin if you do not attend services on those days. The Bible is quite silent on Sunday sacredness, so the "Bible Only" Protestants contradict themselves by observing it as a replacement for the Sabbath.

      So you see, the fourth commandments Sabbath was never changed by Jesus or His Apostles, but rather, the Sabbath change came long after Jesus and the Apostles through pagan and Papal Rome.


      • #4
        Now some people misconstrue what Jesus said and say that He says to put 'our Rest in Christ'.
        One of the main texts that describes the “rest” that Christ gives us is found in Matthew 11:28-30:

        Matthew 11:28-30 - Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. " 30"For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.

        The word Christ used in verse 28 is anapauo, which means (Strong’s #373)

        1) to cause or permit one to cease from any movement or labour in order to recover and collect his strength

        2) to give rest, refresh, to give one's self rest, take rest

        3) to keep quiet, of calm and patient expectation

        Christ did not use the words sabbaton nor sabbatismos, for He wasn’t talking of the Sabbath at all. If Christ had meant that He was to become the new Sabbath He would have used one of those words else He would have confused everyone, including His disciples. The clear fact of the matter is Christ was telling them exactly what He said, that He would give them spiritual rest from sin. There is nothing in His statement, or those that follow, that indicate He was talking about Sabbath at all. As such, those that say “Christ is my Sabbath” really haven’t studied the texts; I’m sorry to say it that way but it is the only honest observation that can be made. In fact, I have looked at most of the available Bible translations and here is what I found:

        The WEB, RKJNT, ASV, BBE, BWE, DBY, KJV, WBS, WEY, YLT, LITV, NIV, NAS, AMP, CEV, ESV, MSG, NLT, NLV, ISV, K21, NAB, RSV, NRS, ALT, GMT, CSB, and the NCV (28 in all) all render anapauo as “rest”; only the Douay-Rheims Bible (RHE) renders it differently as “refresh”. Notice that not a single Bible version makes the claim, even the expanded Bible versions, that Christ meant the Sabbath in this verse.

        Wesley’s commentary on verse 28 reads as follows and I concur with his statement here

        “Come to me - Here he shows to whom he is pleased to reveal these things to the weary and heavy laden; ye that labour - After rest in God: and are heavy laden - With the guilt and power of sin: and I will give you rest - I alone (for none else can) will freely give you (what ye cannot purchase) rest from the guilt of sin by justification, and from the power of sin by sanctification.”

        Wesley’s conclusion is right on target. Notice that he does not even hint that the “rest” equates to the Sabbath in this verse.

        You see, the reasoning used for the "Jesus is my Sabbath" belief is actually based on a play on words; since Sabbath is called a "rest" in the scriptures and then Christ states "He will give us rest" then that must mean Christ IS our Sabbath! Now wait, does this actually make logical sense? Does Jesus say that "He is our rest" or does He say "He will give us rest"? Clearly Christ said He will give us this rest, not that He is that rest. In studying this verse we also need to look at the verb being used "will give". "Will give" denotes a future action not a present one. Could it be that Christ was actually talking about His second advent? For that is when He comes with His rewards (Revelation 22:12).

        We should all be careful to ensure we know what the Bible says on various topics before we build a doctrine of it.


        • #5
          Now lets a closer look at Samuele Bacchiocchi's book From Sabbath to Sunday (used with the authors permission): A Historical Investigation of the Rise of Sunday Observance in Early Christianity.

          "...How did the change come about from Saturday to Sunday in early Christianity? To find an answer to this question I spent five years at the Pontifical University in Rome, investigating for my doctoral dissertation the earliest Christian documents. This short article represents a brief summary of my research.

          Historically, the change from Sabbath to Sunday has been attributed to the ecclesiastical authority of the Roman Catholic church rather than to Biblical or apostolic precepts. Thomas Aquinas, for example, explicitly states that:
          "the observance of the Lord's Day took the place of the observance of the Sabbath not by virtue of the [Biblical] precept but by the institution of the church." (1)
          Recently, however, some scholars have argued that Sunday observance has a Biblical and apostolic origin. According to these scholars, from the inceptions of the Church the Apostles themselves chose the first day of the week in place of the seventh day in order to commemorate the resurrection of Christ. (2)
          My own assessment of the sources is that this thesis is wrong on two counts. First, the change from Saturday to Sunday occurred sometime after 135 A.D. as a result of an interplay of political, social, pagan and religious factors to be mentioned below. Second, the change originated in Rome and not in Jerusalem. Before submitting the reasons for my conclusions, we shall briefly examine the alleged role of Christ, of the resurrection and of the Jerusalem church in the origin of Sunday.

