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My Daily Bible Study - Leviticus (2)

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  • My Daily Bible Study - Leviticus (2)


    Quote (Re. David Pawson)” When we read the Old Testament it can be helpful to imagine that we are Jewish. For a Jewish person the reason for reading Leviticus is clear: it is a matter of life and death.

    “Leviticus talks of man’s approach to God . . . about the dedication of God’s people to Him . . . (it) begins with thank offerings, explaining how people can show their gratitude to God for being set free (from Egypt). . . . it shows that God expects something from us. Once again we are reminded that we are saved in order to serve. Exodus shows how God saved His people, but Leviticus explains how they are to serve Him . . .
    God expects the people He liberates to be like Him and not like those around them . . . it is the key that unlocks the whole book. When God tells them they must not do something, it is because the people around them are doing it but they must be different . . . if God Saves you He expects you to be like Him. He expects you to live His Way and to be holy as He is Holy.”

    Leviticus 1

    What does the text say?- the Lord told Moses to tell His people about offerings to make atonement for their Sins. Cattle and sheep must be a free-will offering of a male without blemish, which they must kill in the prescribed fashion. If the offering is of birds they must bring turtledoves or young pigeons which the priest will kill in a specific way.

    Application? - Do I ever attempt to ‘buy’ God’s Forgiveness in a pre-Christian way, with what I give up for Him?

  • #2
    Leviticus 2

    What does the text say? – the Lord requirement for grain offerings; they must be of fine flour with salt, oil and frankincense on it. The priest must burn the handful containing the frankincense, then keep the rest for their own use. If the offering is cooked in any way it must be unleavened, made with oil and salt, a portion will be burnt on the altar and the rest belongs to the priests. No raising agent or honey must be burnt in any offering to the Lord. A grain offering of First-fruits must be green heads of grain roasted and beaten, with oil and frankincense; the priest will burn the portion containing the frankincense and keep the rest.

    Application? – Do I offer the best I have to the Lord? Do I accept my responsibility of providing part the necessary funds for the Lord’s work to continue?


    • #3
      Leviticus 3

      What does the text say?- If the offering to the Lord is a Peace offering of male or female cattle goats or sheep it must be perfect, having no defects of any kind. The person offering the animal must kill it at the door of the Tabernacle of meeting, then the priest will sprinkle the blood all around on the altar. The fat that covers the entrails, both kidneys, and the fat around them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, must be burnt by the priest. The fat of sheep burnt must include the fat of the broad tail cut near the backbone. No fat or blood must ever be consumed.

      Application? – Do I ever eat any animal’s fat or blood?


      • #4
        Leviticus 4

        What does the text say? – The Lord told Moses that if anyone sins unintentionally against Him by breaking any of His Commandments, even the entire nation, or an anointed priest whose sin brings guilt upon all the people, they must offer a young bull as a sin offering; all the fat must be burnt with the kidneys, the blood must be used to anoint the horns of the altar of incense and the rest poured at the base of the burnt offering altar; the rest of the bull must be burnt outside the camp. If the ruler sins unintentionally he must offer a male kid, a ‘common person’ must offer a female kid or a lamb if they sin unintentionally.

        Application? – Jesus’ Sacrifice of Himself on the Cross, when He died in my place, paying my penalty for all the unintentional sin I repent of, means the only offering God will accept now is my unconditional faith in what He has done, and obedience, to Him.


        • #5
          Leviticus 5

          What does the text say? – The Lord told Moses it is a Sin for anyone to refuse to testify under oath of what they have seen. Guilt regarding touching a carcase of anything ‘unclean’, or of anything that makes a person unclean, must be confessed as Sin. The penalty is a Sin offering of a female sheep or goat, those not able to do this must offer 2 turtledoves or pigeons, or if even this is too expensive four pints of fine flour with no oil or frankincense on it. If anyone Sins by defiling the Lord’s property unintentionally an offering of a ram without blemish and restitution of the value of the damage plus 20%. Violating one of the Lord’s Commands, even unawares, is a Sin and an offering of a ram must be made.

          Application? – I must always confess every Sin, as soon as I realise what I’ve done; if I repent of it trusting Jesus’ blood to have paid my penalty God will Forgive me.