          Jesus and the Origin of Sunday
          A popular view holds that Christ by his provocative method of Sabbath keeping-which caused considerable controversy with the religious leaders of His day-intended to pave the way for the abandonment of the Sabbath and the adoption of Sunday keeping instead. This view clearly distorts the intent of Christ's controversial Sabbath activities and teachings which were clearly designed not to nullify but to clarify the divine intent of the Fourth Commandment.

          Christ never conceded to have broken the Sabbath commandment. On the contrary He defended Himself and His disciples from the charge of Sabbath breaking by appealing to the Scriptures: "Have you read . . ." (Matt 12:3-5). The intent of Christ's provocative Sabbath teachings and activities was not to pave the way for Sunday keeping, but rather to show the true meaning and function of the Sabbath, namely, a day "to do good" (Matt 12:8), "to save life" (Mark 3:4), to loose people from physical and spiritual bonds (Luke 13:16), and to show "mercy" rather than religiosity (Matt 12:7).

          The Resurrection and the Origin of Sunday
          Did the apostles introduce Sunday keeping instead of Sabbath keeping in order to commemorate Christ's resurrection by means of the Lord's Supper celebration? This view, though popular, is devoid of Biblical and historical support. The major reasons, briefly stated are the following.

          No Command of Christ or of the Apostles
          The New Testament never suggests or commands to celebrate Christ's resurrection by a weekly or annual Sunday celebration. This silence is noteworthy in view of the specific instructions given by Christ regarding such practices as baptism (Matt 28:19-20), the Lord's Supper (Mark 14:24-25; 1 Cor 11:23-26) and foot-washing (John 13:14-15).
          If Jesus wanted the day of his resurrection to be observed as a day of rest and worship, would He not told the women and the disciples when He rose: "Come apart and celebrate My Resurrection?" Instead He told the women "Go and tell my brethren to go to Galilee" (Matt 28:10) and to the disciples "Go . . . make disciples . . . baptizing them" (Matt 28:19).None of the utterances of the risen Savior reveal an intent to memorialize His resurrection by making Sunday the new day of rest and worship.

          No Designation of Sunday as Day of the Resurrection
          Sunday is never called in the New Testament as "Day of the Resurrection." It is consistently called "First day of the week." The references to Sunday as day of the resurrection first appear in the early part of the fourth century. (3) By that time Sunday had become associated with the resurrection....."

          "....The Earliest Reference to Sunday
          The earliest explicit references to Sunday keeping are found in the writings of Barnabas (about 135 A.D.) and Justin Martyr (about 150 A.D.). Both writers do mention the resurrection as a basis for Sunday observance but only as the second of two reasons, important but not predominant. Barnabas' first theological motivation for Sunday keeping is eschatological, namely, that Sunday as "the eight day" represents "the beginning of another world." (4) Justin's first reason for the Christians' Sunday assembly is the inauguration of creation: "because it is the first day on which God, transforming the darkness and prime matter, created the world." (5)
          The above indications suffice to discredit the claim that Christ's resurrection on the first day of the week caused the abandonment of the Sabbath and the adoption of Sunday. The truth is that initially the resurrection was celebrated existentially rather than liturgically, that is, by a victorious way of life rather than by a special day of worship....."