          • #6
            Leviticus 6

            What does the text say? – The Lord said that if anyone Sinned against Him by lying to, or stealing from, an associate or committing fraud, or telling lies about something they found, or when swearing to tell the truth, they must make full restitution and add 20% more to it; and on the same day a Guilt offering must be made to the Lord of a ram with no defects. Details regarding burnt offerings were given for Aaron and his descendants, and a reminder that the fire on the altar must never go out. Only Aaron and his male descendants could eat unleavened bread made in the court of the Tabernacle from the flour of the grain offerings, and everyone who touched it must be holy. Starting on the day Aaron and his sons were anointed they must offer 2 pints of fine flour, morning and evening, cooked with oil on a griddle. Aaron’s (or whoever took his place’s) portion must be completely burnt. The Sin offering being most holy only could only be eaten by male priests in the Court of the Tabernacle, and everyone who touched it must be holy. The Sin offeMeal-Offerings: of grain, flour or cakes without leaven: a handful was burnt: the rest was for the priest. Peace-Offerings: of cattle, sheep or goats: the fat was burned the rest eaten, partly by priests, partly by the offerers.
            Sin-Offerings and Trespass-Offerings: different offerings for different Sins: the rest, in some cases was burned outside the camp, and in some cases eaten by the priests. When wrong had been done to another, restitution with 1/5 added had to be made before the Offering.
            As well as the (above) Offerings there were Drink-Offerings, Wave-Offerings, Heave-Offerings, and appendages to other offerings.”
            ring must not be eaten if it’s blood was taken into the Tabernacle for purification in the Holy Place – it must be completely burned.

            Quote:- (Henry H. Halley) re. Various kinds of Offerings:-
            “Burnt-Offerings: of bullocks, rams, goats, doves, pigeons, were wholly burned, signifying Self-Dedication to God.
            Meal-Offerings: of grain, flour or cakes without leaven: a handful was burnt: the rest was for the priest.
            Peace-Offerings: of cattle, sheep or goats: the fat was burned the rest eaten, partly by priests, partly by the offerers.
            Sin-Offerings and Trespass-Offerings: different offerings for different Sins: the rest, in some cases was burned outside the camp, and in some cases eaten by the priests. When wrong had been done to another, restitution with 1/5 added had to be made before the Offering.
            As well as the (above) Offerings there were Drink-Offerings, Wave-Offerings, Heave-Offerings, and appendages to other offerings.”


            • #7
              Leviticus 7

              What does the text say? – There is a Law for both Guilt and Sin offerings. The priest who officiates at them is entitled to the meat and skin, apart from the fat of the sheep’s tail and the kidneys, liver and suet, which must be burnt. Cooked grain offerings also belong to the officiating priest, all other grain offerings belong to all the priests. If a Peace offering is a Thanksgiving the animal must be accompanied by unleavened and leavened bread which will belong to the priest; the offerer must eat the meat that same day, unless it was to fulfil a vow or offered voluntarily when an extra day is allowed before the remainder is burnt. Those who touch any unclean thing then eat a Peace offering will be cut off from the community. No fat may be eaten from cattle, sheep or goats. No blood of any animal or bird may be consumed. The breast and right leg of Peace offerings must always be given to the officiating priest.

              Application? - A Guilt or Sin offering benefits the priest who officiates. Cooked grain offerings belongs to the officiating priest. Uncooked grain offerings belong to all the priests. Peace offerings are for the offerers to enjoy (with family/friends) bread offered with the animal belong to the officiating priest. Touching anything unclean then eating anything offered to the Lord is a grave offence. Do I eat anything made with suet? Do I eat anything with blood in it? Church leaders are entitled to obtain their living from their efforts for the Lord.


              • #8
                Leviticus 8

                What does the text say? – Aaron and his sons were consecrated to the Lord in front of the congregation of Israel, who stood at the door of the Tabernacle. This involved washing and dressing them. Aaron with a tunic, sash, robe, ephod, and breastplate with Urim and Thummim in it, and a turban with a golden plate on which was engraved “Holiness to the Lord”. Aaron’s sons were dressed in tunics, sashes, and headpieces. Moses anointed the Tabernacle and everything in it with oil to consecrate them to the Lord. A bull was sacrificed as a Sin offering and Moses used it’s blood to purify the altar and consecrate it, then he burned the entrails and suet of the bull on the altar, then burned the remainder of it outside the camp. One ram was, after preparation, burned on the altar, and another was killed and some of it’s blood put on top of Aaron and his son’s right ears, on their thumbs, and the big toe of their right feet. Then Moses gave Aaron and his sons the entrails, suet, kidneys, liver and right thigh and some unleavened bread to wave before the altar ; Moses sprinkled some of the oil and blood from the altar on Aaron and his sons, and told them to boil the flesh, apart from the breast which belonged to Moses, at the door of the Tabernacle, eat it and the bread. Anything left must be burnt. They must not go outside of the Tabernacle for seven days and nights.