          ".....The attachment of the Jerusalem Church to the Mosaic Law is reflected in some of the decisions of the first Jerusalem Council held about 49-50 A.D. (See Acts 15). The exemption from circumcision is there granted only "to brethren who are of the Gentiles" (Acts 15:23). No concession is made for Jewish-Christians, who must continue to circumcise their children. Moreover, of the four provisions made applicable by the Jerusalem Council to Gentiles, one is moral (abstention from "unchastity") but three are ceremonial (even Gentile Christians are ordered to abstain "from contact with idols and from [eating] what has been strangled and from [eating] blood" (Acts 15:20). This concern of the Jerusalem Council for ritual defilement and Jewish food laws reflects its continued attachment to Jewish ceremonial law and its commands. It would be unthinkable that this Church at this early time would change the Sabbath to Sunday.
          James' statement at the Jerusalem Council in support of his proposal to exempt Gentiles from circumcision but not from Mosaic laws in general, is also significant: "For generations past Moses has had spokesmen in every city; he is read every Sabbath in the synagogues" (Acts 15:21). All interpreters recognize that both in his proposal and in its justification, James reaffirms the binding nature of the Mosaic Law which was customarily taught every Sabbath in the synagogue.

          Paul's Last Visit
          Further insight is provided by Paul's last visit to Jerusalem. The Apostle was informed by James and the elders that thousand of converted Jews were "all zealous for the Law" (Acts 21:20). The same leaders then pressured Paul to prove to the people that he also "lived in observance of the law" (Acts 21-24), by undergoing a rite of purification at the Temple. In the light of this deep commitment to the observance of the Law, it is hardly conceivable that the Jerusalem Church would have abrogated one of its chief precepts-Sabbath keeping-and pioneered Sunday worship instead.

          Did Sunday Originate After 70 A.D.?
          The foregoing evidences has led some scholars to argue for the Palestinian origin of Sunday observance at a slightly later time, namely, after the Roman destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D. (8) They presume that the flight of the Christians from Jerusalem to Pella as well as the psychological impact of the destruction of the Temple weaned Palestinian Christians away from Jewish observances such as Sabbath keeping.
          This assumption is discredited by both Eusebius and Epiphanius who inform us that the Jerusalem Church after 70 A.D. and until Hadrian's siege of Jerusalem in 135 A.D., was composed of and administered by converted Jews, characterized as "zealous to insist on the literal observance of the Law." (9) The orthodox Palestinian Jewish-Christian sect of the Nazarenes, who most scholars regard as "the very direct descendants of the primitive community" (10) of Jerusalem, retained Sabbath keeping on Saturday until the fourth century. Indeed, seventh-day Sabbath keeping was regarded as one of this Church's distinguishing characteristics. (11) This implies that Sabbath observance was not only the traditional custom of the Jerusalem Church, but also of Palestinian Jewish-Christians long after 70 A.D.
          Of all the Christian Churches, the Jerusalem Church was both ethnically and theologically the closest and most loyal to Jewish religious traditions, and thus the least likely to change the day of the Sabbath....."


          • #6
            Greetings Hobie. Welcome. I can see you love the Lord (if you love me, keep my commandments... He said). I can see why you keep the Sabbath, it is because you want to please the Lord and keeping his commandments is a great way of doing that. I go to church on Sunday morning. I believe Sunday morning is the best time in the week do worship the Lord (even tough he is worthy to be praised continually). I have studied this subject considerably... so much, that if someone asks me to explain the SDA position, I know I will be able to convince everyone I am an SDA. That is because I have listened carefully to the SDA position for many years. My questions to you are these: Have you heard someone explain why we should worship the Lord on Sunday? and Can you explain why Christians worship the Lord on Sunday morning? If you say yes, it means you have been listening. If you say no, that it can not be explained, that there is no proof of that, then I would know you are a person that talks but would not listen to the person that disagrees with you. When I ask you if you can you explain why Christians worship the Lord on Sunday morning, I am not asking you if you agree with us or if you think we have a point, I am asking that to see if you have been listening to the counter point. The Bible says in Pro 18:13 that if I say Sunday, Sunday ! without hearing those that preach Sabbath, Sabbath, that I am a fool and should be ashamed of myself. The only way we can be in the position to make a judgement call is to wait until we hear everything that the prosecution and the defense has to say. I have heard your rationale many times before and it will take time to address each one, but before I start addressing those arguments I want to make sure you are "teachable" and can listen to those that do not agree with you. So, please answer the question:

            Can you explain the why Christians worship the Lord on Sunday morning?

            My next question to you would be: What are the top 10 arguments that Sunday worshipers use to justify worshiping the Lord on Sundays?

            Last edited by Servant89; Mar 13 2010, 10:31 PM.


            • #7
              Originally posted by Hobie View Post
              We cannot trust the traditions of men on the Sabbath vs. Sunday issue, for this is not safe, nor in just mere human opinions.

              Can we assume you are a disciple of the late Seventh-Day Adventist, Samuele Bacchiocchi? He was in error on so many topics it would be hard to name them all. The fourth commandment was fulfilled in Christ and nailed to His cross. Jesus is our "Sabbath Rest". The shadows of Judaism are forever redundant including Sabbath-keeping. The Christian faith is not about day-keeping. You may need to re-think.
              A great need of the Christian world today is the clear recognition that we are not under the law, but the gospel; that the law was nailed to the cross and passed out of force when the new will was probated at Pentecost. ~ R.C. Fosters, Studies in the Life of Christ


              • #8
                Originally posted by losthorizon View Post

                Can we assume you are a disciple of the late Seventh-Day Adventist, Samuele Bacchiocchi? He was in error on so many topics it would be hard to name them all. The fourth commandment was fulfilled in Christ and nailed to His cross. Jesus is our "Sabbath Rest". The shadows of Judaism are forever redundant including Sabbath-keeping. The Christian faith is not about day-keeping. You may need to re-think.
                A great need of the Christian world today is the clear recognition that we are not under the law, but the gospel; that the law was nailed to the cross and passed out of force when the new will was probated at Pentecost. ~ R.C. Fosters, Studies in the Life of Christ
                I agree....

                Paul said.. Let 'no man' judge you in meat, drink or any 'holy day'....

                He Truely Indeed is our Rest....

                Obviously .. some have 'not entered into' that Rest... as the Scripture Declares that those who are His.. Will Enter in....

                maybe some need to go back and define what a 'christian' really is..

                My First Question would be... are you Born Again from Above?

                this not about religion or church membership or group affiliation or my parents were 'christians' or my grandparents were staunch church goers..

                are ye Born Again..
                Many appear Righteous and Just because they say 'yes' to Jesus Christ , yet they don't do His Will.
                Verily I say unto thee, the tax collectors and the prostitutes go into the Kingdom of Heaven before you do.
                The LORD hath appeared of old unto me, saying. YEA, I have loved thee with an everlasting love; therefore with LOVINGKINDESS have I DRAWN THEE.
                Jeremiah 31:3


                • #9
                  Originally posted by theBelovedDisciple View Post
                  Paul said.. Let 'no man' judge you in meat, drink or any 'holy day'....
                  Then we should not judge, should we?
                  I thought the topic of the thread was 'What did Jesus teach........', so why is it being turned into a discussion of law nailed to a tree and questioning the OP's salvation? Why not just honestly discuss what Jesus DID teach?


                  • #10
                    Originally posted by Kahtar View Post
                    Then we should not judge, should we?
                    I thought the topic of the thread was 'What did Jesus teach........', so why is it being turned into a discussion of law nailed to a tree and questioning the OP's salvation? Why not just honestly discuss what Jesus DID teach?
                    Wise statement !

                    I would like to expand on that to keep us and the SDAs on the right track. When we say "honestly discuss what Jesus DID teach", lets limit ourselves to that and that only. Let us use only the word of God to figure out doctrine. And please, do not quote the father of lies (Satan) or any man like the pope as if his word or witness is needed to figure out doctrine. If we have to count on the pope or any other man, to figure out doctrine, we are in deep doo-doo. Let us limit ourselves to what God said and nothing else.

                    Isa 8:20 To the law and the testimony, if they speak not according to this word, there is no light in them.

                    Acts 17:2 And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,

                    Acts 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

                    Acts 18:28 For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publickly, showing by the scriptures that Jesus was Christ.



                    • #11
                      Originally posted by Hobie View Post

                      Secular business should be laid aside. Shopping, laundry, homework, and housecleaning should be done during the six working days, and laid aside on the Sabbath so we can rest from our labors and be free to focus on our Creator Jesus Christ and share our love and worship Him.
                      Dear Hobie

                      Should a mother out of medicine whose baby awakes with a fever on Saturday morning go shopping for tylenol or motrin to lower the babes fever?

                      Should a dad go shopping on Saturday morning to get an antihistimine when his child who is allergic to bee stings gets stung and he has nothing in the house to help his kid who could die from the allergic reaction?