                (Henry H. Halley) “The High Priest’s garment (Ex. 28) were a Robe of blue with bells at the bottom: an Ephod, which was a sort of cape, two pieces joined at the shoulders hanging, one over front, one over back, with an onyx stone over each shoulder, each bearing the names of six of the tribes; made of gold, blue, purple, scarlet and fine linen. A breastplate, about ten inches square of gold, blue, purple, scarlet and fine linen, double, open at the top, fastened with gold chains to the Ephod, adorned with twelve precious stones each bearing the name of a tribe, containing the Urim and Thummim, which were used to learn the Will of God – but what they were is not known.”


                • #9
                  Leviticus 9 + 10

                  What does the text say?- 8 days after the Ordination of Aaron and his sons Moses gathered the Priests and the Elders of Israel and told Aaron to offer to the Lord a Sin offering of a bull and a burnt offering of a ram, and to tell the people to provide a goat’s kid for a Sin offering, and a calf and lamb for a Burnt offering, also a bull and ram as Peace offerings and a Grain offering mixed with oil, for the Lord would appear to them – which He did when He Burnt the offering on the altar. Then Nadab, and Abihu, 2 of Aaron’s sons, put fire and incense in their censers to offer it to the Lord, but as He had not told them to He burnt them to death. The Lord told Moses He must be regarded as Holy and Glorified. The Lord told Aaron that neither he, nor his descendants, were to drink alcohol when in the Tabernacle to ensure clarity of mind when teaching the Lord’s Ways.

                  Application? – Do I expect the Lord to accept whatever I want to give Him? and to be pleased with my offering? or do I offer Him my obedience? Do I fully realise the extent that alcohol dulls my senses? Do I accept Jesus’ death on the Cross as being my Sin offering, my Guilt offering, my Peace offering and my Grain offering?


                  • #10
                    Leviticus 11

                    What does the text say? – The animals the Lord permitted His people to eat were those that have cloven hooves and chew their cud, but not camels or pigs that have cloven hooves but don’t chew cud, or hares and rock badgers that chew cud but don’t have cloven hooves; only those found in seas and rivers that have scales and fins may be eaten. Bird, except birds of prey, may be eaten and winged insects may only be eaten if their legs are jointed allowing them to jump. Touching any other live or dead animal, bird, fish of insect makes a person impure until evening after they have washed, and also any of those allowed for food that died of natural causes. As God is Holy, His people must also be set apart from others by what they eat.

                    Application? – Does my diet contain any ‘forbidden’ birds, animals, inhabitants of sea or river? or insects that don’t have wings or cannot jump?
                    (Mark 7:19) Jesus seems to have said that everything is acceptable for food.


                    • #11
                      Leviticus 12+13

                      What does the text say?- After giving birth a woman must give a Burnt offering of a lamb and Sin offering of a pigeon, or if she cannot afford a lamb, 2 pigeons or turtledoves. They must be offered after 33 days if the baby is a boy, or after 66 days if a girl was born. The priest is responsible for determining if a person has a contagious disease or not, and isolating an infected person from the community so the infection does not spread. If fabric or leather is contaminated by mildew the Priest must quarantine the article for 7 days to determine if it is spreading, if it is it must be burnt, if not it must be washed then if the marks have not faded in 7 days must be burnt.

                      Application? – The Lord is concerned about every detail of His people’s lives; He gave Laws for their well-being.


                      • #12
                        Leviticus 14+15

                        What does the text say?- Laws regarding leprosy, also cleanliness after emission of semen and during and after menstruation.

                        Application? – The personal hygiene of His people is important to the Lord, is it important to me too?

                        Leviticus 16

                        What does the text say? – Aaron could not go into the Holy Place behind the veil in the Tabernacle where the Ark was when he pleased, but only washed and correctly dressed, with the blood of a young bull as a Sin offering and of a ram as a burnt offering to make atonement for himself and his family; the congregation of Israel must donate two kids as their Sin offering and a ram for a Burnt offering. One of the goats must be killed, the other, the Scapegoat that Aaron had confessed all the Sins of the people over, must be taken into the wilderness and set free. No one else could be in the Tabernacle when Aaron went into the Holy place to make Atonement. The ceremony of Atonement must be carried out on the 10th day of the 7th month each year, a Sabbath of solemn rest when no work may be done.