                      Should a child who needs all day and night Saturday and Sunday to do homework due at 8am Monday do their homework?

                      Should a couple clean the sewage overflow that filled their house on Saturday am?

                      Should a child who forgot to launder the clothing their parents expect them to wear to their wedding anniversary dinner that begins at 6:30pm Saturday evening when they realize the clothes their parents expect them to wear are soiled, stained and balled up in the dirty clothes hamper?

                      Should a man on his way to worship at church Saturday morning change his flat tire on his car so he can make the worship which is 30 miles away?

                      In my opinion we don't worship any "day", we honour our Father and His Son every day.

                      Matt 5:14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.

                      5:15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.

                      5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

                      5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

                      5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

                      Gal 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

                      5:2 Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.

                      5:3 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.

                      5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

                      5:5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.

                      5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.

                      Bless you,
                      Love Fountain


                      • #12
                        If sabbath hasn't changed, then how come we never hear sermons on keeping Jubilee?
                        Sabbath is much, much more than what happens every 7th day.


                        • #13
                          Originally posted by Kahtar View Post
                          Then we should not judge, should we?
                          I thought the topic of the thread was 'What did Jesus teach........', so why is it being turned into a discussion of law nailed to a tree...
                          But we are required to discern between the truth and error and the NT clearly states the entire Mosaical system including the fourth commandment was nailed to the cross – fulfilled and annulled by the work of Christ on the cross. Christians live and die under the law of Christ and that law is not about day-keeping.
                          But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
                          (Gal 3:23-29 KJV)


                          • #14
                            Originally posted by losthorizon View Post
                            But we are required to discern between the truth and error
                            True, and so you should do. But don't judge the man for keeping Saturday holy instead of Sunday, and since you aren't able and do not have the authority, don't judge his heart. Stick to discussing truth and error.
                            and the NT clearly states the entire Mosaical system including the fourth commandment was nailed to the cross
                            That is not so clear. What IS clear is that the curse of the law (that being death) has been done away in Christ. But Christ, Paul, John and Peter all told us to obey the commandments of God. They taught us that obedience to law cannot save us, and we should not try to use the law for that purpose, but nowhere did they say not to obey the law, quite the contrary. In fact, they taught that those who preach against the law are themselves lawless.
                            Everywhere in the NT we are taught not to sin. And sin is clearly defined in the NT as the transgression of the law of God.
                            1 John 3:4 KJV Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
                            If we are not to sin/transgress the law, then we must obey it, but not for righteousness sake, rather for holiness, for we are commanded to be holy, even He is holy.
                            The Mosaic covenant IS passed away, and the new covenant has taken it's place. But God's commandments, (and Christ's, for they are one God, remember?) have not and will not pass away.
                            What did John teach us?
                            1 John 5:2-4 KJV By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments. 3 For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous. 4 For whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith.
                            The law is not a salvation issue, it's an obedience issue.
                            If Christ nailed His own law to the tree and nullified the law, as you say, then it is now okay to kill, murder, steal, lust, adulterate, hate God and disrespect our parents, for these things are also in the law you say is nullified. And since loving God and neighbor fulfills the whole law, then we should not do those because the law is nullified and we should not do them, and those two were part of the law of God as well.
                            The fact is, the law of God (which is separate from, but included in, the Mosaic law) has been fromt the beginning, has been a part of every covenant of God, from the Adamic covenant to the new covenant, and it WILL NOT pass away. The heaven and the earth will pass, but not His Word, which is the law.
                            But back to the sabbath, it is true, I believe, that we are now free to worship on whatever day we desire, EVEN IF IT"S SATURDAY, or even every day. We are also free to choose the day God (and Christ) chose just because He chose that day and because we love Him, and no man should judge us concerning what day we worship, even if it's saturday.

                            Now, back to what Jesus Christ, creator of the world and the sabbath, taught us about the sabbath.
                            What DID Jesus teach about the sabbath?
                            Do you have something different than what the OP provided? Can you refute what he said Jesus taught about the sabbath? If so, please do so.


                            • #15
                              I just meet with other Christians on the first day of the week like it says in Acts 20:7.

                              For the cause of Christ