                        Application? – These ceremonies ensured due reverence for Almighty God. The removal of sin was only for the year. Do I always treat the Lord with the reverence He deserves?


                        • #13
                          Leviticus 17

                          What does the text say? – The Lord, through Moses, told the Israelites that anyone killing an animal without making an offering to Him, or if anyone made a sacrifice to a false god, they must be executed for shedding blood, as must anyone consuming blood, as the life of the body is in the blood. It is blood given in exchange for a life that makes purification possible for the soul. Any bird or animal that is eaten must have had all the blood drained from it’s body; if anything killed by wild animals or dying naturally is eaten it necessitates washing the body and clothes and, even then, impurity until evening.

                          Application? – Do I every eat meat with blood in it?(Acts 15:28-29)

                          Leviticus 18

                          What does the text say? – The Lord told Moses His people must not imitate the way of life of either the Egyptians or Canaanites, but must obey His decrees so they would enjoy life. He permits no intercourse between close relatives, or with any woman during her menstruation, or with anyone married to another. No child may be sacrificed to any god. Homosexuality is an abhorrent abomination, as is bestiality, it is because the people in the Promised land defiled themselves in these way that the Lord will disposes them.

                          Application? – Is incest, homosexuality, or bestiality practiced in my nation? If so we are all under God’s Judgement.


                          • #14
                            Leviticus 19

                            What does the text say? – The Lord said all of His people must be holy (set apart from others) because He is Holy. Parents are entitled to respect. The Sabbath must be observed. No idols may be made or worshipped. The Lord only accepts Peace offerings from those who keep His rules. Grain and grapes from headlands or corners, and the gleanings, must be left for the poor and foreigners. Do not steal, deceive or cheat. Do not swear falsely using His Name. Do not defraud or rob your neighbour. Pay your workers promptly. Don’t insult the deaf or make the blind stumble. Don’t twist justice by favouring either the poor or rich, but always judge fairly. Don’t spread slanderous gossip, or allow a neighbour’s life to be in jeopardy. Don’t nurse a grudge or seek revenge but confront folk directly. Love your neighbour as yourself. Obey all God’s decrees. Don’t plant a field with different crops or wear clothing woven from different kinds of thread. A man who has sex with a slave girl bought as a concubine must pay full compensation to her master and make a Guilt offering to the Lord. The fruit of newly planted fruit trees must not be gathered for 3 years, the 4th year’s crop belongs to the Lord, the 5th and subsequent crops may be eaten. Don’t practice fortune-telling or witchcraft, or have tattoos. Don’t make your daughter a prostitute. Keep the Sabbath and revere the Lord’s sanctuary. Do not consult Mediums or those who consult the spirits of the dead. Show respect for the elderly. Don’t take advantage of foreigners. Don’t use dishonest standards for weight, length or volume, but ensure they are accurate.

                            Application? – Does everything I do or say bring Glory to the Lord? Or do those who know me have any excuse to denigrate the One I worship because of y behaviour? Do I always treat others as I would like to be treated myself? Do I read horoscopes ‘for fun’? Have I allowed my flesh to be tattooed? Have I been to a spiritualist church? Do I keep Sunday special? Or do I allow it to blend in with ungodly lifestyles? Am I always honest?


                            • #15
                              Leviticus 20

                              What does the text say? – The Lord said anyone who consults Mediums or sacrifices their child to Molech, and all who ignore others involved in these awful practices, must be executed. God’s people must be holy - different from those around them, because He is Holy. The Lord’s people must abide by all His requirements. Sexual purity in all respects is paramount; His Laws regarding the eating of meat are also very important. Anyone who is a Medium contacting demonic powers must be executed.

                              Application? - Anyone who sacrifices the life of a child, hoping by so doing to improve their own life, (eg. abortion) is abhorrent to the Lord. Does my morality Glorify the Lord God?

                              Note:- Molech was a hollow, metal, figure. A fire was prepared at it’s base, a child placed in the ‘arms’ and the fire lit; trying to escape the hot metal the child fell into the flames!!

                              Quote :- (Henry H. Halley) “Moses Law, in it’s insistence on personal morality, personal equality, and it’s consideration for the old and young, for slave and enemy, for animals, and it’s health and food regulations, was far purer, rational, humane and democratic than, and showed wisdom far in advance of, anything in ancient legislation – Babylonian, Egyptian or any other. It was the ‘modern miracle’ of the pre-Christian world.